Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 27, 2012
Over 20 million individuals infected with hepatitis E in Asia and Africa
New research funded by the World Health Organization estimates that 20.1 million individuals were infected with hepatitis E virus genotypes one and two across nine world regions in 2005.

Scientific, regulatory issues surrounding probiotics the focus of USP-IFT workshop
Regulators, manufacturers and academic researchers from around the world will convene for a two-day workshop on the scientific and regulatory challenges posed by the use of probiotic ingredients in food products.

Finding reason in delusion
A new study from Prof. Jiska Cohen-Mansfield of Tel Aviv University's Sackler Faculty of Medicine suggests that many delusions experienced by older patients may have a basis in reality and could be more effectively treated through behavioral therapy than by medications.

NASA satellite sees thunderstorms banding around developing system 96W
A low pressure system that has been lingering in the western North Pacific Ocean for several days appears to be coming together today in infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite.

Research into children with autism published in JoVE
Though the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder has been steadily climbing -- from six in 1,000 children in 2002, to nearly 10 in 1,000 children in 2006, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention -- little is known about the disorder.

Bacteria use chat to play the 'Prisoner's Dilemma' game in deciding their fate
When faced with life-or-death situations, bacteria -- and maybe even human cells -- use an extremely sophisticated version of

Middle school boys who are reluctant readers value reading more after using e-readers
It appears that struggling readers in middle school understand that engagement is needed for reading success, and 21st-century technology may hold a key to that, says the co-author of a new middle-school reading study, Dara Williams-Rossi, Southern Methodist University, Dallas.

Engineers set their sights on asteroid deflection
Innovative research uses solar lasers to target asteroids and space junk.

NASA Space Network to begin new design phase for ground segment
The Space Network Ground Segment Sustainment effort successfully completed its Key Decision Point -- B review at NASA allowing the project to proceed into Phase B of its lifecycle, the Mission Definition Phase.

Low testosterone level in Amazonian tribe responds to competition
As part of an isolated indigenous group in central Bolivia, Tsimane men spend much of their time hunting, foraging, fishing, and clearing land by hand to grow crops.

Alcohol in moderation reduces deaths in men who have survived a heart attack
Men who are moderate drinkers and who have survived a first heart attack have a lower risk of death from heart disease or any other cause than non-drinkers, according to the results of a study of nearly 2000 men in the USA.

Research on cash payments to promote health: Ethical concerns may be misplaced
It is fairly common for clinical research participants to receive payment for expenses.

Some flame retardants make fires more deadly
Some of the flame retardants added to carpets, furniture upholstery, plastics, crib mattresses, car and airline seats and other products to suppress the visible flames in fires are actually increasing the danger of invisible toxic gases that are the No.

Mud manifests history of clear water in murky Minnesota duck depot Lake Christina
During peak migration days in the early 1900s, tens of thousands of canvasback ducks could be seen floating and diving on Minnesota's Lake Christina, but changes to the lake have diminished this grand, iconic spectacle.

The acid test: 21st century pH meter
Modern methods for mass production of biological agents and fine chemicals require precise control of pH.

AMP optimistic in suit to invalidate patents on breast cancer genes
Now that the Supreme Court has remanded Association for Molecular Pathology et al. v.

A capsule for removing radioactive contamination from milk, fruit juices, other beverages
Amid concerns about possible terrorist attacks with nuclear materials, and fresh memories of environmental contamination from the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster in Japan, scientists today at the 243rd National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society described development of a capsule that can be dropped into water, milk, fruit juices and other foods to remove more than a dozen radioactive substances.

Blocking 'oh-glick-nack' may improve long-term memory
Just as the familiar sugar in food can be bad for the teeth and waistline, another sugar has been implicated as a health menace and blocking its action may have benefits that include improving long-term memory in older people and treating cancer.

IOF and ECTS issue guidance on management of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis
Although awareness of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis has grown in recent years, it still remains vastly under-diagnosed and under-treated.

Taking oral glucocorticoids for 3 months or longer? Beware of osteoporosis!
IOF and ECTS warn that specific precautions to help reduce the risk of bone loss and fracture must be taken for individuals on longer-term oral glucocorticoid therapy.

