Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 18, 2012
Direct digital: Novel casting process could transform how complex metal parts are made
Researchers have developed a novel technology that could change how industry designs and casts complex, costly metal parts.

Finding fingerprints in sea level rise
As described in a paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, graduate students Eric Morrow and Carling Hay demonstrate the use of a statistical tool called a Kalman smoother to identify

AGA presents cutting-edge research during DDW®
Clinicians, researchers and scientists from around the world will gather for Digestive Disease Week 2012, the largest and most prestigious gastroenterology meeting, from May 19-22, 2012, at the San Diego Convention Center.

With fat: What's good or bad for the heart, may be the same for the brain
According to new research from Brigham and Women's Hospital, one

Using graphene, scientists develop a less toxic way to rust-proof steel
University at Buffalo researchers are making significant progress on rust-proofing steel using a graphene-based composite that could serve as a nontoxic alternative to coatings that contain hexavalent chromium, a probable carcinogen.

Return of the vacuum tube
Retro technology makes a comeback in a nanoscale transistor that is lightweight, low cost, and long lasting.

A nurse practitioner-driven palliative care intervention improves cancer patients' quality of life
Recent studies have shown that palliative care interventions aimed at addressing patients' emotional, spiritual and social needs have a significant impact on cancer patients' quality of life and may even improve cancer patients' overall survival.

Laser scan at full speed
Is a contact wire missing or is it faulty? What's the situation in front of the entrance to a railway station or a tunnel?

Female scientists recognized for achievements at the Feinstein Institute
In celebration of National Women's Health Week and in recognition of the numerous accomplishments undertaken at the Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, a newly organized group of female scientists, Advancing Women in Science and Medicine (AWSM), hosted its first annual awards breakfast on May 17.

New key mechanism in cell division discovered
Researchers from the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute have identified the mechanism by which protein Zds1 regulates a key function in mitosis, the process that occurs immediately before cell division.

Dartmouth researchers investigate the cognitive effects of athlete head impacts
A study by doctors and engineers finds head impacts in contact sports such as football and hockey may worsen some college athletes' ability to learn and remember.

Facebook and smartphones: New tools for psychological science research -- news brief
Whether you're an iPerson who can't live without a Mac, a Facebook addict, or a gamer, you know that social media and technology say things about your personality and thought processes.

Is the Earth a cosmic feather-duster?
Scientists at the University of Leeds are looking to discover how dust particles in the solar system interact with the Earth's atmosphere.

Engineers use droplet microfluidics to create glucose-sensing microbeads
Tiny beads may act as minimally invasive glucose sensors for a variety of applications in cell culture systems and tissue engineering.

What does Islam say about the fate of others?
Since 9/11, it has become increasingly common to hear about Muslims who condemn all non-Muslims -- or

Ultra-short laser pulses for science and industry
The shorter the pulse duration, the more precisely the laser tool operates.

BioMed Central announces winners of 6th Annual Research Awards
Open-access publisher BioMed Central revealed the winners of their 6th Annual Research Awards last night at Emirates Stadium, London, UK.

Hitting snooze on the molecular clock: Rabies evolves slower in hibernating bats
The rate at which the rabies virus evolves in bats may depend heavily upon the ecological traits of its hosts, according to research from the University of Georgia, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in Belgium published May 17 in the journal PLoS Pathogens.

CQ Researcher examines distracted driving
More than 5,000 people die each year in vehicle crashes caused by distracted driving, many who were texting and talking on cellphones behind the wheel, according to the May 4 issue of CQ Researcher (published by CQ Press, an imprint of SAGE).

Acid in the brain
University of Iowa researchers have developed an MRI-based method to detect and monitor pH changes in living brains.

Improved lubrication without oil
Running nicely -- this applies even more to aqueous biopolymer solutions than to oil.

Hotel rooms a la carte
Until now, whenever you booked a hotel room, you had to decide between a standard room or a suite, twin beds or a double bed, and overlooking a beach or facing inland.

A cell's first steps: Building a model to explain how cells grow
A collaboration between Lehigh University physicists and University of Miami biologists addresses an important fundamental question in basic cell biology: how do living cells figure out when and where to grow?

Pollution teams with thunderclouds to warm atmosphere
Pollution is warming the atmosphere through summer thunderstorm clouds, according to a computational study published May 10 in Geophysical Research Letters.

