Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 04, 2012
First CAMLS fellowship sponsored by simulation partner Simbionix
Simbionix, a leading global provider of medical education and simulation training, has sponsored the first fellowship at the USF Health Center for Advanced Medical Learning and Simulation.

Single baby boomers facing increased challenges as they age
Nick and Bobbi Ercoline, the couple depicted on the

Scientists solving the mystery of human consciousness
Awakening from anesthesia is often associated with an initial phase of delirious struggle before the full restoration of awareness and orientation to one's surroundings.

Feinstein Institute scientists present data about glioblastoma at AACR Annual Meeting
Scientists from the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research will present three abstracts about Glioblastoma multiforme, the most common and deadly adult brain cancer, at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting to be held from Saturday through Wednesday (March 31- April 4) in Chicago, IL.

Antibody therapy prevents gastrointestinal damage following radiation exposure in mice
A new study offers the first evidence of a drug capable of preventing lethal damage to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract caused by exposure to high levels of ionizing radiation, such as those occurring during a nuclear incident.

Arsenic turns stem cells cancerous, spurring tumor growth
Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have discovered how exposure to arsenic can turn normal stem cells into cancer stem cells and spur tumor growth.

Using cell phones to detect harmful airborne substances
The lab of a University of California, Riverside Bourns College of Engineering professor was named on Tuesday, April 3, after Innovation Economy Corporation, a Riverside company that plans to commercialize his research focused on using mobile devices, such as cell phones, to detect harmful airborne substances in real-time.

Minneapolis Heart Institute selected to participate in Cardiovascular Cell Therapy Research Network
The Cardiovascular Cell Therapy Research Network (CCTRN), a nationwide US network funded by the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) has selected the Minneapolis Heart Institute® (MHI) as one of its seven US centers of excellence.

DNA sequencing consortium unveils patterns of mutations in autism
An autism sequencing consortium led by researchers from the Broad Institute, Massachusetts General Hospital, and six other organizations has searched for autism-related mutations in the fraction of the human genome that codes for proteins.

Defying conventional wisdom, water can float on oil
Defying thousands of years of conventional wisdom, scientists are reporting that it is possible for water to float on oil, a discovery they say has important potential applications in cleaning up oil spills that threaten seashores and fisheries.

Researchers develop a new cell and animal model of inflammatory breast cancer
Inflammatory breast cancer is a very aggressive, often misunderstood type of cancer.

62 percent of men and 37 percent of women over the age of 65 are sexually active
A study based on the National Health and Sexuality Survey, involving nearly 2,000 people, describes the sexual practices of senior citizens in Spain.

Asthma: A vaccination that works using intramuscular injection
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory and respiratory disease caused by an abnormal reactivity to allergens in the environment.

Research demonstrates bacterial contamination in pharmacy robots
Drug-dispensing robots designed to quickly prepare intravenous medications in a sterile environment can harbor dangerous bacteria, according to a report in Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.

CWRU raises wind-energy labs over Cleveland area
Case Western Reserve University and its partners have erected their third and largest research wind turbine -- and begun the process of tying into the grid.

Drug use in 50- to 64-year-olds has increased 10-fold in England since 1993
New research published today in the journal Age and Aging has found that the lifetime use of cannabis, amphetamine, cocaine and LSD in 50- to 64-year-olds has significantly increased since 1993 and is much higher than lifetime use in adults aged over 65.

Scientists uncover multiple faces of deadly breast cancer
An international team of scientists, including four at Simon Fraser University, has made a discovery that will change the way the most deadly form of breast cancer is treated.

JILA team demonstrates a new way of lasing: A 'superradiant' laser
Physicists at JILA have demonstrated a novel

A new gene thought to be the cause in early-onset forms of Alzheimer's disease
A new gene that causes early onset of Alzheimer's disease has been discovered by the research team of Dominique Campion at the Insert unit 1079

Researchers present new findings for glioblastoma at American Association for Cancer Research
Physician-scientists from University Hospitals Case Medical Center's Seidman Cancer Center and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine presented new research findings in 24 presentations this week at Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Keep aging brains sharp
A new book by George Mason University cognitive neuroscientists details what people can do to keep their mental snap well into their 80s and 90s.