Hot pepper compound could help hearts
The food that inspires wariness is on course for inspiring even more wonder from a medical standpoint as scientists today reported the latest evidence that chili peppers are a heart-healthy food with potential to protect against the No.

UofL research holds promise of therapeutic approach for gum disease
University of Louisville researchers are a step closer to eliminating periodontal disease through their work to develop synthetic molecules that prevent a bacteria responsible for the disease from spreading throughout the mouth.

The Black Queen Hypothesis: A new evolutionary theory
Microorganisms can sometimes lose the ability to perform a function that appears to be necessary for their survival, and yet they still somehow manage to endure and multiply.

Signs of thawing permafrost revealed from space
Satellite are seeing changes in land surfaces in high detail at northern latitudes, indicating thawing permafrost.

Smiling through the tears: Study shows how tearjerkers make people happier
People enjoy watching tragedy movies like

Minority women still most underrepresented in science despite progress
Thirty-five years after a landmark report documented minority women as the most underrepresented individuals in science, engineering, medicine and dentistry, dramatic improvements have occurred for women of color, but serious obstacles remain.

Researchers create cellular automation model to study complex tumor-host role in cancer
To better understand the role complex tumor-host interactions play in tumor growth, Princeton University researchers developed a cellular automation model for tumor growth in heterogeneous microenvironments.

New evidence on effects of green coffee beans in weight loss
Scientists today reported striking new evidence that green, or unroasted, coffee beans can produce a substantial decrease in body weight in a relatively short period of time at the 243rd National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS), the world's largest scientific society.

The (re-)discovery of a versatile, multifunctional material
For 75 years Empa has been conducting research on wood.

Media invitation for the 28th General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union
The 28th General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union is the first meeting of its kind to be held in China.

Unsustainable harvesting of Prunus africana tree threatens prostate treatment
Responding to the dwindling abundance of Prunus africana in the wild, a tree listed as

Elsevier launches new journal: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and solutions, is pleased to announce the launch of a new quarterly journal, Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders.

Health experts recommend you set your toddlers free
In response to an urgent call from public health, health care, child care, and fitness practitioners, the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology, with assistance from multiple partners, has developed two important sets of guidelines directed at improving the health and activity levels of infants and toddlers.

Future Earth: New global platform for sustainability research presented at Planet Under Pressure
Future Earth is a new 10-year initiative unifying and scaling up existing ICSU-sponsored global environmental change activities.

Study suggests better survival with bypass surgery compared to coronary angioplasty
Patients with coronary heart disease and their doctors have long been challenged by the decision of whether to pursue bypass surgery or opt for the less-invasive percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI, which includes stenting and balloon angioplasty).

Transparent, flexible '3-D' memory chips may be the next big thing in small memory devices
New memory chips that are transparent, flexible enough to be folded like a sheet of paper, shrug off 1,000-degree Fahrenheit temperatures -- twice as hot as the max in a kitchen oven -- and survive other hostile conditions could usher in the development of next-generation flash-competitive memory for tomorrow's keychain drives, cell phones and computers, a scientist reported today at the 243rd National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.

Non-HDL-C level associated with risk of major cardiovascular events among patients taking statins
Levels of non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol among statin-treated patients appears to be associated with the risk of developing a major cardiovascular event, such as a heart attack or stroke, as are levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and apolipoprotein B, according to a meta-analysis of data from previously published studies appearing in the March 28 issue of JAMA.

University of Maryland completes most extensive full face transplant to date
The University of Maryland released details today of the most extensive full face transplant completed to date, including both jaws, teeth, and tongue.

Cities forecast to expand by area equal to France, Germany and Spain combined in less than 20 years
Unless development patterns change, by 2030 humanity's urban footprint will occupy an additional 1.5 million square kilometers - comparable to the combined territories of France, Germany and Spain, say experts at a major international science meeting underway in London.

School-based mental health support results in positive outcomes for children
A study of more than 18,000 children across England found that embedding mental health support in schools as part of the Targeted Mental Health in Schools program led to greater improvements in self-reported behavioral problems among primary pupils.

GSA's Lithosphere puts together a rich mix of first quarter 2012 online articles
Lithosphere topics include Deccan volcanism; river profiles in Eastern Papua, New Guinea; significant seismic hazard in the Camarillo fold belt, Southern California; mechanics of the San Jacinto and southern San Andreas faults; new evidence from the SAFOD core; chalcedony of the White River Group, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Colorado; and using seismic data to study the crust and upper mantle beneath the Blue Ridge Mountains in North Carolina.

