Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 02, 2012
At smallest scale, liquid crystal behavior portends new materials
Liquid crystals, the state of matter that makes possible the flat screen technology now commonly used in televisions and computers, may have some new technological tricks in store.

Customer satisfaction lies somewhere between pleasure and pain
A new paper by Kyle Murray, a marketing researcher with the Alberta School of Business, puts a spin on the expression

After epic debate, avian flu research sees light of day
After a marathon debate over a pair of studies that show how the avian H5N1 influenza virus could become transmissible in mammals, and an unprecedented recommendation by a government review panel to block publication, one of the studies was finally and fully published today in the journal Nature.

First-of-its-kind study reveals surprising ecological effects of earthquake and tsunami
The reappearance of long-forgotten habitats and the resurgence of species unseen for years may not be among the expected effects of a natural disaster.

Desperate fishwives
We're often told that males are eager and females coy.

Low-dose whole-body CT finds disease missed on standard imaging for patients with multiple myeloma
Low-dose whole-body CT is nearly four times better than radiographic skeletal survey, the standard of care in the US, for determining the extent of disease in patients with multiple myeloma, a new study shows.

First 'microsubmarines' designed to help clean up oil spills
Scientists are reporting development and successful testing of the first self-propelled

Genes may explain why some people turn their noses up at meat
If you don't like the taste of pork, the reason may be that your genes cause you to smell the meat more intensely, according to a new study.

Better plants for biofuels
An article in F1000 Biology Reports published today argues that recent advances in knowledge mean that plant-derived biofuels could meet about 30 percent of the global demand for liquid transportation fuels, drastically reducing the amounts of greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere from burning fossil fuels, without having an impact on food production.

Social Science Bites: A major new podcast series
SAGE, the world's leading independent academic and professional publisher, today announced the launch of a new podcast: Social Science Bites, a series of interviews with leading social scientists on different aspects of the social world.

Study: Alzheimer's drug fails to reduce significant agitation
A drug prescribed for Alzheimer's disease does not ease clinically significant agitation in patients, according to first randomized controlled trial designed to assess the effectiveness of the drug (generic name memantine) for significant agitation in Alzheimer's patients.

African-Americans face roadblocks to HIV therapy, untreated depression makes it worse
African-Americans with HIV are much less likely to adhere to drug therapy than others with the disease, according to a University of Michigan study.

NSAIDs and cardiovascular risk explained
After nearly 13 years of study and intense debate, a pair of new papers from the Perelman School of Medicine, at the University of Pennsylvania have confirmed exactly how a once-popular class of anti-inflammatory drugs leads to a cardiovascular risk to people taking it.

Bladder tests before urinary incontinence surgery in women may be unnecessary
An invasive and costly test commonly done in women before surgery for stress urinary incontinence may not be necessary, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health.

Why research should be hacked
Australian researchers are calling for the open sharing of clinical trial data in the medical research community, saying it would be instrumental in eliminating bottlenecks and duplication, and lead to faster and more trustworthy evidence for many of our most pressing health problems.

AMP forms working group to further consider oversight of lab tests
The Association for Molecular Pathology today announced that it has formed a working group that will focus on the oversight of laboratory-developed tests.

Decades of data show spring advancing faster than experiments suggest
Plants are leafing out and flowering sooner each year than predicted by results from controlled environmental warming experiments, according to data from a major new archive of historical observations assembled with the help of a NASA researcher.

Kessler Foundation researchers present at first International Congress on Cognition in MS
Kessler Foundation will be represented by four scientists at the inaugural International Congress on Cognition in Multiple Sclerosis to be held at the Congress Center in Bordeaux, France on May 11 & 12, 2012.

Experiments may understate plant responses to climate
In an effort to understand how plants around the world will act in a warming climate, researchers have relied increasingly on experiments that measure how they respond to artificial warming.

Aspirin and warfarin equally effective for most heart failure patients
Neither aspirin nor warfarin is superior for preventing a combined risk of death, stroke, and cerebral hemorrhage in heart failure patients with normal heart rhythm, according to a landmark clinical trial published in today's New England Journal of Medicine.

Eating fish, chicken, nuts may lower risk of Alzheimer's disease
A new study suggests that eating foods that contain omega-3 fatty acids, such as fish, chicken, salad dressing and nuts, may be associated with lower blood levels of a protein related to Alzheimer's disease and memory problems.

