Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 23, 2012
NJIT architect's New Orleans design efforts featured in book on roles in disaster recovery
The post-Hurricane Katrina New Orleans planning and design work of James Dart, AIA, university lecturer and director of the Siena Urban Design Studio at NJIT's College of Architecture and Design (COAD) is featured in a new book that examines the roles and responsibilities of architects in disaster recovery.

Embryonic stem cells shift metabolism in cancer-like way upon implanting in uterus
When an embryo implants in the uterus, the low-oxygen environment provokes some of its cells to shift to a sugar-busting metabolism.

IOF Medal of Achievement awarded to Professor Cyrus Cooper
Today, at the European Congress on Osteoporosis & Osteoarthritis, Professor Cyrus Cooper was awarded the International Osteoporosis Foundation Medal of Achievement.

Archaeologists reconstruct diet of Nelson's Navy with new chemical analysis of excavated bones
Salt beef, sea biscuits and the occasional weevil; the food endured by sailors during the Napoleonic wars is seldom imagined to be appealing.

Highest honors for quantum computer pioneer
Experimental physicist Rainer Blatt from the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Innsbruck, Austria, will receive the Stern-Gerlach Medal of the German Physical Society.

Megalara garuda: the King of Wasps
A giant wasp, with jaws longer than its forelegs, was discovered on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi.

Ultrasound-guided surgery is best way to remove breast tumours
In a randomized controlled trial, researchers have found that the use of ultrasound-guided surgery to remove tumors from women who have palpable breast cancer is more successful than standard surgery in excising all the cancerous tissue while sparing as much healthy tissue as possible.

NIH launches online resource on behavioral and social science research methods
A Web-based interactive anthology will provide psychologists, economists, anthropologists, sociologists and other scientists with the latest research methods and tools to address emerging challenges in public health, such as the obesity epidemic and the rise of chronic diseases such as heart disease.

Southampton research uses 3D imaging to improve the lives of lung disease patients
Pioneering research in Southampton, using hi-tech 3D imaging, could improve the lives of those suffering from chronic lung disease.

'Bed-of-nails' breast implant deters cancer cells
Researchers at Brown University have created an implant that appears to deter breast cancer cell regrowth.

Everolimus plus exemestane improves bone health in post-menopausal women with advanced breast cancer
Latest results from the BOLERO-2 international trial, presented at the 8th European Breast Cancer Conference in Vienna, show that the combination of two cancer drugs, everolimus and exemestane, significantly improves bone strength and reduces the chance of cancer spreading in the bone in post-menopausal women with breast cancer.

Scorpio rising
An intriguing new scorpion has been recently discovered in Death Valley National Park.

Non-narcotic pain medication is safe and effective after sinus surgery
Patients who have undergone sinus surgery can safely take an alternative pain medication that does not cause the side effects of narcotics such as fentanyl and Vicodin, a Loyola University Health System study has found.

The lithium battery as a source of hope
Whether energy supply or electromobility - batteries are a key component.

A shiny new tool for imaging biomolecules
Berkeley Lab researchers have developed a technique for lacing artificial membranes with billions of gold nanoantennas that can boost optical signals from a protein tens of thousands of times without the protein ever being touched.

New research suggests European Neandertals were almost extinct long before humans showed up
When Neandertal's started disappearing from Western Europe around 30,000 years ago, it was thought to be due to climactic factors or modern human competition.

DOE JGI at Ergo Cup 2012 -- The Importance of Early Ergo Evaluations
The DOE JGI's Ergo Cup entry for the 15th Annual Applied Ergonomics Conference held March 26-29, 2012, highlights the importance of making ergonomics a part of the work and safety culture.

Huge hamsters and pint-sized porcupines thrive on islands
From miniature elephants to monster mice, and even Hobbit-sized humans, size changes in island animals are well-known to science.

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers link stigma to depression among lung cancer patients
Studying the role of social stigma in depression for lung cancer patients, researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, Fla., have found that depression can be heightened by a lung cancer patient's sense of social rejection, internalized shame and social isolation.

Researchers develop new technique to assess diversity of plant species from afar
By analyzing vegetation information collected by satellites over time instead of for just one day, scientists in the Michigan State University Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability (CSIS) have developed a novel procedure to assess the composition of plant species in an area.

