Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 26, 2012
New memory for HIV patients
The hallmark loss of helper CD4+ T cells during human immunodeficiency virus infection may be a red herring for therapeutics, according to a study in the Journal of Experimental Medicine.

Antibody injection lowers LDL, adding to effectiveness of statin therapy
A novel monoclonal antibody identified in a new study dramatically lowered circulating LDL cholesterol by 40 percent to 72 percent, a development with potential to provide a new option for patients who are resistant to cholesterol-lowering drugs such as statins or to the current standard of care, according to research presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 61st Annual Scientific Session.

Cleveland Clinic study shows bariatric surgery improves, reverses diabetes
Overweight, diabetic patients who underwent bariatric surgery achieved significant improvement or remission of their diabetes, according to new research from Cleveland Clinic.

The brains behind skaters
A new study, using brain imaging technology, reveals structural adaptations in short-track speed skaters' brains which are likely to explain their extraordinary balance and co-ordination skills.

Expedition to undersea mountain yields new information about sub-seafloor structure
Scientists recently concluded an expedition aboard the research vessel JOIDES Resolution to learn more about Atlantis Massif, an undersea mountain, or seamount, that formed in a very different way than the majority of the seafloor in the oceans.

Can eradicating a common stomach bug make taking aspirin safer?
Researchers have launched a major clinical trial to investigate whether eliminating a common stomach bug could help to make taking aspirin safer in some patients.

Can a machine tell when you're lying? Research suggests the answer is 'yes'
University at Buffalo computer scientists are exploring whether machines can read the visual cues that give away deceit.

Protein found to regulate spread of pancreatic cancer cells
Researchers at Queen Mary, University of London have identified a new protein that makes pancreatic cancer cells less

NRL scientists optimize arctic sea ice data products
Recent dramatic changes in the characteristics of the Arctic sea ice cover have sparked the demand for improved monitoring and forecasting.

Growth in the womb and early infancy predicts bone size and strength in childhood
Researchers from the MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, have presented evidence that early growth predicts the size, mineralisation, shape and strength of the hip bone in childhood.

Recipients to be honored for achievements in medical ultrasound at the 2012 AIUM Annual Convention
During the opening session of the 2012 American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine Annual Convention at the JW Marriott Desert Ridge Resort and Spa in Phoenix, Arizona, on March 30, 2012, Alfred Z.

Regenstrief Institute investigator recognized as a Top New Geriatrics Investigator
Regenstrief Institute investigator Noll Campbell, PharmD, has been chosen by the American Geriatrics Society to receive a Merck/American Geriatrics Society 2012 New Investigator Award.

Geologists correct a rift in Africa
The huge changes in the Earth's crust that influenced human evolution are being redefined, according to research published today in Nature Geoscience.

New endoscope technology paves the way for 'molecular-guided surgery' for cancer
With about 15 million endoscopies done on patients each year in the US, scientists today reported that a new version of these flexible instruments for diagnosing and treating disease shows promise for helping surgeons more completely remove cancerous tumors.

New 'electronic skin' patches monitor health wirelessly
Like the colorful temporary tattoos that children stick to their arms for fun, people may one day put thin

Progress toward new chemotherapy agents
University of Cincinnati chemist Edward J. Merino is using metabolic

Test for single genetic fault can help tailor cancer treatment for children
A study led by Dr. Janet Shipley from the Institute of Cancer Research in London in collaboration with Dr Mauro Delorenzi from the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics in Lausanne has shown that a simple genetic test could help predict the aggressiveness of rhabdomyosarcoma tumors in children.

State of the planet
Time is running out to minimize the risk of setting in motion irreversible and long-term climate change and other dramatic changes to Earth's life support system, according to scientists speaking at the Planet Under Pressure conference, which began in London today.

Warfarin related to low rate of residual stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation
A review of clinical trials comparing warfarin with other medications for stroke prevention suggests that warfarin was associated with a low risk of stroke or non-central nervous system embolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (rapid, irregular heart beat), according to a study published online first by Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Role of amyloid beta as sensors and protectors in Alzheimer's and other diseases explored
In upcoming issues of the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, Dr.

