Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 29, 2012
Unruly kids may have a mental disorder
Thomas R. Insel, MD, director of the National Institute of Mental Health, will discuss signs of mental illnesses in young children and the importance of early diagnosis and intervention in his presentation,

Driven to distraction
It's well-known that using a cell phone while driving can lead to motor vehicle crashes.

Apartment dwellers often subjected to neighbors' tobacco smoke
Noisy neighbors and broken-down elevators are common downsides of apartment living.

Orangutans harbor ancient primate Alu
Alu elements infiltrated the ancestral primate genome about 65 million years ago.

Breastfeeding is associated with a healthy infant gut
Early colonization of the gut by microbes in infants is critical for development of their intestinal tract and in immune development.

TV alcohol advertising may play role in underage drinking
Minors who were familiar with television alcohol advertisements were more likely to have tried alcoholic beverages and binge drink than those who could not recall seeing such ads, according to a study to be presented Sunday, April 29, at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in Boston.

Being left out puts youths with special needs at risk for depression
The challenges that come with battling a chronic medical condition or developmental disability are enough to get a young person down.

Teen-led study highlights dangers of texting and driving
Some people have questioned whether a ban on texting while driving will actually lead to more crashes because drivers will conceal their cell phones, making it more dangerous to read and type messages.

2 drugs better than 1 to treat youth with type 2 diabetes
A combination of two diabetes drugs, metformin and rosiglitazone, was more effective in treating youth with recent-onset type 2 diabetes than metformin alone, a study funded by the National Institutes of Health has found.

Gladstone scientists identify brain circuitry associated with addictive, depressive behaviors
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have determined how specific circuitry in the brain controls not only body movement but also motivation and learning, providing new insight into neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease -- and psychiatric disorders such as addiction and depression.

Yellowstone 'super-eruption' less super, more frequent than thought
The Yellowstone

Familiarity with television fast-food ads linked to obesity
There is a long-held concern that youths who eat a lot of fast food are at risk for becoming overweight.

A middle-ear microphone
Cochlear implants have restored basic hearing to some 220,000 deaf people, yet a microphone and related electronics must be worn outside the head, raising reliability issues, preventing patients from swimming and creating social stigma.

Fight or flight: Violent teens may be following parents' lead
While it may be cute when a 3-year-old imitates his parent's bad behavior, when adolescents do so, it's no longer a laughing matter.

Pacific islands may become refuge for corals in a warming climate, study finds
Scientists have predicted that ocean temperatures will rise in the equatorial Pacific by the end of the century, wreaking havoc on coral reef ecosystems.

Huge study finds brain networks connected to teen drug abuse
In the largest imaging study of the human brain ever conducted -- involving 1,896 14-year-olds -- scientists have discovered networks that go a long way toward explaining why some teenagers start experimenting with drugs and alcohol.

Single nanomaterial yields many laser colors
Engineers at Brown University and QD Vision Inc. have created nanoscale single crystals that can produce the red, green, or blue laser light needed in digital displays.

Bioluminescent technology for easy tracking of GMO
New research published in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Biotechnology shows that products from genetically modified crops can be identified at low concentration, using bioluminescent real time reporter technology and loop mediated isothermal amplification.

London 2012 Olympics: New technology will be used to measure impact of extra traffic
University of Leicester research announced as part of Universities Week campaign.

Mom's stress during pregnancy can affect baby's iron status
Newborns whose mothers are under stress during the first trimester of pregnancy may be at risk for low iron status, which could lead to physical and mental delays down the road, according to a study to be presented Sunday, April 29, at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in Boston.
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