Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 14, 2012
How to best help your child lose weight: Lose weight yourself
A study by researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and the University of Minnesota indicates that a parent's weight change is a key contributor to the success of a child's weight loss in family-based treatment of childhood obesity.

New test could help track down and prosecute terrorists
The latest episode in the American Chemical Society's award-winning

UN emission market needs urgent reform
The United Nations global carbon market requires substantial reform because it too often fails to support the projects and people it is meant to help, according to new research from the Economic and Social Research Council.

Scientists map genetic evolution of leukemia
Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have mapped the genetic evolution of a fatal leukemia in patients initially diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndromes, a family of blood cancers.

Walking may lessen the influence of genes on obesity by half
Watching too much TV can worsen your genetic tendency towards obesity, but you can cut the effect in half by walking briskly for an hour a day, researchers report at the American Heart Association's Epidemiology and Prevention/Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism 2012 Scientific Sessions.

Advice to breastfeed exclusively for 6 months may be 'unhelpful' and too idealistic
Advising women to breastfeed exclusively for six months may be

Delivery of a small full-term infant puts mothers at risk for heart disease
Delivering a full-term baby of small birth weight has been shown to be an independent indicator of later heart disease for the mother, and as equivalent in risk as high blood pressure and diabetes.

A study confirms the correlation between premature alopecia and prostate conditions
Spanish scientists have proven that men with androgenetic alopecia are at a higher risk for benign prostate hyperplasia.

Genome-wide study reveals how key immune sensors arrive at the front lines of infection
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute researchers used a technique known as RNAi to identify genes that are crucial for the function of two immune sensors -- TLR7 and TLR9.

Study suggests link between H. pylori bacteria and blood sugar control in adult Type 2 diabetes
A new study by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center reveals that the presence of Helicobacter pylori bacteria is associated with elevated levels of glycosylated hemoglobin, an important biomarker for blood glucose levels and diabetes.

NASA's TRMM satellite sees tropical storm Lua's rainfall
A tropical storm called Lua formed in the Indian Ocean off Australia's northwestern coast on March 13, 2012.

Collaborative preclinical efficacy studies suggest a new target for drug addiction treatment
In preclinical studies, researchers at SRI International and Astraea Therapeutics have recently evaluated the role of a new drug receptor target that shows promise for the treatment of drug addiction.

Increased collaboration between nursing home RNs and LPNs could improve patient care
Many adverse drug events could be prevented with safety practices such as medication reconciliation, a process in which health care professionals, such as physicians, pharmacists and nurses, review medication regimens to identify and resolve discrepancies when patients transfer between health care settings.

2 new NASA LRO videos: See moon's evolution, take a tour
In honor of 1,000 days in orbit, the NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter team at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt Md. has released two new videos.

Are silver nanoparticles harmful?
Silver nanoparticles cause more damage to testicular cells than titanium dioxide nanoparticles, according to a recent study by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.

The Brazilian Navy faces its worst enemy in WWI: The Spanish flu
In Dakar, the cemetery still has the graves of the more than a hundred Brazilians who succumbed to the 1918 Spanish flu outbreak while epidemiologists investigate the extraordinary conditions that may explain this high mortality in the Brazilian expedition.

Silicon-carbon electrodes snap, swell, don't pop
A study in Nano Letters that examines a new type of silicon-carbon nanocomposite electrode reveals details of how they function and how repeated use could wear them down.

The feeding habits of teenage galaxies
New observations made with ESO's Very Large Telescope are making a major contribution to understanding the growth of adolescent galaxies.

Groundbreaking, long-term study of head injuries among athletes kicks off with NCAA grant
U-M researchers hope to create Framingham-style study that will produce unprecedented data on concussions and sports.

CDC study shows outbreaks linked to imported foods increasing
Foodborne disease outbreaks caused by imported food appeared to rise in 2009 and 2010, and nearly half of the outbreaks implicated foods imported from areas which previously had not been associated with outbreaks, according to research from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, presented today at the International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases in Atlanta.

Loss of appetite deciphered in brain cell circuit
A brain circuit has been deciphered that mediates loss of appetite in mice.

Emotional expression in music and speech share similar tonal properties
Now, a new cross-cultural study shows that tonal trends used to express feelings in music are consistent in different cultures and are similar to those used in speech.