ED chest pain units and physician discretion may lower stress test use
Rhode Island Hospital physicians report that managing patients within an emergency department chest pain unit by both emergency medicine staff and cardiologists is safe and effective and may lower the use of stress testing.

The present and future of the Affordable Care Act
The American College of Physicians, representing 132,000 internal medicine specialists and medical student members, is pleased to report that the Affordable Care Act has resulted in major improvements in access and coverage for tens of millions of Americans seen by internal medicine physicians.

Cultural inertia is slowing effective action to address climate-change
Resistance at individual and societal levels must be recognized and treated before real action can be taken to effectively address threats facing the planet from human-caused contributions to climate change, says a University of Oregon sociologist at this week's Planet Under Pressure Conference in London.

Human noise has ripple effects on plants
A growing body of research shows that birds and other animals change their behavior in response to human noise, such as the din of traffic or the hum of machinery.

Pre-PCI bleeding risk score predicts greater risk, higher costs
A pre-procedure bleeding risk score can accurately identify high-risk, high-cost patients and may provide an opportunity to employ bleeding avoidance strategies to improve patient outcomes and reduce total costs related to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures, according to a retrospective study being presented March 26 at the 61st annual American College of Cardiology scientific session.

Essential tremor patient regains independence following surgery
Deep brain stimulation allows surgeons to control tremors with brain

Announcement of HFSP 2012 awards
This article announces the winners of the 2012 Fellowship, Grant and Career Development Awards from the Human Frontier Science Program.

Big sagebrush may need to count on its soil seed bank for survival
Big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata)is a key foundational species in an ecosystem that is threatened by invasion of cheatgrass and the subsequent increase in fire frequency.

Significant global shortfall of trained eye doctors now and in future
Despite more than 200 000 eye doctors in practice around the globe, capacity is not keeping pace with the growing demands of aging populations and the current needs of developing countries, finds research published online in the British Journal of Ophthalmology.

Ticagrelor effective at reducing first, as well as recurrent and overall cardiovascular events
New research from Brigham and Women's Hospital shows that the use of ticagrelor not only reduces the time to a first cardiovascular event (the metric used in most trials) but also significantly reduces the time to a second cardiovascular event or death, and reduces total events including cardiovascular death, heart attack, stroke, ischemic events and urgent revascularization.

Vast majority of people who contacted telenurse helpline followed their advice
Nurse triage helplines can be a cost-effective method of addressing the self-care needs of individuals who would otherwise visit an emergency department.

Researchers identify drugs with fewest side-effects for treating irritable bowel syndrome
Cedars-Sinai researchers have determined that two prevalent drug therapies -- rifaximin and lubiprostone -- offer some of the best options for treating irritable bowel syndrome, a widespread disorder that affects up to one in five Americans.

Regular chocolate eaters are thinner
Katherine Hepburn famously said of her slim physique:

Study examines link between blood biomarkers and risk of Alzheimer disease
A meta-analysis of previously published studies found that the ratio of blood plasma amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides Aβ42:Aβ40 was significantly associated with development of Alzheimer disease and dementia, according to a report published online first by Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Lowering LDL, the earlier the better
Coronary atherosclerosis - a hardening of the arteries due to a build-up of fat and cholesterol - can lead to heart attacks and other forms of coronary heart disease (CHD).

Genetic risk and stressful early infancy join to increase risk for schizophrenia
Working with genetically engineered mice and the genomes of thousands of people with schizophrenia, researchers at Johns Hopkins say they now better understand how both nature and nurture can affect one's risks for schizophrenia and abnormal brain development in general.

When ions get closer
Nowadays, ever smaller and more powerful computer chips are in demand.

