Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 28, 2012
U-M Health and Retirement Study adds genetic data to NIH database
In an important expansion of social science research to include biologic and genetic data in addition to traditional survey and experimental data, the University of Michigan Health and Retirement Study, a 20-year nationwide survey of the health, economic and social status of older Americans conducted by the U-M Institute for Social Research, has added genetic information from 12,500 consenting participants to the online genetics database of the National Institutes of Health.

A new paradox on our plate?
A study by Université Laval's Maurice Doyon and French and American researchers shows that US consumers know surprisingly more about the fat content of the foods they buy than their French counterparts.

Creator of new museum of math to speak at NJIT
Mathematics is a vital tool for understanding the world and in the fall of 2012 a new museum will invite the public to experience the power and wonders of mathematics, with an emphasis on activities that are creative, surprising and fun.

'Young Scientist Award for Socio- and Econophysics 2012' for Arne Traulsen
Max Planck researcher honored for his work in evolutionary game theory.

Building lightweight trains
The less trains weigh, the more economical they are to run.

Neutrons uncover new density waves in fermion liquids
Scientists working at the Institut Laue-Langevin, one of the world's leading centers for neutron science, have carried out the first investigation of two-dimensional fermion liquids using neutron scattering, and discovered a new type of very short wave-length density wave.

Writing the book of cancer knowledge
The goal of cancer treatment is to match the right drug to the right target in the right patient.

CCNY professor to test monoclonal antibodies as ovarian cancer diagnostic reagent
MabCure Inc., a leading developer of antibody-based technology for the diagnosis and treatment of ovarian, prostate, colorectal and other cancers, has retained the CUNY Center for Advanced Technology to evaluate its monoclonal antibodies against ovarian cancer cells as diagnostic reagents.

Beyond GDP: Experts preview 'Inclusive Wealth' index at Planet under Pressure conference
Between 1990 and 2008, the wealth of India and Brazil as measured by GDP per capita rose 34 percent and 120 percent respectively.

Rhode Island Hospital study identifies the danger of grill brushes
Rhode Island Hospital physicians identified six cases of accidental ingestion of wire grill brush bristles that required endoscopic or surgical removal.

Study reports validation and clinical application of the first point-of-care genetic test in medicine, regarding use of antiplatelet therapy following coronary interventions
A study published Online First by the Lancet reports the successful validation and clinical application of the first point-of-care genetic test in medicine.

Missouri Botanical Garden awarded $260,000 NEH grant to expand Biodiversity Heritage Library
The Missouri Botanical Garden has been awarded a $260,000 NEH grant for

International commission offers road map to sustainable agriculture
An independent commission of scientific leaders from 13 countries today released a detailed set of recommendations to policymakers on how to achieve food security in the face of climate change.

Om: Meditation a big help for emotional issues
Schoolteachers who underwent a short but intensive program of meditation were less depressed, anxious or stressed -- and more compassionate and aware of others' feelings.

Toward a test strip for detecting TNT and other explosives in water
Scientists today described development of a new explosives detector that can sense small amounts of TNT and other common explosives in liquids instantly with a sensitivity that rivals bomb-sniffing dogs, the current gold standard in protecting the public from terrorist bombs.

Standard test may miss food ingredients that cause milk allergy
The standard test used to detect milk-protein residues in processed foods may not work as well as previously believed in all applications, sometimes missing ingredients that can cause milk allergy, the most common childhood food allergy, which affects millions of children under age 3, a scientist reported here today at the 243rd National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society's, the world's largest scientific society.

Study finds paramedics skilled in identifying strokes
If a paramedic suspects a patient is having a stroke, the paramedic is probably right, a Loyola University Medical Center study has found.

Stopping statin therapy increases risk of death for rheumatoid arthritis patients
Patients with rheumatoid arthritis who discontinue use of statin therapy are at increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease and other causes.

How to save Europe's most threatened butterflies
New guidelines on how to save some of Europe's most threatened butterfly species have been published by a team of scientists co-ordinated by Butterfly Conservation Europe.

Stopping a moving target: Novel compound halts brain tumor spread, improves treatment in animals
Researchers from Emory and the Georgia Institute of Technology have designed a new treatment approach that appears to halt the spread of cancer cells into normal brain tissue in animal models.

Bokhari tests performance of diverse HPC architectures
Surveying the wide range of parallel system architectures offered in today's supercomputer market, a graduate student at the Ohio State University, Saniyah Bokhari, recently established some side-by-side performance comparisons.

