Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 06, 2012
Adolescents and young adults with mental health disorders at risk of long-term opioid use
Long-term use and abuse of opioid painkillers, such as OxyContin and Vicodin, has markedly increased in the United States in the last two decades.

First photos ever of jaguars in Colombian oil palm plantation taken with Panthera's camera traps
Panthera's camera traps recently produced the first photographic evidence of wild jaguars with cubs in an oil palm plantation in Colombia.

1 million billion billion billion billion billion billion: Number of undiscovered drugs
A new voyage into

Winner of Origins of Life Challenge announced
In mid-2011, retired California chemist and entrepreneur Harry Lonsdale issued a challenge to the origin of life scientific community to come up with novel ideas for explaining the mechanism of life's origin, through the Origin of Life Challenge.

ASTRO wins 2012 Communicator Award
The American Society for Radiation Oncology has been honored with a Communicator Award for its work on the fall 2011 edition of ASTROnews.

Statistical model attempting to estimate level of alcohol consumption that is 'optimal' for health
Scientists from Australia and Oxford University have carried out a complex analysis in an attempt to determine the

The American Society for Microbiology honors L. Barth Reller
L. Barth Reller, M.D., professor of medicine and pathology, Duke University School of Medicine, and Fellow of the American Academy of Microbiology, has been honored with the 2012 TREK Diagnostic ABMM/ABMLI Professional Recognition Award.

Homo heidelbergensis was only slightly taller than the Neanderthal
The reconstruction of 27 complete human limb bones found in Atapuerca (Burgos, Spain) has helped to determine the height of various species of the Pleistocene era.

Advances in cardiovascular therapies and treatments will be presented at TCT 2012
TCT 2012 is the annual Scientific Symposium of the Cardiovascular Research Foundation.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Susan Sharp
Susan Sharp, Ph.D., D(ABMM ), Director, Airport Way Regional Laboratory and Regional Director of Microbiology, Department of Pathology, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, Portland, Ore., and Associate Professor, Department of Pathology, Oregon Health and Sciences University, has been honored with the 2012 bioMérieux Sonnenwirth Award for Leadership in Clinical Microbiology.

Why belly fat isn't all bad
A fatty membrane in the belly called the omentum appears to play an important role in regulating the immune system.

New drug found effective against rare form of basal cell skin cancer
A clinical study has demonstrated that a new drug, a targeted molecular therapy called vismodegib (trade name Erivedge), can dramatically shrink basal cell skin cancers and prevent the formation of new ones, in patients with basal cell nevus syndrome.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Anthony R. Richardson
Anthony R. Richardson, Ph.D., assistant professor, Department of Microbiology & Immunology, University of North Carolina Hill School of Medicine, has been honored with one of two 2012 Merck Irving S.

Study reports seizure-freedom in 68 percent of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy patients
A 25-year follow-up study reveals that 68 percent of patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy became seizure-free, with nearly 30 percent no longer needing antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment.

Stress may delay brain development in early years
Stress may affect brain development in children -- altering growth of a specific piece of the brain and abilities associated with it -- according to researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Micah I. Krichevsky
Micah I. Krichevsky, Ph.D, Chairman, Bionomics International, has been honored with the prestigious 2012 Roche Diagnostics Alice C.

Compact and flexible thermal storage
Biogas plants, combined heat and power plants don't just generate electricity, they also produce heat.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Joanna B. Goldberg
Joanna B. Goldberg, Ph.D., professor, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Cancer Biology, University of Virginia and Fellow of the American Academy of Microbiology, has been presented with the 2012 ASM Graduate Microbiology Teaching Award.

Re-engineering life: New Phytologist Workshop on Synthetic Biology
Scientists from across the world will meet at the University of Bristol on June 6-8, 2012 for a New Phytologist Workshop on Synthetic Biology.

Seasonal prevention of malaria in African children: Analysis of life-saving potential
Giving young children medicine once a month during the rainy season to protect them against malaria could prevent tens of thousands of deaths each year in some areas of Africa, according to new research.

Variations in sex steroid gene expression can predict aggressive behaviors
An Indiana University biologist has shown that natural variation in measures of the brain's ability to process steroid hormones predicts functional variation in aggressive behavior.

DSM-5 to include controversial changes to criteria for substance use disorders
One of the biggest changes in the DSM-5 is the decision to meld the separate abuse and dependence categories into a single diagnosis in which a person has to meet two or more items for a diagnosis.