ORNL process converts polyethylene into carbon fiber
Common material such as polyethylene used in plastic bags could be turned into something far more valuable through a process being developed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Longer treatment with cancer drug following removal of GI tumor results in improved survival
Among patients with a high risk of recurrence of a gastrointestinal stromal tumor following surgery for its removal, patients who received imatinib (a drug to treat certain cancers) for three years instead of one had improved recurrence-free survival and overall survival, according to a study in the March 28 issue of JAMA.

Malaria prevention saves children's lives
Malaria continues to be a major disease worldwide, but while funding projects are working hard to improve malaria prevention it is difficult to measure how effective these interventions are.

Researchers find new way to abate heart attacks before patients get to the hospital
Paramedics can reduce someone's chances of having a cardiac arrest or dying by 50 percent by immediately administering a mixture of glucose, insulin and potassium to people having a heart attack, according to research presented today at the American College of Cardiology's 61st Annual Scientific Session.

Mustard -- not just for hotdogs anymore, research shows
University of Alberta researcher Christina Engels has discovered how to extract a compound from mustard seeds that can protect against food spoilage.

Quantum effects and cancer
The theory of quantum metabolism is the idea that quantum processes, such as entanglement, influence the metabolism of cells.

West Antarctic ice shelves tearing apart at the seams
A new study examining nearly 40 years of satellite imagery has revealed that the floating ice shelves of a critical portion of West Antarctica are steadily losing their grip on adjacent bay walls, potentially amplifying an already accelerating loss of ice to the sea.

NASA's TWINS and IBEX spacecraft observe solar storm from inside and outside Earth's magnetosphere
For the first time, instrumentation aboard two NASA missions operating from complementary vantage points watched as a powerful solar storm spewed a two million-mile-per-hour stream of charged particles and interacted with the invisible magnetic field surrounding Earth, according to a paper published today in the Journal of Geophysical Research.

Mental health workers: The overlooked victims of 9/11
We've all heard about the stress experienced by victims of 9/11, but have we ever paused to think about the effect of those terrorist attacks on mental health clinicians who provided care to the victims?

Chemical microgradients accelerate coral death at the Great Barrier Reef
Anoxia and toxic sulfide are a menace to coral tissue.

Popcorn-shaped gold particles gang up on Salmonella
How about a test that identifies Salmonella, the food poisoning bacteria that sickens millions of people each year, in five minutes, so that shipments of lettuce can be confiscated before they reach the table?

Poor colonoscopy prep hides pre-cancerous polyps
What happens on the day before a colonoscopy may be just as important as the colon-screening test itself.

When we test, do we stress?
When faced with a stressful situation, memory, especially among older adults, can be affected in a very rapid manner.

University researchers to test new community pharmacy service
A new NHS community pharmacy scheme to help patients understand and get the best out of a new medicine is to be tested and evaluated by a team led by the University of Nottingham in collaboration with University College London and Warwick Business School.

Mars: The glass planet? Plus: Global climate change on Mars examined and more new Geology science
Topics in the 26 March posting of Geology include anthropogenic impacts on the Indus River into the Arabian Sea; possible electrical conductivity beneath the Yellowstone hotspot track; mountain-forming volcanoes and deadly debris flows; melting beneath the Colorado Plateau; widespread weathered glass on Mars; and a new view into Mars' global aqueous history.

Transparent memory chips are coming
The Rice University lab of chemist James Tour has developed transparent, flexible memories using silicon oxide as the active component.

SDSC graduate student awarded NVIDIA Graduate Fellowship
A graduate student working in the Walker Molecular Dynamics laboratory at the San Diego Supercomputer Centerr at the University of California, San Diego is a recipient of the 2012-2013 NVIDIA Graduate Fellowship Program award for his innovative molecular dynamics research using graphics processing unit computing.

New gene therapy approach developed for red blood cell disorders
A team of researchers led by scientists at Weill Cornell Medical College has designed what appears to be a powerful gene therapy strategy that can treat both beta-thalassemia disease and sickle cell anemia.

