Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 11, 2012
Mild traumatic brain injury may contribute to brain network dysfunction
Even mild head injuries can cause significant abnormalities in brain function that last for several days, which may explain the neurological symptoms experienced by some individuals who have experienced a head injury associated with sports, accidents or combat, according to a study by Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine researchers.

Low-cost nanosheet catalyst discovered to split hydrogen from water
Scientists at Brookhaven National Lab have developed a new electrocatalyst that overcomes the high cost of platinum, generating hydrogen gas from water with abundant and affordable metals.

First satellite tag study for manta rays reveals habits and hidden journeys of ocean giants
Using the latest satellite tracking technology, conservationists from the Wildlife Conservation Society, the University of Exeter, and the Government of Mexico have completed a ground-breaking study on a mysterious ocean giant: The manta ray.

Better preventive care for the diseased heart
There are discrepancies between the recommendations for the management of cardiovascular risk factors and their implementation in clinical practice.

Springer and the Beijing Normal University Press sign agreement on new book series
STM publisher Springer and Beijing Normal University Press will co-publish a new book series IHDP-Integrated Risk Governance Project Series.

Lack of basic evidence hampering prevention of sudden heart attacks in sport
Big gaps in basic knowledge about the numbers and causes of apparently inexplicable heart attacks among young sportsmen and women are seriously hampering our ability to prevent them, says a sport and exercise medicine specialist in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

£16 million boost for UK robotics
UK research to develop smart machines that think for themselves will receive a £16 million boost today thanks to a major partnership between the government and industry.

Second Middle East & Africa Osteoporosis Meeting to take place in Jordan
The International Osteoporosis Foundation and the Pan Arab Osteoporosis Society will be staging the 2nd Middle East & Africa Osteoporosis Meeting and 6th Pan Arab Osteoporosis Congress.

Breathing during radiotherapy - how to hit the treatment target without causing collateral damage
Respiratory movement during radiotherapy makes it difficult to hit the right treatment target and this in turn can lead to an under-dose of radiation to the tumor, or a potentially toxic over-dose to the surrounding healthy tissue.

Rutgers team discovers novel approach to stimulate immune cells
Rutgers researchers have uncovered a new way to stimulate activity of immune cell opiate receptors, leading to efficient tumor cell clearance.

Highly targeted irradiation as good as whole breast radiotherapy in early stage cancer
Using a concentrated, highly targeted dose of radiation to the breast has equally good results as irradiating the whole area, with no adverse effects on survival and a much better cosmetic outcome, Hungarian researchers have found.

Bayer tried to reduce risks of MIC at WV plant, but didn't implement all hazard controls
Bayer CropScience sought to reduce risks associated with the manufacturing and storage of the toxic chemical methyl.

Brigham and Women's doctors research new treatments for severe asthma
Chronic asthma sufferers may have new hope for relief due to two new research studies that are getting underway at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH).

DOE Plasma Science Center Annual Meeting at Princeton Plasma Lab
More than 50 plasma physicists from across the country will assemble at the US Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory on Thursday, May 17, and Friday, May 18, for the third annual meeting of the Plasma Science Center for Predictive Control of Plasma Kinetics.

Navigating the shopping center
With a GPS receiver in your smartphone, you can navigate your way over highways and streets with certainty.

Perimeter Institute scientists recognized for research excellence
Researchers at Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics have recently received multiple recognitions for their achievements in areas such as subatomic physics, mathematical physics, quantum field theory and quantum gravity.

In metallic glasses, researchers find a few new atomic structures
Drawing on powerful computational tools and a state-of-the-art scanning transmission electron microscope, a team of University of Wisconsin-Madison and Iowa State University materials science and engineering researchers has discovered a new nanometer-scale atomic structure in solid metallic materials known as metallic glasses.

Revenue-driven surgery drives patients home too early
Revenue-driven surgery and poor planning drive some surgical patients home too early, concludes a pair of logistical studies conducted by researchers at the University of Maryland's Robert H.

Cancer in the elderly: Research fails to keep up with demographic change
Cancer research has failed to keep up with an ever-increasing elderly population, say researchers.

Barley takes a leaf out of reindeer's book in the land of the midnight sun
Barley grown in Scandinavian countries has adapted like reindeer have to cope with extremes of day length at high latitudes.

2 Grand Challenges Explorations grants for global health
The innovative research of three Northwestern University professors who are making a big difference in the highly promising area of synthetic biology has been recognized with two early-stage discovery awards from Grand Challenges Explorations, an initiative funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Wiley-Blackwell announces new publishing partnership with the Obesity Society
Wiley-Blackwell, the scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

The absence of elephants and rhinoceroses reduces biodiversity in tropical forests
The progressive disappearance of seed-dispersing animals like elephants and rhinoceroses puts the structural integrity and biodiversity of the tropical forest of South-East Asia at risk.

Lifesaving devices missing near the scene of three-quarters of cardiac arrests, Penn study reveals
More than 75 percent of cardiac arrest victims are stricken too far away from an automated external defibrillator for the lifesaving device to be obtained quickly enough to offer the best chance at saving their lives, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania that will be presented today at the annual meeting of Society for Academic Emergency Medicine.