Appalachian infant death rates point to healthcare deficit
Infant death rates in Appalachia remain significantly higher than much of the rest of the country, and are especially high in the central Appalachian region, according to Penn State health policy researchers.

Killer whale at risk due to inadequate prey population
Researchers rule out alternative

New secrets from 'Bay of the Pirates' warship that sunk 2,300 years ago
A new study puts some finishing touches on the 2,300-year history of the beak-like weapon that an ancient warship used to ram enemy ships in the First Punic War, the conflict between ancient Rome and Carthage.

Salt Lake Tribune team wins world's richest journalism prize
A three-person team from the Salt Lake Tribune has been awarded the 2012 The Grantham Prize for Excellence in Reporting on the Environment.

Cornell researchers warn that Arctic ice melt is setting stage for severe winters
A dramatic melt-off of Arctic sea ice due to climate change is hitting closer to home than millions of Americans might think - triggering a domino effect leading to increased odds of severe winter weather outbreaks in the Northern Hemisphere's middle latitudes, according to new research published by Cornell Professor Charles H.

Study: Why hot, humid air triggers symptoms in patients with mild asthma
The study, appearing in the June print issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, found that patients who inhaled an asthma drug before breathing in hot, humid air were able to prevent airway constriction that volunteers without asthma did not experience in the same environment.

Ecologists call for preservation of planet's remaining biological diversity
Twenty years after the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, 17 ecologists are calling for renewed international efforts to curb the loss of Earth's biological diversity.

20 years after Rio Earth Summit
Twenty years after the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, 17 prominent ecologists are calling for renewed international efforts to curb the loss of biological diversity, which is compromising nature's ability to provide goods and services essential for human well-being.

Geckos, cockroaches, and robots dive off ledge, swing under to safety
Biologists identify new behavior in two species and engineers design robot that begins replicate it.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Brent Barrett
Brent Barrett, Indiana State Department of Health, has been honored with the 2012 Scherago-Rubin Award.

Boston College launches digital eTeaching initiative with 6 other colleges and universities
Faculty from six other colleges and universities have been selected to use Boston College's proprietary MediaKron eTeaching platform.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Aaron R. Jex
Aaron R. Jex, Ph.D., Faculty of Veterinary Science, the University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, has been presented the 2012 Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics Young Investigator Award.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Sandeep Kishore
Sandeep Kishore, Ph.D., post-doctoral fellow, Harvard Medical School in the Department of Global Health & Social Medicine, has been awarded one of two 2012 Raymond W.

Modeling the demise of migrating brain tumor cells
An Israeli physicist has developed a theoretical model to simulate the evolution of highly proliferating brain tumor core cells subjected to treatment by alternating radio frequency electric field.

How plants make cocaine
Cocaine is one of the most commonly used (and abused) drugs, but we have almost no modern information on how plants produce this complex alkaloid.

4th Summit of the Pacific Alliance takes place at ESO's Paranal Observatory
The presidents of Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru met today at ESO's Paranal Observatory in the Atacama Desert of Chile, seeing first hand the state-of-the-art telescopes and technology of ESO's flagship site.

MARC travel award announced for the 2012 GSA Model Organisms to Human Biology-Cancer Genetics Meeting
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipient for the 2012 Genetics Society of America Model Organisms to Human Biology-Cancer Genetics Meeting in Washington, D.C., from June 17-20, 2012.

MARC travel award announced for the 2012 XXVII Congress of ISAC
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipient for the 2012 XXVII Congress of the International Society for Advancement of Cytometry in Leipzig, Germany, from June 23-27, 2012.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Jeff Chen
Jeff Chen, undergraduate student at the University of California, Davis, has been awarded one of two 2012 Raymond W.

Study: When highly skilled immigrants move in, highly skilled natives move out
In the first study to measure the temporary impact of highly skilled immigrants on native populations, University of Notre Dame and Fairfield University researchers found that when highly skilled immigrants move to a city or town, the US natives in that area who are also highly skilled tend to move away.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Jayaraman Gowrishankar
The 2012 Moselio Schaechter Distinguished Service Award will be presented to Jayaraman Gowrishankar, Ph.D., Director, Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics (CDFD), and leader of the Laboratory of Bacterial Genetics, CDFD, Hyderabad, India.