More frequently eating chocolate appears related to lower BMI
More frequently eating chocolate was linked to lower body mass index (BMI), according to a research letter in the March 26 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

US economic woes ripple all the way to Latin America, U-M study shows
It's difficult to imagine a factory closing in Michigan or pay cuts for restaurant workers in Iowa having an impact on the health care of someone in rural Honduras but this study suggest that economic woes in the US ripple across the globe.

Research gives hope to detecting cancer in early stages
Scientists have found a mechanism which causes normal cells to develop into cancer cells.

Dare you protest against God? Perspectives from a CWRU psychology study
Is it OK to protest God's actions-- -- or inactions?

Smokers could be more prone to schizophrenia
Smoking alters the impact of a schizophrenia risk gene. Scientists from the universities of Zurich and Cologne demonstrate that healthy people who carry this risk gene and smoke process acoustic stimuli in a similarly deficient way as patients with schizophrenia.

Chronic stress spawns protein aggregates linked to Alzheimer's
Repeated stress triggers the production and accumulation of insoluble tau protein aggregates inside the brain cells of mice, say researchers at the University of California - San Diego School of Medicine in a new study published in the March 26 online early edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

From scourge to saint: E. coli bacteria becomes a factory - to make cheaper, faster pharmaceuticals
Escherichia coli - a bacteria considered the food safety bane of restaurateurs, grocers and consumers - is a friend.

Genetic study unravels ancient links between African and European populations
Large numbers of people moved between Africa and Europe during recent and well-documented time periods such as the Roman Empire, the Arab conquest, and the slave trade, and genetic evidence of these migrations lives on in Europeans today.

Elsevier Journal contributes to global sustainability policy
Elsevier today published a special issue of its journal Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability.

IOF-Servier Young Investigator Research Grant awarded to UK researcher
The IOF-Servier Young Investigator Research Grant has been awarded to Dr Mark Edwards, clinical research fellow at the MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit at Southhampton General Hospital in the UK.

Pacemaker prevents fainting among select patient population
A select number of patients who suffer from neurally mediated synope (NMS) - a disorder in which the brain fails to regulate heart rate and blood pressure - may be good candidates to receive a dual-chamber pacemaker to prevent common NMS-related fainting spells, according to research presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 61st Annual Scientific Session.

Study by NOAA and partners shows some Gulf dolphins severely ill
Bottlenose dolphins in Barataria Bay, Louisiana, are showing signs of severe ill health, according to NOAA marine mammal biologists and their local, state, federal and other research partners.

Kessler Foundation receives $383,000 Fellowship Training Grant from National MS Society
The National Multiple Sclerosis Society has re-funded a five-year $383,000 Postdoctoral Fellowship Training Grant in Multiple Sclerosis at Kessler Foundation.

NJIT author to speak at UNC about hemophilia
NJIT associate professor Stephen Pemberton has been invited to speak at the Bullitt History of Medicine Club at the University of North Carolina about how hemophilia became manageable in the 20th century.

Decade-long study raises new questions about antibiotic use for cystic fibrosis
When it comes to treating cystic fibrosis, the current standard of aggressive antibiotic treatments may not always be the best answer, a decade-long study led by researchers at the University of Michigan has found.

More energy efficient transistors through quantum tunneling
Researchers at the University of Notre Dame and Pennsylvania State University have announced breakthroughs in the development of tunneling field effect transistors, a semiconductor technology that takes advantage of the quirky behavior of electrons at the quantum level.

Research: 'Buckliball' opens new avenue in design of foldable engineering structures
Inspired by a toy, the 'buckliball' -- a collapsible structure fabricated from a single piece of material -- represents a new class of 3-D, origami-like structures.

In search for a vaccine, IU biologist receives $2.3 million to explore chlamydia genomics
An Indiana University biologist has been awarded over $2.3 million from the National Institutes of Health to genetically modify variants of the human pathogen chlamydia in hopes of finding a vaccine for the most commonly reported bacterial infectious disease in the United States.