Genomic data in GBIF moves a step closer
Important progress has been achieved towards including genomic-level information in the data made freely available through GBIF.

UNH researchers find African farmers need better climate change data to improve farming practices
Researchers from the University of New Hampshire have found that many African farmers inaccurately perceive changes in climate and rainfall when compared with scientific data, highlighting the need for better climate information to assist them to improve farming practices.

Study suggests motivation to be active may lead to impulsive behavior
Those motivated to actively change bad habits may be setting themselves up for failure, a new study suggests.

Voters prefer candidates with deep voices
A newly-published paper by researchers from the University of Miami and Duke University shows that men and women vote for male and female candidates with lower-pitched voices.

In developing countries, female sex workers 14 times more likely to become infected by HIV
Female sex workers in low- and middle-income countries are nearly 14 times more likely to be infected by HIV compared to the rest of country's population, according to an analysis by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Genetic profiling can help doctors more accurately predict prognosis and guide treatment decisions for leukemia patients
Researchers have identified a set of genetic abnormalities in patients with acute myelogenous leukemiathat doctors can use to more accurately predict patients' prognoses and select treatments that are most likely to benefit them.

Millions of Americans at risk of flooding as sea levels rise
Nearly four million Americans, occupying a combined area larger than the state of Maryland, find themselves at risk of severe flooding as sea levels rise in the coming century, new research suggests.

Researchers identify unexpected player in intestinal immunity
With every meal, immune cells in the intestine stand like sentries at a citadel, turning away harmful bacteria but allowing vitamins and nutrients to pass.

Mystery human fossils put spotlight on China
Fossils from two caves in southwest China have revealed a previously unknown Stone Age people and give a rare glimpse of a recent stage of human evolution with startling implications for the early peopling of Asia.

Killer silk: Making silk fibers that kill anthrax and other microbes in minutes
A simple, inexpensive dip-and-dry treatment can convert ordinary silk into a fabric that kills disease-causing bacteria -- even the armor-coated spores of microbes like anthrax -- in minutes, scientists are reporting in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.

How cancer cells start new tumor sites
A study in the Journal of Biological Chemistry has revealed details of the complex molecular process involving a protein that enables cancer cells to establish tumors in distant parts of the body.

Conference addresses global challenges in the Arctic on March 28
Climate change, navigation lanes, sovereignty and resource extraction in the Arctic are subject to growing international attention.

Astronomers get rare peek at early stage of star formation
Astronomers are excited to get their first look at a clump of gas they think is about to start forming stars.

Fighting cancer with nanotechnology
Will advances in nanotechnology be a game changer for the war on cancer?

Conference explores ethical dimension of NHS
Health professionals, patients and philosophers will come together at a special conference next month to explore the moral basis of the National Health Service.

An integrated pest management program for coffee berry borer in Colombia
A free, open-access article in the Journal of Integrated Pest Management describes efforts to implement an integrated pest management program for coffee berry borer in the Huila region of Colombia.

'Personalized immune' mouse offers new tool for studying autoimmune diseases
Columbia University Medical Center scientists have developed a way to recreate an individual's immune system in a mouse.

Broader screening for hepatitis C would be cost effective, study suggests
Broader screening to identify people infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) would likely be cost effective, according to a new report published in Clinical Infectious Diseases and available online.

Diverse catches are better for fishery ecosystems
Fishing for a

Inner workings of magnets may lead to faster computers
Using the world's fastest light source -- specialized X-ray lasers -- scientists at the University of Colorado Boulder and the National Institute of Standards and Technology have revealed the secret inner life of magnets, a finding that could lead to faster and

Stanford scientists discover drug side effects, interactions using new computer algorithm
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have devised a computer algorithm that enabled them to swiftly sift through millions of reports to the US Food and Drug Administration by patients and their physicians and identify

UCLA to launch unique, comprehensive Alzheimer's and dementia care program
UCLA is launching its new UCLA Alzheimer's and Dementia Care program, which will provide comprehensive, coordinated care, as well as resources and support, to patients and their caregivers.

Evidence builds that meditation strengthens the brain, UCLA researchers say
UCLA researchers have found that long-term meditators have larger amounts of gyrification (

Breakthroughs in Chikungunya research from A*STAR spell new hope for better treatment and protection
Researchers discovered a direct biomarker which serves as an early and accurate prognosis of patients who have a higher risk of the more severe form of Chikungunya fever.