MARC travel awards announced for the 2012 ISMB/ISCB Conference
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the 2012 Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology (ISMB)/ International Society for Computational Biology (ISCB) Conference in Long Beach, Calif., from July 13-17, 2012.

NYU College of Dentistry study explores effects of family dynamics on oral health
Professors Heyman and Slep, are part of a growing trend among dentists trying to understand how psychological factors affect oral health, especially when it comes to cracking the code on the causes of early childhood caries.

Stealth behavior allows cockroaches to seemingly vanish
Cockroaches, known for their stealth behavior, have a strategy up their sleeve only recently discovered by UC Berkeley biologists.

Stealing life's building blocks
As described in June 6 issue of BMC Genomics, researchers found that a parasitic flower

News alert: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons June highlights
Below are highlights of new review articles appearing in the June 2012 issue of the JAAOS, as well as the full table of contents.

Sexual orientation fluctuation correlated to alcohol misuse
Many young adults explore and define their sexual identity in college, but that process can be stressful and lead to risky behaviors.

A new way for emerging biomedical innovators & entrepreneurs to turn ideas into successful business
The Madrid-MIT M+Visión Consortium presents the IDEA2 Madrid program, aimed to promote biomedical innovation throughout the region.

Cedars-Sinai researchers explore role of fungus in digestive disorders
Cedars-Sinai researchers say their examination of the fungi in the intestines suggests an important link between these microbes and inflammatory diseases such as ulcerative colitis.

Nanomedicines promise fewer side effects in treating cancer
A new generation of cancer treatments based on nanotechnology is making its way out of the laboratory and into the clinic with the promise of targeting cancer cells while steering clear of healthy tissue, according to the current edition of Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN).

Researchers love triangles
A research team at Case Western Reserve University has found that gold catalysts shaped in the form of a cube, triangle, or other higher order structures grow nanowires about twice as fast and twice as long compared to wires grown with the more typical spherically-shaped catalysts.

NIH, EPA announce competition to develop personal air pollution and health sensors
A competition to create a personal sensor system that measures air pollution and a person's physiological response to it will offer cash awards to finalists, federal officials announced today.

Researchers demonstrate technique to give us better understanding of human tissues
Research from North Carolina State University demonstrates that a relatively new microscopy technique can be used to improve our understanding of human tissues and other biomedical materials.

Stanford researchers help predict the oceans of the future with a mini-lab
Scientists from the Stanford and elsewhere joined to create a mini-lab in Australia's Great Barrier Reef.

The American Society for Microbiology honors E. Peter Greenberg
E. Peter Greenberg, Ph.D., professor, Department of Microbiology, University of Washington School of Medicine, has been honored with the 2012 D.C.

Study: Insomnia linked to hypertension
People with insomnia may now have one more thing to keep them up at night: an increased likelihood of developing hypertension, according to a study from Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

Sea temperatures less sensitive to CO2 13 million years ago
In the modern global climate, higher levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere are associated with rising ocean temperatures.

Botswana, climate and tourism
Botswana's Okavango Delta is a sensitive ecosystem that could be affected detrimentally by climate change.

UC Davis scientists find new role for P53 genetic mutation -- initiation of prostate cancer
A team of UC Davis investigators has found that a genetic mutation may play an important role in the development of prostate cancer.

Research finds immigrants build stronger, safer communities in Southern California
Contrary to some perceptions, the large influx of Asian and Latino immigrants into Southern California over the past 50 years has resulted in stronger and safer multicultural communities, according to a report to be released next week by UC Irvine.

Study predicts imminent irreversible planetary collapse
Using scientific theories, toy ecosystem modeling and paleontological evidence as a crystal ball, 18 scientists, including one from Simon Fraser University, predict we're on a much worse collision course with Mother Nature than currently thought.

Fish show autism-like gene expression in water with psychoactive pharmaceuticals
Psychoactive medications in water affect the gene expression profiles of fathead minnows in a way that mimics the gene expression patterns associated with autism spectrum disorder in genetically susceptible humans, according to research published June 6 in the open-access journal PLoS ONE.

Analysis tracks how health care value has changed over 200 years
An analysis of records from the 200-year history of Massachusetts General Hospital reveals trends in the value of health care since the early 19th century.