Wheelchair breakdowns becoming more common, reports AJPM&R
Wheelchair users with spinal cord injury report very high rates of wheelchair breakdowns -- and the problem is getting worse, suggests a study in American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, the official journal of the Association of Academic Physiatrists, AJPM&R is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

How Canadian women make art history
Is it time for a new history of women and art in Canada?

Eye size determined by maximum running speed in mammals
Maximum running speed is the most important variable influencing mammalian eye size other than body size, according to new research from the University of Texas at Austin.

Biomedical researchers receive Hartwell Foundation awards
Two faculty members at UC Davis have received Biomedical Research Awards from the Hartwell Foundation this year.

Unmasking black pepper's secrets as a fat fighter
A new study provides a long-sought explanation for the beneficial fat-fighting effects of black pepper.

Ecosystem effects of biodiversity loss could rival impacts of climate change, pollution
Loss of biodiversity appears to impact ecosystems as much as climate change, pollution and other major forms of environmental stress, according to a new study from an international research team.

Pioneering study shows prenatal choline may 'program' healthier babies
A Cornell University study has found that increased maternal intake of the nutrient choline could decrease a child's chances of developing hypertension and diabetes later in life.

Sifting through dust near Orion's Belt
A new image of the region surrounding the reflection nebula Messier 78, just to the north of Orion's Belt, shows clouds of cosmic dust threaded through the nebula like a string of pearls.

Testing vintage US bridges for vulnerability -- and finding ways to protect them
It took only 13 seconds for Minneapolis I-35W bridge to collapse and plummet into the Mississippi River.

50-year data show antipsychotic drugs more than halve risk of relapse in patients with schizophrenia
Antipsychotic drugs lower the risk of relapse in patients with schizophrenia by more than half, according to an analysis of 50 years of evidence published online first in the Lancet.

New American Chemical Society journal
American Chemical Society Publications announces ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, a new peer-reviewed journal with a focus on advancing research that aims to minimize environmental harm and achieve sustainable processes.

Post-term children have higher behavioural and emotional problems in early childhood
We already know there are long-term health problems associated with preterm birth, but what about babies born post-term?

National Academy of Sciences members and foreign associates elected
The National Academy of Sciences today announced the election of 84 new members and 21 foreign associates from 15 countries in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research.

Heart disease risk can indicate long-term COPD fate, UCI researchers say
A simple test for heart disease risk can go a long way toward determining the long-term prognosis for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, according to UC Irvine researchers.

Stream temperatures don't parallel warming climate trend
A new analysis of streams in the western United States with long-term monitoring programs has found that despite a general increase in air temperatures over the past several decades, streams are not necessarily warming at the same rate.

New study of NIH funding allocations suggests potential efficiency gains
The National Institutes of Health is one of the largest investors in biomedical research -- spending approximately $30 billion dollars annually -- and must constantly evaluate how to spend those dollars in a way that adequately reflects multiple factors including disease burden.

UM School of Medicine study finds vaginal microbes vary over time among healthy women
The delicate balance of microbes in the vagina can change drastically over short periods of time in some women, while remaining the same in others, according to a new study led by the University of Maryland School of Medicine's Institute for Genome Sciences and the University of Idaho.

Electric mass mobility for urban environments
Electric vehicles powered by electricity from renewable energy sources are an attractive option for mobility within the urban area and beyond.

UD researchers discover that JAM-A protein keeps blood clots in check
Previously, scientists thought the blood protein JAM-A actually stimulated platelets to form clots.

Preventing, reversing terrorist radicalization: New research initiative
A University of Maryland-led team of international experts will investigate ways to understand, prevent and reverse the radicalization of young people in destabilized areas of the world, to keep them from embracing terror.

Black hole caught red-handed in stellar homicide
Astronomers have gathered the most direct evidence yet of a supermassive black hole shredding a star that wandered too close.

New path of origin for macrophages
Macrophages play a key role in the immune response. They differ depending on where they are located and which tasks they perform.

Writing a landmark sequel to 'The Book of Life'
Scientists are announcing the roadmap, policies and procedures for an ambitious international project aiming to compile a landmark sequel to

New coelacanth find rewrites history of the ancient fish
Coelacanths, an ancient group of fishes once thought to be long extinct, made headlines in 1938 when one of their modern relatives was caught off the coast of South Africa.

AGI examines US geoscience enrollments and degrees in 2010-2011
Enrollments and degrees in the geosciences in the United States dipped during the 2010-2011 academic year as detailed in the latest Geoscience Currents published by the American Geosciences Institute.