Highly flexible despite hard-wiring -- even slight stimuli change the information flow in the brain
One cup or two faces? What we believe we see in one of the most famous optical illusions changes in a split second; and so does the path that the information takes in the brain.

Expectations, exhaustion can lead mothers to post-adoption stress
Fatigue and unrealistic expectations of parenthood may help contribute to post-adoption depression in women, according to a Purdue University study.

New study quantifies the enormous cost of fragility fractures in Europe
Researchers at the European Congress of Osteoporosis & Osteoarthritis in Bordeaux have presented new data which shows that the economic burden of fragility fractures in the 27 member states of the European Union far exceeds previous estimates, with hip fractures accounting for around 55 percent of costs.

Periodontal therapy reduces hospitalizations and medical care costs in diabetics
On March 23, during the 41st Annual Meeting & Exhibition of the American Association for Dental Research, held in conjunction with the 36th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Dental Research, an abstract titled

Leopoldina to host conventions of the multinational associations of science academies, IAP and IAC
From March 26-28, the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina in Halle will host meetings of the two associations of national science academies, the InterAcademy Council and the InterAcademy Panel.

Who knew? Fruit flies get kidney stones too, may hold key to treatment for humans
Research on kidney stones in fruit flies may hold the key to developing a treatment that could someday stop the formation of kidney stones in humans, a team from Mayo Clinic and the University of Glasgow found.

Swarming and transporting
On its own, an ant is not particularly clever. But in a community, the insects can solve complicated tasks.

An extinct species of scops owl has been discovered in Madeira
An international team of scientists, including some from Majorca and the Canary Islands, have described a new type of fossil scops owl, the first extinct bird on the archipelago of Madeira.

Johns Hopkins bioethicist contributes to IOM report on 'Translational Omics'
This article discusses the IOM report on the review of omics-based tests for predicting patient outcomes in clinical trials.

Researchers validate the potential of a protein for the treatment of type 2 diabetes
Researchers at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine have discovered that deficiency of a single protein, Mitofusin 2, in muscle and hepatic cells of mice is sufficient to cause tissues to become insensitive to insulin, thus producing an increase in blood glucose concentrations.

Removal of invasive tree improves health of American Samoa forests
Removal of the Tamaligi tree, an invasive and destructive non-native tree on Tutuila Island, American Samoa greatly improves the health of its diverse native forests, according to a recently published study appearing in the journal Biological Invasions.

Research sheds new light on extra help for smokers trying to quit
A major research trial to test whether extra support for smokers calling an NHS quitline -- on top of what is already offered by the service -- has found the additional help does not improve success rates for quitting the habit.

Researchers unveil robot jellyfish built on nanotechnology
Researchers at the University of Texas at Dallas and Virginia Tech have created an undersea vehicle inspired by the common jellyfish that runs on renewable energy and could be used in ocean rescue and surveillance missions.

UN hits water target, but 1.8 billion people still drinking unsafe water, study shows
Recent widespread news coverage heralded the success of a United Nations' goal of greatly improving access to safe drinking water around the world.

Mountaintop blasting to mine the sky with the Giant Magellan Telescope
Astronomers began to blast 3 million cubic feet of rock from a mountaintop in the Chilean Andes today to prepare for the world's largest telescope at the Carnegie Institution's Las Campanas Observatory.

Astronomers put forward new theory on size of black holes
Gas-guzzling black holes eat two-courses at a time.

The Hawai'i Undersea Research Laboratory launches online deep-sea animal identification guide
The Hawai'i Undersea Research Laboratory created and built up a knowledge base that is featured in a photo-guide of all the organisms one might encounter in the deep-sea around Hawai'i.

Possible causes of sudden onset OCD in kids broadened
Criteria for a broadened syndrome of acute onset obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) have been proposed by a National Institutes of Health scientist and her colleagues.

Danes top international health study
Denmark stands out in a new international study. It is the only country where there is widespread acceptance by the general public that politicians increase taxes to promote healthy eating habits.