Economic and social growth of developing nations may increase obesity
Developing nations experiencing economic and social growth might also see growing waistlines among their poorest citizens, according to a new study from Rice University and the University of Colorado.

Some NHS trusts consistently outperform others on patient experience
Some NHS trusts consistently outperform others on a range of measures of patient experience, finds research published online in BMJ Quality & Safety.

Gold nanoantennas detect proteins
Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in Germany have developed a new method of observing individual proteins.

Broader screening for hepatitis C would be cost effective, study suggests
Broader screening to identify people infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) would likely be cost effective, according to a new report published in Clinical Infectious Diseases and available online.

Targeted antibacterial agent rapidly created in response to serious food safety pathogen
A highly targeted bactericidal protein against the life-threatening foodborne E.

End of Winter: How 2012 snow stacks up
The mild winter of 2012 has many people asking,

Current water resources in Europe and Africa
New maps elaborated by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre help match water supply and demand.

New study compares diets for weight management in obese children
A new study of three diets with obese children shows that all diets are effective in managing weight but that a reduced glycemic load diet - one that accounts for how many carbs are in the food and how much each gram of carbohydrate raises blood glucose levels - may be most promising.

People in neighborhoods with healthy features have better heart health
If you live in neighborhoods with access to grocery stores, healthy food, parks and a pleasant walking environment, you're more likely to be in ideal cardiovascular health.

An avalanche of planning for multi-national Arctic field campaigns
For the first time ever, the US GEOTRACES Science Steering Committee has established an Arctic initiative to help characterize and understand regional biogeochemical changes associated with rapid climate change.

Reducing drug overdose for ex-prisoners -- the view from outside the prison gates
New research, published in BioMed Central's newly launched open-access journal Addiction Science & Clinical Practice, shows that ex-offenders struggle to remain drug free after release from prison and identifies factors that can help them succeed.

Slug ecology and management in no-till field crops
A free, open-access article appearing in the Journal of Integrated Pest Management describes the species of slugs that are commonly found in mid-Atlantic field crop production, discusses their natural history and ecology, and suggests management and control options.

Doctors practicing healthy lifestyles more likely to preach it to patients
Physicians who have more healthy habits are more likely than doctors without such habits to recommend five important lifestyle modifications to patients, including eating healthy, limiting sodium, maintaining a healthy weight, limiting alcohol and being more physically active.

UCI-led study uncovers how Salmonella avoids the body's immune response
UC Irvine researchers have discovered how Salmonella, a bacterium found in contaminated raw foods that causes major gastrointestinal distress in humans, thrives in the digestive tract despite the immune system's best efforts to destroy it.

Story tips From the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, March 2012
The Spallation Neutron Source's Powder Diffractometer POWGEN has launched a rapid access sample mail-in system for users who use the flexible general-purpose instrument for a wide range of structural studies of novel materials.

New study shines light on barriers to diabetes care in NYC Bangladeshi community
A new research survey conducted by the Center for the Study of Asian American Health at NYU Langone Medical Center shows the Bangladeshi community in New York City experiences numerous barriers to diabetes care because of limited English proficiency and lack of diabetes awareness.

Researchers send 'wireless' message using elusive particles
A group of scientists led by researchers from the University of Rochester and North Carolina State University have for the first time sent a message using a beam of neutrinos.

Researchers attempt to solve problems of antibiotic resistance and bee deaths in one
The stomachs of wild honey bees are full of healthy lactic acid bacteria that can fight bacterial infections in both bees and humans.

Research!America honors leading health research advocates
Research!America will honor some of our nation's foremost medical and health research advocates at the 16th Annual Advocacy Awards tonight at the Andrew W.

Study: US tobacco-control efforts prevented nearly 800,000 cancer deaths between 1975 and 2000
Declines in cigarette smoking among Americans since the mid-1950s - particularly since tobacco-control policies and interventions were implemented after the US Surgeon General's Report on Smoking and Health was released in 1964 - prevented nearly 800,000 lung cancer deaths between 1975 and 2000, according to a study led by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.

Anesthetists test scale that measures risk of harm from invasive research placebos
A scale developed to measure the potential harm caused by invasive placebos in local anesthesia research has been successfully tested by independent consultant anesthetists.

