Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 20, 2012
Marine scientists urge government to reassess oil spill response
On the second anniversary of the Deepwater Horizon blowout, a national panel of researchers including University of Georgia marine scientist Samantha Joye is urging the federal government to reassess how it would respond to similar oil spills that might occur in the future.

Khan Academy and 23andMe partner to promote genetics education on DNA Day
Khan Academy, the world's online classroom, and leading personal genetics company 23andMe, are promoting genetics education.

Alcohol use in Bollywood movies impacting alcohol use among Indian adolescents
Alcohol use in Bollywood movies is directly influencing the drinking habits of India's adolescents, according to a new study presented today at the World Congress of Cardiology in Dubai.

Largest-ever risk factor study in India identifies cardiovascular disease epidemic causes
The Indian Heart Watch study has revealed the truth behind the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of key risk factors that are driving the country's growing cardiovascular disease epidemic, in a first-of-a-kind presentation of data at the World Congress of Cardiology today.

New genetic mechanism of immune deficiency discovered
Researchers at National Jewish Health have discovered a mutation in the gene Unc119, which causes an immune deficiency known as CD4 lymphopenia.

UTMB scientist awarded $150,000 by March of Dimes
The March of Dimes Foundation has chosen University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston assistant professor Muge Kuyumcu-Martinez to receive a two-year, $150,000 Basil O'Connor Starter Scholar Award.

Scientists find Achilles' heel in life-threatening malaria parasites
Scientists have identified a link between different strains of malaria parasites that cause severe disease, which could help develop vaccines or drugs against life-threatening cases of the infection.

Women don't receive the same treatment as men for heart disease the world-over
Women with acute coronary syndrome receive inferior or less aggressive treatment compared to men, according to three large studies presented today at the World Congress of Cardiology.

Range of diagnostic spinal fluid tests needed to differentiate concurrent brain diseases
In a series of studies being presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 64th Annual Meeting in New Orleans, researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania demonstrated that, while tests created for Alzheimer's disease are effectively diagnosing the condition when it's clear cut, additional tests are needed to address the many cases with mixed pathology.

Fat outside of arteries may influence onset of coronary artery disease
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati have confirmed that fat surrounding the outside of arteries in humans -- particularly the left coronary artery -- may influence the onset of coronary artery disease, or atherosclerosis, which is the leading cause of death in the US.

Omega-3 fatty acids may help to reduce the physical harm caused by smoking
Omega-3 fatty acids may help to reduce the physical harm caused by smoking, according to a new study presented today at the World Congress of Cardiology.

ALS patients differ on treatment choices in later phases of disease
In two new studies analyzing treatment decisions in late-stage amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients, researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania found that delaying one treatment resulted in not living long enough to experience the benefits.

AADR comments on review that validates association between oral health and heart health
Today, the American Association for Dental Research (AADR) acknowledged the very comprehensive review of the literature undertaken by the American Heart Association (AHA) on the relationship between periodontal disease and heart disease.

Scripps research wins $10.2 million grant to develop new therapies for eye diseases
A team led by a scientist from the Scripps Research Institute has been awarded a five-year, $10.2 million grant from the National Eye Institute to develop a new type of treatment for diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, and other common vision disorders.

Penn Presbyterian Medical Center receives prominent Magnet recognition for superior patient care
PPMC has achieved Magnet status -- the highest institutional honor awarded for nursing excellence -- from the ANCC Magnet Recognition Program.

Warwick scientists uncover how 'checkpoint' proteins bind chromosomes
Research from the University of Warwick pinpoints the precise mechanism by which spindle checkpoint proteins bind chromosomes.

Clinical news alert from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
This press release highlights orthopaedic research studies appearing in the April 18 issue of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, as well as the issue's full table of contents.

Study finds that mild winters are detrimental to butterflies
A new study by Jessica Hellmann, associate professor of biological sciences at the University of Notre Dame, and researchers from Western University found that mild winters, such as the one many of us just experienced, can be taxing for some butterfly or possibly other species,

WSU announces $5 million investment to support organic ag, model farm
Washington State University took another giant step in becoming the world's model for research, teaching and extension in organic and sustainable agriculture thanks to a $5 million donor investment announced here this afternoon.

SEBM Young Investigator Awards for 2012
The Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine is pleased to announce the 2012 winners of the Young Investigator Award.

SEBM Best Paper Awards for articles published in 2011
SEBM is pleased to announce the winners of the Best Paper Awards for articles published in the journal Experimental Biology and Medicine during 2011.

Virginia Tech spin-off company MiserWare offers free product to measure carbon footprint
MiserWare, a spin-off company of Virginia Tech's college of engineering, is launching a free product that allows companies or individuals to measure their carbon footprint in terms of total power usage.

Exercise helps smokers to quit smoking, to remain smoke-free and to reduce the risk of death
Exercise may help smokers to quit and remain smoke-free, according to new data presented today at the World Congress of Cardiology.

International conference to explore health of descendants of transatlantic slave trade
The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health will host the first major international conference on the health of the descendants of the Transatlantic Slave Trade.

Meat eating behind humans' spreading over the globe
Carnivory is behind the evolutionary success of humankind. When early humans started to eat meat and eventually hunt, their new, higher-quality diet meant that women could wean their children earlier.

Your left side is your best side
Your best side may be your left cheek, according to a new study by Kelsey Blackburn and James Schirillo from Wake Forest University in the US.

Women with heart disease more likely to have baby girls
Women with heart disease are more likely to give birth to female rather than male babies according to a new study presented today at the World Congress of Cardiology.

