Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 09, 2012
UCSF artificial kidney project tapped for accelerated FDA program
A UCSF-led effort to create an implantable artificial kidney for dialysis patients has been selected as one of the first projects to undergo more timely and collaborative review at the Food and Drug Administration.

OceanScope: Private-science collaboration to provide critical ocean information
A partnership between the ocean-observing community and the global shipping industry will create a systematic long-term study of the ocean water column from surface to depth.

Diet may treat some gene mutations
Research published in the Genetics Society of America's journal Genetics uses a new technique, surrogate organism genetics that

Maternal obesity, diabetes associated with autism, other developmental disorders
A major study of the relationships between maternal metabolic conditions and the risk that a child will be born with a neurodevelopmental disorder has found strong links between maternal diabetes and obesity and the likelihood of having a child with autism or another developmental disability.

SDO and STEREO spot something new on the sun
One day in the fall of 2011, Neil Sheeley, a solar scientist at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, D.C., did what he always does - look through the daily images of the sun from NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory.

Sexual reproduction brings long-term benefits, study shows
Courtship rituals can be all-consuming, demanding time and effort - but now scientists have discovered why it might be worth it.

Social stress changes immune system gene expression in primates
The ranking of a monkey within her social environment and the stress accompanying that status dramatically alters the expression of nearly 1,000 genes, a new scientific study reports.

Nation's pediatric otolaryngologists to convene in San Diego April 18-22
The American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology (ASPO) will hold its annual meeting, April 18-22, during the 2012 Combined Otolaryngology Spring Meetings (COSM) -- a joint meeting of eight otolaryngological societies in San Diego.

Consumerism and its antisocial effects can be turned on -- or off
Money doesn't buy happiness. Neither does materialism: research shows that people who place a high value on wealth, status, and stuff are more depressed and anxious and less sociable than those who do not.

UCF scientists use nanotechnology to hunt for hidden pathogens
Researchers at the University of Central Florida have developed a novel technique that may give doctors a faster and more sensitive tool to detect pathogens associated with inflammatory bowel disease, including Crohn's disease.

UC graduate and undergraduate psychology research to be presented at national conference
University of Cincinnati student research will be discussed at a national conference dedicated to the advancement of treating anxiety disorders.

Stanford scientists search public databases, flag novel gene's key role in type 2 diabetes
Using computational methods, Stanford University School of Medicine investigators have strongly implicated a novel gene in the triggering of type 2 diabetes.

Researcher finds faster, cheaper way to cool electronic devices
A North Carolina State University researcher has developed a more efficient, less expensive way of cooling electronic devices - particularly devices that generate a lot of heat, such as lasers and power devices.

Job injuries among youth prompt calls for better safety standards
Dozens of American youth under the the age of 20 die on the job each year while thousands more are injured, according to a new report from the Colorado School of Public Health.

Countries' economy, health-care system linked to cholesterol rates
Countries with higher national income levels, lower out-of-pocket health-care costs, and high performing and efficient health systems tend to have lower rates of high cholesterol among people with a history of high cholesterol.

Kessler Foundation's Grafman to speak at Brain to Health Symposium in Dallas
Jordan Grafman, Ph.D., of Kessler Foundation is one of several distinguished scientists who will speak at the Reprogramming the Brain to Health Symposium at the University of Texas at Dallas on April 12.

Persistent ocular tremors appear to be associated with Parkinson disease
Persistent ocular tremors that prevent eye stability during fixation appear to be common among patients with Parkinson disease (PD) suggesting that precise oculomotor testing could provide an early physiological biomarker for diagnosing PD, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Neurology, a JAMA Network publication.

Opening the gate to robust quantum computing
Scientists have overcome a major hurdle facing quantum computing: How to protect quantum information from degradation by the environment while simultaneously performing computation in a solid-state quantum system.

New research speaks to educational challenges
Education research experts will unveil findings critical to the future of education at the upcoming AERA 2012 Annual Meeting.

Barbara Romanowicz wins top honor in seismology
Through the course of her career, Barbara Romanowicz has studied the Earth from its surface to its center, establishing herself as one of the most influential seismologists of her time.

From bench to bedside: NIH grant establishes cardiac clinical research center at UofL
Dr. Roberto Bolli has won a seven-year, $3.4 million grant from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute to establish one of seven regional centers across the United States in the Cardiac Cell Therapy Research Network (CCTRN).

Andy Michael honored for distinguished service to Seismological Society of America
For his service to the Seismological Society of America, Michael, a geophysicist with the US Geological Survey, will be honored with the Distinguished Service to SSA Award at an April 17 ceremony in San Diego.

Corneal thickness linked to early stage Fuchs' Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy
A national consortium of researchers has published new findings that could change the standard of practice for those treating Fuchs' Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy, a disease characterized by cornea swelling that can eventually lead to the need for corneal transplantation.