Influenza 'histone mimic' suppresses antiviral response
A team of researchers led by scientists at the Rockefeller University has identified a novel mechanism by which influenza interferes with antiviral host response.

Giving birth to unusually small child correlated with increased heart disease risk
Women who give birth to unusually small infants also have a higher risk of ischemic heart disease.

Japanese honeybees swarm huge hornet predator to kill it with heat
Japanese honeybees face a formidable foe in the Asian giant hornet, a fierce predator that can reach 40mm long or larger, but the bees have developed a novel defense mechanism: they create a

New labor-tracking tool proposed to reduce C-sections in first-time moms
Researchers have designed a new version of a labor-tracking tool for pregnant women that they predict could reduce the use of hormonal intervention during labor and lower the number of cesarean sections performed on low-risk, first-time mothers.

Award to Aeras boosts historic hunt for new TB vaccines, as drug resistance proliferates
Aeras announces today the receipt of a grant by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation of up to US $220 million over five years, placing it at the forefront of a global scientific initiative aimed at developing safe, effective vaccines against tuberculosis, a disease that infects two billion people worldwide.

Eye health is related to brain health
People with mild vascular disease that causes damage to the retina in the eye are more likely to have problems with thinking and memory skills because they may also have vascular disease in the brain, according to a study published in the March 14, 2012, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Study finds genes improving survival with higher chemo doses in leukemia
New research published in the March 15 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine identifies gene mutations associated with improved overall survival with higher doses of chemotherapy for patients with acute myeloid leukemia.

Smartphones can aid people with schizophrenia
Psychiatry is employing smartphone technology as an innovative tool in the assessment and treatment of schizophrenia and other serious mental illness.

Study finds a quarter of adults with HIV were abused as children
One in four HIV patients was found to have been sexually abused as a child, according to a two-year Duke University study of more than 600 HIV patients.

Tennessee's urban forests valued in the billions
Tennessee's urban forests, currently valued at about $80 billion, also provide almost $650 million in benefits such as carbon storage, pollution removal, and energy reduction according to a new US Forest Service report.

New study shows promise for developing new treatments for breast cancer
A new study by University of Kentucky researchers provides insight into developing new treatment strategies for basal-like breast cancer, commonly known as triple-negative breast cancer.

Nearly 800,000 deaths prevented due to declines in smoking
Twentieth-century tobacco control programs and policies were responsible for preventing more than 795,000 lung cancer deaths in the United States from 1975 through 2000, according to an analysis funded by the National Cancer Institute.

New wheat for salty soils
A salt-tolerant variety of durum wheat that outperforms other varieties by 25 percent on salty soils has been developed by CSIRO scientists using traditional crop breeding techniques.

NCH receives March of Dimes funding to expand education program for pregnant women
Carl Backes, Jr., M.D., a neonatologist and current cardiology fellow at Nationwide Children's Hospital, has been awarded $35,000 from the March of Dimes Ohio Chapter for his project to expand an outpatient methadone education program.

Hiding emotions may exacerbate depression among black men who confront racial discrimination
Enduring subtle, insidious acts of racial discrimination is enough to depress anyone, but African-American men who believe that they should respond to stress with stoicism and emotional control experience more depression symptoms, according to new findings from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

What does delaying childbearing cost?
Freezing eggs or ovarian tissue for the sole purpose of delaying childbearing for social reasons may prove too costly for society, according to a recent analysis by a University of Illinois at Chicago researcher.

Planting the seeds for heart-healthier fries and other foods
With spring planting season on the horizon, scientists are planting the seeds of healthier oils for cooking French fries, fried chicken and other fried items prepared in restaurants and other settings in the foodservice industry.

Combined therapy of acne medications offers new treatment option for patients
A combined therapy of common acne medications was shown to be a potent regimen for treating patients with severe facial acne, according to two published studies involving Henry Ford Hospital.

Deaths from gastroenteritis doubles
The number of people who died from gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach and intestines that causes vomiting and diarrhea) more than doubled from 1999 to 2007.

Social networking shortcut to finding medical experts
It can be difficult for someone outside of a specialist field to identify subject experts and the ever increasing amount of available data can be bewildering.

New drug now available for actinic keratosis
A new topical gel now available by prescription significantly decreases the amount of time needed to treat actinic keratosis, a skin condition that is a common precursor to skin cancer, according to a multi-center trial led by researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine.

