Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 15, 2012
New treatment could tackle preventable causes of death for newborns in sub-Saharan Africa
Researchers have found an alarming prevalence of malaria and sexually transmitted infections among pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa.

Manufacturing, innovation, and workforce training
Watch live and join the conversation on Twitter @AspenInstitute and @gcri_ny (#mfgUSGermany) this Wednesday, May 16, 2012, at 9 a.m.

New biomarker test predicts arthritis at much earlier stage, MU researchers say
A research team from the University of Missouri's Comparative Orthopaedic Laboratory has found a way to detect and predict arthritis before patients begin suffering from symptoms.

New 'metamaterial' practical for optical advances
Researchers have taken a step toward overcoming a key obstacle in commercializing

Scientists discover marker to identify, attack breast cancer stem cells
The cell surface protein GD2 blows the cover of breast cancer stem cells, serving as both a nametag and a bull's eye on these potent, tumor-generating cells.

Cellular metabolism linked to anxiety disorders
Glyoxalase 1 increases anxiety by reducing the GABAA receptor agonist methylglyoxal.

Quality of care, other issues may cause worse results in black prostate cancer surgery patients
Black prostate cancer patients may not be getting the same quality of care as white patients, according to a first-of-its-kind study by researchers at Henry Ford Hospital who found racial disparities in the results of surgery to remove diseased prostates.

Mystery gene reveals new mechanism for anxiety disorders
A novel mechanism for anxiety behaviors, including a previously unrecognized inhibitory brain signal, may inspire new strategies for treating psychiatric disorders, University of Chicago researchers report.

'Fertilizing' bone marrow helps answer why some cancers spread to bones
Researchers found that administering a common chemotherapy drug before bone tumors took root actually fertilized the bone marrow, enabling cancer cells, once introduced, to seed and grow more easily.

Mass. Eye and Ear announces Curing Kids Fund grant recipients
The Mass. Eye and Ear Curing Kids fund has awarded grants for research projects that aim to help the brain locate sound, identify genes that cause congenital blindness, cure deafness through hair cell regeneration, and improve treatment for childhood eye cancer.

Mice with big brains provide insight into brain regeneration and developmental disorders
Scientists at the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute and the University of Ottawa have discovered that mice that lack a gene called Snf2l have brains that are 35 percent larger than normal.

Yale team discovers unexpected source of diabetic neuropathy pain
Nearly half of all diabetics suffer from neuropathic pain, an intractable, agonizing and still mysterious companion of the disease.

UCLA researchers ID gene variants that speed progression of Parkinson's disease
Researchers may have found a key to determining which Parkinson's disease patients will experience a more rapid decline in motor function, sparking hopes for the development of new therapies and helping identify those who could benefit most from early intervention.

'Mixed' family moms ensure minority culture continues in the home
The mothers of Britain's

Cancer vaccine combination therapy shows survival benefit in breast cancer
A vaccine that targets cancer cells in combination with the drug letrozole, a standard hormonal therapy against breast cancer, significantly increased survival when tested in mice, a team of UC Davis investigators has found.

MetLife Foundation recognizes Alzheimer's disease research with prestigious awards
MetLife Foundation today announced the recipients of its 2012 Awards for Medical Research in Alzheimer's Disease: Clifford R.

Substance use reduces educational achievement even when educational benefits are assured
Researchers know that the use of various substances is associated with reduced educational attainment.

A 5-minute chat can be a big help to dialysis patients
The constant health education that dialysis patients receive can lead to boredom and noncompliance.

The elusive capacity of networks
Calculating the total capacity of a data network is a notoriously difficult problem, but information theorists are beginning to make some headway.

53 million Americans might have diabetes by 2025, according to a new study in Population Health Management
The Diabetes 2025 Model for the US projects a continuous and dramatic increase in the diabetes epidemic and makes it possible to estimate the potential effects of society-wide changes in lifestyle and health-care delivery systems.

A practical guide to green products and services
A new report published today by the European Commission's in-house science service, the Joint Research Centre, provides key information for policy makers and business managers on how to assess the environmental impacts of products and services.

Early biomarker for pancreatic cancer identified
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center have identified a new biomarker and therapeutic target for pancreatic cancer, an often-fatal disease for which there is currently no reliable method for early detection or therapeutic intervention.