Inventor honored for bridging innovation and humanitarianism to help millions globally
The Lemelson-MIT Program today announced Dr. Ashok Gadgil as the recipient of the 2012 $100,000 Lemelson-MIT Award for Global Innovation in recognition of his steady pursuit to blend research, invention, and humanitarianism for broad social impact.

Study: Stroke victims not receiving timely diagnosis, care
The mantra in stroke care is

Regenstrief extending successful aging brain care model globally
The resources developed for an innovative collaborative model of dementia care, which reduces emergency room and hospital visits and improves the quality of care for those with dementia, are now available to institutions, clinicians and caregivers around the globe with the establishment of the Aging Brain Care Program.

Report warns of rapid decline in US Earth observation capabilities; next-generation missions hindered by budget shortfalls, launch failures
A new National Research Council report says that budget shortfalls, cost-estimate growth, launch failures, and changes in mission design and scope have left US Earth observation systems in a more precarious position than they were five years ago.

Blood drives do better with incentives, says University of Toronto study
It's called the gift of life. But more people will roll up their sleeves to donate blood if a gift card comes with it.

Prdm16: A novel gene important for craniofacial development
In the United States, a baby is born with a facial cleft every hour, of every day of the year.

CLEO: 2012 -- premier international laser and electro-optics event -- in San Jose next week
CLEO: 2012, the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, is the premier international forum for scientific and technical optics -- from fundamental laser science to photonic applications and products.

Ecosystem effects of biodiversity loss rival climate change and pollution
Loss of biodiversity appears to affect ecosystems as much as climate change, pollution and other major forms of environmental stress, according to results of a new study by an international research team.

Scientists reveal early diagnostic clues for AD using advanced brain imaging technology
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a major neurodegenerative disorder that affects millions of people worldwide.

IOM report recommends US expand drug safety monitoring after approval
The Institute of Medicine has released a report recommending that the Food and Drug Administration take proactive steps to continue monitoring drugs' safety after initial approval and throughout their time on the market, as well as form a new body to advise on the ethical challenges of such monitoring.

Stanford professors propose 'lecture-less' medical school classes
Dramatic changes are needed in medical student education, including a substantial reduction in the number of traditional lectures, according to a perspective piece to be published May 3 in the New England Journal of Medicine by two Stanford University professors.

Study finds HIV/AIDS funding does not undermine health care services for other diseases
While the battle against HIV/AIDS attracts more donor funding globally than all other diseases combined, it has not diverted attention from fighting unrelated afflictions -- such as malaria, measles and malnutrition -- and may be improving health services overall in targeted countries, according to a study on Rwanda published today in the May 2012 edition of the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Retirement plans after the Great Recession
New research shows that 40 percent of older Americans postponed retirement in the wake of the Great Recession.

TheSkyNet set to conquer more of our universe
In its ever-expanding quest to process astronomy data and discover much more of our universe, theSkyNet has joined forces with the Pan-STARRS1 Science Consortium to probe other galaxies beyond our own Milky Way.

University of Tennesse scientist elected to National Academy of Sciences
Daniel Simberloff, distinguished professor and the Gore-Hunger Professor of Environmental Science in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences in recognition of his distinguished and continuing achievements in research.

The 2020 consumer in 8 trends
Azti-Tecnalia, the research and development center that specializes in marine and foodstuff research, has for the first time developed an in-house, scientific project to identify and study food trends.

Health, prognosis not taken into account when treating older lung cancer patients, study finds
In a study of patients 65 and older with non-small-cell lung cancer, younger patients were more likely to receive treatment than older patients, regardless of overall health and prognosis.

Electronic nose out in front
A new nanotube super sensor is able to detect subtle differences with a single sniff.

Harvard School of Public Health launches obesity prevention website
The Obesity Prevention Source website aims to give the public, health professionals, public health practitioners, business and community leaders, and policymakers quick and easy access to science-based information about obesity's causes, its dire consequences, and what can and must be done to turn back obesity's global spread.

Scientists gain new understanding of Alzheimer's trigger
A highly toxic beta-amyloid -- a protein that exists in the brains of Alzheimer's disease victims -- has been found to greatly increase the toxicity of other more common and less toxic beta-amyloids, serving as a possible

2012 American Society for Microbiology General Meeting
The American Society for Microbiology will hold its 112th General Meeting June 16-19, 2012 in San Francisco, California.

The zombie-ant fungus is under attack, research reveals
A parasite that fights the zombie-ant fungus has yielded some of its secrets to an international research team.

