Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 19, 2012
Avoiding the tragedy of overfishing
Management of fisheries at the community level can help curb overfishing and the

Microbiologists can now measure extremely slow life
Microbiologists at Aarhus University have developed a new method for measuring the very slow metabolism of bacteria deep down in the seabed.

Soy-based S-equol supplement reduces metabolic syndrome risk factors
A 12-week treatment of the fermented soy germ-based nutritional supplement containing S-equol significantly lowered hemoglobin A1c, LDL cholesterol and improved vascular stiffness, all factors that occur as part of metabolic syndrome, according to a first-of-its-kind peer-reviewed study reported in a poster at the Women's Health 2012 annual meeting.

Education research findings to be presented at the 2012 AERA Annual Meeting in Vancouver
In a salute to the international nature of education research, the American Education Research Association will hold its 93rd Annual Meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Pediatricians' pain-medication judgments affected by unconscious racial bias, says UW study
In case scenarios, pediatricians who showed an unconscious preference for European-Americans tended to prescribe better pain-management for white patients than they did for African-American patients, new University of Washington research shows.

Cytori breast reconstruction cell therapy trial results published
Cytori Therapeutics announced today the publication of RESTORE-2 trial results in the peer-reviewed European Journal of Surgical Oncology.

Record-breaking grant: New research project to investigate the causes of mental disorders
Causes for mental disorders will now be thoroughly investigated. A new grant -- the largest sum ever awarded to a Danish research team in this field -- will support Danish researchers in their pursuit of understanding mental disorders.

JCI early table of contents for March 19, 2012
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, March 19, 2012, in the JCI: A clearer understanding of glaucoma, At the heart of it all: myosin regulatory protein key for cardiac muscle function, A big role for microRNA in protecting heart tissue, Endothelial Hypoxia Inducible Factor-2alpha regulates murine pathological angiogenesis and revascularization processes, and more...

Scientists develop tools to make more complex biological machines from yeast
Scientists are one step closer to making more complex microscopic biological machines, following improvements in the way that they can

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for March 20, 2012, issue
Articles being published in the March 20 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine include

Genetic research develops tools for studying diseases, improving regenerative treatment
Research from a Kansas State University professor may make it easier to recover after spinal cord injury or to study neurological disorders.

Time to invest in trauma care
Up to two million lives, annually, could be saved globally with improvements in trauma care, particularly in low- and middle-income countries.

A clearer understanding of glaucoma
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of vision loss and blindness worldwide.

Young children learn about prejudice by instruction, older children by experience
For a six-year-old, one of the most powerful educational tools may be direct instruction, according to new research on how children learn about prejudice.

Study reveals how monarch butterflies recolonize northern breeding range
New research from the University of Guelph reveals how monarchs recolonize the northern reaches of their breeding grounds -- information that will help preserve this migratory species threatened by loss of critical food and habitat.

Spotting ancient sites, from space
A Harvard archaeologist has dramatically simplified the process of finding early human settlements by using computers to scour satellite images for the tell-tale clues of human habitation, and in the process uncovered thousands of new sites that might reveal clues to the earliest complex human societies.

TB Alliance launches combination drug trial, establishes new pathway to TB and MDR-TB treatment
In an ambitious effort to stem the dangerous tide of tuberculosis (TB) and deadly drug-resistant TB around the world, TB Alliance today announced that it has launched a first-of-its-kind clinical trial to test a novel drug combination -- in both patients who have TB, and those who have multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB).

Sudden blood pressure drop with position change linked to higher risk of heart failure
People whose blood pressure drops rapidly when they stand, known as orthostatic hypotension, may have a higher risk of developing heart failure.

Melting glaciers, enough sand to bury London, and ancient ecosystem engineering
Highlights include evidence of the sensitivity of Greenland Ice Sheet outlet glaciers to rising air temperatures and a call for further understanding of the bathymetry beneath them before accurate predictions of sea-level rise can be made; findings in the North Sea of the largest body of sand on Earth, large enough to cover the whole of London six meters deep; and the unexpected discovery of the oldest evidence of animals burrowing in search of food.