AABB releases new guidelines for red blood cell transfusion
The American Association of Blood Banks (AABB) recommends a restrictive red blood cell transfusion strategy for stable adults and children, according to new guidelines being published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Special American Chemical Society symposium on communicating science to the public
With an understanding of science and technology growing ever more important for full participation in a democratic society, the world's largest scientific society today is holding a special symposium on how scientists can better communicate their work to the public.

Ultimate volumetrics diet book helps people lose weight, manage hunger
A new book by Barbara Rolls, professor of nutritional sciences and Helen A.

Does the brain 'remember' antidepressants?
Using a placebo pill identical to the real thing, UCLA researchers have found that how the brain responds to antidepressant medication may be influenced by its remembering past antidepressant exposure.

Cancer treatment system sculpts radiation beam to match shape of a tumor
Rush University Medical Center will begin offering in late March a new stereotactic radiosurgery treatment program with the latest radiation therapy technology available.

Use it or lose it: Mind games help healthy older people too
Cognitive training including puzzles, handicrafts and life skills are known to reduce the risk, and help slow down the progress, of dementia amongst the elderly.

'Bacterial shock' to recapture essential phosphate
Bacteria could be exploited to recapture dwindling phosphate reserves from wastewater according to research presented at the Society for General Microbiology's Spring Conference in Dublin this week.

Pass the lycopene: Scientist can protect supplements inside food
A Purdue University food scientist has developed a way to encase nutritional supplements in food-based products so that one day consumers might be able to sprinkle vitamins, antioxidants and other beneficial compounds right onto their meals.

Updated policy about consent for pelvic exams in Canada needs revision
An updated policy guiding pelvic examinations of women under anesthetic in Canada has created a gap in terms of consent, states an analysis in CMAJ.

Stop that 'dam' noise: ONR and nation's engineers tackle noise at hydroelectric plants
Using research designed to protect warfighters from noise-induced hearing loss in the naval environment, the Office of Naval Research has joined the Bureau of Reclamation and US Army Corps of Engineers to turn down the volume at the nation's power plants, officials announced March 26.

Charles C. Church, Ph.D., to be honored with the Joseph H. Holmes Basic Science Pioneer Award
The Joseph H. Holmes Basic Science Pioneer Award will be presented to Charles C.

Antipsychotic medication associated with modest heart attack risk in older patients with dementia
Antipsychotic medication was associated with a modest and time-limited increased risk of myocardial infarction (heart attack) among older patients treated with cholinesterase inhibitors for dementia, according to a study published online first by Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Few young women with cancer take steps to preserve fertility during treatments
A new study has found that very few young women with cancer take steps to preserve their fertility while undergoing cancer therapy.

New synthetic biology technique boosts microbial production of diesel fuel
Joint BioEnergy Institute researchers have developed a

Catheter-placed heart valve shows strong performance at 2 years
Two-year data show comparable death and durability for catheter-placed heart valves and open-heart surgery in very old and ill patients, according to research presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 61st Annual Scientific Session.

UC research: Saving habitat key to songbird's survival
The golden-winged warbler - already long gone from Ohio - is disappearing from regions across the nation.

New data show children with autism bullied 3 times more than their unaffected siblings
Today, the Interactive Autism Network, www.ianproject.org, the nation's largest online autism research initiative and a project of the Kennedy Krieger Institute, reports preliminary results of the first national survey to examine the impact of bullying on children with autism spectrum disorders.

Scientists find new way to measure economic impact of forest fires
A team of scientists from the USDA Forest Service's Pacific Southwest Research Station and the University of Córdoba in Spain recently developed a new methodology that measures the economic impact of forest fires on timber resources.

Simple, cheap way to mass-produce graphene nanosheets
Mixing a little dry ice and a simple industrial process cheaply mass-produces high-quality graphene nanosheets, researchers in South Korea and Case Western Reserve University report.

Tiny reader makes fast, cheap DNA sequencing feasible
Researchers have devised a nanoscale sensor to electronically read the sequence of a single DNA molecule, a technique that is fast and inexpensive and could make DNA sequencing widely available.

