Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 15, 2012
BPA exposure effects may last for generations
Exposure to low doses of Bisphenol A (BPA) during gestation had immediate and long-lasting, trans-generational effects on the brain and social behaviors in mice, according to a recent study accepted for publication in the journal Endocrinology, a publication of the Endocrine Society.

Cancer's next magic bullet may be magic shotgun
A new approach to drug design, pioneered by a group of researchers at the University of California, San Francisco and Mt.

Immune system may protect against Alzheimer's changes
Recent work in mice suggested that the immune system is involved in removing beta-amyloid, the main Alzheimer's-causing substance in the brain.

Inproved repair to damage of the peripheral nervous system
Researchers from the Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Exeter, in collaboration with colleagues from Rutgers University, Newark and University College London, have furthered understanding of the mechanism by which the cells that insulate the nerve cells in the peripheral nervous system, Schwann cells, protect and repair damage caused by trauma and disease.

Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is independently associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus, according to a new study from researchers in the UK.

Researchers develop optical displays from water and air
For many years, scientists have been pursuing ways to mimic the perplexing capability of the lotus leaf to repel water.

Quality of life study shows stereotactic ablative radiotherapy effective treatment; stage I NSCLC
Until recently, many elderly patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer were left untreated because treatment may not improve their quality of life.

Bugs have key role in farming approach to storing CO2 emissions
Tiny microbes are at the heart of a novel agricultural technique to manage harmful greenhouse gas emissions.

Musical brain patterns could help predict epileptic seizures
New insights into the electrical patterns of the brain reveal how brain waves with rapidly increasing frequencies, like musical 'glissandi,' could help predict when a patient is going to start an epileptic seizure.

Active ingredient of cannabis has no effect on the progression of multiple sclerosis
The first large non-commercial study to investigate whether the main active constituent of cannabis (tetrahydrocannabinol or THC) is effective in slowing the course of progressive multiple sclerosis shows that there is no evidence to suggest this; Although benefits were noted for those at the lower end of the disability scale.

Research team finds knowledge of fractions and long division predicts long-term math success
From factory workers to Wall Street bankers, a reasonable proficiency in math is a crucial requirement for most well-paying jobs in a modern economy.

Neutrons escaping to a parallel world?
In a paper recently published in EPJ C, researchers hypothesized the existence of mirror particles to explain the anomalous loss of neutrons observed experimentally.

Graduated driving laws reduce teen drunk driving
State laws that limit driving privileges for teens have reduced the incidence of drinking and driving among the nation's youngest licensees, according to a new study from researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Scientists tie DNA repair to key cell signaling network
Researchers have found a surprising connection between a key DNA-repair process and a cellular signaling network linked to aging, heart disease, cancer and other chronic conditions.

Smoking-cessation 'quitlines' could help identify hazardous drinkers
Few if any smoking-cessation

Scientists discover mechanism that promotes lung cancer growth and survival
A multi-institutional research study has uncovered a new mechanism that may lead to unique treatments for lung cancer, one of the leading causes of death worldwide.

State-level laws shown to reduce hazardous drinking and driving behaviors among teens
Teen drivers in the US are over-represented in motor-vehicle-related accidents and fatalities.

UK study into whether physical activity aids depression finds no additional benefit
Current clinical guidance recommends physical activity to alleviate the symptoms of depression.

Answer isn't always on the 'tip of the tongue' for older adults
Has your memory failed you today, such as struggling to recall a word that's

Genetic markers hope for new brain tumor treatments
Researchers at the University of Nottingham have identified three sets of genetic markers that could potentially pave the way for new diagnostic tools for a deadly type of brain tumor that mainly targets children.

'Tree of Life' symposium at NYBG
On Wednesday, June 20th, three leading researchers in evolutionary biology and biodiversity will explore pressing current issues in one of the most important projects in contemporary science--the quest to understand the fundamental evolutionary relationships among species.

Scripps Research Institute announces five-year research collaboration with Bristol-Myers Squibb
The Scripps Research Institute has announced it has entered into a five-year collaboration with Bristol-Myers Squibb Company focused on applying novel chemistry to drug discovery and synthesis.

Bielefeld University still twice excellent
Bielefeld University is celebrating! The Cluster of Excellence on Cognitive Interaction Technology and the Bielefeld Graduate School in History and Sociology have been granted a further five years of funding.

NASA sees intensifying Hurricane Carlotta threatening Mexico
NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite flew over Carlotta when it was a tropical storm and found areas of heavy rain throughout and powerful high thunderstorms almost 10 miles high, hinting the storm would strengthen into a hurricane.

Tufts CTSI to host national conference on Affordable Care Act
Tufts CTSI to host a national conference on June 19, 2012 in Boston examining the Affordable Care Act (ACA) as it relates to translational science and its impact on health.

As world warms, conservation evolves
A landmark book released by the Wildlife Conservation Society through Island Press shows that people in diverse environments around the world are moving from climate science to conservation action to ensure their natural systems, wildlife and livelihoods can withstand the pressures of global warming.

Mercyhurst research delivers near real-time water quality results
Ongoing research by Mercyhurst University biologists intended to expand and expedite testing for potential pathogens in beach water at Presque Isle State Park has resulted in a new method that delivers near real-time water quality results.

Ionic liquid improves speed and efficiency of hydrogen-producing catalyst
The design of a nature-inspired material that can make energy-storing hydrogen gas has gone holistic.

AGU Journal highlights - June 15, 2012
Featured in this release are research papers on the following topics:

St. Michael's receives $700,000 FedDev grant to study how to prevent brain injury complications
St. Michael's Hospital has been awarded up to $700,000 from the Federal Economic Development Agency of Southern Ontario to investigate new treatments to prevent complications following certain brain injuries.