Air Force Office of Scientific Research hosts nanotechnology pioneer
On March 6, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research in Arlington, Va., hosted a presentation by Dr.

Focus on technology overlooks human behavior when addressing climate change
Technology alone won't help the world turn away from fossil fuel-based energy sources, says a University of Oregon sociologist.

1 solution to global overfishing found
A study by the Wildlife Conservation Society, ARC Centre for Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, and other groups on more than 40 coral reefs in the Indian and Pacific Oceans indicates that

Immune system implicated in prematurity complication
Despite advances in neonatal care, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) -- the most common gastrointestinal emergency in premature infants -- continues to be a deadly disease.

Geological Society of America Cordilleran section meets in the heart of Mexico
Geology doesn't stop at borders. Mexico, the US, and Canada share the same tectonic plate and face similar environmental and resource problems.

Study: Exercise can lead to female orgasm, sexual pleasure
Findings from a first-of-its-kind study confirm anecdotal evidence that exercise -- absent sex or fantasies -- can lead to female orgasm.

Scientists link 2 cancer-promoting pathways in esophageal cancer
Identification of a non-traditional pathway for spiriting a cancer-promoting protein into the cell nucleus points to a possible combination therapy for esophageal cancer and indicates a mechanism of resistance for new drugs that attack the Hedgehog pathway.

Engineers enlist weather model to optimize offshore wind plan
Using a sophisticated weather model, environmental engineers at Stanford have defined optimal placement of a grid of four wind farms off the US East Coast.

Solving the mystery of blood clotting
Hans Vogel, a professor at the University of Calgary, recently published research that helps to better understand the blood clotting process.

Genetic variation in human gut viruses could be raw material for inner evolution
A growing body of evidence underscores the importance of human gut bacteria in modulating human health, metabolism, and disease.

Clinical trial examines antioxidant effects for Alzheimer's disease on cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers
An antioxidant combination of vitamin E, vitamin C and alpha-lipoic acid was not associated with changes in some cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers related to Alzheimer's disease in a randomized controlled trial, according to a study published online first by Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

UNH researcher: Gulf, Balkan wars add new dimensions to war trauma
A new book by a University of New Hampshire researcher and Vietnam-era disabled veteran sheds new light on the long-term psychological trauma experienced by the coalition force in recent wars in the Gulf and Balkans that, when left untreated, can have deadly consequences.

Sanford-Burnham scientists unravel cancer drug's secret to resistance
In a March 19 Cell Reports paper, Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute scientists show how cancer cells resistant to MLN4924, an experimental therapy currently in clinical trials, escape death.

Scientists study link between amyloid beta peptide levels and Alzheimer's disease
The effects of the bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharidehas been found to elevate amyloid beta peptide levels in the brain, leading to short-term deficits in learning.

Discovery provides blueprint for new drugs that can inhibit hepatitis C virus
Chemists at the University of California, San Diego have produced the first high resolution structure of a molecule that when attached to the genetic material of the hepatitis C virus prevents it from reproducing.

New antibiotic could make food safer and cows healthier
Food-borne diseases might soon have another warrior to contend with, thanks to a new molecule discovered by chemists at the University of Illinois.

Smell is a symphony
Just like a road atlas faithfully maps real-word locations, our brain maps many aspects of our physical world: Sensory inputs from our fingers are mapped next to each other in the somatosensory cortex; the auditory system is organized by sound frequency.

Styling practices can lead to serious hair and scalp diseases for African-Americans
Styling practices can lead to serious hair and scalp diseases for some African Americans, says Henry Ford Hospital dermatologist Diane Jackson-Richards, M.D.

NASA satellites see rainfall left behind from Cyclone Lua's landfall
NASA's TRMM satellite added up the rainfall generated from Cyclone Lua as it made landfall in northern Australia on March 17, and tracked southward through March 19.

Nanotherapy: Treating deadly brain tumors by delivering big radiation with tiny tools
For the past 40 years, radiation has been used to treat deadly brain tumors.

Researchers find that smoking may restore tapped-out self-control resources
Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, Fla., have found that when they deplete a smoker's self control, smoking a cigarette may restore self-control.