Epigenetic signatures direct the repair potential of reprogrammed cells
A research team has reprogrammed skin cells to identify epigenetic signatures that regulate the expression of a protein critical for repair of non-healing wounds.

Study finds expensive procedure no more effective than medical therapy to prevent strokes
A catheter procedure that closes a hole in patients' hearts was no more effective than medical therapy in preventing recurrent strokes, according to a new study published in the March 15 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Danish research center to explore mysteries of Earth's interior
The DanSeis Centre at the University of Copenhagen has just received a grant of more than €3 million from the Danish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Higher Education to investigate and tackle one of geoscience's great mysteries: Do mantle plumes, hypothetically buoyant regions of heated mantle material rising towards the earth's surface, actually exist?

A new treatment option for Clostridium difficile: Fecal transplantation
Fecal transplantation through colonoscopy is an effective treatment for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection.

Study demonstrates cells can acquire new functions through transcriptional regulatory network
Researchers at the RIKEN Omics Science Center have successfully developed and demonstrated a new experimental technique for producing cells with specific functions through the artificial reconstruction of transcriptional regulatory networks.

Health groups issue cervical cancer screening guidelines
A coalition of three health groups has released new guidelines for the prevention and early detection of cervical cancer.

Smoking depicted in movies influences younger adolescents
Younger adolescents exposed to movies that depict smoking are at greater risk of smoking than older adolescents, according to a study published March 14 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Some mammals used highly complex teeth to compete with dinosaurs
New research shows that at least one group of small mammals, the multituberculates, actually flourished in the last 20 million years of dinosaurs' reign and survived their extinction.

Kessler Foundation's John DeLuca comments on memory at Rubin Museum's BRAINWAVE series
On March 28, neuropsychologist John DeLuca, Ph.D., and meditation teacher Allan Lokos will comment on Caris' Peace, an award-winning documentary being screened at the Rubin Museum of Art.

Size isn't everything -- it's how sharp you are
The tiny teeth of a long-extinct vertebrate -- with tips only two micrometers across: one twentieth the width of a human hair -- are the sharpest dental structures ever measured, new research from the University of Bristol and Monash University, Australia has found.

How muscle cells seal their membranes
Researchers at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and Heidelberg University have succeeded for the first time in observing membrane repair in real-time in a living organism.

Getting a full picture of an elusive subject
Two teams of astronomers have used data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and other telescopes to map the distribution of dark matter in a galaxy cluster known as Abell 383, which is located about 2.3 billion light years from Earth.

Registration now open: 2012 Regional, State, and Local Initiatives in Nanotechnology
There will be a two-day workshop in Portland, OR on May 1-2, 2012, hosted by the NNI and ONAMI.

Crocodilians bite with the best
Crocodiles can kill with the strongest bite force measured for any living animal.

Molecular graphene heralds new era of 'designer electrons'
Researchers have created the first-ever system of

JAMA study finds patients with stroke symptoms are still not calling 911
Nationwide ambulance use by patients suffering from a stroke has not changed since the mid-1990s, even though effective stroke treatments are now available.

An evolutionary surprise
In this week's Nature, scientists report finding some of the genetic processes that regulate vertebrate brain development in the acorn worm, a brainless, burrowing marine invertebrate.

Hiding in plain sight, a new frog species with a 'weird' croak is identified in New York City
In New York City -- in the midst of some of the world's tallest skyscrapers -- and within view of the Statue of Liberty, scientists have found a new frog species.

Nano spiral staircases modify light
In the human body genetic information is encoded in double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid building blocks, the so-called DNA.

Lack of sleep may increase calorie consumption
If you don't get enough sleep, you may also eat too much -- and thus be more likely to become obese.

USPSTF releases new guidelines for cervical cancer screening
Women ages 21 to 65 should have a Pap smear every three years, according to new guidelines from the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF).

Biologists uncover surprising connection between breast cancer cells and surrounding tissue
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Biologist Lee Ligon has found a previously unknown connection between breast cancer tumor cells and the surrounding healthy tissue.

Heavy rucksacks storing up back problems for many school-kids
Significant numbers of teens regularly carry rucksacks for school which top 10 to 15 percent of their body weight and risk back pain and other related disorders, finds research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

'Brain fog' of menopause confirmed
The difficulties that many women describe as memory problems when menopause approaches are real, according to a study published today in the journal Menopause.