A*STAR scientists discover 'switch' to boost anti-viral response to fight infectious diseases
Singapore scientists from Bioprocessing Technology Institute under the Agency of Science, Technology and Research have for the first time, identified the molecular 'switch' that directly triggers the body's first line of defense against pathogens, more accurately known as the body's

Increasing predator-friendly land can help farmers reduce costs
Having natural habitat in farming areas that supports ladybugs could help increase their abundance in crops where they control pests and help farmers reduce their costs, says a Michigan State University study.

Biology professor secures grant to save West Virginia's primary natural history collection
Thanks to the work of a Marshall University biology professor, the nation's largest museum collection of mammals, amphibians and reptiles from West Virginia will be preserved for future generations.

Undocumented Latino youth turn to activism to combat obstacles
Undocumented Latino youth in the US face futures clouded by fewer rights than their documented peers and the constant fear of deportation.

Scientists 'read' the ash from the Icelandic volcano 2 years after its eruption
In May 2010, the ash cloud from the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull reached the Iberian Peninsula and brought airports to a halt all over Europe.

More freedom of discretion for KIT
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) will be granted more autonomy and far more freedom of discretion.

High-fat diet lowered blood sugar and improved blood lipids in diabetics
People with type 2 diabetes are usually advised to keep a low-fat diet.

Scripps doctors study novel new device to diagnose irregular heartbeat
A study conducted at Scripps Health has found that a novel new heart monitoring device helped emergency room patients avoid unnecessary follow-up care.

Vitamin K2: New hope for Parkinson's patients?
Neuroscientist Patrik Verstreken, associated with VIB and KU Leuven, succeeded in undoing the effect of one of the genetic defects that leads to Parkinson's using vitamin K2.

Electronic medical record tool cuts down on unnecessary CT scans in ER patients with abdominal pain
A new electronic medical record tool that tallies patients' previous radiation exposure from CT scans helps reduce potentially unnecessary use of the tests among ER patients with abdominal pain, according to a study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania that will be presented today at the annual meeting of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine.

Physicist awarded prestigious John Bardeen Prize
Northwestern University physics professor James A. Sauls has been awarded the 2012 John Bardeen Prize for his contributions to the theory of unconventional superconductivity.

Program to coordinate regional systems to speed heart attack care
Competing cardiac care teams in some of the nation's most populated areas will start working together to markedly reduce the time from heart attack to treatment as part of a new program designed by cardiologists at Duke University Medical Center.

Black cardiac arrest victims less apt to receive CPR and shocks to the heart from bystanders
Black cardiac arrest victims who are stricken outside hospitals are less likely to receive bystander CPR and defibrillation on the scene than white patients, according to research that will be presented by a team from the University of Pennsylvania today at the annual meeting of Society for Academic Emergency Medicine.

Partnership provides inclusive workout
People with spinal cord injuries and reduced mobility now have access to specialized exercise equipment in an inclusive community setting, thanks to a partnership between the University of Alberta and the Spinal Cord Injury Treatment Centre Society.

Study raises questions about use of anti-epilepsy drugs in newborns
A brain study in infant rats demonstrates that the anti-epilepsy drug phenobarbital stunts neuronal growth, which could prompt new questions about using the first-line drug to treat epilepsy in human newborns.

Molecular subtypes and genetic alterations may determine response to lung cancer therapy
A UNC-led team of scientists has shown for the first time that lung cancer molecular subtypes correlate with distinct genetic alterations and with patient response to therapy.

Hospital readmission rates linked to availability of care, socioeconomics
Differences in regional hospital readmission rates for heart failure are more closely linked to the availability of care and socioeconomic factors than to hospital performance or patients' degree of illness.

Scientists find differences in naked mole rat's protein disposers
The naked mole rat's unusually long and healthy life span may be explained by cellular machinery that disposes of damaged proteins.

Lawson recieves Grand Challenges Explorations grant for groundbreaking research
Lawson Health Research Institute announced today that it is a Grand Challenges Explorations winner, an initiative funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Gene therapy for hearing loss: Potential and limitations
Regenerating sensory hair cells could form the basis for treating age- or trauma-related hearing loss.

Simulation training improves critical decision-making skills of ER residents
A Henry Ford Hospital study found that simulation training improved the critical decision-making skills of medical residents performing actual resuscitations in the Emergency Department.

Study shows benefit of new maintenance therapy for multiple myeloma
Multiple myeloma is a form of cancer where the plasma cells in the bone marrow grow out of control, causing damage to bones as well as predisposing patients to anemia, infection and kidney failure.

Living longer - variability in infection-fighting genes can be a boon for male survival
Scientists at the Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology of the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna found that male Alpine chamois heterozygous at a particular immune gene locus (i.e. who possess two different forms of that gene) survive significantly longer than homozygous individuals (i.e. those with two identical copies of the gene) but they found no such effect for female chamois.

Bacteria study of male adolescents reveals new insights into urinary tract health
The first study using cultivation independent sequencing of the microorganisms in the adolescent male urinary tract has revealed that the composition of microbial communities colonizing the penis in young men depends upon their circumcision status and patterns of sexual activity. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to