Diagnosis of ADHD on the rise
The number of American children leaving doctors' offices with an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder diagnosis has risen 66 percent in 10 years, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study.

Breaking the backbone of triple-negative breast cancers
Putting the brakes on an abundant growth-promoting protein causes breast tumors to regress, according to a study in the Journal of Experimental Medicine.

Drug makes leukemia more vulnerable to chemo
Doctors at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that a new drug makes chemotherapy more effective in treating acute myeloid leukemia, a cancer of the white blood cells.

Lifestyle study highlights key differences in relapsing and progressive onset MS
Patients with relapsing onset multiple sclerosis who consumed alcohol, wine, coffee and fish on a regular basis took four to seven years longer to reach the point where they needed a walking aid than people who never consumed them.

Blood testing for sensitivity, allergy or intolerance to food
Blood testing to determine a link between food and illness is increasingly common, but some tests are not considered diagnostic and can lead to confusion, according to a primer in CMAJ.

Trauma drives HIV epidemic in women
Now, two new studies from the University of California, San Francisco and Harvard Medical School demonstrate that a high rate of trauma among women already infected with HIV also plays a role in the epidemic.

Study shows air emissions near fracking sites may impact health
Researchers at the Colorado School of Public Health have shown that air pollution caused by fracking may impact health of those living nearby.

Scientists develop a software tool for estimating heart disease risk
Estimating the risk for heart disease is a key factor in primary prevention of heart disease, which would reduce health spending.

Review of multilevel surgery in patients with obstructive sleep apnea
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea who undergo surgery for their condition should be closely monitored after their procedures are performed but may not need to be in an intensive care unit, according to a report published online first by Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Global sea level likely to rise as much as 70 feet for future generations
Even if humankind manages to limit global warming to 2 degrees C (3.6 degrees F), as the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change recommends, future generations will have to deal with sea levels 12 to 22 meters (40 to 70 feet) higher than at present, according to research published in the journal Geology.

Ultracold matter technology from CU and SRI International licensed to Boulder's ColdQuanta
ColdQuanta Inc. of Boulder and the University of Colorado have finalized an agreement allowing ColdQuanta to commercialize cutting-edge physics research developed by CU-Boulder and SRI International.

Cosmic rays alter chemistry of lunar ice
Space scientists from the University of New Hampshire and multi-institutional colleagues report they have quantified levels of radiation on the moon's surface from galactic cosmic ray (GCR) bombardment that over time causes chemical changes in water ice and can create complex carbon chains similar to those that help form the foundations of biological structures.

The effect of rosuvastatin on incident pneumonia: Results from the JUPITER trial
Statins may prevent pneumonia, according to a new study in CMAJ.

MIT research: Study finds room to store CO2 underground
A new study by researchers at MIT shows that there is enough capacity in deep saline aquifers in the United States to store at least a century's worth of carbon dioxide emissions from the nation's coal-fired powerplants.

A biplane to break the sound barrier
An MIT researcher has come up with a concept that may solve many of the problems that grounded the Concorde.

UC research: Tracking Lake Erie water snake in fight against invasive fish
UC's Lauren Flick, a 19-year-old, triple-major senior, will present findings at an upcoming regional conference on the first-ever use of a surgically implanted device to record the habits of snakes in their natural environment.

Is modern medicine ill with dehumanization?
What are the causes and effects of dehumanization in medicine?

University of Alberta led research may have discovered how memories are encoded in our brains
Scientists understand memory to exist as strengthened synaptic connections among neurons.

Step forward in research into new treatments for brain edema
Researchers from IDIBELL, the University of Barcelona and CIBERER have found that one function of the protein GlialCAM, which is genetically altered in patients with a rare disease, named Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts, is to regulate the activity of the channel that allows the passage of chloride ions between brain cells to regulate ion and fluid balance.

MRI techniques improve pulmonary embolism detection
New research shows that the addition of two magnetic resonance imaging sequences to a common MR angiography technique significantly improves detection of pulmonary embolism, a potentially life-threatening condition traditionally diagnosed through computed tomography.