New UH lecture series examines impact of science on health
A new lecture series at the University of Houston will showcase how science is making a difference in health and medicine.

Obese white women less likely to seek colon cancer screening
A new study by Johns Hopkins researchers shows that obese white women may be less likely than normal-weight counterparts and African-Americans of any weight or gender to seek potentially lifesaving colon cancer screening tests.

The long arm of the dendritic cell
Patients with autoimmune diseases often show a predisposition to develop

Louisiana Tech chapter of National Society of Black Engineers earns national honor
The Louisiana Tech University chapter of the National Society of Black Engineers has been named the 2011-2012 National Distinguished Chapter of the Year.

Does religious faith lead to greater rewards here on Earth?
A new study published online, ahead of print, by the journal of Evolution and Human Behavior, finds that religious people are better able to forgo immediate satisfaction in order to gain larger rewards in the future.

Study finds link between injectable contraceptives and breast cancer risk in younger women
The first large-scale US-based study to evaluate the link between an injectable form of progestin-only birth control and breast cancer risk in young women has found that recent use of a year or more doubles the risk.

Researchers uncover a viable way for colorectal cancer patients to overcome drug resistance
When combined with other treatments, the drug cetuximab has been shown to extend survival in certain types of cancer.

Important but limited role of de novo variants in autism spectrum disorders
An international cohort of scientists that includes those at Baylor College of Medicine , sequenced the exomes of 175 trios (a child with autism spectrum disorder and his/her two parents) and found many new gene mutations but few that could be called a definitive cause of the disorder.

17th century Dutch explorers help the Atlas reach a major milestone -- 30 million records
The Atlas of Living Australia added its 30 millionth species occurrence record last week, making it the largest collection of rich information on Australia's plants, animals and fungi.

Possible clues found to why HIV vaccine showed modest protection
Insights into how the first vaccine ever reported to modestly prevent HIV infection in people might have worked were published online today in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Vitamin D influences racial differences in breast cancer risk
American women of African ancestry are more likely than European Americans to have estrogen receptor (ER) negative breast cancer.

Titanic disaster 'unlikely to happen again'
World-leading ship science expert, professor Ajit Shenoi, says that a seafaring tragedy on the scale of the Titanic disaster is unlikely to happen again.

Clinical insight improves treatment with new lung cancer drug
Men experience a marked drop in their testosterone levels when taking a targeted therapy to control a specific type of lung cancer.

Antipsychotic drug may be helpful treatment for anorexia nervosa
Low doses of a commonly used atypical antipsychotic drug improved survival in a mouse model of anorexia nervosa, University of Chicago researchers report this month.

New fractionated dosing regimen for anticancer drug significantly improves outcomes for leukemia patients aged 50-70 years
Using fractionated doses of the targeted anticancer drug gemtuzumab ozogamicin allows for safer delivery of the drug into patients aged 50-70 years with acute myeloid leukaemia and substantially improves their outcomes.

Thawing permafrost may have led to extreme global warming events
Scientists analyzing prehistoric global warming say thawing permafrost released massive amounts of carbon stored in frozen soil of polar regions, exacerbating climate change through increasing global temperatures and ocean acidification.

An invitation to Europe's largest forum on radiation oncology
ESTRO 31 and the World Congress of Brachytherapy will combine to feature new research results in clinical and basic radiobiology, physics and brachytherapy, presented by top doctors and scientists from all over the world working together for the benefit of cancer patients.

New £13 million UK Centre for CCS Research to be established
The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and the Department of Energy and Climate Change today announced a £13 million investment to establish a UK Carbon Capture and Storage Research Centre.

Is rainfall a greater threat to China's agriculture than warming?
New research into the impact of climate change on Chinese cereal crops has found rainfall has a greater impact than rising temperature.