Stem cell study aids quest for motor neurone disease therapies
A breakthrough using cutting-edge stem cell research could speed up the discovery of new treatments for motor neurone disease.

How colds cause coughs and wheezes
Cold-like infections make 'cough receptors' in the airways more sensitive, making asthmatics more prone to bouts of coughing and wheezing, reveal scientists presenting their findings at the Society for General Microbiology's Spring Conference in Dublin.

Hammerhead shark double whammy
New look-alike species may muddy the water for an endangered hammerhead.

Novel drug in pill form safer than standard approach to treat blocked lung blood vessels
A novel oral anti-coagulant outperformed the injected standard therapy on important safety measures for initial and long-term treatment of pulmonary embolism -- a blockage of lung blood vessels usually caused by a clot -- and showed comparable efficacy, according to data from the EINSTEIN-PE trial presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 61st Annual Scientific Session.

A study examines how Spanish companies innovate
More than 1300 Spanish companies publish their research in international scientific journals, although the most prolific among them are subsidiaries of foreign multinationals.

Melanoma drug also shows promise in patients whose cancer has spread to the brain
Up to half of all patients with advanced melanoma develop secondary tumors in the brain, known as metastases, and average survival among these patients is just four months.

'Coaching Boys into Men' an effective tool for stopping teen dating violence
Male high school athletes' ability to recognize and intervene to stop dating violence -- the physical, sexual and emotional aggression prevalent in adolescent romantic relationships -- is improved with the intervention of some of the most important role models in young men's lives: their coaches.

J. Oscar Barahona, BS, RDMS, to receive Distinguished Sonographer Award
J. Oscar Barahona, BS, RDMS, will be honored with the Distinguished Sonographer Award during the 2012 American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine Annual Convention at the JW Marriott Desert Ridge Resort and Spa in Phoenix, Arizona, on March 30, 2012.

2 drugs already on the market show promise against tuberculosis
A two-drug combination is one of the most promising advances in decades for the treatment of tuberculosis (TB) -- a disease that kills 2 million people annually -- a scientist reported today at the 243rd National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS).

Electrical pulse treatment gives pancreatic cancer patients new hope
Results of a study presented at the Society of Interventional Radiology's 37th Annual Scientific Meeting in San Francisco, Calif., signal a light at the end of the tunnel for individuals with inoperable locally advanced pancreatic cancer.

Shaping continents, shaping landscapes, shaping policy
The 61st meeting of the Geological Society of America's Southeastern Section will showcase the diverse geology of the Southeast with an eye toward shaping policy and the future of geoscience.

Change in health insurance status linked to greater emergency department use
Recent changes in health insurance status were linked to greater emergency department use by newly insured and newly uninsured adults, according to a study published online first by Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Aspirin: High or low dose following heart attack?
New research from Brigham and Women's Hospital reports that there is no significant difference between high versus low dose aspirin in the prevention of recurring cardiovascular events in patients who suffer from acute coronary syndromes, which are characterized by symptoms related to obstruction in coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart.

New field of chemistry has potential for making drugs inside patients -- and more
The traditional way of making medicines in a factory may be joined by a new approach in which doctors administer the ingredients for a medicine separately, and those ingredients combine inside patients' bodies.

Single antibody shrinks variety of human tumors transplanted into mice, Stanford study shows
Human tumors transplanted into laboratory mice disappeared or shrank when scientists treated the animals with a single antibody, according to a new study from the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Stand up: Your life could depend on it
Standing up more often may reduce your chances of dying within three years, even if you are already physically active, a study of more than 200,000 people published in Archives of Internal Medicine today shows.

Wide variation in emergency service response to elderly falls patients
The ambulance service response to emergency calls for elderly falls patients varies widely across the UK, reveals research published online in Emergency Medicine Journal.

Guideline: IVIg effective for certain nerve and muscle disorders
Intravenous immune globulin is an effective treatment for certain disorders of the nerve and muscles, including Guillain-Barré syndrome and a form of neuropathy called chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, according to a guideline issued by the American Academy of Neurology.