Immune cells, 'macrophages' become activated by body temperature
Professor Makoto TOMINAGA from National Institute for Physiological Sciences and his research team member Ms.

New poll shows New York voters support global health research but unsure where it is conducted
New York voters recognize the importance of global health research and are concerned about the United States' ability to compete globally, according to a new poll commissioned by Research!America, yet an overwhelming majority (93 percent) of those polled don't know where global health research is conducted in their own state.

Kudos for 3 NJIT Enterprise Development Center high-tech companies
Three high-tech companies based at NJIT's Enterprise Development Center took top awards at the recent 2012 Venture Conference sponsored by the New Jersey Technology Council.

High-resolution atomic imaging of specimens in liquid by TEM using graphene liquid cell
The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology announced that a research team from the Department of Materials Science and Engineering has developed a technology that enables scientists and engineers to observe processes occurring in liquid media on the smallest possible scale which is less than a nanometer.

New finding offers neurological support for Adam Smith's 'theories of morality'
The part of the brain we use when engaging in egalitarian behavior may also be linked to a larger sense of morality, researchers have found.

Study reports 2-year outcomes of diabetic macular edema treatment
A randomized controlled trial involving patients with persistent clinically significant diabetic macular edema (swelling of the retina) suggests the greater efficacy of bevacizumab compared with macular laser therapy that was previously demonstrated at 12 months was maintained through 24 months, according to a report published online first by Archives of Ophthalmology, a JAMA Network publication.

Mayo Clinic launches whole genome breast cancer study
Researchers will use tumor and patient genomes to find new therapies and drugs for individual patients.

Offering lung cancer screening as an insurance benefit would save lives at a relatively low cost
Results of a large, randomized, controlled trial conducted by Rush University Medical Center scientist Dr.

A bit touchy: Plants' insect defenses activated by touch
A study by Rice University scientists reveals that plants can use the sense of touch to fight off fungal infections and insects.

Breast cancer patients suffer treatment-related side effects long after completing care
More than 60 percent of breast cancer survivors report at least one treatment-related complication even six years after their diagnosis, according to a new study led by a researcher from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Bowman provides strategies to engage public with climate change solutions
Tom Bowman, president of Bowman Global Change and climate science communication expert, will speak at the upcoming International Polar Year 2012 .

MU researchers find identical DNA codes in different plant species
A multi-disciplinary team of University of Missouri researchers solved a major biological question by using a groundbreaking computer algorithm to find identical DNA sequences in different plant and animal species.

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about an article being published in the April 10 online issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

Students focus on creating a better cervical collar
Rice University students have invented a cervical collar they hope will be a better and safer version of those used to stabilize the heads and necks of accident victims.

NYU School of Medicine presents 2012 Dart/NYU Biotechnology Achievement Awards
The Biotechnology Study Center of NYU School of Medicine will hold its 12th annual awards symposium on April 9, 2012, to honor three outstanding leaders in biomedical research.

Iowa State researchers find, test winds extending far away from Alabama tornado's path
Christopher Karstens, an Iowa State University doctoral student from Atlantic, was studying a deadly Alabama tornado when he noticed high winds from the storm traveled along valleys and knocked down trees.

Researchers identify genes that may help in ovarian cancer diagnosis and prognosis
Scientists from Duke University Medical Center have determined that genes acting as molecular

Heart failure patients with diabetes may benefit from higher glucose levels
A new UCLA study found that for advanced heart failure patients with diabetes, having higher blood glucose levels may actually help improve survival rates.

Media registration now open for TCT 2012
TCT 2012 (Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics) is the annual scientific symposium of the Cardiovascular Research Foundation.

Penn study cautions use of drugs to block 'niacin flush'
In work published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation this month, researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, question the wisdom of blocking a receptor in patients prone to cardiovascular disease, especially those taking niacin.

800-year-old farmers could teach us how to protect the Amazon
In the face of mass deforestation of the Amazon, we could learn from its earliest inhabitants who managed their farmland sustainably.

2 genetic deletions in human genome linked to the development of aggressive prostate cancer
An international research team led by Weill Cornell Medical College investigators have discovered two inherited-genetic deletions in the human genome linked to development of aggressive prostate cancer.

UCSB study shows forest insects and diseases arrive in US via imported plants
The importation of plants from around the world has become a major industry in the United States, valued at more than $500 million.

Novel compound demonstrates anti-leukemic effect in zebrafish, shows promise for human treatment
A novel anti-leukemia compound with little toxicity successfully treated zebrafish with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), suggesting its potential to become a new highly targeted therapy for humans -- even those resistant to conventional therapies -- according to results from a study published online today in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology (ASH).

Life expectancy may affect when you get married, divorced, have kids: Queen's University study
Major life decisions such as marriage, divorce, abortion, having a child and attending university may be subconsciously influenced by how long people believe they will live, according to a Queen's University study.

