Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 13, 2012
Changes in gene expression may help explain high blood pressure in pregnancy
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine researchers have discovered that changes in the gene expression of a key enzyme may contribute to high blood pressure and increase susceptibility to forming blood clots in pregnant women with preeclampsia.

3D planning tool for the city of tomorrow
Noise levels, fine particulate matter, traffic volumes - these data are of interest to urban planners and residents alike.

ORNL microscopy inspires flexoelectric theory behind 'material on the brink'
Electron microscopy, conducted as part of the Shared Research Equipment User Program at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, has led to a new theory to explain intriguing properties in a material with potential applications in capacitors and actuators.

Workshop on optical wireless applications planned
Improved security, the absence of electromagnetic interference, a solution to the current spectrum crunch and energy efficiency are a few of the topics that will be discussed at the first meeting of the Industry/University Cooperative Research Center on Optical Wireless Applications, a joint project of Penn State and the Georgia Institute of Technology funded by the National Science Foundation.

Implantable medical device is designed to warn patients of impending heart attack
HF/E researchers study the benefits of the AngelMed GuardianĀ®, an implantable medical device designed to alert users about a potential heart attack through a combination of vibrations, audible tones, and visual warnings.

UF receives $1 million from Keck Foundation to study mechanisms of inherited disease
A new idea challenges conventional understanding of how proteins in cells are made, and their impact on inherited diseases.

Loyola Stritch, Niehoff students receive prestigious Schweitzer Fellowships
Students from Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine and Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing were recently selected for prestigious Schweitzer Fellowships.

Scientists determined first-ever census for emperor penguins
A new study using satellite mapping technology reveals there are twice as many emperor penguins in Antarctica than previously thought.

Direct transfer of plant genes from chloroplasts into the cell nucleus
Gene function preserved despite structural differences in the DNA.

Exercise improves quality of life during breast cancer treatment
According to a University of Miami study, women who are physically active during treatment have less depression and an enhanced quality of life and report less debilitating fatigue.

Strengthening the European Research Area: What does science need to flourish?
At the ISE Conference Strengthening the European Research Area they will discuss the question,

UC Berkeley passes management of Allen Telescope Array to SRI
UC Berkeley operated Hat Creek Radio Observatory for 50 years, making seminal contributions to galactic astronomy and, since 2007, operating the Allen Telescope Array to search for intelligent life in space.

MSRI receives 2012 Mathematics Programs that Make a Difference Award
The Mathematical Sciences Research Institute is receiving the 2012 award for its

NYU Langone experts present research, clinical advances at neurosurgeons meeting
Neurosurgeons from NYU Langone Medical Center will present research and discuss surgical approaches and use of new technologies to treat neurosurgical conditions at the annual meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, held April 14-18, 2012 in Miami Beach, FL.

Study: Reasons for suspension and expulsion complex, race still central
An Indiana University study shows that race continues to be an important factor in determining who receives out-of-school suspension and expulsion, and that racial disparities in school discipline are most likely due more to school characteristics than to the characteristics of behaviors or students.

What's in a surname? New study explores what the evolution of names reveals about China
What can surnames tell us about the culture, genetics and history of our society?

A thesis dealing with the history of the potato in the Basque Country
Today, the potato is firmly established in our diet, but in actual fact it has only been with us for little more than two centuries, and at first it was not even appreciated as a foodstuff.

Discovery could help to develop drugs for organ transplant and cancer patients
Researchers are reporting surprising findings about a molecule that helps ramp up the immune system in some cases and suppress it in others.

Hogg named to National Academy of Engineering
Richard Hogg, professor emeritus of mineral processing and geo-environmental engineering, was elected to membership in the National Academy of Engineering.

Ocean acidification linked with larval oyster failure in hatcheries
A study by the scientists found that increased seawater carbon dioxide levels, resulting in more corrosive ocean water, inhibited the larval oysters from developing their shells and growing at a pace that would make commercial production cost-effective.