Want to lose weight? Join a weight management group that is meaningful to you
Researchers from Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Exeter, have received funding of over £86,000 from the Leverhulme Trust to carry out research over two years to investigate the effectiveness of weight loss groups to those who are obese.

New research into flood impacts in the south of England
Research from the University of Southampton has developed and applied a method for understanding the effects and impacts of coastal flooding, which could contribute to more effective flood forecasting, defense design and land use planning.

Researchers find a strong association between alcohol dependence and chromosome 5q13.2
There is a strong genetic influence on the risk of developing alcohol dependence (AD).

Changes needed for oft-ignored prescription warning labels
Each year, an estimated four million Americans experience adverse reactions to prescription medications.

NASA sees heavy rainfall around compact Typhoon Guchol's center
Typhoon Guchol has spawned alerts in the Philippines as it is forecast to skirt the eastern part of Luzon this weekend, and will likely spawn warnings in Okinawa and western Japan over the next couple of days as it tracks in that direction.

Quantum bar magnets in a transparent salt
Scientists have managed to switch on and off the magnetism of a new material using quantum mechanics, making the material a test bed for future quantum devices.

Chemotherapy effective for patients with resected SCLC or large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma
Research presented in the July 2012 issue of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer's (IASLC) Journal of Thoracic Oncology, concluded that patients with limited large cell neuroendocrine tumors or with limited stage small-cell lung cancer who were treated with perioperative chemotherapy and surgery had better overall survival outcomes than patients treated with surgery alone.

Researchers identify need to sample multiple tumor zones in breast cancer
Certain short strands of RNA, known as microRNAs (miRNAs), have been linked to the progression and metastasis of breast cancer and may provide information about prognosis.

Vitamin D with calcium shown to reduce mortality in elderly
A study recently published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (JCEM) suggests that vitamin D -- when taken with calcium -- can reduce the rate of mortality in seniors, therefore providing a possible means of increasing life expectancy.

SAGE expands open access publishing portfolio into engineering and medicine
SAGE today announced they are launching a further three broad-spectrum open access journals - SAGE Open Medicine, SAGE Open Medical Case Reports and SAGE Open Engineering.

Hospital volume and surgeon specialty influence patient outcomes
Researchers from the Netherlands Cancer Institute wanted to understand if patients undergoing lung cancer resections would benefit from having their procedures performed in a high-volume specialized center.

'Jack Spratt' diabetes gene identified
Type 2 diabetes is popularly associated with obesity and a sedentary lifestyle.

Syracuse University researchers use nanotechnology to harness power of fireflies
Scientists in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences found a new way to harness the natural light produced by fireflies using nanoscience.

Graphic warning labels improve smokers' recall of warning and health risks related to smoking
In a first of its kind study in the US, researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have shown that the addition of graphic warning labels on cigarette packaging can improve smokers' recall of the warning and health risks associated with smoking.

Studying soil to predict the future of earth's atmosphere
A new study by researchers at BYU, Duke and the USDA finds that soil plays an important role in controlling the planet's atmospheric future.

Further top level support for Kiel marine sciences
Today the federal Grants Committee for the Excellence Initiative approved a further five year funding period for the Kiel Cluster of Excellence

XIX International AIDS Conference official program now online
Some 25,000 scientists, people living with HIV, and other stakeholders expected to attend AIDS 2012, July 22-27, 2012, Washington, DC.

More to facial perception than meets the eye
People make complex judgments about a person from looking at their face that are based on a range of factors beyond simply their race and gender, according to findings of new research funded by the Economic and Social Research Council.

Spanish scientist participate in the most comprehensive study ever done on ice
This study analyses all ice types and the structures and chemical and physical processes where ice is involved, from climate change and the origin of life to its presence in the atmosphere and comets.

Persistence is learned from fathers, study shows
A longitudinal study found that adolescent children develop persistence through fathers who follow good parenting practices.

Mutations in JAK3 gene identified in subtype of lymphoma provide potential drug target
A substantial proportion of NK/T-cell lymphomas harbor Janus Kinase 3 gene mutations.

Nanoparticles engineered at Notre Dame promise to improve blood cancer treatment
Researchers from the University of Notre Dame have engineered nanoparticles that show great promise for the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM), an incurable cancer of the plasma cells in bone marrow.

Rutgers leads effort to replicate care management programs in 4 U.S. cities
Rutgers Center for State Health Policy will partner with the Camden Coalition of Healthcare Providers and the Center for Health Care Strategies to bring cost-effective care management programs to

U of M researchers find natural antioxidant can protect against cardiovascular disease
University of Minnesota Medical School researchers have collaborated with the School of Public Health and discovered an enzyme that, when found at high levels and alongside low levels of HDL (good cholesterol), can dramatically reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Updated DHS report on risks of proposed Kansas biocontainment lab
A new National Research Council report requested by Congress finds the US Department of Homeland Security's updated site-specific risk assessment for the proposed National Bio- and Agro-Defense Facility.

Antioxidant shown to reduce blindness risk in extremely premature babies
A study by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital suggests that the antioxidant, rhSOD (recombinant human Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase), reduces the risk of developing ROP in extremely low gestational age newborns.

IOC recognizes University of Calgary Sports Injury Research Prevention Centre
The International Olympic Committee Medical and Scientific Department has recognized the University of Calgary, Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre as an international leader in researching and preventing sports injuries.

Media advisory: Invitation to ESO@50 Science Workshop
Media representatives are invited to attend the ESO@50 scientific workshop, an event organized in celebration of ESO's 50th anniversary.

Predators have outsized influence over habitats
Grasshopper's change in diet to high-energy carbohydrates while being hunted by spiders may affect the way soil releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, according to research results published this week in the journal Science.
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