Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 30, 2012
Declines in Caribbean coral reefs pre-date damage resulting from climate change
The decline of Caribbean coral reefs has been linked to the recent effects of human-induced climate change.

Volcanic plumbing exposed
Two new studies into the

Bees 'self-medicate' when infected with some pathogens
Research from North Carolina State University shows that honey bees

National institute launched to help businesses grow with Asian consumers
The newly launched Institute on Asian Consumer Insight in Singapore announced its strategy and plans for becoming the world's go-to center for companies seeking to grow their business in Asia.

Clocking an accelerating universe: First results from BOSS
BOSS, the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey, is the largest component of the third Sloan Digital Sky Survey, with scientists from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in principal leadership roles.

Organics probably formed easily in early solar system
Complex organic compounds, including many important to life on Earth, were readily produced under conditions that likely prevailed in the primordial solar system.

Phoenix Community Alliance honors TGen's Dr. Jeffrey Trent
The Phoenix Community Alliance will honor Dr. Jeffrey Trent, President of the Translational Genomics Research Institute, with its most prestigious award.

Immune therapies: The next frontier in battle against atherosclerosis
New strategies injecting cardiovascular disease patients with vaccines and monoclonal antibodies to combat atherosclerosis could soon change the treatment landscape of heart disease.

Children who develop asthma have lung function deficits as neonates
Children who develop asthma by age seven have deficits in lung function and increased bronchial responsiveness as neonates, a new study from researchers in Denmark suggests.

Study supports using virtual environment to teach mind/body techniques
A small study from Massachusetts General Hospital researchers found that online virtual communities may be an effective way to train patients in meditation and other mind/body techniques.

Planet under Pressure conference, London: Final statement
Scientists issued the first

ADHD is over-diagnosed
What experts and the public have already long suspected is now supported by representative data collected by researchers at Ruhr-Universität Bochum and University of Basel: ADHD, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, is over-diagnosed.

U of T-led research team discovers new quantum encryption method to foil hackers
A research team led by University of Toronto professor Hoi-Kwong Lo has found a new quantum encryption method to foil even the most sophisticated hackers.

NIH study finds women spend longer in labor now than 50 years ago
Women take longer to give birth today than did women 50 years ago, according to an analysis of nearly 140,000 deliveries conducted by researchers at the National Institutes of Health.

Published study finds usage of, reccomendations for dietary supplements high among dietitians
Registered dietitians are one of several groups of healthcare professionals who report using dietary supplements as part of their health regimen, according to a newly published study in Nutrition Journal, a peer-reviewed, online journal that focuses on the field of human nutrition.

Making mice comfy leads to better science, Stanford researcher says
Nine out of 10 drugs successfully tested in mice and other animal models ultimately fail to work in people, and one reason may be that laboratory mice are cold, according to a researcher at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

NASA sees Typhoon Pakhar headed for Vietnam landfall
The first typhoon of the northern hemisphere 2012 typhoon season is headed for landfall in Vietnam.

IOM report identifies public health actions for improving the lives of those with epilepsy
An estimated 2.2 million people in the United States live with epilepsy, a complex brain disorder characterized by sudden and often unpredictable seizures.

Preventing home invasions means fighting side-by-side for coral-dwelling crabs and shrimp
As any comic book lover knows, when superheroes band together the bad guys fall harder.

SIAM names 2012 Fellows
Today, the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics named 35 academics and professionals to its 2012 Class of Fellows for exemplary contributions to applied mathematics and computational science.

Amyloid beta in the brain of individuals with Alzheimer's disease
While there may not be a consensus whether deposition of amyloid beta contributes to Alzheimer's disease or is a consequence of it, there is agreement that something else is promoting the process.

The electronic nose knows when your cantaloupe is ripe
Have you ever been disappointed by a cantaloupe from the grocery store?

Benefits of taking Fido to work may not be far 'fetched'
Man's best friend may make a positive difference in the workplace by reducing stress and making the job more satisfying for other employees, according to a Virginia Commonwealth University study.

US stockpile security and international monitoring capabilities strengthened, says new report on technical issues behind the comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty
The United States is now in a better position than at any time in the past to maintain a safe and effective nuclear weapons stockpile without testing and to monitor clandestine nuclear testing abroad, says a new report from the National Research Council.

Penn biologists identify a key enzyme involved in protecting nerves from degeneration
A new animal model of nerve injury has brought to light a critical role of an enzyme called Nmnat in nerve fiber maintenance and neuroprotection.