Quantum computer built inside a diamond
A team of scientists has built a quantum computer in a diamond, the first of its kind to include protection against

Community-onset Clostridium difficile linked to higher risk of surgery
Patients whose symptoms of Clostridium difficile infection start outside of the hospital setting have a higher risk of colectomy due to severe infection, according to a large multicenter study funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and published in Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America.

Best marketing for renewable energies
Transmission system operators must assess precisely the supply of electricity from renewable energies for the next day in order to market this electricity on the European Power Exchange as effectively as possible.

NRC authors brief federal agencies on the state of polar regions
Among the major findings is that global warming is changing the face of Antarctica and the Arctic faster than expected.

Treatment hope for muscular dystrophy
An international team led by the University of Melbourne, Australia, has found that increasing a specific protein in muscles could help treat Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a severe and progressive muscle wasting disease that affects young boys.

Food science poised to help address needs of aging population
The aging baby boomers and subsequent generations will be looking to the food industry to provide products that can help them live longer, healthier and more active lives than previous generations, according to research presented at the Institute of Food Technologists' Wellness 12 meeting.

Studies: Memory declines faster in years closest to death; mental activity best protection
New research finds that a person's memory declines at a faster rate in the two- and-a-half years before death than at any other time after memory problems first begin.

Facilitating the work of forensic scientists
The University of the Basque Country's METABOLOMIPs group develops analytical methods to help characterize different types of substances, and focuses on the forensic sciences, in particular.

Autism mutations, scattered across many genes, merge into common network of interactions
Among autistic children with no family history of ASD, researchers uncovered 49 gene mutations disrupting a pathway that modifies chromatin and regulates genes in the brain and nervous system.

John A. Kaufman named 2012 Dotter Lecturer by Society of Interventional Radiology Foundation
John A. Kaufman, M.D., FSIR, professor and Frederick S. Keller Chair of Interventional Radiology at the Dotter Interventional Institute in Portland, Ore., delivered the 2012 Dr.

Dino eggs shape Easter eggs, says new study
Research by paleontologists in Spain and the UK suggests that not all Easter eggs come from the same

Children with Down syndrome faced with implicit stereotyping based on facial features
Photographs of children with Down syndrome elicit less positive attitudes than photographs of typically developing children do.

Drawing connections between food webs
Researchers from Northwestern University, with partners from New Zealand and Spain, have discovered universal truths about species' roles in food webs.

Gene mutation identified as contributor to autism spectrum disorders
A new study co-authored by UCLA researchers has led to a better understanding of the genetic contribution to autism.

Your supermarket may affect your weight
Your supermarket may affect your weight.

Mutations in 3 genes linked to autism spectrum disorders
Mutations in three new genes have been linked to autism, according to new studies including one with investigators at Mount Sinai School of Medicine.

Disarming disease-causing bacteria
Scientists could produce new antibacterial treatments by disarming the molecular pumps bacteria use to bring disease-causing molecules in contact with animals and humans.

Follow-up studies to the RV144 HIV vaccine trial give clues about protection from HIV
Researchers have gained important clues about immune system responses that could play a role in protecting people from HIV infection in follow-up studies from the world's largest HIV vaccine trial to date.

Free apps drain smartphone energy on 'advertising modules'
Researchers have shown that popular free smartphone apps spend up to 75 percent of their energy tracking the user's geographical location, sending information about the user to advertisers and downloading ads.

Follow-up studies offer clues to how RV144 vaccine may have protected against HIV
Researchers have discovered important clues about the immune responses that may have played a role in protecting some volunteers from HIV in the RV144 Thai trial.

Genetic mutations at conception linked to many cases of autism
About 15 percent of autism cases in families with a single autistic child are associated with spontaneous mutations that occur in sex cells, Yale University researchers report in the April 4 issue of the journal Nature.

Improving equine health: Research studies vaccinations to protect newborn foals
A Kansas State University veterinary medicine student is investigating ways to improve horse vaccinations and defend them against pathogen challenges at an early age.

Thawing permafrost 50 million years ago led to global warming events
In a new study reported in Nature, climate scientist Rob DeConto of the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and colleagues elsewhere propose a simple new mechanism to explain the source of carbon that fed a series of extreme warming events about 55 million years ago, the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, and a sequence of similar, smaller warming events afterward.