Researchers develop blueprint for nuclear clock accurate over billions of years
A clock accurate to within a tenth of a second over 14 billion years -- the age of the universe -- is the goal of research being reported this week in the journal Physical Review Letters.

New research about facial recognition turns common wisdom on its head
Facial recognition, it appears, hinges on recognizing the face's features more than the

Indian district plans to adopt 50,000 I-slate tablets
The US- and Singapore-based creators of the I-slate educational tablet and local government officials in India's Mahabubnagar District plan to adopt 50,000 of the low-cost electronic educational slates into middle and high school classrooms throughout the district over the next three years.

PATHS study explores need for palliative care in heart failure cases
Less than 10 percent of people with heart failure receive supportive or palliative care beyond basic medical services, but a new research project, funded by a $1.7 million grant from the National Institute for Nursing Research to Penn State's School of Nursing, aims to change the situation.

Empowered citizens or hopeful bystanders?
The new political appetite for

UC research tests new tool to guide reintroduction of the American chestnut
Reintroduction of the American chestnut tree after billions died due to blight could be accomplished more effectively thanks to a software tool developed and recently tested by the University of Cincinnati.

Beyond the microscope: Identifying specific cancers using molecular analysis
Researchers from Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) at the University of Utah report they have discovered a method to identify cancer-causing rearrangements of genetic material called chromosomal translocations quickly, accurately, and inexpensively.

Oxford University Press partners with the Physical Society of Japan
Oxford University Press and the Physical Society of Japan are pleased to announce that they will be working together to publish Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics.

New genetic path for scleroderma
A genetic pathway previously known for its role in embryonic development and cancer has been identified as a target for systemic sclerosis, or scleroderma, therapy.

Unprecedented academic-industry collaboration seeks new drugs and novel treatments for autism
European Autism Interventions - A Multicentre Study for Developing New Medications led by Roche, King's College London, and Autism Speaks, is a collaboration with top scientists worldwide and drug companies from EFPIA including Roche, Eli Lilly, Servier, Janssen Pharmaceutica, Pfizer and Vifor Pharma to develop and validate translational research approaches for novel therapies; develop expert sites across Europe to run clinical trials; and create an interactive platform for ASD professionals and patients.

MARC travel awards announced for EB 2012
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the Experimental Biology 2012 meeting in San Diego, Calif., from April 21-25, 2012.

Circadian rhythms have profound influence on metabolic output, UCI study reveals
By analyzing the hundreds of metabolic products present in the liver, researchers with the UC Irvine Center for Epigenetics & Metabolism have discovered that circadian rhythms -- our own body clock -- greatly control the production of such key building blocks as amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids.

Polycrystalline diamond drill bits open up options for geothermal energy
Nearly two-thirds of the oil we use comes from wells drilled using polycrystalline diamond compact bits, originally developed nearly 30 years ago to lower the cost of geothermal drilling.

Hutchinson Center scientists break through pancreas cancer treatment barrier
Pancreas cancer tumors spread quickly and are notoriously resistant to treatment, making them among the deadliest of malignancies.

Green 'Oakley Cluster' to double OSC computing power
Researchers using Ohio Supercomputer Center resources can now conduct even more innovative academic and industrial research by accessing Ohio's newest energy-efficient, GPU-accelerated supercomputer system.

Experients may force revision of astrophysical models of the universe
In a challenge to current astrophysical models of the universe, researchers have found that current estimates of the interiors of so-called ice giant planets within and without the solar system overstate water's compressibility by as much as 30 percent, forcing revisions in estimates of other elements.

Study: Including ads in mobile apps poses privacy, security risks
Researchers from North Carolina State University have found that including ads in mobile applications poses privacy and security risks.

Targeted X-ray treatment of mice prevents glaucoma
Jackson Laboratory researchers have demonstrated that a single, targeted x-ray treatment of an individual eye in young, glaucoma-prone mice provided that eye with apparently life-long and typically complete protection from glaucoma.

Some orbits more popular than others in solar systems
In young solar systems emerging around baby stars, some orbits are more popular than others, resulting in

Health must be central to climate change policies, say experts
Health must be taken into account in climate change mitigation strategies.