Scientists develop crop for livestock in dry climates
Scientists at the University of Liverpool are working with international partners to develop new forage crop for the hot and dry climate of regions such as Pakistan and Saudi Arabia.

Oceanographers develop method for measuring the pace of life in deep sediments
Life deep in the seabed proceeds very slowly. But the slow-growing bacteria living many meters beneath the seafloor play an important role in the global storage of organic carbon and have a long-term effect on climate.

Wayne State University researcher part of national effort to optimize antibiotics use
Because infectious microorganisms are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics, a Wayne State University researcher has joined a nationwide effort to monitor that resistance while optimizing the use of existing drugs.

Solution does not reduce rate of progression to development of heart attack after chest pain
Patients experiencing symptoms such as chest pain who received from paramedics an intravenous solution consisting of glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) had no reduction in the rate of progression to heart attack and no improvement in 30-day survival, although GIK was associated with a lower rate of the composite outcome of cardiac arrest or in-hospital death, according to a study appearing in JAMA.

For expert comment: Missouri nursing homes have happy clients, MU researchers say
Sometimes viewed as last alternatives, long-term care facilities can have reputations as hopeless, institutionalized environments.

'Resuscitating' antibiotics to overcome drug resistance
Combining common antibiotics with additional compounds could make previously resistant bacteria more susceptible to the same antibiotics.

Using game theory to understand the physics of cancer propagation
In search of a different perspective on the physics of cancer, Princeton University and University of California, San Francisco researchers teamed up to use game theory to look for simplicity within the complexity of the dynamics of cooperator and cheater cells under metabolic stress conditions and high spatial heterogeneity.

Testosterone low, but responsive to competition, in Amazonian tribe
Though Tsimane men have a third less baseline testosterone compared with US men, Tsimane show the same increase in testosterone following a soccer game, suggesting that competition-linked bursts of testosterone are a fundamental aspect of human biology.

9 million bicycles, but what about the cars in Beijing?
Forget there being

Study finds HIV-infected men at risk for spreading HIV despite taking HAART
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine and Fenway Health have found that highly active antiretroviral therapy does not completely suppress HIV in the semen of sexually active HIV-infected men who have sex with men.

Writing graphene circuitry with ion 'pens'
Researchers coax graphene to grow in previously defined patterns, offering a promising new tool in the quest to develop graphene-based electronic devices.

Map of substrate-kinase interactions may lead to more effective cancer drugs
Later-stage cancers thrive by finding detours around roadblocks that cancer drugs put in their path, but a Purdue University biochemist is creating maps that will help drugmakers close more routes and develop better drugs.

Bioethics gets personal with Hastings' consumer website and Hastings-NOVA special
Will genetic research provide a silver bullet for diagnosing and curing disease?

Early temporary treatment for HIV can delay the time to long-term treatment
A study in this week's PLoS Medicine suggests that when people are first infected with HIV, temporary treatment with antiretroviral drugs for 24 weeks can delay the need to restart treatment during chronic HIV infection.

UGA researchers use nanoparticles, magnetic current to damage cancerous cells in mice
Using nanoparticles and alternating magnetic fields, University of Georgia scientists have found that head and neck cancerous tumor cells in mice can be killed in half an hour without harming healthy cells.

Elderly are almost 10 times more likely to die of malaria than younger tourists
Tourists who have visited a malaria-infected country and are over the age of 65 are almost 10 times more likely to die from the disease than those who are aged 18-35, reveals a study published on bmj.com today.

Invasive treatment strategy may increase survival for patients with certain neuromuscular disorder
Patients with a cardiac irregularity and myotonic dystrophy type one (a severe neuromuscular disorder with a high risk of sudden death) who received an invasive treatment strategy that included testing of their heart's electrical conduction system and if needed, implantation of a device such as a pacemaker, had an associated higher rate of nine-year survival compared to patients treated noninvasively, according to a study in the March 28 issue of JAMA.

Vitamins doing gymnastics: Scientists capture first full image of vitamin B12 in action
It may not sound too exciting when it's listed on the side of your cereal box and your multivitamin bottle.

Boston University researchers develop microfluidic chip to stem flu outbreaks
Boston University researchers have developed a rapid, low-cost, accurate, point-of-care device that matches the accuracy of expensive and time-consuming lab-based tests to diagnose influenza.

