Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 22, 2012
New technique may help severely damaged nerves regrow and restore function
Engineers at the University of Sheffield have developed a method of assisting nerves damaged by traumatic accidents to repair naturally, which could improve the chances of restoring sensation and movement in injured limbs.

U of I study: Soy protein alleviates symptoms of fatty liver disease
University of Illinois scientists report that soy protein may significantly reduce fat accumulation and triglycerides in the livers of obese persons.

University of Illinois study shows soy protein alleviates symptoms of fatty liver disease
A research team will report this week how soy protein could significantly reduce fat accumulation and triglycerides in the livers of obese patients by partially restoring the function of a key signaling pathway in the organ.

Treatment to benefit African infants at risk of endemic fever
Thousands of preschool children in Africa could benefit from access to treatment for an endemic disease, after tests showed infants to be at high risk of infection.

Obtaining key nutrients from canned foods can save consumers money
Amid the steady drumbeat from nutrition experts and others to consume a healthier diet -- particularly one rich in fruits and vegetables -- there often is a bias to eat more of the fresh variety for optimal nutrition.

Avocado oil: The 'olive oil of the Americas'?
Many studies of antioxidants in vegetables and fruits have had few encouraging results.

Not all today's students are 'tech savvy'
A small minority of today's university students don't use e-mail and others are confused by the array of technologies available at universities.

Forensic science used to determine who's who in pre-Columbian Peru
Analysis of ancient mitochondrial DNA has been used to establish migration and population patterns for American indigenous cultures during the time before Christopher Columbus sailed to the Americas.

New yeast prion helps cells survive
One of the greatest mysterious in cellular biology has been given a new twist thanks to findings reported in Science.

Unusual protein helps regulate key cell communication pathway
Charged atoms, or ions, move through tiny pores, or channels, embedded in cell membranes, generating the electrical signals that allow cells to communicate with one another.

Keeping older drivers on the road
Experts at Newcastle University, UK, are designing new systems to help older people drive safely for longer in an effort to help them retain their independence.

Avocado oil: The 'olive oil of the Americas'?
Many studies of antioxidants in vegetables and fruits have had few encouraging results.

'Housekeeping' mechanism for brain stem cells discovered
Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center have identified a molecular pathway that controls the retention and release of the brain's stem cells.

Innovative ideas flourish in pilot program to promote vaccination in developing nations
Armed with creative ideas and a modest Canadian grant, a committed, courageous group of vaccine advocates will venture into Pakistan's notorious SWAT district to fight deadly diseases and ignorance of vaccines and their benefits.

Estrogen hormone reveals protective ability after traumatic brain injury
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center scientist is the first to demonstrate that estrone provides anti-inflammatory and antioxidant capabilities after traumatic brain injury.

Second-generation drug used for hypertension aids heart function independent of blood pressure
A study of the anti-hypertensive drug moxonidine finds, in an animal model, that the drug can improve heart function and survival independent of its effect on blood pressure.

NIH scientists link quickly spreading gene to Asian MRSA epidemic
NIH scientists and their colleagues in China have described a rapidly emerging Staphylococcus aureus gene, called sasX, which plays a pivotal role in establishing methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) epidemics in most of Asia.

Climate change may create price volatility in the corn market, say Stanford and Purdue researchers
Corn, America's No. 1 crop, could see its prime growing region shift to the Canadian border or its price volatility increase sharply within 30 years.

Seeking HIV treatment clues in the neem tree
The neem tree of India is known as the

Controlling heat flow with atomic-level precision
Through a combination of atomic-scale materials design and ultrafast measurements, researchers at the University of Illinois have revealed new insights about how heat flows across an interface between two materials.

Compressed sensing allows super-resolution microscopy imaging of live cell structures
Researchers have advanced scientists' ability to view a clear picture of a single cellular structure in motion.

What did the scientist say to the sommelier? 'Show me the proof!'
What does lemon pan sauce chicken have to do with biochemistry and molecular biology?

Army researcher develops potential vaccine carrier
An Army researcher will present findings this week on a new potential vaccine carrier that he hopes will extend the shelf life of and aid in the stockpiling of critical vaccines.

Neuroscientists discover key protein responsible for controlling nerve cell protection
A key protein, which may be activated to protect nerve cells from damage during heart failure or epileptic seizure, has been found to regulate the transfer of information between nerve cells in the brain.

A new diagnosis for Frida Kahlo's infertility
Though Frida Kahlo's haunting self-portraits focus largely on anatomy and failed reproduction attempts, little attention has been paid to Kahlo's own body and infertility.

Research shows why 1 bacterial infection is so deadly in cystic fibrosis patients
The bacterium Burkholderia cenocepacia is harmless in healthy people but causes a severe and persistent lung infection in cystic fibrosis patients and is resistant to nearly all known antibiotics.

Chemists explain the molecular workings of promising fuel cell electrolyte
Researchers from New York University and the Max Planck Institute in Stuttgart reveal how protons move in phosphoric acid in a Nature Chemistry study that sheds new light on the workings of a promising fuel cell electrolyte.

Life imitates art in health-care recruitment workshop
Renowned Mexican artist Frida Kahlo's artwork is explored from a medical humanities perspective in a workshop entitled

Specific protein triggers changes in neurons in brain reward center linked to cocaine addiction
New research from Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York reveals that repeated exposure to cocaine decreases the activity of a protein necessary for normal functioning of the brain's reward system, thus enhancing the reward for cocaine use, which leads to addiction.
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