American College of Cardiology cites new USF Simulation Center for Training Excellence
The American College of Cardiology has designated the USF Health Center of Advanced Learning and Simulation as its first Center of Excellence in Education and Training.

Social stress that molds monkey immune system helps researchers understand how stress affects humans
If a monkey's social status changes, her immune system changes along with it say researchers who conducted the study with rhesus macaques at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center.

GSA North-Central Section Meeting: Change through Time
Geoscientists from across the north-central US and beyond will convene in Dayton, Ohio, on 23-24 April to discuss new science, expand on existing science, and explore the geologic wonders of the region.

Normalizing tumor blood vessels improves delivery of only the smallest nanomedicines
Combining two strategies designed to improve the results of cancer treatment - antiangiogenesis drugs and nanomedicines - may only be successful if the smallest nanomedicines are used.

Loss of predators in Northern Hemisphere affecting ecosystem health
A survey done on the loss in the Northern Hemisphere of large predators, particularly wolves, concludes that current populations of moose, deer, and other large herbivores far exceed their historic levels and are contributing to disrupted ecosystems.

A better tool to diagnose tuberculosis
Up to 30 percent of the world's population is infected with tuberculosis, but in many areas of the world, TB diagnosis still relies on insensitive, poorly standardized, and time-consuming methods.

'uok?' Text messages can soothe the disconnected soul
Text messaging often gets a bad rap for contributing to illiteracy and high-risk behavior such as reckless driving.

Genetic regulator of fat metabolism and muscle fitness discovered
While exercise is accepted universally as the most beneficial prescription physicians can write for patients, little is known about the molecular mechanisms that generate its widespread health benefits.

What's in a name?
Does the growing number of psychiatric disorder diagnoses have an effect on people with mental illnesses?

Head and body lice appear to be the same species, genetic study finds
A new study offers compelling genetic evidence that head and body lice are the same species.

Study examines adherence to colorectal cancer screening recommendations
Patients for whom colonoscopy was recommended were less likely to complete colorectal cancer screening than those patients for whom fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) was recommended or those patients who were given a choice between FOBT or colonoscopy, according to a study published in the April 9 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Caution needed when curbing overuse of healthcare resources, study suggests
In the current hyper-charged United States healthcare debate, the focus on lowering cost without compromising quality of care remains a priority.

800-year-old farmers could teach us how to protect the Amazon
In the face of mass deforestation of the Amazon, recent findings indicate that we could learn from its earliest inhabitants who managed their farmland sustainably.

Cancer patients prefer risky treatments with larger rewards to 'safe bets'
The overwhelming majority of cancer patients prefer riskier treatments that offer the possibility of longer survival over safer treatments.

Rapid method of assembling new gene-editing tool could revolutionize genetic research
Development of a new way to make a powerful tool for altering gene sequences should greatly increase the ability of researchers to knock out or otherwise alter the expression of any gene they are studying.

Digestibility and nutritional value of whey co-products for weanling pigs
New research from the University of Illinois sheds light on the nutritional value of whey powder and whey permeate as a lactose source for pigs.

New report assesses impact of climate change on forest diseases
Climate change is projected to have far-reaching environmental impacts both domestically and abroad.

Summer temperature variability may increase mortality risk for elderly with chronic disease
New research from Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) suggests that seemingly small changes in summer temperature swings -- as little as 1°C more than usual -- may shorten life expectancy for elderly people with chronic medical conditions, and could result in thousands of additional deaths each year.

23andMe identifies 5 significant genetic associations for hypothyroidism
23andMe used its unique online platform to find five significant genetic associations for hypothyroidism in the largest known GWAS of hypothyroidism conducted to date.

Changes in monkeys' social status affect their genes
A female's social status affects how her genes turn on and off, and those who rank higher tend to be healthier -- so long as their social status doesn't decline, according to a study of rhesus macaques published in the April 9 Proceedings of the National Academy of Science.

JCI early table of contents for April 9, 2012
This press release contains a list and links to the research articles to be published by the Journal of Clinical Investigation on April 9, 2012.

'Nanobubbles' plus chemotherapy equals single-cell cancer targeting
Using light-harvesting nanoparticles to convert laser energy into

Black flies may have a purpose after all
Black flies drink blood and spread disease such as river blindness -- creating misery with their presence.

Report says new evidence could tip the balance in aspirin cancer prevention care
A new report by American Cancer Society scientists says new data showing aspirin's potential role in reducing the risk of cancer death bring us considerably closer to the time when cancer prevention can be included in clinical guidelines for the use of aspirin in preventative care.

On the move
Cells on the move reach forward with lamellipodia and filopodia, cytoplasmic sheets and rods supported by branched networks or tight bundles of actin filaments.

Moving towards a better treatment for autoimmune diabetes
Insulin is required for the regulation of blood sugar levels.

Loyola study debunks common myth that urine is sterile
Researchers have determined that bacteria are present in the bladders of some healthy women, which discredits the common belief that normal urine is sterile.
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