Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 08, 2012
Physicists discover mechanisms of wrinkle and crumple formation
How a featureless sheet develops a complex shape has long remained elusive, but now UMass Amherst physicists have identified a fundamental mechanism by which such complex patterns emerge spontaneously.

Mayo Clinic announces Sparrow Health System as Mayo Clinic Care Network Member
Mayo Clinic officials today announced Sparrow Health System, based in Lansing, Mich., as a member of the Mayo Clinic Care Network.

Smoking negatively affects response to anti-TNF treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
A new study presented today at EULAR 2012, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, reinforces current thinking that smoking negatively affects treatment response in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with anti-tumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF) drugs.

Sleepy medical staff run increased risks of accidents driving home after a night shift
The drowsiness experienced by medical staff who have been on night duty can make their driving dangerous, French researchers have found.

UCSB anthropologists finds high levels of omega-3 fatty acids in breast milk of Amerindian women
Working with researchers at the University of Pittsburgh and the Cincinnati Children's Hospital, anthropologists at UC Santa Barbara have found high levels of beneficial omega-3 fatty acids in the breast milk of economically impoverished Amerindian woman as compared to women in the United States.

System to increase mining efficiency earns national research award
A University of Arizona systems engineering doctoral student's proposal to increase mining efficiency wins the IIE research award, the third in four years for UA engineering students.

Environmental benefit of biofuels is overestimated, new study reveals
Two scientists are challenging the currently accepted norms of biofuel production.

University of Tennessee professors take big step to develop nuclear fusion power
Imagine a world without man-made climate change, energy crunches or reliance on foreign oil.

NIH supporting Arizona State University research to help in fight against kidney disease
An Arizona State University research collaboration has been awarded a grant from the National Institutes of Health to support work on new methods of detecting kidney disease.

76 percent of patients on oral JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor plus DMARDS achieve ACR20 response at week 12
Data from a Phase IIb study presented today at EULAR 2012, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, show that 76 percent of patients with active rheumatoid arthritis receiving either four mg or eight mg of baricitinib, an oral JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor, plus stable methotrexate achieved ACR20* response compared with 41 percent of placebo-treated patients at 12 weeks.

13.7 million young adults stayed on or joined their parents' health plans in 2011
In 2011, 13.7 million young adults ages 19 to 25 stayed on or joined their parents' health plans, including 6.6 million who would likely not have been able to do so before passage of the Affordable Care Act, according to a new Commonwealth Fund report.

Car crash victims more likely to survive if taken directly to a trauma centre
People who are seriously injured in a car accident are more than 30 percent more likely to survive at least 48 hours if they are taken directly to a trauma center than those who are taken first to a non-trauma center, new research has found.

Rabbit risk score can help rheumatologists identify patients at high risk of infection
Results of a study presented today at EULAR 2012, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, suggest that the newly developed RABBIT Risk Score, which calculates the risk of serious infections in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who are treated with anti-tumour necrosis factor drugs (anti-TNFs) or conventional disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) is a valid and effective tool for rheumatologists to predict risk of serious infection.

Does cooperation require both reciprocity and alike neighbors?
Max Planck scientists develop new theoretical model on the evolution of cooperation.

New Geology postings illustrate complex systems and innovative results
Analysis of the water content of hydrous minerals in martian meteorites shows that Mars' interior is as wet or even wetter than Earth's mantle; detailed examination of well-preserved organic structures in Ediacaran specimens illustrates the

Holland America and Marine Conservation Institute announce historical marine ecology awards
Holland America Line and Marine Conservation Institute announce the recipients of the 2012 Mia J.

Probing the mechanism of ADAM28-mediated cancer metastasis
ADAM28, a metalloproteinase belonging to the ADAM gene family, cleaves the von Willebrand factor (VWF) and inhibits VWF-mediated cancer cell apoptosis, thereby enhancing lung metastases, so inhibiting its expression gives a substantial reduction in lung metastases, according to a study published June 8 in the Journal of The National Cancer Institute.

Lung changes are present in nearly half of ACPA positive RA patients at disease onset
A new study presented today at EULAR 2012, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, shows that lung changes in association with anti-citrullinated protein autoantibody (ACPA) status are a primary manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Study examines impact of African-American teachers in Title I schools
A University of Houston study suggests African-American students do not necessarily fare better when taught by African-American teachers.