Depression linked to greater risk of peripheral artery disease
Depression may be associated with an increased risk of arterial narrowing in the legs and pelvis, a condition known as peripheral artery disease, according to research presented at the American Heart Association's Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 2012 Scientific Sessions in Chicago.

Single-neuron observations mark steps in Alzheimer's disease
Studying a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease, neuroscientists at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen have observed correlations between increases in both soluble and plaque-forming beta-amyloid -- a protein implicated in the disease process -- and dysfunctional developments on several levels: individual cortical neurons, neuronal circuits, sensory cognition, and behavior.

Internal medicine physician specialists release policy paper on reforming Medicaid
A dozen recommendations to ensure that Medicare beneficiaries have access to high-quality, coordinated care were provided today by the American College of Physicians.

Regenstrief and IU conduct first study of screening for cognitive impairment in hospitals
Neither screening for cognitive impairment nor screening followed by computerized alerts to the health care team improved patient outcome according to the first randomized, controlled study of care provided to hospitalized patients with cognitive impairment according to a Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University study.

Researcher awarded $1 million for stress-associated disease and aging research
A scientist from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute has been awarded just over $1 million from the National Institutes of Health to develop a range of new tests that could lead to new treatments for a number of stress-associated and degenerative disorders of advancing age.

SEBM Distinguished Scientist Awards for 2012
The Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine has established the Distinguished Scientist Award to recognize biomedical scientists whose seminal research accomplishments have established them as leaders in biomedicine, and who have made significant contributions to SEBM.

Cardiovascular disease risk of high normal blood pressure decreases in old age
High normal blood pressure becomes less of a risk factor for incident cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease with age, according to a new study presented today at the World Congress of Cardiology.

Study finds soda consumption increases overall stroke risk
Researchers from Cleveland Clinic's Wellness Institute and Harvard University have found that greater consumption of sugar-sweetened and low-calorie sodas is associated with a higher risk of stroke.

NJIT electrical engineers feature talks on MIMO radar, optical-OFDM, more
NJIT's Center for Wireless Communications and Signal Processing Research showcased earlier this week the research of six doctoral students.

Fracking and Health Impact Assessments -- IOM hosts workshop April 30 and May 1
Public health was not part of the initial discussions about shale gas extraction and as a result there is little information about any health impacts of the technologies and process.

Early treatment improves outcomes in rare, often undiagnosed form of encephalitis
A mysterious, difficult-to-diagnose, and potentially deadly disease that was only recently discovered can be controlled most effectively if treatment is started within the first month that symptoms occur, according to a new report by researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

Tackling the European market of nanoimprint lithography
The development of new applications based on nanoimprinting techniques is evolving rapidly.

Low-cost optical components through nanoimprinting lithography
The development of new applications based on nanoimprinting techniques is evolving at a rapid pace.The European project NAPANIL deals exactly with this topic, i.e., nanopatterning, production and applications based on nanoimprinting lithography.

History is key factor in plant disease virulence
The virulence of plant-borne diseases depends on not just the particular strain of a pathogen, but on where the pathogen has been before landing in its host, according to new research results.

New genes contributing to autism and related neurodevelopmental disorders uncovered
Researchers have utilized new sequencing strategies to reveal chromosome abnormalities associated with autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders.

Physicians call for improvements to country's public health system to protect US residents
A call for an improved public health infrastructure that works collaboratively with physicians in order to ensure the public's safety and health was made today by the American College of Physicians (ACP).

Potato consumption lower than expected
Calorie intake from white potatoes is surprisingly modest for adults and school-aged children, according to a new study released today at the Experimental Biology 2012 Annual Meeting.

The psychology of the left-turn lane: How human behavior influences traffic patterns
University of Arizona traffic engineer Yi-Chang Chiu has embarked on a three-year traffic modeling research project to replace the 1950s model still used to forecast current transportation needs.

Doctors find cochlear implants restore hearing in rare disorder
Clinical researchers from University Hospitals Case Medical Center report that cochlear implantation provides an effective and safe way of restoring hearing in patients with far advanced otosclerosis, a hereditary condition that can lead to severe hearing loss.

NASA sees slow-developing System 99P dogging Northern Australia
NASA satellites have been monitoring the slow-to-develop low pressure area called System 99P for four days as it lingers in the Arafura Sea, north Australia's Northern Territory.

Freeing loggerhead turtles comes at a price
A team of scientists from Catalonia and the Balearic Islands has studied loggerhead turtles' re-adaptation to the environment.

NCEAS researchers offer new ecological model for deep-water oil spills
On the second anniversary of the Deepwater Horizon oil platform blowout, a national panel of researchers is providing new insight into what happened in the disaster, as well as a guide for how to deal with such events in the future, and why existing tools were inadequate to predict what lay before them.

Global ignorance of tobacco's harm to cardiovascular health costing lives
A report released today at the World Heart Federation World Congress of Cardiology in Dubai reveals significant gaps in public awareness regarding the cardiovascular risks of tobacco use and secondhand smoke.

IceCube Neutrino Observatory provides new insights into origin of cosmic rays
Analysis of data from the IceCube Neutrino Observatory, a massive detector deployed in deep ice at the US Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station in Antarctica at the geographic South Pole, recently provided new insight into one of the most enduring mysteries in physics, the production of cosmic rays.

Hinode and SOHO paint an asymmetrical picture of the sun
Approximately every 11 years the magnetic field on the sun reverses completely -- the north magnetic pole switches to south, and vice versa.

Stopping smoking is hard despite success of smoke-free legislation
The successful implementation of smoke-free legislation in Hong Kong has led to an overall decrease in the total number of smokers but the remaining smokers who are finding it difficult to quit are going on to become
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