Heart-damaging side effects of cancer drugs under-reported in studies, Stanford researchers say
The under-reporting of the possible side effects of heart damage from cancer drugs puts patients at an increased risk for heart failure, according to two researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Carnegie's Greg Asner named Energy/Climate Fellow by US State Department
Carnegie staff scientist Greg Asner has been selected as one of 22 experts to serve the US government as part of the Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas through the Senior ECPA Fellows Program.

Study by Haverford College professor reveals unprecedented impact of Deepwater Horizon on deep ocean
Scientists report

Autism Speaks awards $1.1 million to fund high priority studies
Autism Speaks $1.1 million in new research grants will investigate how: proposed changes DSM-5 diagnostic criteria will affect prevalence estimates and eligibility for services; the benefits of selective noise cancellation technology for those affected by autism and sound sensitivities; PBDE flame retardants impact the immune system, prenatal development and autism risk; intensive preschool behavioral and vocational interventions impact lifespan costs; to lower the age of diagnosis; and investigate international prenatal autism risk factors.

New plastics 'bleed' when cut or scratched -- and then heal like human skin
A new genre of plastics that mimic the human skin's ability to heal scratches and cuts offers the promise of endowing cell phones, laptops, cars and other products with self-repairing surfaces, scientists reported today.

The Cardiovascular Research Foundation announces initiation of HORIZONS-AMI II Clinical Trial
The Cardiovascular Research Foundation today announced the initiation of the HORIZONS-AMI II randomized trial, evaluating Promus Element platinum-chromium everolimus-eluting stents versus Omega bare-metal stents in patients with heart attack undergoing primary angioplasty with bivalirudin anticoagulation.

Using Twitter to predict financial markets
A University of California, Riverside professor and several other researchers have developed a model that uses data from Twitter to help predict the traded volume and value of a stock the following day.

NEJM: Heart patients do better with non-surgical valve replacement than standard medical therapy
Patients diagnosed with aortic stenosis who are too sick for open-heart surgery have better survival rates and an improved quality of life after undergoing catheter-based heart valve replacement than if the patients had been treated with standard medical therapy, according to a study authored by a Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute physician based on results from a multicenter clinical trial.

Chronic right ventricular pacing works for ICD patients with left ventricular dysfunction
Cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillators is appropriate for patients who have left ventricular dysfunction and require chronic ventricular pacing, based on the findings of an observational study that being presented March 26 that the 61st annual American College of Cardiology scientific session.

Butterfly wings' 'art of blackness' could boost production of green fuels
Butterfly wings may rank among the most delicate structures in nature, but they have given researchers powerful inspiration for new technology that doubles production of hydrogen gas -- a green fuel of the future -- from water and sunlight.

A new dimension for solar energy
Innovative 3-D designs from an MIT team can more than double the solar power generated from a given area.

New analysis of premature infants' heartbeats, breathing could be cues for leaving NICU
New analysis of premature infants' heartbeats and breathing could give cues about their readiness to leave the NICU.

Bariatric surgery dramatically outperforms standard treatment for type 2 diabetes
In the first published study of its kind, researchers from the Catholic University/Policlinico Gemelli in Rome, Italy, and NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center found that bariatric surgery dramatically outperforms standard medical treatment of severe type 2 diabetes.

EARTH: La Nina could set the stage for flu pandemics
What do changes in weather and stressed-out birds have to do with your health?

Size matters: Large Marine Protected Areas work for dolphins
Ecologists in New Zealand have shown for the first time that Marine Protected Areas - long advocated as a way of protecting threatened marine mammals - actually work.

In hospitals, a tradeoff between better clinical quality and a good patient experience
Hospitals that adopt strategies to reduce errors and meet government requirements face an initial tradeoff between improved clinical quality and a decline in the quality of individual patients' experiences, according to new research.