New silicon memory chip developed
The first purely silicon oxide-based

UGA study finds that education plays mitigating role in escaping roots of adversity
Decades of research show people born into poverty are likely to continue to live that way as adults.

Stanford scientists document fragile land-sea ecological chain
Intricate, often invisible chains of life are threatened with extinction around the world.

Magnetic reconnection workshop at Princeton
More than 70 physicists from seven countries will gather May 23-25 at Princeton University for the US-Japan Workshop on Magnetic Reconnection.

Comprehensive report documents impact of urologic diseases on American public
Urologic conditions like urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and prostate cancer are a major economic burden on Americans, resulting in health care costs of close to $40 billion annually, according to a newly released national report that charts the demographic and economic impact of urologic diseases in the US.

Experts call for clinical trials to test non-skeletal benefits of vitamin D
The Endocrine Society's new scientific statement published online today represents the first comprehensive evaluation of both the basic and clinical evidence related to the non-skeletal effects of vitamin D.

A network of knowledge on biodiversity and ecosystem services in Europe
A group of European experts on biodiversity will gather fromMay 21-23, 2012, in Brussels in order to further improve the transfer of biodiversity knowledge from the scientific community into the policy sphere.

Foul-mouthed characters in teen books have it all, study finds
Analysis of bestselling teen novels finds that readers come across nearly 7 instances of profanity per hour spent reading, and the characters who cuss have money, good looks and social influence.

University of Nevada, Reno, scientists design indoor navigation system for blind
University of Nevada, Reno, computer science engineering team Kostas Bekris and Eelke Folmer presented their indoor navigation system for people with visual impairments at two national conferences in the past two weeks.

May GSA Bulletin postings take global geology tour
GSA Bulletin papers posted online 3-18 May 2012 cover a variety of locations: the Coast Range basalt province, southwest Washington State, USA; the Faroe Islands of the northeast Atlantic margin; Wairarapa fault, North Island, New Zealand; the eastern Mediterranean Sea offshore of southern Crete; the southern central Andes of Argentina; the Adriatic Carbonate Platform of southwest Slovenia; the Atacama Desert, Chile; Questa caldera, northern New Mexico, USA; the Norwegian Caledonides; and Lake Tahoe, USA.

Dartmouth researchers are learning how exercise affects the brain
Findings suggest that the effects of exercise on memory depend on the age of the exerciser; underlying genetic mechanisms matter, too.

Performance boost for microchips
The semiconductor industry is faced with the challenge of supplying ever faster and more powerful chips.

En route to a quantum computer
The Volkswagen Foundation is financing a materials science project being conducted jointly by the universities in Mainz and Osnabrueck in collaboration with the Juelich Research Center.

Functional coatings from the plasma nozzle
These coatings offer protection against rust, scratches and moisture and improve adhesion: Surfaces with a nano coating.

A North American first at the Montreal Heart Institute
The surgical team at the Montreal Heart Institute achieved a North American surgical milestone on May 1st with a sutureless aortic valve replacement through a thoracic incision just 5 centimeters long.

Production of chemicals without petroleum
In a paper published online in Nature Chemical Biology on May 17, professor Sang Yup Lee and his colleagues at the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon, Korea, present new general strategies of systems metabolic engineering for developing microorganisms for the production of natural and non-natural chemicals from renewable biomass.

UH Case Medical Center, CardioKinetix reveal promising data for treatment for heart failure
University Hospitals (UH) Case Medical Center and CardioKinetix Inc., a medical device company pioneering a catheter-based treatment for heart failure, today announced promising results for the first-of-its-kind catheter-based Parachute™ Ventricular Partitioning Device, a Percutaneous Ventricular Restoration Therapy (PVRT) technology for patients with ischemic heart failure.

DNA barcoding verified the discovery of a highly disconnected crane fly species
Finnish and Russian entomologists have discovered a new crane fly species on the Eurasian continent.

A new method detects traces of veterinary drugs in baby food
The quantities are very small, but in milk powder and in meat-based baby food, residues of drugs given to livestock were found.

Quantum computing: The light at the end of the tunnel may be a single photon
Semiconductors are the foundation of modern computer technology. Now a photon's literal quantum leap may point the way to a semiconductor-based quantum computer.
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