A supernova cocoon breakthrough
Observations with NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory have provided the first X-ray evidence of a supernova shock wave breaking through a cocoon of gas surrounding the star that exploded.

GBCHealth Conference introduces MDG Health Alliance
The MDG Health Alliance, an innovative new private sector organization created and led by eminent business leaders to tackle urgent global health problems, was introduced today in the United States at the GBCHealth Conference.

Beijing Olympics study reveals biological link between air pollution, cardiovascular disease
Using the 2008 Beijing Olympics as their laboratory, USC researchers found biological evidence that even a short-term reduction in air pollution exposure improves one's cardiovascular health.

Undersea warriors, undersea medicine: The future force
U.S. Navy divers take on dangerous tasks every day -- and starting this week, they will be part of a multinational effort near Estonia to help clear the Baltic Sea of underwater mines left over from as long ago as the First and Second World Wars.

UMD finding may hold key to Gaia hypothesis
Is Earth really a sort of giant living organism as the Gaia hypothesis predicts?

Oxygen-separation membranes could aid in CO2 reduction
Ceramic membranes may reduce carbon dioxide emissions from gas and coal-fired power plants.

Delivery system for gene therapy may help treat arthritis
A DNA-covered submicroscopic bead used to deliver genes or drugs directly into cells to treat disease appears to have therapeutic value just by showing up, researchers report.

African countries that received more intensive assistance from PEPFAR show decline in death rate
Between 2004 and 2008, all-cause adult mortality declined more in African countries in which the AIDS relief program PEPFAR operated more intensively, according to a study in the May 16 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on global health.

Timely discovery: Physics research sheds new light on quantum dynamics
Kansas State University physicists and an international team of collaborators have made a breakthrough that improves understanding of matter-light interactions.

Higher hospital volume more important than surgeon experience in outcome of prostate cancer surgery
Older, sicker, high-risk patients who undergo one of the most common treatments for prostate cancer get better results in larger, busier hospitals, according to new research by Henry Ford Hospital.

19th-century iPhone app
Jason Camlot, chair of Concordia's Department of English, and his research team at Concordia's Centre for Technoculture, Art and Games have created the Victorianator.

Sugar makes you stupid
A new UCLA study is the first to show how a diet steadily high in fructose slows the brain, hampering memory and learning -- and how omega-3 fatty acids can counteract the disruption.

US Army internal medicine Masters, Fellows honored by American College of Physicians
The US Army Medical Department announced today the election of two of its own to Mastership in the American College of Physicians.

Elephant seal tracking reveals hidden lives of deep-diving animals
Researchers at UC Santa Cruz who pioneered the use of satellite tags to monitor the migrations of elephant seals have compiled one of the largest datasets available for any marine mammal species, revealing their movements and diving behavior at sea in unprecedented detail.

Mayo Clinic sets industry standard for mobile experience: Personal, portable and participatory
Mayo Clinic has created a comprehensive mobile health application, combining a custom mobile experience with unparalleled expertise and access.

Getting news from the Internet not as divisive as many assume
The Internet is changing the way people get their news, but there's little proof that it is fragmenting or polarizing the news audience the way many assume, says University of Illinois communication professor David Tewksbury.

Nerve transfers restore hand function after cervical spinal cord injury
Surgeons at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis successfully used peripheral nerve transfer to bypass a cervical spinal cord injury and restore partial function in both hands in a patient.

Video-assisted thoracic surgery valuable tool in lung cancer screening
The most recent research released in June's Journal of Thoracic Oncology says video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is a valuable tool in managing lesions detected in a lung cancer screening program.

Most people brush their teeth in the wrong way
Almost all Swedes brush their teeth, yet only one in 10 does it in a way that effectively prevents tooth decay.

Ducks Unlimited Canada and Canadian Light Source partnership to shed light on wetlands
Using the power of synchrotron light to better understand and protect Canada's wetlands is the objective of an agreement signed today between Ducks Unlimited Canada and the Canadian Light Source , Canada's national synchrotron facility.

National Geographic announces its Emerging Explorers for 2012
A cyborg anthropologist, a pilot, a digital storyteller and zoologist, a crisis mapper and a guerrilla geographer are among the 15 visionary, young trailblazers from around the world who have been named to the 2012 class of National Geographic Emerging Explorers.

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound monitors aortic aneurysm treatment
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound is an effective, noninvasive method for monitoring patients who undergo endovascular repair for abdominal aortic aneurysms, according to a new study.