U of Toronto discovery of new catalyst promises cheaper, greener drugs
A chemistry team at the University of Toronto has discovered environmentally-friendly iron-based nanoparticle catalysts that work as well as the expensive, toxic, metal-based catalysts that are currently in wide use by the drug, fragrance and food industry.

Photoacoustics technique detects small number of cancer cells
A research collaboration between the University of Missouri-Columbia and Mexico's Universidad de Guanajuato shows that pulsed photoacoustic techniques can detect the presence of only a few cancer cells.

Greater medication cost-sharing associated with reduced use of asthma medications by children
Greater out-of-pocket asthma medication cost was associated with small reductions in medication use and with more frequent asthma-related hospitalizations among children ages five years or older, according to a study in the March 28 issue of JAMA.

IPTi in co-endemic falciparum and vivax malaria
A three-arm randomized trial conducted by Ivo Mueller of the Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea, and colleagues among infants in Papua New Guinea estimates the preventive effect against malaria episodes of intermittent preventive treatment, in an area where children are exposed to both falciparum and vivax malaria.

Substance use linked to Internet gambling
With the click of a mouse or touch of a mobile phone screen -- in pajamas or jeans -- gambling is now at our fingertips 24/7 with Internet play.

Young infants' imitation not guided by rational thinking
Rationality of infants has been overstated.

DNA traces cattle back to a small herd domesticated around 10,500 years ago
All cattle are descended from as few as 80 animals that were domesticated from wild ox in the Near East some 10,500 years ago, according to a new genetic study.

Cardiac CT is faster, more effective for evaluating patients with suspected heart attack
Cardiac computed tomography angiography scans can provide a virtually instant verdict on whether chest pain is from blockage of the coronary arteries.

TARA OCEANS completes 60,000-mile journey to map marine biodiversity
The two-and-a-half-year TARA OCEANS expedition finishes on March 31 when the ship and crew reach Lorient, France.

80,000 acres of Guatemala forest protected
The Wildlife Conservation Society and partners signed an agreement this month that will safeguard some 80,000 acres of intact forest in Guatemala in the heart of the sprawling Maya Biosphere Reserve.

Has modern science become dysfunctional?
The recent explosion in the number of retractions in scientific journals is just the tip of the iceberg and a symptom of a greater dysfunction that has been evolving the world of biomedical research say the editors-in-chief of two prominent journals in a presentation before a committee of the National Academy of Sciences today.

35,000 gallons of prevention
The Department of Homeland Security's Science and Technology Directorate has successfully tested an unprecedented technology for containing flooding or dangerous gases in mass transit tunnels: a giant plug.

Clinical trial to test success of cystic fibrosis lung infection treatment
Experts from Bristol and Nottingham are leading a major new national study to investigate whether intravenous antibiotics are effective in killing a common germ that causes dangerous complications in cystic fibrosis patients.

NTU and WAN-IFRA to establish training centre for newsrooms of the 21st century
Singapore's Nanyang Technological University and the World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers have unveiled plans for a new center dedicated to creative innovation, training and research for newsrooms of the future.

Mount Sinai releases landmark research at American College of Cardiology meeting
Mount Sinai School of Medicine researchers presented 86 abstracts and plenary sessions at the American College of Cardiology's 61st Annual Scientific Session, including groundbreaking research on aggressive statin therapy, the prevalence of unrecognized cardiovascular disease symptoms in women, and morbidity associated with non-adherence to medication after stent implantation.

Study of employee substance use shows the need for supervisor training
To curb employees' on-the-job substance use and intoxication, bosses need to do more than just be around their employees all day, according to a new study from the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions.

Afterbirth: Study asks if we could derive benefits from ingesting placenta
A paper by neuroscientists at the University at Buffalo and Buffalo State College suggests that ingestion of components of afterbirth or placenta -- placentophagia -- may offer benefits to human mothers and perhaps to non-mothers and males.

Androgen suppression
A new paper combining mathematical modeling with clinical data validates a different approach for treating prostate cancer: cycling patients on and off treatment.

Georgetown M.D./Ph.D. student awarded international recognition for cancer research
David A. Solomon, who will graduate from Georgetown University School of Medicine this year with M.D. and Ph.D. degrees, has been designated one of four outstanding early-career scientists by the American Association for Cancer Research -- a highly prestigious honor.