UNC study shows potential to revive abandoned cancer drug by nanoparticle drug delivery
A team of University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researchers developed nanoparticle carriers to successfully deliver therapeutic doses of a cancer drug that had previously failed clinical development due to pharmacologic challenges.

MIT economist Townsend elected to National Academy of Sciences
Robert M. Townsend, Professor of Economics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Faculty Director of the Consortium on Financial Systems and Poverty, has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences.

10 from UD win prestigious graduate fellowships from National Science Foundation
Ten University of Delaware students and recent alumni have received National Science Foundation Graduate Research Program Fellowships.

Ben-Gurion U. research group discovers genetic mutations that cause intestinal obstruction
According to the researchers,

Study shows experiments underestimate plant responses to climate change
Experiments may dramatically underestimate how plants will respond to climate change in the future.

Combination of 2 drugs reverses liver tumors
The combination of two inhibitors of protein mTOR stops the growth of primary liver cancer and destroys tumor cells, according to a study by researchers of the Group of Metabolism and Cancer at Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute.

University of Nevada, Reno researchers discover new research use for plaque
While we may brush and floss tirelessly and our dentists may scrape and pick at our teeth to minimize the formation of plaque known as tartar or dental calculus, anthropologists may be rejoicing at the fact that past civilizations were not so careful with dental hygiene.University of Nevada, Reno researchers G.

Black hole caught red-handed in a stellar homicide
Astronomers have gathered the most direct evidence yet of a supermassive black hole shredding a star that wandered too close.

Increased fructose consumption may deplete cellular energy in patients with obesity and diabetes
Obese people who consume increased amounts of fructose, a type of sugar that is found in particular in soft drinks and fruit juices, are at risk for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NFALD) and more its more severe forms, fatty inflammation and scarring.

Understanding and promoting mental health - Insights from psychological science
Are our existing treatments for mental health issues working? Can we design new and better approaches to intervention?

Gas development linked to wildlife habitat loss
A study by the Wildlife Conservation Society documents that intense development of the two largest natural gas fields in the continental US are driving away some wildlife from their traditional wintering grounds.

Study finds emotion reversed in left-handers' brains
The way we use our hands may determine how emotions are organized in our brains, according to a recent study published in PLoS ONE by psychologists Geoffrey Brookshire and Daniel Casasanto of the New School for Social Research in New York.

Unique insight into Chile's coastal ecosystem before and after 2010 earthquake
Natural disasters like earthquakes and tsunamis are expected to have substantial ecological effects.

New report shows 15 million babies born too soon every year
The first-ever national, regional, and global estimates of preterm birth reveals that 15 million babies are born too soon every year.

Jockeying for genetic advantage
When you buy a racehorse, you pays your money and you takes your chances.

Science Ph.D. students' interest in faculty jobs decreases over time
Science Ph.D. students' interest in a faculty job wanes after they have spent more years in school, while other careers become more attractive

Genes can affect how much you enjoy pork in a meal
Genetics may help determine how good your meal tastes.

Mining for heat
Abandoned mine tunnels might ferry geothermal energy from deep underground to help heat homes and offices.

Dry heat increases bark beetle bite
Climate change appears to be good news for destructive bark beetles, according to a new study by Lorenzo Marini from the University of Padova in Italy, and his team.

Anti-smoking drug decreases alcohol consumption in heavy-drinking smokers
The smoking cessation drug varenicline significantly reduced alcohol consumption in a group of heavy-drinking smokers, in a study carried out by researchers at the Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center at the University of California, San Francisco.

Marine food chain becomes clearer with new revelations about prey distribution
A new study has found that each step of the marine food chain is clearly controlled by the trophic level below it -- and the driving factor influencing that relationship is not the abundance of prey, but how that prey is distributed.

Press registration now open for Transcatheter Valve Therapies
Press registration is now open for Transcatheter Valve Therapies: An Advanced Scientific and Clinical Workshop (with LAA Occlusion).

Expensive diagnostic test may not be necessary before stress incontinence surgery
A routine, but expensive, test for women who undergo stress incontinence surgery may not always be necessary, according to a study published in the latest issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Freezing Parkinson's in its tracks
Dr. Nirit Lev of Tel Aviv University has developed a peptide that protects dopamine-producing neurons, freezing neurodegeneration in its tracks in preclinical trials.

How neonatal plant estrogen exposure leads to adult infertility
A new study suggests that exposure to estrogenic chemicals in the womb or during childhood could have a long-term effect on female fertility.