Internists in Washington to discuss patient and professional issues in meetings on Capitol Hill
Nearly 400 internal medicine physicians and medical students from 44 states and the District of Columbia gathered in Washington today for the annual American College of Physicians Services Leadership Day on Capitol Hill.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Geoffrey L. Smith
Geoffrey L. Smith, Ph.D., Wellcome Trust Principal Research Fellow and Head, Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, and Fellow of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, has been bestowed the 2012 GlaxoSmithKline International Member of the Year Award, recognizing exemplary leadership in the international microbiological community.

Geoengineering could disrupt rainfall patterns
A geoengineering solution to climate change could lead to significant rainfall reduction in Europe and North America, a team of European scientists concludes.

Some factors that impact islet transplantation explored in Cell Transplantation papers
Three studies investigated islet cell transplantation. A study comparing human fresh islet cells to cultured islets transplanted into diabetic mice found freshly retrieved islet cells superior to cultured islet cells.

Tocilizumab is more effective than adalimumab at reducing signs and symptoms of RA
Data presented today at EULAR 2012, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, demonstrates that tocilizumab monotherapy is more effective than adalimumab monotherapy in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis based on change from baseline in DAS28 at week 24.

Growing presence of drug-resistant tuberculosis fuels need for more screening, faster testing and faster development of new combination therapies, experts say
Johns Hopkins experts in the prevention and treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis are calling for increased screening and more rapid testing of the nine million people worldwide estimated to be infected each year with TB and now at risk for this form of the highly contagious lung disease.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Bruce S. Rabin
Bruce S. Rabin, M.D., Ph.D., professor of pathology and psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh, and Medical Director of the Division of Clinical Immunopathology and the Healthy Lifestyle Program for the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, has been awarded the 2012 Abbott Award in Clinical and Diagnostic Immunology.

Almost one-quarter of European countries do not provide access to biologics for arthritis
Berlin, Germany, June 6 2012: Data from a study presented today at EULAR 2012, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, demonstrates the vast inequalities in access to biologics for the treatments of rheumatoid arthritis across 46 European countries, with 22 percent of countries having no biologic reimbursed at all.

Female college athletes need better screening for health problems, researchers report
Female athletes, particularly those involved in high level college sports at the NCAA Division I level, are particularly prone to a trio of medical issues called the

The American Society for Microbiology honors Bess B. Ward
Bess B. Ward, William J. Sinclair Professor of Geosciences, Department of Geosciences, Princeton University, has been presented the 2012 Procter & Gamble Award in Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

Radiation exposure from CT scans in childhood could triple the risk of leukaemia and brain cancer
Radiation exposure received from two to three computed tomography scans of the head in childhood (aged under 15 years) -- giving a cumulative dose of around 60 mGy -- can triple the risk of later developing brain cancer, while around five to ten such scans (cumulative dose around 50 mGy) could triple the risk of developing leukaemia- with the differing number of scans related to different absorption rates of the brain versus the bone marrow and age at time of scanning.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Stephen J. Giovannoni
Stephen J. Giovannoni, Ph.D., professor, Department of Microbiology, Oregon State University, has been honored with the 2012 USFCC/J.

Standard measures of clinical care of blood pressure misleading, say researchers
Standard performance measures used by health care systems and insurance companies to assess how well physicians are controlling their patients' blood pressure tell an incomplete and potentially misleading story, according to a study by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center and the University of California, San Francisco.

The American Society for Microbiology honors I. Kaye Wachsmuth
I. Kaye Wachsmuth, Ph.D., international public health consultant, DeLand, Fla., has been presented the 2012 Gen-Probe Joseph Public Health Award.

New technique for detecting mold contamination in homes and other buildings
With mold contamination of homes an ongoing concern - and a special threat to the 2.5 million foreclosed houses in the US, shuttered with little ventilation - scientists are reporting a new method to detect and identify low levels of airborne mold.

New research leads to sensors that detect contaminants in water
Many organic contaminants in the air and in drinking water need to be detected at very low-level concentrations.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Akiko Iwasaki
Akiko Iwasaki, Ph.D., professor, Department of Immunobiology, Yale University, is the laureate of the 2012 Eli Lilly and Company Research Award.

Have you heard? Nearly 15 percent of work email is gossip
According to some estimates, the average corporate email user sends 112 emails every day.

Spinoza prize for Leiden astronomer Xander Tielens
Leiden astronomer Xander Tielens has been awarded a Spinoza prize, the highest scientific prize in the Netherlands.