Some breast cancer tumors may be resistant to a common chemotherapy treatment
Some breast cancer tumors may be resistant to a common chemotherapy treatment, suggests recent medical research at the University of Alberta.

Researchers find diets high in saturated fat not associated with adverse effects in healthy cats
A collaborative team of researchers has found that cats are able to consume a diet relatively high in fat without raising cholesterol levels.

Nanostarfruits are pure gold for research
Starfruit-shaped gold nanorods synthesized by Rice University researchers could nourish applications that rely on surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, such as medical imaging and chemical sensing.

Sandia National Laboratories' Ion Beam Laboratory looks at advanced materials for reactors
Sandia National Laboratories is using its Ion Beam Laboratory to study how to rapidly evaluate the tougher advanced materials needed to build the next generation of nuclear reactors and extend the lives of current reactors.

Interrogational torture: Effective or purely sadistic?
While government officials have argued that

Thyme may be better for acne than prescription creams
Herbal preparations of thyme could be more effective at treating skin acne than prescription creams, according to research presented at the Society for General Microbiology's Spring Conference in Dublin this week.

APA task force report outlines actions to end discrimination
Teaching students of all ages about the value of diversity and the serious mental health impacts of bias and stereotyping will help end widespread discrimination in the United States, according to a new American Psychological Association task force report.

Parsing the Pill's impact on women's wage
About one-third of women's wage gains through the 1990s are due to the availability of oral contraceptives, according to a study that's the first to quantify the Pill's impact on women's labor market advances.

Society of Interventional Radiology Foundation receives support from Boston Scientific
The Society of Interventional Radiology Foundation's Discovery Campaign, which seeks to further the growth of minimally invasive medicine into new areas of discovery, announced a major corporate pledge to that initiative.

Clot-busters safe for treating moderate pulmonary embolism
Pulmonary embolism -- the sudden blockage of an artery in the lung -- is estimated to cause over 100,000 deaths each year in the US.

Are parents price-sensitive about their children's medication?
Health insurance policies that shift costs to patients through higher co-payments may have serious unintended consequences for children, including less use of effective treatments and an increased number of hospitalizations, according to a new study in JAMA by researchers from the Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics at USC.

Detection and treatment for hepatic encephalopathy prevents car accidents, reduces costs
A late stage liver condition, known as minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE), is associated with impaired driving skills and greater risk of motor vehicle accidents.

Creativity and human reasoning during decision-making
A hallmark of human intelligence is the ability to efficiently adapt to uncertain, changing and open-ended environments.

Michigan's tourism industry to grow in 2012
Tourism spending in Michigan jumped a surprising eight percent in 2011 and should increase by a healthy six percent clip this year, reflecting the ongoing economic recovery, Michigan State University researchers said in their annual tourism report.

Scientists suggest new age for East African Rift
The Great Rift Valley of East Africa -- the birthplace of the human species -- may have taken much longer to develop than previously believed, according to a new study published this week in Nature Geoscience that was led by scientists from James Cook University and Ohio University.

New study looks at growth rates of lung cancers found by CT screening
Growth rates of lung cancers found by annual rounds of computed tomography (CT) screening are important for determining the usefulness and frequency of screening, as well as for determining the treatment.

Elusive long-fingered frog found after 62 years
Herpetologists from the California Academy of Sciences and University of Texas at El Paso discovered a single specimen of the Bururi long-fingered frog during a research expedition to Burundi in December 2011.

More than tree hugging: Green companies earn more 'green' new study shows
Using LEED-certified buildings increases revenue generated by bank branches even when they offer the same products and services, according to a new study coauthored by University of Notre Dame management professors Edward Conlon and Ante Glavas.

Mode of childbirth following cesarean section: Informing women's decision-making
In this week's PLoS Medicine, the PLoS Medicine editors discuss new research studies on the risks associated with mode of childbirth following cesarean section.

Joslin study finds excess insulin levels an unlikely cause of atherosclerosis
A new study from Joslin Diabetes Center finds that hyperinsulinemia is itself not a cause of atherosclerosis, as previously thought.

Epigenetic changes in blood samples may point to schizophrenia
In a new study, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have identified epigenetic changes - known as DNA methylation - in the blood of patients with schizophrenia.