Is there a link between mood and glucose control in diabetes?
When blood sugar levels in diabetes are poorly controlled, patients tend to have more complications such as depression and other mood disturbances, including anxiety and anger, and a lower overall quality of life.

New study finds dengue fever costing nearly $40 million in US territory of Puerto Rico
As public health experts warn that the spread of dengue fever could prove more costly globally and cause more sickness than even malaria, a new report published today in the May issue of the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene finds each year dengue is inflicting a US $37.8 million burden on Puerto Rico and that every $1 invested in traditional surveillance and prevention could save $5 in costs of illness.

Genetically modified T cell therapy shown to be safe, lasting in decade-long study of HIV patients
HIV patients treated with genetically modified T cells remain healthy up to 11 years after initial therapy, researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania report in the new issue of Science Translational Medicine.

Cone beam CT proves better for visualizing some causes of hearing loss at half the radiation dose
Cone beam CT is superior to mutidetector CT for detecting superior semicircular canal dehiscence or the so called third window (a small hole in the bony wall of the inner ear bone that can cause dizziness and hearing loss) and it uses half the radiation dose, a new study shows.

Evidence of familial vulnerability for epilepsy and psychosis
Although the two disorders may seem dissimilar, epilepsy and psychosis are associated.

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers use mathematics to fight cancer
Using mathematical models, researchers in the Integrated Mathematical Oncology program at Moffitt Cancer Center are focusing their research on the interaction between the tumor and its microenvironment and the

Anders Loenneborg, Ph.D., receives 2012 Alzheimer Award
Anders Loenneborg, Ph.D., has been chosen as the recipient of the 2012 Alzheimer Award presented by the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease in recognition of his outstanding work on the detection of early Alzheimer's disease.

Beyond 'blood diamonds:' Fingerprinting other conflict minerals
Blood diamonds may get the most attention. But they are not the only minerals sold on the world market to finance wars and other conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa, according to an article in the current issue of Chemical & Engineering News, the weekly news magazine of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.

New book by NTU alumni draws donors for new student leadership development fund
The pioneer batch of graduates from the Nanyang Technological Institute, the predecessor of Nanyang Technological University, has successfully attracted contributions from about 30 organisations and individuals to start up NTU's new Student Leadership Fund.

Tiny channel cleanses blood
A microfluidic device separates bacteria and immune cells from red blood cells.

May 2012 story tips
US military expeditionary bases and outposts will become more energy lean.

Study shows experiments underestimate plant responses to climate change
Experiments may dramatically underestimate how plants will respond to climate change in the future.

Handful of heavyweight trees per acre are forest champs
Big trees three or more feet in diameter accounted for nearly half the biomass measured at a Yosemite National Park site, yet represented only one percent of the trees growing there, according to the largest quantitative study yet of the importance of big trees in temperate forests.

Glycogen accumulation in neurons causes brain damage and shortens the lives of flies and mice
Collaborative research by groups headed by scientists Joan J. Guinovart and Marco Milan at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine has revealed conclusive evidence about the harmful effects of the accumulation of glucose chains (glycogen) in fly and mouse neurons.

BGI, GMU, Mass. Eye and Ear and OUHSC announce agreement to sequence 100 human adenoviruses
Representatives from BGI, the world's largest genomics organization, in conjunction with George Mason University, the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, jointly announce that they have signed an agreement to sequence 100 human adenoviruses gathered from researchers globally, including ones that cause respiratory, gastrointestinal and ocular diseases.

Wired for avalanches -- and learning
Researchers reveal the connection between a model of learning in the brain and the cascading bursts of cortical activity known as neuronal avalanches.

UD's long-term monitoring shows 60 percent reduction in acidity of Delaware rain
Several decades ago, precipitation in Delaware was among the most acidic in the country.

Why underweight babies become obese: Study says disrupted hypothalamus is to blame
A new animal model study at UCLA has found that in low-birth-weight babies whose growth was restricted in the womb, the level of appetite-producing neuropeptides in the brain's hypothalamus -- the central control of the appetite -- is higher, resulting in a natural tendency among these children to consume more calories.

Game on! UCLA researchers use online crowd-sourcing to diagnose malaria
UCLA researchers have created a smart crowd-sourced gaming system to help diagnose malaria infected red blood cells.

'Thin red line' around breast cancer
A pioneering approach to imaging breast cancer in mice has revealed new clues about why the human immune system often fails to attack tumors and keep cancer in check.

Elsevier selected as new publisher of the American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, announces that it has entered into an agreement with the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry to publish the American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry beginning in January 2013.