Tracing the brain's connections
A team of researchers led by Associate Professor of Molecular and Cellular Biology Naoshige Uchida are using a genetically-modified version of the rabies virus to create the first-ever comprehensive list of inputs that connect directly to dopamine neurons in two regions of the brain, the ventral tegmental area, known for processing reward, and the substantia nigra, known for motor control.

Racial and ethnic disparities in awareness of heart disease risk in women
Awareness of the risks of heart disease and signs of a heart attack vary greatly among women of different racial and ethnic groups and ages.

Biomarkers may predict the progression of spinal damage in patients with ankylosing spondylitis
A new study presented today at EULAR 2012, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, has identified five biomarkers that may predict the progression of structural damage in the spine of patients with ankylosing spondylitis who are already at high risk of disease progression.

HIV drug may slow down metastatic breast cancer, say researchers at Jefferson's Kimmel Cancer Center
The HIV drugs known as CCR5 antagonists may also help prevent aggressive breast cancers from metastasizing, researchers from the Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson suggest in a preclinical study published in a recent issue of Cancer Research.

Pandemic preparedness
Researchers from the University of Texas at Austin and the Texas Advanced Computing Center developed the

Brain cell activity imbalance may account for seizure susceptibility in Angelman syndrome
New research by scientists at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine may have pinpointed an underlying cause of the seizures that affect 90 percent of people with Angelman syndrome, a neurodevelopmental disorder.

Today's climate more sensitive to carbon dioxide than in past 12 million years
Until now, studies of Earth's climate have documented a strong correlation between global climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide; that is, during warm periods, high concentrations of CO2 persist, while colder times correspond to relatively low levels.

Baby's genome deciphered prenatally from parents' lab tests
Maternal blood sampled at 18 weeks into a pregnancy and a paternal saliva specimen contained enough information for scientists to map the fetus' whole genome.

Cell contents may be key to controlling toxicity of Huntington's disease protein
New research proposes novel therapeutic targets for treating Huntington's disease.

To quit smoking, try eating more veggies and fruits
Eating more fruits and vegetables may help you quit smoking and stay tobacco-free for longer, according to a new study published online by University at Buffalo researchers.

MARC travel awards announced for the 2012 GSA Zebrafish Development and Genetics Meeting
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the 2012 Genetics Society of America (GSA) Zebrafish Development and Genetics Meeting in Madison, Wisc., from June 20-24, 2012.

Medical marijuana outlets not linked to crime
Despite some concerns to the contrary, neighborhoods with medical marijuana dispensaries may not have higher crime rates than other neighborhoods -- at least in one California city.

Researchers recommend steps to improve implementation of global road safety
A new study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health outlines steps to address the implementation gap in low- and middle-income countries.

Assembling, visualizing and analyzing a tree of all life
A new initiative aims to build a comprehensive tree of life that brings together everything scientists know about how all species are related, from the tiniest bacteria to the tallest tree.

Scientists uncover evidence of impending tipping point for Earth
A group of 22 scientists worldwide argue that the Earth is frighteningly close to a tipping point that would send the globe irreversibly into a state that could spell disaster for humans.

The power of suggestion: What we expect influences our behavior, for better or worse
A lucky rabbit foot. A glass of wine. A pill.

International consortium announce the first complete sequencing of pear genome
International consortium led by Chinese scientists announce the first complete sequencing of pear genome.

Studies show new drug to be effective in treating skin cancer, Stanford researchers say
A new drug has been shown to be effective in treating and preventing the most common cancer in the United States: basal cell carcinoma skin cancer, according to a new study in the New England Journal of Medicine to be published June 7.

Loss of biodiversity increasingly threatens human well-being: UBC, University of Michigan research
The loss of the planet's biological diversity is increasingly threatening Mother Nature's ability to provide humans with goods and services like food, water, fodder, fertile soils, and protection from pests and disease, according to a sweeping review of 20 years of research by an international team of ecologists, including biologists from the University of British Columbia, McGill, University of Michigan Research.

Applied nanobiomedicine: Exploiting nanoparticles to hunt for hidden cancer cells
The German Federal Ministry of Education and Research provides over €300,000 for the next three years to fund a new research project at the Mainz University Medical Center.

Don't sit still! Annual health care cost of physical inactivity in Canadian adults
According to Dr. Ian Janssen, Canadian Research Chair in Physical Activity and Obesity, physical inactivity has surpassed epidemic proportions.