Ancient civilizations reveal ways to manage fisheries for sustainability
A team of marine scientists has reconstructed fisheries yields over seven centuries of human habitation in Hawaii and the Florida Keys, the largest coral reef ecosystems in the United States.

New project to help predict the future of the UK's coastline
A new project is being launched that will help forecast what the UK's coastline will look like in the future, up to 100 years' time.

Marine forensics expert Richard Woytowich seeks to vindicate Titanic survivors' account
On the eve of the 100th anniversary of the Titanic's sinking, marine forensics expert Richard Woytowich will present a paper re-interpreting the statements made by survivors at the 1912 official inquiries into the disaster.

New epilepsy gene located in dogs
A new epilepsy gene for idiopathic epilepsy in Belgian Shepherds has been found in the canine chromosome 37.

Plant DNA speaks English, identifies new species
Since January this year, new species of plants can be described or diagnosed online-only and in plain English, rather than in Latin printed on paper.

BGI signs MOU with TTI GG, NLeSC and NBIC for taming flood of genomic data
BGI signs MOU with TTI GG, NLeSC and NBIC for taming flood of genomic data.

A new test might facilitate diagnosis and drug development for Alzheimer's disease
An international team of researchers have developed a new method for measurement of aggregated beta-amyloid - a protein complex believed to cause major nerve cell damage and dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease.

Children's National experts presenting at American College of Cardiology Conference
Pediatric cardiologists from Children's National Medical Center will present at the 2012 American College of Cardiology Scientific Session on topics ranging from fetal to adult management of heart disease.

Professor Bess Dawson Hughes named winner of IOF Pierre D. Delmas Award
Professor Bess Dawson Hughes, Director of the Bone Metabolism Laboratory at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University and Professor of Medicine at Tufts University School of Medicine, has today been presented with the International Osteoporosis Foundation's Pierre D.

Jürgen Tautz wins 2012 Communicator Award
Bee researcher was honored for outstanding science communication.

Learning best when you rest: Sleeping after processing new info most effective, new study shows
Nodding off in class may not be such a bad idea after all.

Brain insulin resistance contributes to cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease
Insulin resistance in the brain precedes and contributes to cognitive decline above and beyond other known causes of Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Researchers discover why humans began walking upright
Most of us walk and carry items in our hands every day.

New ORNL tool developed to assess global freshwater stress
A new method to make better use of vast amounts of data related to global geography, population and climate may help determine the relative importance of population increases vs. climate change.

In the final years of Franco's regime television acknowledged the republican's bravery
A study by the Complutense University of Madrid into the development of speech about the Civil War on Television Española states that from the 70's, public television stopped portraying republicans as national enemies and acknowledged their bravery as combatants.

Stroke Progress Review Group sets priorities for future NIH stroke rehabilitation research
While Stroke Progress Research Group (SPRG) found much available data for maximizing stroke rehabilitation outcomes, translation to clinical practice is inadequate.

Study identifies genetic variants linked to fatty liver disease in obese children
New research found the genetic variant Patatin-like phospholipase domain containing protein-3 (PNPLA3) acting in conjunction with the glucokinase regulatory protein (GCKR) is associated with increased susceptibility to fatty liver disease in obese children.

Identifying acute myeloid leukemia gene mutations may indicate risk, best treatment
An international group of researchers, including those from Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, Fla., have published a paper in the March 14 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine reviewing the results of a study that analyzed mutations in 18 genes of 398 patients who had acute myeloid leukemia.

Low serum adiponectin levels predict future risk for asthma in women
Low serum adiponectin levels predict an increased future risk for developing asthma in middle-aged women, particularly among smokers, according to a new study.

Biomarkers for autism discovered
An important step towards developing a rapid, inexpensive diagnostic method for autism has been take by Uppsala University, among other universities.

Overweight and obese women at greater risk of breast cancer recurrence
Women who are overweight or obese when they are diagnosed with breast cancer are at higher risk of cancer recurrence or related death than are leaner women, according to a new study.

Study: Preoperative estrogen-blocking therapy may preempt need for mastectomy
Preoperative treatment with aromatase inhibitors increases the likelihood that postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer will be able to have breast-conserving surgery rather than a mastectomy, according to the results of a national clinical trial.
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