New study of pine nuts leaves mystery of 'pine mouth' unsolved
A new study of the composition of pine nuts, including those associated with

Study suggests link between H. pylori bacteria and adult Type 2 diabetes
A recent study shows that the presence of H. pylori bacteria is associated with elevated levels of glycosylated hemoglobin, an important biomarker for blood glucose levels and diabetes.

Alleged robo-calling may have significantly impacted voting
n a new paper, a Simon Fraser University economist finds that robo-calling, if the phenomenon did occur, could have significantly influenced voter turnout and ballot results in the last federal election.

Female sex workers in developing countries are around 14 times more likely to be infected by HIV than women in general population
A study published online first by the Lancet Infectious Diseases shows that female sex workers in low-income and middle-income countries are around 14 times more likely to be infected by HIV than the general female population.

More than half of Americans doubt US global leadership in 2020
More than half of likely voters doubt that the United States will be the No.

Biology researcher on verge of major breakthrough in drug creation process
A Florida State University researcher is developing technologies to miniaturize the first phase of a process used by pharmaceutical companies to discover new drugs.

Seeing pictures of food affects taste perception
Just looking at images of food can change our taste experience.

Controversial study promoting psychic ability debunked
In response to a 2011 study suggesting the existence of precognition, or the ability to predict future events using psychic powers, a new group of researchers report that attempts to replicate the previous results were unsuccessful.

Fielding questions about climate change
Canada defines itself as a nation that stretches from coast to coast to coast.

A half-billion stars and galaxies from NASA's WISE mission revealed -- many for first time
A new atlas and catalog of the entire sky, with more than half a billion stars, galaxies and other objects captured by NASA's WISE mission, was unveiled by NASA today.

Media advisory 2: EGU 2012 -- meeting program online, preliminary press conference topics
The program for the General Assembly of the European Geosciences Union, a meeting with over 10,000 scientists that covers all disciplines of the Earth, planetary, and space sciences, is now online.

Corn insecticide linked to great die-off of beneficial honeybees
New research has linked springtime die-offs of honeybees critical for pollinating food crops -- part of the mysterious malady called colony collapse disorder -- with technology for planting corn coated with insecticides.

Few genes control neuronal function
How are 100 billion cells created, each with specific duties?

Ob-gyns can prevent negative health impacts of environmental chemicals
Ob-gyns are uniquely positioned to play a major role in reducing the effects of toxic chemicals on women and babies, according to an analysis led by University of California, San Francisco researchers.

Vaccinations aren't just for kids
Despite the many overwhelming successes of vaccines in the past century, including the eradication of smallpox and near-eradication of polio, many adults do not know how vaccines work, or even realize that the benefits of vaccination do not end in childhood.

Vineyard records link early grape ripening to climate change
By using decades of vineyard records, scientists have for the first time been able to attribute early ripening of wine grapes to climate warming and declines in soil water content.

Princeton scientists identify neural activity sequences that help form memory, decision-making
Princeton University researchers have used a novel virtual reality and brain imaging system to detect a form of neural activity underlying how the brain forms short-term memories that are used in making decisions.

Beating heart surgery may increase risk to patients
Coronary artery bypass surgery performed whilst the heart is still beating may carry an increased likelihood of death, according to a systematic review by Cochrane researchers.

New study lowers estimate of ancient sea-level rise
The seas are creeping higher as the planet warms. But how high will they go?

UNH research adds to mounting evidence against popular pavement sealcoat
A parking lot at the edge of the University of New Hampshire campus has contributed important research to an emerging concern for the environment and human health.

The 'twilight zone' of traffic costs lives at stoplight intersections
Hundreds of lives are being lost each year in the U.S. because of mistakes made in what engineers call the

Gene chip invented by CHOP scientist pinpoints new target to prevent heart disease
A large international study indicates that anti-inflammatory drugs may become a new tool for preventing and treating coronary heart disease, the leading global cause of death.

Declines in smoking and lung cancer mortality in the US: 1975-2000
Although changing smoking behaviors have had a major impact on lung cancer mortality in the US, the numbers of lung cancer deaths averted are only a small fraction of deaths that could have been avoided had all smoking ceased following the 1964 Surgeon General's Report. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to