The quick and easy way to measure power consumption
The ambitious goals set by the German government to promote energy efficiency have put pressure on companies to change their energy-use policies.

New evidence that many genes of small effect influence economic decisions and political attitudes
Genetic factors explain some of the variation in a wide range of people's political attitudes and economic decisions -- such as preferences toward environmental policy and financial risk taking -- but most associations with specific genetic variants are likely to be very small, according to a new study led by Cornell University economics professor Daniel Benjamin.

Stabilizing Fanconi anemia with antioxidants
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare genetic disorder. People affected by this disease have defects in DNA repair, and are hypersensitive to oxidative damage, resulting in bone marrow failure and increased predisposition to cancer.

Technique enables mass production of custom concrete building components from digital designs
Researchers are automating some of the processes by which computer-based designs are turned into real world entities, developing techniques that fabricate building elements directly from digital designs, and allowing custom components to be manufactured rapidly and at low cost.

Getting in tune: Researchers solve tuning problem for wireless power transfer systems
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new way to fine-tune wireless power transfer (WPT) receivers, making the systems more efficient and functional.

Air pollution level changes in Beijing linked with biomarkers of cardiovascular disease
During the 2008 Beijing Olympics, changes in air pollution were associated with changes in biomarkers of systemic inflammation and thrombosis (formation of blood clot) as well as measures of cardiovascular physiology in healthy young persons, according to a study in the May 16 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on global health.

400 Canadian and American archaeologists in Montreal
From May 16 to 20, 2012, more than 400 archeologists from across Canada and the United States are expected to be at Montreal's Hôtel Gouverneur, where more than 300 conferences in English or French will be given about historical and pre-historical archeology.

AGU journal highlights May 15, 2012
Featured in this release are research papers on the following topics:

Chemotherapy's effect on overall survival seems to increase based on tumor size
The most recent research released in June's Journal of Thoracic Oncology indicates there might be a positive correlation between tumor size and adjuvant platinum based chemotherapy in surgically resected patients with node negative non-small cell lung cancer.

Study highlights need for coordination of care in stage 2 and 3 rectal cancer treatment
Research from the University of Alberta provides new insight into treatment patterns for people with stage two and three rectal cancer -- information that ultimately will help physicians improve care strategies for patients provincewide.

Lenalidomide prolongs disease control for multiple myeloma patients after stem cell transplant
Multiple myeloma patients are better equipped to halt progression of this blood cancer if treated with lenalidomide, or Revlimid, following a stem cell transplant, according to a study co-authored by a physician with the Oregon Health & Science University Knight Cancer Institute.

Clinical news alert: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons May highlights
This press release highlights two review articles appearing in the May 2012 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Researchers identify key genes and prototype predictive test for schizophrenia
An Indiana University-led research team, along with a group of national and international collaborators, has identified and prioritized a comprehensive group of genes most associated with schizophrenia that together can generate a score indicating whether an individual is at higher or lower risk of developing the disease.

Robot-assisted surgery now favored treatment for kidney cancer
Robot-assisted surgery has replaced another minimally invasive operation as the main procedure to treat kidney cancer while sparing part of the diseased organ, and with comparable results, according to a new research study by Henry Ford Hospital urologists.

On-premise alcohol outlets have stronger links to crime than off-premise alcohol outlets
Neighborhoods with higher densities of alcohol outlets are more likely to have higher rates of violent crimes.

Examining adaptive abilities in children with prenatal alcohol exposure and/or ADHD
Prenatal exposure to alcohol can disrupt the brain's executive function (EF) and adaptive functioning.

National initiative launched to change the way biology departments approach undergraduate education
A new national initiative promises to improve college biology education by engaging faculty members in an effort to change how post-secondary life sciences departments approach education.

Feinstein Institute researcher receives honorary doctoral degree from Ben-Gurion University
Jesse Roth, M.D., renowned diabetes researcher at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, was presented with a prestigious honorary doctoral degree by Ben-Gurion University of the Negev at the 42nd Board of Governors Meeting today in Beer-Sheva, Israel.

New inflammation hormone link may pave way to study new drugs for Type 2 diabetes
A new link between obesity and Type 2 diabetes found in mice could open the door to exploring new potential drug treatments for diabetes, University of Michigan Health System research has found.