Bariatric surgery superior to intensive therapy for obese patients with type 2 diabetes
Bariatric or

DC Female Condom program highly effective in preventing HIV infections
A new economic analysis showed that the DC Female Condom program, a public-private partnership to provide and promote female condoms, prevented enough HIV infections in the first year alone to save over $8 million in future medical care costs (over and above the cost of the program).

Penn study reveals safety of CT scans for rapid rule out of heart attacks in ER chest pain patients
A highly detailed CT scan of the heart can safely and quickly rule out the possibility of a heart attack among many patients who come to hospital emergency rooms with chest pain, according to the results of a study that will be presented by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania today at the American College of Cardiology's 61st Annual Scientific Session and published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Scientists unlock key to cancer cell death mystery
Team discovers mechanism for destroying particular cancer cells.

Wind energy enhancement: UC research establishes real-world wind turbine performance metrics
University of Cincinnati research in the Journal of Renewable Energy introduces just-in-time maintenance software based on real-world wind turbine performance.

Carotid artery stenting found to be safe in the elderly
Researchers at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital in Philadelphia and a multicenter team of investigators have found that carotid artery stenting is safe and effective in patients age 70 and older.

Top priorities in biodiversity science agreed
Concluding a four-year global consultation, international experts have agreed on key efforts needed to reduce the on-going loss of biodiversity and associated ecosystem services.

Non-invasive scans accurately predict 30-day risk for patients with chest pain
Coronary CT angiography -- a non-invasive way to look inside arteries that supply blood to the heart -- can quickly and reliably determine which patients complaining of chest pain at an emergency department can safely be sent home, according to research presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 61st Annual Scientific Session.

Antimicrobial catheters could save NHS millions
A new catheter coating that reduces bacterial attachment to its surface is being developed by scientists who are reporting their work at the Society for General Microbiology's Spring Conference in Dublin this week.

Coronary CTA rapidly rules out heart attack in emergency patients, reduces hospital stays
Coronary CT angiography (CCTA) scans help doctors determine more quickly which patients at low-to intermediate-risk for a heart attack can be discharged from hospital emergency departments than traditional methods, according to results of a large, multicenter American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN) trial published online March 26 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

New research reveals deep-ocean impact of the Deepwater Horizon explosion
Compelling evidence of the impact of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on deep-sea corals will be published online in the Early Edition of PNAS during the week beginning March 26, 2012.

Early-life exposure to secondhand smoke affects girls more than boys, new study suggests
The negative health effects of early-life exposure to secondhand smoke appear to impact girls more than boys -- particularly those with early-life allergic sensitization, according to new research from the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine.

Behind-the-scenes: Scripting destruction of the infamous Escondido, Calif., 'bomb house'
Scientists, public safety and law enforcement officials will hold a special session here on Monday, March 26, to reveal the behind-the-scenes planning that culminated in the Dec.

New twist on 1930s technology may become a 21st century weapon against global warming
Far from being a pipe dream years away from reality, practical technology for capturing carbon dioxide -- the main greenhouse gas -- from smokestacks is aiming for deployment at coal-fired electric power generating stations and other sources, scientists said here today.

Wiley-VCH and ACES to launch organic chemistry journal rooted in Asia
Wiley-VCH, part of the scientific and technical publishing business of John Wiley & Sons, Inc., and the Asian Chemical Editorial Society today announced the launch of the Asian Journal of Organic Chemistry, the second pan-Asia society chemistry journal after Chemistry - An Asian Journal, launched by ACES and Wiley-VCH in 2006.

BRICS bringing new resources and approaches to health and development as other donors lag
Russia, India, China and South Africa are injecting new resources, momentum and innovation into efforts to improve health in the world's poorest countries, according to a report released on the eve of the 2012 BRICS Summit.

Cancer trial information leaflets 'not fit for purpose'- new study
Patients are 'baffled' by jargon say researchers.

More economical way to produce cleaner, hotter natural gas
New technology is offering the prospect of more economical production of a concentrated form of natural gas with many of the advantages -- in terms of reduced shipping and storage costs -- of the familiar frozen fruit juice concentrates, liquid laundry detergents and other household products that have been drained of their water, scientists reported here today at the 243rd National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS), the world's largest scientific society.