Reducing hospital admissions for asthmatics
Children with moderate or severe asthma attacks who are treated with systemic corticosteroids during the first 75 minutes of triage in the emergency department were 16 percent less likely to be admitted to the hospital.

In-school tests suggest overweight boys and girls benefit from being fit
Improving or maintaining physical fitness appears to help obese and overweight children reach a healthy weight, reports a new study from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University.

How Usain Bolt can run faster -- effortlessly
Usain Bolt can achieve faster running times with no extra effort on his part or improvement to his fitness, according to a study published today in Significance, the magazine of the Royal Statistical Society and the American Statistical Association.

framergyTM to partner with the Space Alliance Technology Outreach Program
framergy is partnering with the Space Alliance Technology Outreach Program, a NASA funded initiative. framergy will collaborate with NASA engineers to commercialize framergy's proprietary nanoscale, energy storage systems, for an effective methane storage system for automobiles.

Memory declines faster in years closest to death
Two new studies published in the April 4 online issue of Neurology suggest that a person's memory declines at a faster rate in the last two-and-a-half years of life than at any other time.

Genzyme/ACMG Foundation Genetics Training Award in Clinical Biochemical Genetics announced
Carlos E. Prada, M.D., of Cincinnati Children's Hospital and James D.

A cannibalistic galaxy with a powerful heart
Observations by the two of the European Space Agency's space observatories have provided a multi-wavelength view of the mysterious galaxy Centaurus A.

Internet use promotes democracy best in countries that are already partially free
Although use of the Internet has been credited with helping spur democratic revolutions in the Arab world and elsewhere, a new multinational study suggests the Internet is most likely to play a role only in specific situations

Spontaneous gene glitches linked to autism risk with older dads
Researchers have turned up a new clue to the workings of a possible environmental factor in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs): fathers were four times more likely than mothers to transmit tiny, spontaneous mutations to their children with the disorders.

Some 'improved cookstoves' may emit more pollution than traditional mud cookstoves
The first real-world, head-to-head comparison of

Growing nitrous oxide levels explained
Australian, Korean and US scientists have generated a 65-year record of Southern Hemisphere nitrous oxide measurements, establishing a new benchmark against which to compare changes in the long-lived greenhouse gas that is also a major ozone-depleting substance.

Analysis of stickleback genome sequence catches evolution in action
Three-spine sticklebacks aren't as pretty as many aquarium fish, and anglers don't fantasize about hooking one.

Korean connection makes an 8,000-km telescope
Australian and Korean radio telescopes have been linked for the first time, forming a system that acts as a telescope 8,000 km across.

Rising CO2 levels linked to global warming during last deglaciation
Many scientists have long suspected that rising levels of carbon dioxide and the global warming that ended the last Ice Age were somehow linked, but establishing a clear cause-and-effect relationship between CO2 and global warming from the geologic record has remained difficult.

Linking and lightening: New partnership connects and reveals dark data
Sharing and reuse of data has become a vital part of modern scientific research.

Eating flavonoids protects men against Parkinson's disease
Men who eat flavonoid-rich foods such as berries, tea, apples and red wine significantly reduce their risk of developing Parkinson's disease, according to new research by Harvard University and the University of East Anglia.

Glycemic index foods at breakfast can control blood sugar throughout the day
Eating foods at breakfast that have a low glycemic index may help prevent a spike in blood sugar throughout the morning and after the next meal of the day, researchers said at the Institute of Food Technologists' Wellness 12 meeting.

Red wine, fruit compound could help block fat cell formation
A compound found in red wine, grapes and other fruits, and similar in structure to resveratrol, is able to block cellular processes that allow fat cells to develop, opening a door to a potential method to control obesity, according to a Purdue University study.

Unique garden experiment changes understanding of behavioral mechanisms
A unique experiment carried out in a Leicester garden, and concurrently in a garden in Italy, has yielded surprising results that has changed scientific knowledge and is published in one of the world's foremost science journals.