20 percent 'fat tax' needed to improve population health
Taxes on unhealthy food and drinks would need to be at least 20 percent to have a significant effect on diet-related conditions such as obesity and heart disease, say experts on today.

Silent teachers in the wake of deregulation
One consequence of the deregulation of the Swedish school system is that teachers have become more hesitant to report problems.

Palpitations are predictive of future atrial fibrillation
A large cohort study has found that the strongest risk factors for atrial fibrillation in both men and women were a history of palpitations and hypertension.

Surgeons restore some hand function to quadriplegic patient
Surgeons at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have restored some hand function in a quadriplegic patient with a spinal cord injury at the C7 vertebra, the lowest bone in the neck.

Global Cassava Partnership for the 21st Century (GCP21)
The Global Cassava Partnership for the 21st Century (GCP21) will hold its second scientific conference June 18-22, 2012, at the Speke Resort Conference Center in Kampala, Uganda.

Women fare better than men, but need more blood after kidney cancer surgery
Women do better than men after surgical removal of part or all of a cancerous kidney, with fewer post-operative complications, including dying in the hospital, although they are more likely to receive blood transfusions related to their surgery.

Safer kidney cancer surgery under-used for poorer, sicker Medicare, Medicaid patients
An increasingly common and safer type of surgery for kidney cancer is not as likely to be used for older, sicker and poorer patients who are uninsured or rely on Medicare or Medicaid for their health care, according to a new study by researchers at Henry Ford Hospital.

Death risk for marathoners remains low during or soon after race
Even though hundreds of thousands more people finished grueling 26.2 mile marathons in the United States in 2009 compared to a decade earlier, a runner's risk of dying during or soon after the race has remained very low -- about .75 per 100,000, new Johns Hopkins research suggests.

A marker in the lining of the lungs could be useful diagnostic technique for lung cancer screening
The most recent research released in June's Journal of Thoracic Oncology says molecular biomarkers in the tissue and fluid lining the lungs might be an additional predictive technique for lung cancer screening.

Researchers identify key genes and prototype predictive test for schizophrenia
An Indiana University-led research team, along with a group of national and international collaborators, has identified and prioritized a comprehensive group of genes most associated with schizophrenia that together can generate a score indicating whether an individual is at higher or lower risk of developing the disease.

LA BioMed receives Grand Challenges Explorations grant
The Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center announced today that it is a Grand Challenges Explorations winner, an initiative funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

Watching an electron being born
Atomic processes take place on extremely short time scales. Measurements at the Vienna University of Technology can now visualize these processes.

For highly educated women, families are an increasingly popular option
An increasing number of highly educated women are opting for families, according to a national study co-authored by a University at Buffalo economist.

Why omega-3 oils help at the cellular level
For the first time, researchers at the University of California, San Diego have peered inside a living mouse cell and mapped the processes that power the celebrated health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids.

Research: 'Modern Portfolio Theory' optimizes conservation practices
Using wetland habitat conservation in the Prairie Pothole Region as a case study, applied economists Amy W.

Reported increase in older adult fall deaths due to improved coding
The recent dramatic increase in the fall death rate in older Americans is likely the effect of improved reporting quality, according to a new report.

Prenatal micronutrient, food supplementation intervention in Bangladesh decreases child death rate
Pregnant women in poor communities in Bangladesh who received multiple micronutrients, including iron and folic acid combined with early food supplementation, had substantially improved survival of their newborns, compared to women in a standard program that included usual food supplementation, according to a study in the May 16 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on global health.

740,000 lives saved: Stanford study documents benefits of AIDS relief program
The US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, the government's far-reaching health-care foreign aid program, has contributed to a significant decline in adult death rates from all causes in Africa, according to a new study by Stanford University School of Medicine researchers.

Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute honors Harvard cardiologist with new prize in heart research
Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute is honoring Eugene Braunwald, M.D., Distinguished Hersey Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, with the Eliot Corday, M.D., International Prize in Heart Research.

The teacher is central to successful use of computers in schools
The idea of one computer per student is becoming increasingly common in the Swedish school system.

Engineering students using such design tools as SMART boards are more successful
Classrooms have become smarter, thanks to the use of digital devices such as computers, SMART boards, and other handheld devices.

Boston researcher, surgical oncologist receives national award
Boston resident Maureen T. Kavanah, M.D., an associate professor of surgery at Boston University School of Medicine and a surgical oncologist at Boston Medical Center, has received the prestigious 2012 National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project Distinguished Investigator Lifetime Achievement Award for her extraordinary contributions and meritorious service to the NSABP in support of clinical research in breast and colorectal cancers.