Invasive bladder testing before incontinence surgery may be unnecessary
Invasive and costly tests commonly performed on women before surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) may not be necessary, according to researchers at the University of California San Diego, School of Medicine and the Urinary Incontinence Treatment Network.

New DFG Research Centre on Biodiversity: Decision for Leipzig/Jena/Halle-Wittenberg
The decision on the establishment of the new Research Centre of the German Research Foundation on Integrative Biodiversity Research has been made.

A small cut with a big impact
During inflammation, controlled gene expression is necessary in order to allow the organism to mount an effective defense response.

Scientists across US launch study of thunderstorm effects on upper atmosphere
Scientists are targeting thunderstorms in Alabama, Colorado and Oklahoma this spring to discover what happens when clouds suck air many miles into the atmosphere from Earth's surface.

Female cowbirds prefer less intense male courtship displays
In most species, females prefer the most intense courtship display males can muster, but a new study finds that female cowbirds actually prefer less intense display.

Long-term outcome similar with thrombus aspiration and stents in PCI
New research confirms thrombus aspiration during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) provides long-term outcomes similar to conventional intervention with bare-metal or drug-eluting stents.

Cedars-Sinai first West Coast ALS clinic to implant breathing-assist device under new FDA approval
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center has become the first West Coast site -- and one of only three nationwide -- to implant a device that stimulates the respiratory muscle in the chest and draws air into the lungs of patients suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis under recently approved Food and Drug Administration guidelines.

Sleepiness may affect surgeons' ability to deal with the unexpected
Sleep-deprived surgeons can perform a previously learned task or learn a new task as well as surgeons who are rested, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

Mason Center for Social Complexity receives grant to model social consequences of climate change
A new grant to awarded George Mason University's Center for Social Complexity will allow researchers to examine how climate change may affect humans and societies over the next 100 years.

Pressure Right more reliable in PONV management effectiveness, review finds
In a peer-reviewed published study, a new medically engineered pressure-technology disposable adhesive device (Pressure Right®) developed by Pressure Point Inc. has clinically proven to enhance the efficacy of a popular prophylactic antiemetic drug combination in reducing the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) among high-risk patients after major laparoscopic surgery procedures.

Biosynthetic grape-derived compound prevents progression of Alzheimer's disease in mice
Mount Sinai School of Medicine researchers have succeeded in developing a biosynthetic polyphenol that improves cognitive function in mice with Alzheimer's disease.

OU researchers studying nitrites in bacon and other meats
As with many concerned consumers, a team of University of Oklahoma researchers wondered if the green color sometimes seen in bacon is, in fact, harmful to human health.

Research suggests infants begin to learn about race in the first year
Results of a new study by psychology researcher Lisa Scott at the University of Massachusetts Amherst confirm that although infants are born with equal abilities to tell apart people within multiple races, by age nine months they are better at recognizing faces and emotional expressions of people within groups they interact with most.

NJIT associate professor receives today NIH grant to study membrane proteins
NJIT Associate Professor Edgardo Farinas has been awarded today a three-year $340,000 National Institutes of Health grant to investigate spores as a protein display platform for the directed evolution of membrane proteins.

Flash-heating breastmilk to inactivate HIV is feasible for women in resource-poor countries
An international team led by UC Davis researchers has found that mothers in sub-Saharan Africa could successfully follow a protocol for flash-heating breastmilk to reduce transmission of human immunodeficiency virus -- the virus that causes AIDS -- to their infants.

Childhood emotional maltreatment causes troubled romantic relationships -- Ben-Gurion U. researchers
In two separate studies, doctoral candidate Dana Lassri and professor Golan Shahar of BGU's Department of Psychology examined the stability and satisfaction of intimate relationships among college students with a history of CEM.

Dartmouth-Hitchcock research offers new hope for PAD sufferers
Research led by vascular surgeons at Dartmouth-Hitchcock may offer new hope to sufferers of peripheral artery disease, the cause of nearly 60,000 lower-limb amputations annually, through the use of a patient's own stem cells.

Study is first to show transgenerational effect of antibiotics
In a paper published in Nature's open access journal Scientific Reports, researchers at the University of Nevada, Reno, report that male pseudoscorpions treated with the antibiotic tetracycline suffer significantly reduced sperm viability and pass this toxic effect on to their untreated sons.

Older adults with diabetes live long enough to benefit from interventions, U-M study says
Regardless of health status, middle-aged and older adults with diabetes show substantial survival rates.
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