Team discovers how bacteria resist a 'Trojan horse' antibiotic
A new study describes how bacteria use a previously unknown means to defeat an antibiotic.

To combat identity theft, protect computer
Having a triple-threat combination of protective software on your computer greatly reduces your chances of identity theft, according to a study led by a Michigan State University criminologist.

Newborn screening for DMD shows promise as an international model
Investigators at Nationwide Children's Hospital, working with the DNA Sequencing Core Facility at the University of Utah, have developed an approach to newborn screening (NBS) for the life-threatening genetic disorder, Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and potentially other muscular dystrophies.

Infrared NASA satellite data indicates severe weather for south central US this week
Infrared and microwave satellite imagery from NASA have been providing forecasters at the National Weather Service valuable data on weather system that has potential to bring severe weather to the south central US over the next several days.

HUP receives renewal of highest nursing credential with prestigious Magnet recognition
HUP has been accredited for the second time as a Magnet organization -- the highest institutional honor granted for nursing excellence -- from the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Magnet Recognition Program.

Infection prevention groups outline steps needed to preserve antibiotics
Infection preventionists and health care epidemiologists play key roles in promoting effective antimicrobial stewardship in collaboration with other health professionals, according to a joint position paper published today by the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology and the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America in their respective peer-reviewed journals, the American Journal of Infection Control and Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.

Mayo Clinic researchers building melanoma vaccine to combat skin cancer
Mayo Clinic researchers have trained mouse immune systems to eradicate skin cancer from within, using a genetic combination of human DNA from melanoma cells and a cousin of the rabies virus.

First national guideline for sudden hearing loss published
The first national treatment guideline for sudden hearing loss, a frightening condition that sends thousands in the US to the emergency room each year, was published this month in the journal Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery.

A basic -- and slightly acidic -- solution for hydrogen storage
Sometimes, solutions for hard problems can turn out to be pretty basic.

Am I my genes?
Bioethicist and M.D., Robert Klitzman, confronts fate and family secrets in the age of genetic testing in

A new tool to reveal structure of proteins
A new method to reveal the structure of proteins could help researchers understand biological molecules -- both those involved in causing disease and those performing critical functions in healthy cells.

New paper examines poison resistance in snakes around the world
A new study by University of Notre Dame biologist Michael Pfrender and a team of researchers from the University of Nevada-Reno, Utah State University and the University of Virginia suggests that snakes from different regions of the world have evolved a similar, remarkable resistance to a deadly neurotoxin.

'Look at me' toddlers eager to collaborate and learn
Parents should think twice before brushing off their child's calls to

Population age and inpatient care
The effect of population aging on the number of admissions to hospital for inpatient treatment is examined by epidemiologist Enno Nowossadeck in the latest issue of Deutsches Aerzteblatt International.

Open surgical and minimally invasive hernia repair techniques compared
The minimally invasive hernia repair procedure known as total extraperitoneal inguinal hernioplasty was associated with higher patient satisfaction, less chronic pain and less impairment of inguinal (groin) sensation compared to the open surgical Lichtenstein repair, according to a study published in the March issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Researchers discover novel therapy for Crohn's disease
The Nutritional Immunology and Molecular Medicine Laboratory research team at Virginia Tech has discovered important new information on the efficacy of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in treating Crohn's disease, a form of inflammatory bowel disease.

First complete full genetic map of promising energy crop
Researchers in Wales and the United States have collaborated to complete the first high-resolution, comprehensive genetic map of a promising energy crop called miscanthus.

Geologic map of Jupiter's moon Io details an otherworldly volcanic surface
More than 400 years after Galileo's discovery of Io, the innermost of Jupiter's largest moons, a team of scientists led by Arizona State University (ASU) has produced the first complete global geologic map of the Jovian satellite.

Space research institute honors Sen. Hutchison with Pioneer Award
The National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) honors US Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison today.

Penn researchers find mentoring provides health benefits for African American veterans with diabetes
Intervention by peer mentors has a statistically significant effect on improving glucose control in African American veterans with diabetes, according to a study by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and the Philadelphia VA Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion (CHERP).
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