Anti-HIV drug tenofovir is safe to take during pregnancy
Pre-birth exposure to the anti-HIV drug tenofovir does not adversely affect pregnancy outcomes and does not increase birth defects, growth abnormalities, or kidney problems in infants born to African women who are HIV positive, supporting the use of this drug during pregnancy, according to a study by a team of international researchers published in this week's PLoS Medicine.

Spurious switching points in traded stock dynamics
Physicists have rebuffed the existence of power laws governing the dynamics of traded stock volatility, volume and inter-trade times at times of stock price extrema.

Fewer prostate cancer surgery complications found in teaching hospitals with fellowship programs
Patients who undergo radical surgery for prostate cancer may expect better results, on average, if they're treated in accredited teaching hospitals with residency programs, and better still if the hospitals also have medical fellowships, according to a new study by Henry Ford Hospital.

John Theurer Cancer Center hosting 8th Annual Neuro-Oncology Symposium
The John Theurer Cancer Center will host the 8th Annual Neuro-Oncology Symposium on May 18 from 8 a.m.-1 p.m.

Drugs reduce bone cancer damage but clinical guidance remains non-specific
Bone cancer-related fractures and pain can be reduced by drug treatment, but no one drug is superior, according to a review published in the Cochrane Library.

This 'mousetrap' may save lives
Rice University students invent a mechanical device to regulate IV drips to treat dehydration among children in the developing world.

People see sexy pictures of women as objects, not people
Perfume ads, beer billboards, movie posters: everywhere you look, women's sexualized bodies are on display.

Reducing off-label use of antipsychotic medications may save money
Reducing the non-FDA-approved use of antipsychotic drugs may be a way to save money while having little effect on patient care, according to a Penn State College of Medicine study.

Targeted therapy with pazopanib prolongs progression-free survival in advanced soft-tissue sarcoma
For patients with metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma whose disease has progressed following standard chemotherapy, treatment with pazopanib (a drug that targets the growth of new cancer-related blood vessels) nearly tripled progression-free survival compared with placebo, according to results of the PALETTE trial, published Online First in the Lancet.

Saving the planet, 1 microwave at a time
The vast majority of the millions of microwave ovens thrown away every year could be easily fixed and reused, according to University of Manchester research.

Breast cancer effectively treated with chemical found in celery, parsley by MU researchers
Apigenin, a natural substance found in grocery store produce aisles, shows promise as a non-toxic treatment for an aggressive form of human breast cancer, following a new study at the University of Missouri.

Dietary supplements increase cancer risk
Beta-carotene, selenium and folic acid -- taken up to three times their recommended daily allowance, these supplements are probably harmless.

Sulphur and iron compounds common in old shipwrecks
Sulphur and iron compounds have now been found in shipwrecks both in the Baltic and off the west coast of Sweden.

Maps of Miscanthus genome offer insight into grass evolution
Miscanthus grasses are used in gardens, burned for heat and energy, and converted into liquid fuels.

When the soil holds not enough phosphorus
Paula Duque and her research team at the Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia have identified a new inorganic phosphate (Pi) transporter in the root cells of the tiny mustard plant Arabidopsis thaliana that acts, crucially, when Pi is scarce.

Looks matter more than reputation when it comes to trusting people with our money
Our decisions to trust people with our money are based more on how they look then how they behave, according to new research from the University of Warwick.

Drugs from lizard saliva reduces the cravings for food
A drug made from the saliva of the Gila monster lizard is effective in reducing the craving for food.

Modest alcohol intake associated with less inflammation in patients with common liver disease
Modest alcohol intake is associated with less inflammation among patients with the most common type of liver disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

New museum-university partnership ushers in new era of environmental science education
Drexel environmental science students will have a breadth of new research and academic opportunities locally and across the globe as a result of the University's unique academic affiliation with the Academy of Natural Sciences.

Should childhood vaccination be mandatory?
On today, two experts debate whether childhood vaccination should be mandatory in the UK.

The use of acoustic inversion to estimate the bubble size distribution in pipelines
New research from the University of Southampton has devised a new method to more accurately measure gas bubbles in pipelines.

JCI early table of contents for May 15, 2012
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, May 15, 2012, in the JCI.