Newly discovered foot points to a new kid on the hominin block
It seems that

Tecnalia develops a flexible system for resting for people with reduced mobility
TECNALIA Research & Innovation has participated in the Flexidesc project by specifying a furnishing concept in which design, space management and user interaction are combined to devise a home that is accessible and adapted to anyone with reduced mobility.

Images capture split personality of dense suspensions
Stir lots of small particles into water, and the resulting thick mixture appears highly viscous.

USF Health's center for training and evaluating health professionals sets standards for quality care
Patients around the world will benefit from better training and testing of health professionals as USF Health opens its $38 million Center for Advanced Medical Learning and Simulation in downtown Tampa.

Whether grasping Easter eggs or glass bottles - this robotic hand uses tact
Researchers at Saarland University together with associates in Bologna and Naples have developed a robotic hand that can accomplish both tasks with ease and yet including the actuators is scarcely larger than a human arm.

Weill Cornell Medical College establishes Center for Healthcare Informatics and Policy
Weill Cornell Medical College announced today the establishment of the Center for Healthcare Informatics and Policy to improve health and health care through informatics and technology.

Grant to fuel baking soda cancer therapy research
A $2 million grant from the National Institutes of Health will enable UA biomedical engineering researchers to improve the way doctors measure the effectiveness of drinking baking soda to fight breast cancer.

Evolving to fight epidemics: Weakness can be an advantage
When battling a deadly parasite epidemic, less resistance can sometimes be better than more, a new study suggests.

Honeycombs of magnets could lead to new type of computer processing
Imperial scientists take an important step in developing a material using nano-sized magnets that could lead to new electronic devices.

Extreme weather threatens rich ecosystems
Extreme weather such as hurricanes, torrential downpours and droughts will become more frequent in pace with global warming.

The link between fast food and depression has been confirmed
A new study along the same lines as its predecessors shows how eating fast food is linked to a greater risk of suffering from depression.

WileyChina.com - Now Featuring Bespoke Pages for China's Life Scientists
Wiley-Blackwell, the scientific, technical, medical and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons, Inc, has launched a new series of life science pages on WileyChina.com.

Lung cancers detected by CT screening grow as fast as those found with traditional methods
A new study led by researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine indicates that CT scans are more effective than traditional lung cancer detection methods at identifying aggressive lung cancers in their most treatable stages.

Tales from the crypt lead researchers to cancer discovery
Tales from the crypt are supposed to be scary, but new research from Vanderbilt University, the HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology, and colleagues shows that crypts can be places of renewal too:  Intestinal crypts, that is.

MARC travel award announced for the 2012 ASCI/AAP Joint Meeting
The FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipient for the 2012 American Society for Clinical Investigation/Association of American Physicians (ASCI/AAP) Joint Meeting in Chicago, IL from April 27-29, 2012.

Some corals like it hot: Heat stress may help coral reefs survive climate change
A team of international scientists working in the central Pacific have discovered that coral which has survived heat stress in the past is more likely to survive it in the future.

Starvation linked to greater risk of cardiac complications
Russians born during the Leningrad Siege in World War II, are giving scientists new strategies to identify people who experienced intrauterine growth restriction and starvation during childhood at greatest risk of developing long term heart complications.

CDC study forges link between depression and sleep apnea
Nationally representative sampling of 9,714 American adults shows obstructive sleep apnea and other symptoms of OSA are associated with probable major depression, regardless of weight, age, sex or race.

Researchers work to help soldiers break camouflage
Researchers want to help the Army better camouflage its soldiers and break the enemy's efforts to hide.

Estrogen is responsible for slow wound healing in women
Estrogen causes wounds in women to heal slower than in men -- who have lower levels of estrogen -- says a new study published in the April 2012 issue of the FASEB Journal.

Study reveals insight into how key protein protects against viral infections
Scientists from the University of Utah School of Medicine have discovered that a mouse protein called IFITM3 contributes to the body's defense against some types of viral infections by binding to an enzyme responsible for regulating the pH of a cell's waste disposal system.

Scientists win $2 million to study new pathway in development and maintenance of lymphoma
The National Institutes of Health has awarded the Scripps Research Institute $2 million to study the role of a pathway in the development and maintenance of B-cell lymphoma, a type of cancer that begins in immune system and turns normal disease fighting cells into cancers.

Middle-of-the-night PCIs do not adversely affect success of next-day procedures
A single-center study found that percutaneous coronary intervention procedures performed during the middle of the night do not adversely affect the safety and effectiveness of procedures performed the next day by the same operator.
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