Symptomatic behaviour in childhood strongly predicts psychiatric treatment as a young adult
A survey on the mental health of eight-year-old children could help identify those individuals who are highly likely to require psychiatric treatment in their teens or early adulthood.

Loyola Cancer Center receives Outstanding Achievement Award
Loyola University Health System's Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center has received an Outstanding Achievement Award from the Commission on Cancer of the American College of Surgeons.

Russia declares 'Land of the Leopard' National Park
The Wildlife Conservation Society commends the Russian government for creating a new national park to protect critically endangered Amur tigers and the world's rarest big cat: The Far Eastern leopard.

New tool helps teachers use technology more effectively
A University of British Columbia researcher has piloted a tool to help elementary and secondary school science teachers get the most out of new classroom technologies.

NASA's Swift monitors departing Comet Garradd
An outbound comet that provided a nice show for skywatchers late last year is the target of an ongoing investigation by NASA's Swift satellite.

Charter schools spend more on administration than traditional public schools
While charter school advocates criticize public school bureaucracies as bloated and wasteful, it turns out that charters spend more on administration and less on instruction than traditional public schools, according to a new study led by a Michigan State University scholar.

UCSF project yields major resource for scientific research
Now scientists at the University of California, San Francisco Diabetes Center and the Gladstone Institute for Cardiovascular Disease have assembled a large publicly available resource to help researchers determine the importance of genes in mice and better gauge what roles they might play in disease.

Detecting material defects in ship propellers
Ship propellers are as large as a single-family home - and manufacturing them is quite a challenge.

European dung-fly females all aflutter for large males
European dung fly females prefer large males, making them the driving selective force behind the rare phenomenon in insects of large males and small females.

Mayo Clinic neurosurgeons to present at American Association of Neurologic Surgeons Meeting
Mayo Clinic researchers will present findings on stroke and aneurysm treatments and other neurosurgery research at the American Association of Neurological Surgeons annual scientific meeting April 14-18 in Miami.

Children teaching parents about Aboriginal culture: UBC study
In a unique role reversal, children in literacy programs for indigenous families are learning about Aboriginal culture and language and teaching it to their parents -- many of whom are missing this knowledge because of Canada's history of residential schools and child welfare removal policies.

Scientists complete first-ever emperor penguin count from space
There are twice as many emperor penguins in Antarctica than was previously thought, according to a new study released today by an international team of researchers using high-resolution satellite mapping technology.

Water, water everywhere - but is it essential to life?
New research by scientists at the University of Bristol has challenged one of the key beliefs in chemistry: that proteins are dependent on water to survive and function.

ABET names NJIT civil engineer and fellow to prestigious commission
A Fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers and university lecturer at NJIT, John A.

Global cardiology leaders meet in Dubai
Sophia Antipolis, April 13, 2012: European Society of Cardiology leaders will be present at the World Congress of Cardiology in Dubai to help raise awareness of the global burden of cardiovascular disease.

AGU: Uranus auroras glimpsed from Earth
For the first time, scientists have captured images of auroras above the giant ice planet Uranus, finding further evidence of just how peculiar a world that distant planet is.

ONR demonstrates technology tools, scientific outreach at Sea-Air-Space show
Aspiring pilots can try their hand at landing on simulated aircraft carrier decks when the Office of Naval Research sets up shop April 16-18 at the Sea Air Space Exposition in National Harbor, Md.

Cyberbullying and bullying are not the same: UBC research
University of British Columbia research comparing traditional bullying with cyberbullying finds that the dynamics of online bullying are different, suggesting that anti-bullying programs need specific interventions to target online aggression.

Scientists count penguins from space
A new study using satellite mapping technology reveals there are twice as many emperor penguins in Antarctica than was previously thought.

Topological transitions in metamaterials
A University of Alberta researcher is closer to understanding some of the exotic electronic properties in matter using optical analogues.

DNA repair pathway score for predicting chemotherapy response in ovarian cancer patients
A DNA repair pathway-focused score has the potential to help determine if first-line platinum based chemotherapy can benefit advanced-stage ovarian cancer patients, according to a study published April 13 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
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