Neuralstem ALS stem cell trial interim results reported in the journal, Stem Cells
Results from the first 12 Lou Gehrig's disease patients to receive stem cells in an FDA trial were published under peer-review for the first time.

Weight loss and increased fitness slow decline of mobility in adults
Weight loss and increased physical fitness nearly halved the risk of losing mobility in overweight or obese adults with type 2 diabetes, according to four-year results from the Look AHEAD trial funded by the National Institutes of Health.

With you in the room, bacteria counts spike
A person's mere presence in a room can add 37 million bacteria to the air every hour -- material largely left behind by previous occupants and stirred up from the floor -- according to new research by Yale University engineers.

Afghans share unique genetic heritage, DNA analysis shows
A study by the Genographic Project has found that the majority of all known ethnic Afghans share a unique genetic heritage derived from a common ancestral population that most likely emerged during the Neolithic revolution and the formation of early farming communities.

World scientists define united approach to tackling food insecurity
Nearly one billion people in the world are undernourished, while millions suffer from chronic disease due to excess food consumption.

Major networking opportunity
A new service makes it simple to find solid, experimental data about protein interactions.

Innovative cell printing technologies hold promise for tissue engineering R&D
A novel method for printing human cells onto surfaces in defined patterns can help advance research on tissue engineering and regeneration, as described in an article in Tissue Engineering, Part C, Methods, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Major study shows that tobacco-related cancers and cervical cancer are important causes of death among working-age people in India
New research analyzes cancer death rates across India, and shows that oral, stomach, and lung cancers are important causes of death in Indian men, while cervical, stomach, and breast cancers cause the most cancer deaths among Indian women

More than half of all cancer is preventable
More than half of all cancer is preventable, and society has the knowledge to act on this information today, according to Washington University public health researchers at the Siteman Cancer Center in St.

Low levels of resistant bacteria found in Chicago-area ambulances
Treatment areas of ambulances fared well when tested for dangerous bacteria, according to a new study published in the April issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of APIC - the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

Study finds circle hooks lower catch rate for offshore anglers
Anglers are required to use circle hooks in some fishing tournaments because they are less likely to cause lethal injuries in billfish, such as marlin.

Does BMI affect post-surgical complications, survival in esophageal adenocarcinoma?
Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, Fla., have found - contrary to previous studies linking inferior outcomes in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies to higher body mass index (BMI) - that in their study of BMI and negative outcomes, there was no such link.

The path to personalized cancer treatment
In this study, researchers have profiled genetic changes in cancer with drug sensitivity in order to develop a personalized approach to cancer treatments.

Launch of PLoS Currents: Disasters
PLoS announces the launch of PLoS Currents: Disasters found at http://currents.plos.org/disasters/, a new, innovative open-access publication for the rapid communication of new research results and operational analyses derived from the study or management of all types of disasters.

GPs should advise drinkers to keep a daily record of their drinking
The new UK alcohol strategy includes a plan to ensure that General Practitioners advise heavy drinkers to cut down.

Discovery of foot fossil confirms 2 human ancestor species co-existed 3.4 million years ago
An international team of scientists has announced the discovery of a 3.4 million-year-old partial foot from the Afar region of Ethiopia.

No improvement in patient outcomes seen in hospitals with pay-for-performance programs
A new study from Harvard School of Public Health finds no evidence that the largest hospital-based pay for performance program in the US improved 30-day mortality rates, a measure of whether patients survive their hospitalization.

EU project: Searching for exotics in the shrimp nets
So far the shrimp fisherman Uwe Abken has had little interest in the bycatch in his nets.

Novel compound halts tumor spread, improves brain cancer treatment in animal studies
By stopping the spread of cancer cells into normal brain tissue in animal models, researchers from Georgia Tech and Emory University have developed a new strategy for treating brain cancer that could improve clinical outcomes.

Penn researchers call for a re-examination of transplant waitlist prioritization
Patients with end-stage liver disease complicated by the most common type of liver cancer are less likely to die or become too sick for a transplant while waiting for a new liver than those with other complications of end-stage liver disease, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

In immersion foreign language learning, adults attain, retain native speaker brain pattern
In a series of studies, researchers demonstrate that the kind of exposure you have to a foreign language can determine whether you achieve native-language brain processing, and that learning under immersion conditions may be more effective in reaching this goal than typical classroom training.

Fusion presents low proliferation risk, experts conclude
American researchers have shown that prospective magnetic fusion power systems would pose a much lower risk of being used for the production of weapon-usable materials than nuclear fission reactors and their associated fuel cycle.