A University of Tennessee professor's hypothesis may be game changer for evolutionary theory
A new hypothesis posed by a University of Tennessee, Knoxville, associate professor and colleagues could be a game changer in the evolution arena.

KRAS gene mutation and amplification status affects sensitivity to antifolate therapy
Patients with lung cancer and KRAS mutation responded well to antifolate therapy.

How fat are your lab mice?
Researchers are increasingly aware that fat in some parts of the body is more harmful than fat in other places.

BIND presents late-breaker clinical data at AACR on BIND-014's promising antitumor effects
Data from an ongoing Phase 1 clinical study of BIND-014, the first targeted and programmable Accurin nanomedicine to reach the clinic, demonstrated safety and tolerability, and showed evidence of anti-tumor activity in patients with solid tumor cancers.

Reproductive seasonality observed in male giant pandas
A three-year study of giant pandas reveals that reproductive seasonality exists not only in female pandas, but in male pandas as well.

A new MCAT for tomorrow's physician
Dr. Robert M. Kaplan, NIH, on 'The Case for the New Medical College Admission Test: Why the MCAT must reflect physicians' current public health challenges,' a perspective in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Beans, pulses and legumes have important role in nutrition
Beans, pulses and legumes can be classified as either vegetables or proteins under the new USDA dietary guidelines, giving them an important role in a person's daily diet, an expert panel said at the Institute of Food Technologists' Wellness 12 meeting.

Enzyme in saliva helps regulate blood glucose
Scientists from the Monell Center report that blood glucose levels following starch ingestion are influenced by genetically-determined differences in salivary amylase, an oral enzyme that breaks down dietary starches.

IntegraGen launches ARISk test, a genetic screening tool for autism in high-risk children
IntegraGen Inc. launches its ARISk Risk Assessment Test, a gender specific, genetic screening test that looks at 65 genetic markers associated with autism, designed to assess risk in children, six to 30 months of age, who are siblings of children with ASD.

Consumers need simple, concise messages about benefits of phytonutrients
An expert panel at the Institute of Food Technologists' Wellness 12 meeting urged the food industry to find simple yet powerful language to tell consumers about the many benefits of a diet rich in phytonutrients.

Acoustical Society meets in Hong Kong: Highlights and media registration
The 163rd Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA) will feature more than 1,300 presentations on the science of sound and its impact on physics, engineering, and medicine.

Stickleback genome holds clues to adaptive evolution
Scientists searching for genetic clues to vertebrate evolution have long been fascinated by the tiny marine stickleback fish, known for its ability to adapt and thrive in salty oceans or freshwater streams around the world.

Sports take brain as well as brawn
Elite soccer players have superior executive functions relative to non-players, and there is a significant correlation between their cognitive function and number of goals and assists.

Legal review concerning the use of health impact assessments in non-health sectors
A report released today finds that a wide variety of existing laws offer important opportunities to improve Americans' health.

Therapeutic approach for patients with severe depression
Brain pacemakers have a long-term effect in patients with the most severe depression.

Cone snail venom controls pain
Components of the venom from marine cone snails can block the transmission of signals between nerve cells in minute quantities.

Vanderbilt researchers help reveal complex role of genes in autism
Mutations in hundreds of genes involved in wiring the brain may contribute to the development of autism spectrum disorders.

Handheld plasma flashlight rids skin of notorious pathogens
A group of Chinese and Australian scientists have developed a handheld, battery-powered plasma-producing device that can rid skin of bacteria in an instant.

Listening to the radio even with an electric drive
To enable radio reception in electric vehicles, manufacturers must install filters and insulate cables, since electrical signals will otherwise interfere with music and speech transmissions.

Why we have plenty of fish in the sea
New work from the HudsonAlpha Institute for Biotechnology and collaborators has pinpointed evolution in action.
 
By determining genomic sequence from many groups of stickleback fish, the scientists were able to show specific genomic changes leading to the ability of different fish populations to adapt to new environments.

Sexual objectification of female artists in music videos exists regardless of race, MU study finds
Cynthia Frisby, an associate professor of strategic communication in the University of Missouri School of Journalism, and Jennifer Aubrey, an associate professor in the department of communication in the University of Missouri College of Arts and Science, found an abundance of sexual objectification in music videos featuring female artists.