Elder abuse remains hidden problem as baby boomers reach old age
Despite the 2010 passage of the Elder Justice Act, policy experts have found that combating widespread abuse of seniors is still not a top priority for care providers and governments alike.

NIH study shows survival advantage for bypass surgery compared with non-surgical procedure
A new comparative effectiveness study found older adults with stable coronary heart disease who underwent bypass surgery had better long-term survival rates than those who underwent a non-surgical procedure to improve blood flow to the heart muscle, also called revascularization.

Researchers create molecular Braille to identify DNA molecules
Researchers at UCLA and New York University have developed a method to detect sequence differences in individual DNA molecules by taking nanoscopic pictures of the molecules themselves.

Maintaining food production with scarce water
With water demands for cities and industries growing fast -- faster than the water demands for agriculture -- water is a precious commodity, steadily increasing in value with population increase and economic growth.

Air pollution from trucks and low-quality heating oil may explain childhood asthma hot spots
Where a child lives can greatly affect his or her risk for asthma.

Racial stereotyping increases after being exposed to alcohol-related images says MU psychologist
Accusations of racism accompanying the death of Trayvon Martin and the subsequent actions of Florida police are prevalent in the national media.

AkzoNobel North America Science Award launched with American Chemical Society
AkzoNobel, the largest global paints and coating company and a major producer of specialty chemicals, has established an AkzoNobel North America Science Award in partnership with the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.

Sleep apnea puts patients at risk for delirium after surgery
An anecdotal observation of a possible link between sleep apnea and post-surgical delirium has been measured and confirmed by a team of researchers at the Duke University Medical Center.

Harvard's Wyss Institute creates living human gut-on-a-chip
Researchers at Harvard's Wyss Institute have created a gut-on-a-chip microdevice lined by living human cells that mimics the structure, physiology, and mechanics of the human intestine -- even supporting the growth of living microbes within its luminal space.

Reducing breath size/pressure from ICU ventilator increases survival in people with acute lung injury
Carefully adjusting mechanical ventilator settings in the intensive care unit to pump smaller breaths into very sick lungs can reduce the chances of dying by as much as 8 percent, according to a study by critical care experts at Johns Hopkins.

Leading education publisher uses SpaceMath@NASA to help students master mathematics
NASA today announced that Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Boston, has incorporated math problems developed by the SpaceMath@NASA program into some of its latest curriculum and educational products.

Elsevier launches new journal: Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and solutions, is pleased to announce the launch of the official journal of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, the Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition.

Ethical concerns about incentives in clinical research may be misplaced
According to an international group of researchers writing in this week's PLoS Medicine:

Genetic causes found in nearly 1 in 5 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy heart failure
Researchers have identified genetic causes in nearly one in five patients who suffer a type of heart failure called dilated cardiomyopathy.

Cervical disease sufferers could benefit from HPV vaccine
Women who are diagnosed with pre-cancerous cervical conditions after receiving the HPV vaccine can still benefit from a considerably reduced risk of reoccurring disease, a study published today on bmj.com shows.

Researchers discover a new path for light through metal
Researchers from Purdue University have coaxed a thin film of titanium nitride into transporting plasmons, tiny electron excitations coupled to light that can direct and manipulate optical signals on the nanoscale.

WHOI researchers, collaborators receive $1.4 million grant to study life in ocean's greatest depths
Scientists from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, University of Hawaii, Whitman College and international colleagues will conduct the first systematic study of life in the deepest marine habitat on Earth -- ocean trenches.

Brown University hosts advanced materials conference
Brown University has organized a conference to explore the frontier of advanced materials.

Rio+20 must radically rethink innovation
A radical new approach to innovation is urgently needed to ensure a fair and green economy and avoid reversing progress made on global poverty reduction, according to leading scientists.

New evidence that comets deposited building blocks of life on primordial Earth
New research reported here today at the 243rd National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society provides further support for the idea that comets bombarding Earth billions of years ago carried and deposited the key ingredients for life to spring up on the planet.

Wind turbines that learn like humans
A control algorithm inspired by human memory may increase wind turbine efficiency while requiring less computational power than other control methods.

Viral disease - particularly from herpes - gaining interest as possible cause of coral decline
As corals continue to decline in abundance around the world, researchers are turning their attention to a possible cause that's almost totally unexplored - viral disease.
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