NJIT mathematician publishes 2012 Major League Baseball projections
The Philadelphia Phillies, St. Louis Cardinals and Arizona Diamondbacks should win their divisions, while the Atlanta Braves and the Cincinnati Reds will make it to Major League Baseball's post-season as wild card teams in the National League in 2012, according to NJIT's baseball guru Bruce Bukiet.

Study unravels health impact, interplay of diet soft drinks and overall diet
Are diet sodas good or bad for you? The jury is still out, but a new study sheds light on the impact that zero-calorie beverages may have on health, especially in the context of a person's overall dietary habits.

UCSB Physicists mix 2 lasers to create light at many frequencies
A team of physicists at UC Santa Barbara has seen the light, and it comes in many different colors.

UV photographs of 12-year-olds show skin cancer risk
It's been known that sun damage as seen in UV photographs can be a powerful tool when counseling children about sun protection.

Consumers misunderstand 'cruelty-free' labeled products, MU, Oregon researchers find
Based on a recent study, University of Missouri and Oregon researchers believe a legal definition for what constitutes

Federal agencies should take advantage of opportunities to promote integration of primary care and public health
The traditional separation between primary health care providers and public health professionals is impeding greater success in meeting their shared goal of ensuring the health of populations.

Penn research points to new way of preserving fertility for boys undergoing cancer treatment
Treatments for childhood cancers are increasingly successful with cure rates approaching 80 percent, but success often comes with a downside for the surviving men: The cancer treatments they received as boys can leave them sterile as adults.

Many billions of rocky planets in the habitable zones around red dwarfs in the Milky Way
A new result from ESO's HARPS planet finder shows that rocky planets not much bigger than Earth are very common in the habitable zones around faint red stars.

iCo Therapeutics and JDRF team up to support iDEAL trial for diabetic macular edema
iCo Therapeutics, a Vancouver-based drug reprofiling company and JDRF, the largest charitable funder of Type 1 diabetes research have joined forces to investigate a potential new treatment for one of the most common complications of diabetes, diabetic macular edema.

Gladstone Scientists identify key mechanism involved in Type 2 diabetes
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have discovered a key protein that regulates insulin resistance -- the diminished ability of cells to respond to the action of insulin and which sets the stage for the development of the most common form of diabetes.

ASGE recognizes 18 endoscopy units for quality
The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy has recognized 18 endoscopy units as part of its program specifically dedicated to promoting quality in endoscopy, in all settings where it is practiced in the United States.

Fossil raindrop impressions imply greenhouse gases loaded early atmosphere
Evidence from fossilized raindrop impressions from 2.7 billion years ago indicates that an abundance of greenhouse gases most likely caused the warm temperatures on ancient Earth.

Sleep disturbances hurt memory consolidation
Sleep disturbance negatively impacts the memory consolidation and enhancement that usually occurs with a good night's sleep.

Online dating scammers looking for money, not love
Online romance scams, a new form of cybercrime, is under-reported and increasing, and has victimized an estimated 230,000 people in England, costing them nearly $60 billion a year, according to an article in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Exploding dinosaur hypothesis implodes
Exploding carcasses through putrefaction gases - this is how science explained the mysterious bone arrangements in almost fully preserved dinosaur skeletons for decades.

Milky Way image reveals detail of a billion stars
More than one billion stars in the Milky Way can be seen together in detail for the first time in an image captured by astronomers.

Health of diverse populations is focus of Chanchlani Research Centre
The new center is dedicated to understanding the genetic and environmental causes of common diseases among diverse cultural groups.

Novartis launches the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia to catalog world's cancer cell lines
Results of the collaboration, published in the journal Nature, may allow scientists to use the information to improve cancer clinical trial design and further cancer research.

Hops compounds improve health of obese diabetic mice
A class of compounds found in hops, the crop generally known for its role in beer production, reduces weight gain in obese and diabetic mice.

Springer launches new platform for the corporate sector: Springer for R&D
Springer Science+Business Media has launched a new corporate platform, Springer for R&D, which provides access to over 5.6 million research documents, all optimized for specific corporate markets.

Treatments to reduce anesthesia-induced injury in children show promise in animal studies
Recent clinical studies have shown that general anesthesia can be harmful to infants, presenting a dilemma for both doctors and parents.

How to save Europe's most threatened butterflies
New guidelines on how to save some of Europe's most threatened butterfly species have been published by a team of scientists co-ordinated by Butterfly Conservation Europe.

