Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 25, 2012
High-speed method to aid search for solar energy storage catalysts
Writing this week in the journal Angewandte Chemie, the Wisconsin group describes a new high-throughput method to identify electrocatalysts for water oxidation.

Skp2 activates cancer-promoting, glucose-processing Akt
HER2 and its epidermal growth factor receptor cousins mobilize a specialized protein to activate a major player in cancer development and sugar metabolism, scientists report in the May 25 issue of Cell.

Hazelnuts improve infant formula
Human breast milk is the best source of food for infants.

UMass Amherst wildlife researcher photographs rare Sumatran rabbit
Researchers say the rare rabbit may now be found only in two remote national parks on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, and conservation is critical.

A new invading sea crab reaches the Ebro Delta
Originally endemic to the Atlantic Coast of North America, over the past 30 years Dyspanopeus sayi has been involuntarily introduced in the UK, France, the Netherlands, the Black Sea and the Adriatic Sea.

Australia to share in world's largest telescope
Researchers at the International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research are celebrating today after hearing that Australia will share in hosting the world's largest telescope - the Square Kilometre Array.

New prostate cancer screening guidelines face a tough sell, study suggests
Recent recommendations from the US Preventive Services Task Force advising elimination of routine prostate-specific antigen screening for prostate cancer in healthy men are likely to encounter serious pushback from primary care physicians, according to results of a survey by Johns Hopkins investigators.

Tongue analysis software uses ancient Chinese medicine to warn of disease
University of Missouri researchers developed computer software that automatically analyzes images of the tongue, one of the measures used to classify the overall physical status of the body, or zheng, in Chinese traditional medicine.

First study to suggest that the immune system may protect against Alzheimer's changes in humans
Recent work in mice suggested that the immune system is involved in removing beta-amyloid, the main Alzheimer's-causing substance in the brain.

It's in the genes: Research pinpoints how plants know when to flower
Scientists believe they've pinpointed the last crucial piece of the 80-year-old puzzle of how plants

70 percent of women use contraceptives during their first sexual encounter
Contraceptive use in Spain during the first sexual encounter is similar to other European countries.

Autopsy of an eruption: Linking crystal growth to volcano seismicity
How processes below a volcano are linked to seismic signals at the surface is described by scientists from the petrology group of the Ruhr-Universit├Ąt Bochum and their colleagues from Bristol in a paper published today in Science.

World Health Assembly endorses new plan to increase global access to vaccines
Ministers of Health from 194 countries at the Sixty-fifth World Health Assembly today endorsed a landmark Global Vaccine Action Plan, a roadmap to prevent millions of deaths by 2020 through more equitable access to existing vaccines for people in all communities.

CSHL researchers solve structure of human protein critical for silencing genes
In a study published in the journal Cell on May 24, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory scientists describe the three-dimensional atomic structure of a human protein bound to a piece of RNA that

UC San Diego researchers receive new CIRM funding
Five scientists from the University of California, San Diego and its School of Medicine have been awarded almost $12 million in new grants from the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine to conduct stem cell-based research into regenerating spinal cord injuries, repairing gene mutations that cause amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and finding new drugs to treat heart failure and Alzheimer's disease.

Study should end debate over magnesium treatment for preventing poor outcome after haemorrhagic stroke
An international randomized trial and meta-analysis published Online First in the Lancet should put an end to the debate about the use of intravenous magnesium sulphate to prevent poor outcomes after haemorrhagic stroke.

DFG Europa-Preis awarded to winners of national 'Jugend forscht' competition
Four young researchers had two reasons to celebrate at this year's awards ceremony for Germany's

Network of methodological innovation
Should social science researchers embrace social media and, if we do, what are the implications for our methods and practice?

Oldest Jewish archaeological evidence on the Iberian Peninsula
Archaeologists of the Friedrich Schiller University Jena found one of the oldest archaeological evidence so far of Jewish Culture on the Iberian Peninsula at an excavation site in the south of Portugal, close to the city of Silves.

Managing biodiversity data from local government
Local governments around the world have a new tool to help share and use vast amounts of biodiversity knowledge collected in the course of their work.

Like curry? New biological role identified for compound used in ancient medicine
Scientists have just identified a new reason why some curry dishes, made with spices humans have used for thousands of years, might be good for you.

Typhoon Sanvu affecting Iwo To, then expected to fade over weekend
Infrared and visible imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite taken on May 25, 2012, showed an impressive Typhoon Sanvu already affecting the islands of Iwo To and Chichi Jima, Japan.

Inherited DNA change explains overactive leukemia gene
A small inherited change in DNA overactivates a gene linked to poor treatment response in people with acute leukemia.

Phone contact with nurses linked with better outcomes for women with gestational diabetes
Among women with gestational diabetes mellitus, referral to a telephone-based nurse management program was associated with lower risk of high baby birth weight and increased postpartum glucose testing, according to Kaiser Permanente researchers.

NASA sees Hurricane Bud threaten western Mexico's coast
NASA satellites are providing rainfall, temperature, pressure, visible and infrared data to forecasters as Hurricane Bud is expected to make a quick landfall in western Mexico this weekend before turning back to sea.

Most occupational injury and illness costs are paid by the government and private payers
UC Davis researchers have found that workers' compensation insurance is not used nearly as much as it should be to cover the nation's multi-billion-dollar price tag for workplace illnesses and injuries.

Copy of the genetic makeup travels in a protein suitcase
Scientists from the Institute for Physical and Theoretical Chemistry at the University of Bonn have succeeded for the first time in the real time filming of the transport of an important information carrier in biological cells that is practically unmodified.

Picture release: More than meets the eye
Images of the cell's transport pods, produced at EMBL Heidelberg, revealed a molecular version of the robots from Transformers, published online today in Science.

Math predicts size of clot-forming cells
UC Davis mathematicians have helped biologists figure out why platelets, the cells that form blood clots, are the size and shape that they are.

Dr. Karen Lloyd receives WHOI's Holger W. Jannasch Visiting Scholar Award
The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution has chosen Karen Lloyd, an assistant professor in the Department of Microbiology at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville, as the recipient of the Holger W.

Southampton professors to co-direct the world's first Open Data Institute
The UK Government has announced plans to establish the world's first Open Data Institute, which will be co-directed by University of Southampton Professors Nigel Shadbolt and Sir Tim Berners-Lee, to support growth of new businesses on the back of Government data.

Early physical therapist treatment associated with reduced risk of healthcare utilization and reduced overall healthcare costs
A new study published in Spine shows that early treatment by a physical therapist for low back pain, as compared to delayed treatment, was associated with reduced risk of subsequent healthcare utilization and lower overall healthcare costs.

Wells Fargo fosters environmental conservation through University of Miami's RJD program
Wells Fargo awarded the University of Miami's R.J. Dunlap Marine Conservation Program $40,000 in support of marine conservation science.

A mating dance with Popeye arms
A research team at Bielefeld University headed by the evolutionary biologist Dr.

Cancer may require simpler genetic mutations than previously thought
Scientists have long known that cancer cells can proliferate by deleting both copies of the tumor suppressor genes that would otherwise kill them.
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