Greening up the blue dye in jeans, police uniforms and the red, white and blue
Efforts are underway to develop a more environmentally friendly process for dyeing denim with indigo, the storied

Carbon nanotubes can double growth of cell cultures important in industry
A dose of carbon nanotubes more than doubles the growth rate of plant cell cultures -- workhorses in the production of everything from lifesaving medications to sweeteners to dyes and perfumes -- researchers are reporting.

Why don't more women take a daily aspirin to prevent heart disease?
Heart disease is the leading cause of death among women, and evidence-based national guidelines promote the use of daily aspirin for women at increased risk for cardiovascular disease.

NIH awards $20 million over 5 years to train next generation of global health researchers
To help foster the next generation of global health scientists, Fogarty International Center and its partners at the National Institutes of Health are building a network of US academic institutions to provide early-career physicians, veterinarians, dentists and scientists with a significant mentored research experience in a developing country.

New forage plant prepares farmers for climate changes
Plant researchers from the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, Monash University in Australia, and the plant breeding company Pacific Seeds have developed a new type of the corn-like crop sorghum, which may become very significant for food supplies in drought-prone areas.

Now Extra-Tropical Daphne, left flooding behind in Fuji on NASA satellite imagery
Tropical Storm Daphne has become an extra-tropical storm and is fading fast in the South Pacific Ocean, but not before making its mark on the Fuji Islands.

Fasting for Lent forces hyenas to change diet
Many Christians give up certain foods for Lent, however ecologists have discovered these changes in human diet have a dramatic impact on the diet of wild animals.

Quantum control protocols could lead to more accurate, larger scale quantum computations
A protocol for controlling quantum information pioneered by researchers at UC Santa Barbara, the Kavli Institute of Nanoscience in Delft, the Netherlands, and the Ames Laboratory at Iowa State University could open the door to larger-scale, more accurate quantum computations.

GOES satellite movie tracked tornadic Texas trouble
A powerful weather system moved through eastern Texas and dropped at least 15 tornadoes in the Dallas suburbs.

Food science student team wins heart-healthy product development competition at Wellness 12
The Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) and CanolaInfo announced the winner of the Heart-Healthy Product Development Competition at the Institute of Food Technologists' Wellness 12 held in Rosemont, Ill.

Soy may alleviate hot flashes in menopause, large-scale study finds
In the most comprehensive study to date to examine the effects of soy on menopause, researchers found two daily servings of soy can reduce the frequency and severity of hot flashes by up to 26 percent.

Scientist awarded $1 million grant to develop tools for hepatitis C treatment discovery
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have been awarded just over $1 million from the National Institutes of Health for a three-year study to develop new high-throughput screening tests to find compounds that disable a protein essential to hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication.

Mobile technology helps explore nicotine addiction
Some people quit smoking on the first try while others have to quit repeatedly.

Income inequality and distrust foster academic dishonesty
College professors and students are in an arms race over cheating.

First targeted and programmable nanomedicine to show clinical antitumor effects published
BIND Biosciences published preclinical and clinical data in Science Translational Medicine showing promising effects in solid tumors and successful clinical translation of BIND-014, the first targeted and programmed nanomedicine to enter human clinical studies.

Penn to lead $10 million project on computer-assisted programming
The University of Pennsylvania will lead a $10 Million National Science Foundation project to make computer programming faster, easier and more intuitive.

Sexually abused boys at risk for more unsafe sex: UBC research
Young males who have been sexually abused are five times more likely to cause teen pregnancy compared to those with no abuse history, according to University of British Columbia research.

First targeted nanomedicine to enter human clinical studies
A team of scientists have found promising effects of a first-in-class targeted cancer drug called BIND-014 in treating solid tumors.

Vaccine yielded encouraging long-term survival rates in certain patients with NSCLC
Patients with nonprogressive disease had improved survival rates. 5-year survival rate for stage 3B/4 patients was 50 percent.
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