Ancient sea reptile with gammy jaw suggests dinosaurs got arthritis too
Imagine having arthritis in your jaw bones... if they're over two meters long!

Young people are too pressured to choose
Young people are forced to choose an educational path early in life.

Gastroenterology special issue focuses on new directions of viral hepatitis care and research
The editors of Gastroenterology, the official journal of the American Gastroenterological Association Institute, are pleased to announce the publication of this year's highly anticipated special 13th issue.

Colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy may be used to predict Parkinson's
Two studies by neurological researchers at Rush University Medical Center suggest that, in the future, colonic tissue obtained during either colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy may be used to predict who will develop Parkinson's disease, a neurodegenerative disorder of aging that that leads to progressive deterioration of motor function due to loss of neurons in the brain that produce dopamine, a neurotransmitter essential to executing movement.

Ancient plant-fungal partnerships reveal how the world became green
Prehistoric plants grown in state-of-the-art growth chambers recreating environmental conditions from more than 400 million years ago have shown scientists from the University of Sheffield how soil dwelling fungi played a crucial role in the evolution of plants.

Ultrasensitive biosensor promising for medical diagnostics
Researchers have created an ultrasensitive biosensor that could open up new opportunities for early detection of cancer and

Mixed bacterial communities evolve to share resources, not compete
New research shows how bacteria evolve to increase ecosystem functioning by recycling each other's waste.

Study examines BI-RADS and MRI in predicting breast cancer
A large, multicenter study found that the Breast Imaging and Reporting Data Systems terminology used by radiologists to classify breast imaging results is useful in predicting malignancy in breast lesions detected with MRI.

Statistical analysis projects future temperatures in North America
For the first time, researchers have been able to combine different climate models using spatial statistics - to project future seasonal temperature changes in regions across North America.

Resiliency during early teen years can protect against later alcohol/drug use
Resiliency is a measure of a person's ability to flexibly adapt their behaviors to fit the surroundings in which they find themselves.

An international treaty is needed to improve medical research worldwide
An international treaty is a promising tool for improving the coherence, fairness, efficiency, and sustainability of the global health research and development system according to international experts writing in this week's PLoS Medicine.

National Psoriasis Foundation awards more than $2 million for research
Twenty-six scientists have received a total of $2.06 million in grants from the National Psoriasis Foundation to study psoriasis -- the most common autoimmune disease in the country, affecting as many as 7.5 million Americans -- and psoriatic arthritis, an inflammatory joint and tendon disease.

All cancer cells are not created equal
A study from Massachusetts General Hospital researchers suggests that specific populations of tumor cells have different roles in the process by which tumors make new copies of themselves and grow.

Protein inhibitor points to potential medical treatments for skull and skin birth defects
Researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York have found new clues in the pathogenesis of skull and skin birth defects associated with a rare genetic disorder, Beare-Stevenson cutis gyrata syndrome.

World Health Assembly should adopt an international convention on global health R&D: Expert group
The expert working group advising WHO on research and development has recommended the May 2012 World Health Assembly adopt an international convention on research and development that will bind member states to action and catalyze new knowledge for diseases that primarily affect the global poor but for which patents provide insufficient market incentives.

Tiny plants could cut costs, shrink environmental footprint
Tall, waving corn fields that line Midwestern roads may one day be replaced by dwarfed versions that require less water, fertilizer and other inputs, thanks to a fungicide commonly used on golf courses.

JoVE partners with US government to publish cutting-edge defense research
On May 15, 2012, JoVE will publish two articles in partnership with the United States government's Defense Threat Reduction Agency.

Female terrorists' bios belie stereotypes, study finds
Much like their male counterparts, female terrorists are likely to be educated, employed and native residents of the country where they commit a terrorist act, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

Big-mouthed babies drove the evolution of giant island snakes
Research in the American Naturalist suggests that the need to have big-mouthed babies drove the evolution of giant tiger snakes on Australian islands.

Considerable prevalence of both malaria, STIs exist among pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa
A review of studies reporting estimates of the prevalence of sexually transmitted infections/reproductive tract infections (STIs/RTIs) and malaria over the past 20 years suggests that a considerable burden of malaria and STIs/RTIs exists among pregnant women attending antenatal (before birth) facilities in sub-Saharan Africa, according to a review and meta-analysis of previous studies published in the May 16 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on global health. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to