Organization article wins Imagination Lab Foundation Award for Innovative Scholarship
Mark Stein, Chair in Leadership and Management at Leicester University's School of Management was yesterday awarded the Imagination Lab Foundation Award for Innovative Scholarship for a paper published in the journal Organization, published by SAGE.

Overexpression of proteins 14-3-3 related to chemotherapy resistance
Certain proteins, such as 14-3-3, conserve their basic functions of cell cycle control in diverse organisms, from worms to humans.

Theorem unifies superfluids and other weird materials
Despite physicists' fascination with the weird behavior of materials at extremely low temperatures -- 11 Nobel Prizes have been awarded in the area -- a unified explanation of materials like superfluids and Bose-Einstein condensates remained elusive.

Obesity negatively predicts minimal disease activity achievement in patients with PSA
According to a study presented today at EULAR 2012, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) who are starting anti-tumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF) treatment and adhere to a hypocaloric diet have a significantly greater chance of achieving minimal disease activity (MDA, an important measure of disease activity) at six months compared to those on a standard diet.

Researchers at GW receive federal funds to study the effect earthquakes have on nuclear reactors
A team of George Washington University researchers have received federal funding to study the effects earthquakes have on nuclear reactor cores.

First experiment at the ALBA synchrotron
Researchers of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona Department of Chemistry and the Institute of Materials Science of Barcelona are the first to use of the ALBA Synchrotron light facility.

Tropical Depression Keuna's rainfall weakens
The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite called TRMM measures how much rain can fall per hour in storms.

CU-Boulder-led team finds microbes in extreme environment on South American volcanoes
A team led by the University of Colorado Boulder looking for organisms that eke out a living in some of the most inhospitable soils on Earth has found a hardy few living on volcanoes that reaching nearly 20,000 feet in height.

ASTRO chairman to testify at CARE Act hearing
American Society for Radiation Oncology Chairman Leonard Gunderson, M.D., M.S., FASTRO, will testify before the House Committee on Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Health today on provisions of the Consistency, Accuracy, Responsibility, and Excellence in Medical Imaging and Radiation Therapy Act of 2011 (CARE Act) related to training and credentialing for medical imaging and radiation therapy technologists.

New peer-reviewed journal on big data launching in Fall 2012
In a world where we create over two quintillion bytes of data every day, global leaders in academia, industry, and government are grappling with the problem of how to organize, store, evaluate, share, and protect this vast amount of information.

Instrument integration begins at Goddard on MMS spacecraft
Engineers working on NASA'S Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission have started integrating instruments on the first of four instrument decks in a newly fabricated cleanroom at Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md.

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers develop and test new anti-cancer vaccine
Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center have developed and tested in mice a synthetic vaccine and found it effective in killing human papillomavirus-derived cancer, a virus linked to cervical cancers among others.

AGU: Unique microbes found in extreme environment
Researchers who were looking for organisms that eke out a living in some of the most inhospitable soils on Earth have found a hardy few.

Piramal Imaging to present data at Society for Nuclear Medicine Annual Meeting
Piramal Imaging SA, a subsidiary of Piramal Healthcare Limited, will present data on several compounds from its molecular imaging portfolio at the Society of Nuclear Medicine's 59th annual meeting in Miami Beach, Fla., from June 9 - 13.

More people staying connected on vacation
Scanning smartphones, tablets and laptops is as much a part of vacations as slathering on sunscreen, according to a Michigan State University study.

WSU study finds overwhelming evidence of hidden heart disease in hypertensive African-Americans
A Wayne State University School of Medicine study has found that an overwhelming majority of African-American patients with hypertension also suffered hidden heart disease caused by high blood pressure even though they displayed no symptoms.

Patients with PsA treated with ustekinumab are twice as likely to achieve acr20 vs. placebo
A new Phase III study presented today at EULAR 2012, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, shows that patients with active psoriatic arthritis (PsA) treated with Ustekinumab (UST) 90mg were more than twice as likely to achieve the study's primary endpoint, ACR20* at 24 weeks, than those treated with placebo (49.5 pecent vs.

Early menopause predicts a milder form of rheumatoid arthritis
A new study presented today at EULAR 2012, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism, shows that early menopause predicts a milder form of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Novel brain imaging technique explains why concussions affect people differently
Patients vary widely in their response to concussion, but scientists haven't understood why.

$2 million commitment from RBC launches Queen's University watershed project
RBC has donated $2 million to support the new RBC Queen's University Water Initiative.
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