Program prepares indigenous students for science careers
A new $1.8 million National Science Foundation grant will help the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute expand a program that encourages Native middle-school students to pursue science and technology careers.

University leads EUR 8million EU project to tackle obesity
The University of Liverpool is leading a EUR 8million European project to develop and test new food products with satiating qualities to help control appetite, manage weight and combat obesity.

Genetic abnormality offers diagnostic hope for children's cancer
A chromosomal abnormality in children with a deadly form of brain cancer is linked with a poorer chance of survival, clinician scientists at the University of Nottingham have discovered.

2-in-1 device uses sewage as fuel to make electricity and clean the sewage
Scientists today described a new and more efficient version of an innovative device the size of a washing machine that uses bacteria growing in municipal sewage to make electricity and clean up the sewage at the same time.

Society of Interventional Radiology honors gold medalists for advancing specialty
Kyung J. Cho, M.D., FSIR; Dimitris Kelekis, M.D., Ph.D., FSIR, and Louis G.

Researchers identify new regulator in allergic diseases
Researchers have taken a critical step in understanding how allergic reactions occur after identifying a genetic signature for regulation of a key immune hormone, interleukin.

Science celebrates cocoa and chocolate's potential health benefits
If eccentric candy-maker Willy Wonka could leap from the pages of Roald Dahl's classic,

New layer of genetic information discovered
A hidden and never before recognized layer of information in the genetic code has been uncovered by a team of scientists at UCSF, thanks to a technique developed at UCSF called ribosome profiling, which enables the measurement of gene activity inside living cells.

Nature: Video reveals wave character of particles
Quantum theory describes the world of atoms very precisely. Still, it defies our macroscopic conception of everyday's world due to its many anti-intuitive predictions.

Genome study confirms immune system link to disfiguring leg swelling
Genetic variants in a region of the genome linked to our immune response have been linked to increased risk of podoconiosis, a disfiguring and disabling leg swelling caused by an abnormal reaction to the minerals found in soil.

US cancer death rates continue to decline, national report finds
A report from the nation's leading cancer organizations shows rates of death in the United States from all cancers for men and women continued to decline between 2004 and 2008.

Researchers: Myeloid malignancies underreported in US
Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, Fla., and colleagues from the UF Shands Cancer Center in Gainesville, Fla., have found that cases of myeloid malignancies are being underreported since a change in registry protocols and laboratory practices starting in 2001.

Taking some time off can help when learning a new language
When learning a new language, it doesn't hurt to take a break.

Adjuvanted flu vaccine associated with child narcolepsy in Finland
A sudden increase in narcolepsy in Finnish children at the beginning of 2010 was likely related to the Pandemrix vaccine used in response to the H1N1 2009 flu pandemic.

Annual cost of autism has more than tripled - $126 billion US and £34 billion in the UK
Autism Speaks research finds the annual cost of autism is $126 billion per year in US and more than £34 billion in the U.K.

States keep up with ozone mandates
States are doing an effective job of monitoring air quality, but the federal government remains the primary player in clearing the air, according to a new study by Rice University.

Researchers identify genetic basis of tropical foot and leg lymphedema
Writing in the March 29, 2012 New England Journal of Medicine, an international team that includes researchers from the National Human Genome Research Institute describes the genetic link to podoconiosis.

Fish oil added to yogurt may help consumers meet daily nutritional requirements
Many consumers want to increase their intake of heart-healthy n-3 fatty acids, found naturally in fish and fish products, but find it difficult to consume the levels recommended by the American Heart Association.

Hot on the trail of metabolic diseases and resistance to antibiotics
Proteins belonging to the large and important family of ABC transporters have been associated with metabolic diseases and can cause resistance to antibiotics.

Protein 'jailbreak' helps breast cancer cells live
Researchers at Brown University and Hasbro Children's Hospital have traced the molecular interactions that allow the protein survivin to escape the nucleus of a breast cancer cell and prolong the cell's life.

IMRT reduces risk of side effects in breast cancer patients
Breast cancer patients treated with intensity modulated radiation therapy instead of standard whole breast irradiation have a lower incidence of acute or chronic toxicities, according to a study in Practical Radiation Oncology, the official clinical practice journal of the American Society for Radiation Oncology.

In the beginning...was the beaker?
Brookhaven Lab Scientists discover new insights into how cells duplicate their DNA.

New more-sensitive blood test catches recurring breast cancer a year earlier
A new blood test is twice as sensitive and can detect breast cancer recurrence a full year earlier than current blood tests, according to a scientist who reported here today at the 243rd National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS).
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