Study links PTSD to hidden head injuries suffered in combat
Even when brain injury is so subtle that it can only be detected by an ultra-sensitive imaging test, the injury might predispose soldiers in combat to post-traumatic stress disorder, according to a University of Rochester Medical Center study.

Mystery to the origin of long-lived, skin-deep immune cells uncovered
Scientists at A*STAR's Singapore Immunology Network uncovered the origin of a group of skin-deep immune cells called the Langerhans cells, that act as the first line of defense against harmful germs and skin infections.

Too few salmon is far worse than too many boats for killer whales
Not having enough Chinook salmon to eat stresses out southern resident killer whales in the Pacific Northwest more than having boats nearby, according to hormone levels of whales summering in the waters of Puget Sound and the straits of Georgia and Juan de Fuca.

The real culprit behind hardened arteries? Stem cells, says landmark study
Vascular diseases are actually a type of stem cell disease, according to a new study by UC Berkeley scientists.

Good bugs gone bad: Gut immune cells keep beneficial microbes in their place
How immune cells limit the location of commensal bacteria to intestinal sites is unclear.

PTSD outcomes improve as US Army adds behavioral health screening to primary care
American Soldiers are reaping the rewards of an innovative Army program designed to identify and treat Soldiers at risk of post-traumatic stress disorder or depression earlier by conducting behavioral health screening at all primary care visits.

Microbial communities shifted dramatically after Deepwater Horizon spill
Communities of microbial organisms -- species such as nematodes, protists and fungi -- on beaches along the Gulf of Mexico changed significantly following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in April 2010, research from the University of New Hampshire's Hubbard Center for Genome Studies and partners found.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Patrice Courvalin
Patrice Courvalin, M.D., Institut Pasteur, Paris, France, has been honored with the 2012 BD Award for Research in Clinical Microbiology.

The American Society for Microbiology honors LaJoyce Debro
LaJoyce Debro, Ph.D., professor of biology, Jacksonville State University, Alabama, is the 2012 William A.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Stuart B. Levy
Stuart B. Levy, M.D., has been honored with the esteemed 2012 Abbott-ASM Lifetime Achievement Award, ASM's premier award for sustained contributions to the microbiological sciences, for his many decades of dedicated basic science and his advisory work in the area of antimicrobial drug resistance.

Breaking bullying behavior
An educational program designed to rid schools of bullying behavior directed at students who stutter is proving effective at changing attitudes in the classroom, according to research from the University of Alberta.

Research finds Orange County drives economic growth in Southern California
Orange County has powered Southern California's economic engine for the past two decades with the greatest job growth, highest median home values and lowest unemployment rates in the region, according to a report to be released next week by UC Irvine.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Lilliam Casillas-Martinez
Lilliam Casillas-Martínez, Ph.D., has been honored with the 2012 Carski Foundation Distinguished Undergraduate Teaching Award.

MARC travel awards announced for the Endocrine Society's 94th Annual Meeting and Expo
FASEB MARC (Minority Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the Endocrine Society's 94th Annual Meeting and Expo in Houston, Texas, from June 23-26, 2012.

3 types of fetal cells can migrate into maternal organs during pregnancy
A pregnant woman's blood stream contains not only her own cells, but a small number of her child's, as well, and some of them remain in her internal organs long after the baby is born.

Researchers at IRB Barcelona uncover new clues about the origin of cancer
A study by researchers at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine, in collaboration with scientists at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, reveals new information about the origin of tumors.

Wiring the brain, through experience
As reported on June 7 in the journal Neuron, a team of researchers led by Jeff Lichtman, the Jeremy R.

A new way of looking at photosystem II
Using ultrafast, intensely bright pulses of X-rays from the Linac Coherent Light Source, an international team of researchers led by scientists at Berkeley Lab and SLAC obtained the first ever images at room temperature of photosystem II, a protein complex critical for photosynthesis and future artificial photosynthetic systems.

Piracy all at sea
Researchers in Hong Kong have analyzed the incidence of maritime piracy during the last decade and have developed a way to predict whether or not a particular vessel, with a specific cargo, shipping in a given patch of water is likely to be a target for piracy and what degree of violence might be involved.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Myron M. Levine
Myron M. Levine, M.D., D.T.P.H. has been honored with the Maurice Hilleman/Merck Award, ASM's premier award for major contributions to pathogenesis, vaccine discovery, vaccine development, and control of vaccine-preventable diseases. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to