Immunotherapy associated with improved seizure outcomes among patients with autoimmune epilepsy
Early-initiated immunotherapy appears to be associated with improved seizure outcomes among patients with autoimmune epilepsy, according to a report published online first by Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

No pain, no gain: Weight loss, disc disease interventional radiology treatments coming
A minimally invasive treatment may target hunger at its source, another uses X-ray visible embolic beads to block arteries to the stomach and suppress hunger and a third explores the use of stem cells to repair vertebral disc degeneration.

To drive infections, a hijacking virus mimics a cell's signaling system
New biological research reveals how an invading virus hijacks a cell's workings by imitating a signaling marker to defeat the body's defenses.

UT Southwestern scientist awarded inaugural Antonio M. Gotto Jr. Prize
Dr. Helen Hobbs, a preeminent researcher on the genetics of cholesterol metabolism at UT Southwestern Medical Center, has won a prestigious award from the International Atherosclerosis Society.

WSU researchers demonstrate that fruit and wine quality are not affected by grafting
While Washington winemakers grow most of their grapes on their natural rootstock, the coveted quality of their crop --and wines -- is unlikely to change if they join the rest of the world and start grafting their varieties to more disease- and pest-resistant roots.

Slime mold mimics Canadian highway network
Queen's University professor Selim Akl has provided additional proof to the theory that nature computes.

Cryoablation therapy spot-freezes breast cancer tumors
Individuals fighting metastatic breast cancer, where the disease has progressed to other areas of the body, may finally have another weapon in their arsenal: percutaneous cryoablation.

Two-thirds of people failing to take treatment for high blood pressure in former Soviet Union
New research from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical medicine has uncovered poor treatment rates of high blood pressure, one of the leading causes of avoidable deaths in the former Soviet Union.

Researchers unravel genetic mechanism of fatty liver disease in obese children
Obese youths with particular genetic variants may be more prone to fatty liver disease, a leading cause of chronic liver disease in children and adolescents in industrialized countries, according to new findings by Yale School of Medicine researchers.

Not your average heat shield
In a new approach to invisibility cloaking, a team of French researchers has proposed isolating or cloaking objects from sources of heat -- essentially

Joshua A. Copel, MD, to be presented with the William J. Fry Memorial Lecture Award
Joshua A. Copel, MD, will be honored with the William J.

Study suggests new way to treat chronic pain
Nearly one in five people suffers from the insidious and often devastating problem of chronic pain.

National sports historian authors new edition of 'Sports in American Life'
Richard Davies, often-quoted sports historian and Distinguished History Professor emeritus at the University of Nevada, Reno, has authored a Second Edition

Largest study of on-pump and off-pump bypass proves both can be done safely
A large randomized trial comparing bypass surgery done with a heart-lung machine (on pump) and without it (off pump) found no differences in results between techniques overall but some clinically relevant differences, according to research presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 61st Annual Scientific Session.

Stephanie R. Wilson, MD, to be presented with the Joseph H. Holmes Clinical Pioneer Award
Stephanie R. Wilson, MD, will be honored with the Joseph H.

New Center for Carbon Measurement to drive UK's low carbon economy
The National Physical Laboratory today launches its Centre for Carbon Measurement, which will ensure the UK leads the world in climate modeling, global carbon markets and green technology.

Interventional radiologists fight post-thrombotic syndrome, provide hope for chronic DVT
Researchers presented findings during March's DVT Awareness Month that interventional radiology treatments that re-establish blood flow in people with chronic deep vein thrombosis (DVT) reduce disabling symptoms and improving the quality of life for those afflicted with post-thrombotic syndrome.

A 24-karat gold key to unlock the immune system
Using nanoparticles made of pure gold, Dr. Dan Peer of Tel Aviv University has developed a new method of introducing chemical residues into the immune system, triggering immune cells to help the body fight infection.
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