Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 18, 2012
Living with the legacy of Alan Turing
A new book,

Chronic kidney disease patients could be at similar levels of coronary risk to those who have previously had a heart attack
Patients suffering from chronic kidney disease could be at as high a risk of coronary heart disease as patients who have previously had a heart attack, according to an article published Online First in the Lancet.

GTRI researchers develop prototype automated pavement crack detection and sealing system
GTRI researchers have developed a prototype automated pavement crack detection and sealing system.

MARC travel awards announced for the Society for Developmental Biology 71st Annual Meeting
FASEB MARC Program has announced the travel award recipients for the Society for Developmental Biology 71st Annual Meeting in Montreal, Canada from July 19-23, 2012.

High value health care collaborative receives $26 million health care innovation grant
Members of the High Value Healthcare Collaborative will share in a $26 million Innovation Grant announced Friday by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation (CMMI).

Research breakthrough: High brain integration underlies winning performances
Top performers in management, sports, and music have uniquely high brain integration compared to average-performing controls.

Reflected infrared light unveils never-before-seen details of Renaissance paintings
When restoring damaged and faded works of art, artists often employ lasers and other sophisticated imaging techniques to study intricate details, analyze pigments, and search for subtle defects not visible to the naked eye.

Survey finds surgical interns concerned about training duty-hour restrictions
A survey of surgical interns suggests many of them believe that new duty-hour restrictions will decrease continuity with patients, coordination of care and time spent operating, as well as reduce their acquisition of medical knowledge, development of surgical skills and overall educational experience, according to a report in the June issue of Archives of Surgery, a JAMA Network publication.

This is your brain on no self-control
New pictures from a University of Iowa researcher show what it looks like when a person runs out of patience and loses self-control, the first time researchers have seen the process actually happen.

Million year old groundwater in Maryland water supply
A portion of the groundwater in the upper Patapsco aquifer underlying Maryland is over a million years old.

MDS researchers join forces to advance patient treatments and outcomes
NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center is one of six institutions selected to join the newly-founded MDS Clinical Research Consortium.

Grant program to spur new research on Alzheimer's disease by encouraging collaboration
The American Federation for Aging Research announced today a new grant program that will support collaboration among young scientists from different scientific disciplines, to help tackle some of the most vexing questions about Alzheimer's disease.

Pediatric regime of chemotherapy proves more effective for young adults
Dr. Ron Ram of Tel Aviv University has determined that a pediatric chemotherapy regime improves the chances of young adults with leukemia for long-term survival and decreases their mortality rate.

Winners of Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Awards announced
American Chemical Society President Bassam Z. Shakhashiri will announce the winners of the prestigious Presidential Green Chemistry Awards at 3 p.m. on Wednesday, June 18, 2012.

15th Vitamin D Workshop begins tomorrow
The University of California, Riverside is hosting the 15th Vitamin D Workshop in Houston, Texas, from June 19 through June 22, 2012.

Survival rates lower for heart transplant patients whose arteries reclose after stenting
New research by UCLA researchers and colleagues has found that heart transplant patients who develop restenosis after receiving a stent have poor long-term survival.

Diabetes, poor glucose control associated with greater cognitive decline in older adults
Among well-functioning older adults without dementia, diabetes mellitus (DM) and poor glucose control among those with DM are associated with worse cognitive function and greater cognitive decline, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Neurology, a JAMA Network publication.

Increasing levels of carbon dioxide in Arctic coastal seas
The Arctic coastal seas absorb the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide to an ever-decreasing extent.

Discovery helps mice beat urinary tract infections
Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found new clues to why some urinary tract infections recur persistently after multiple rounds of treatment.

Too much salt may damage blood vessels and lead to high blood pressure
Eating a high-salt diet for several years is associated with markers of blood vessel damage.

Girls' response to honor-related violence
Girls in families characterised by strong social control often live a double life.

Traditional recruitment of labor movement leaders
When Mona Sahlin resigned as leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party following the party's defeat in the 2010 general election, she broke a pattern that dated back to the infancy of the labor movement -- never before had a party leader felt forced to resign prematurely.

Loneliness linked to serious health problems and death among elderly
Loneliness -- the unpleasant feeling of emptiness or desolation -- can creep in and cause suffering to people at any age.

FORMA Therapeutics teams with TGen Drug Development
FORMA Therapeutics and TGen Drug Development today announced an agreement to jointly develop transformative cancer therapies, leveraging the synergistic capabilities of both organizations.

Antitoxin strategy may help target other pathogens
Researchers have unveiled a novel strategy for neutralizing unwanted molecules and clearing them from the body using chains of binding agents, like

Social-class discrimination contributes to poorer health
Discrimination felt by teenagers based on their social class background can contribute to physiologic changes associated with poorer health, according to a new study published online in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Experts recommend men at risk for osteoporosis undergo bone density testing
Osteoporosis in men causes significant morbidity and mortality. Today, the Endocrine Society released clinical practice guidelines for management of this condition in men.

Fish shed light on human melanoma
Zebrafish, a transparent member of the minnow family, are providing insight into human melanoma - a form of skin cancer - that may lead to new or repurposed drug treatments, for skin and other cancers.

Advanced Photon Source and Canadian Light Source strengthen ties
The Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory outside of Chicago partners with the Canadian Light Source to tackle global challenges.

Science of parenting, the link between sexism and racism, death and the supernatural, and more
This press release has the story leads from articles in press online or in print this month about parenting by the norm, the link between sexism and racism, death and the supernatural, how brands shape identity, and more.

Study indicates promise in Huntington's treatment
A new study shows that the compound Coenzyme Q10 reduces oxidative damage, a key finding that hints at its potential to slow the progression of Huntington disease.

Study improves understanding of surface molecules in controlling size of gold nanoparticles
North Carolina State University researchers have shown that the

Bioinformatics experts at the CNIO explore additional coding potential hidden in the human genome
Sequencing the human genome was just the first step. The next challenge is of the kind that makes history: To decode the genome, and understand how the information needed to construct a human being can be packaged into a single molecule.

Not necessarily more flexible to use temp agency workers
Temporary agency workers risk facing limited development opportunities and employability.

University of Maryland researchers detail 2010 Haitian cholera
A new study by an international team of scientists led by researchers from the Institute for Genome Sciences (IGS) at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, the Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology at the University of Maryland, College Park, and CosmosIDTM Inc., College Park, have found two distinct strains of cholera bacteria may have contributed to the 2010 Haitian cholera outbreak.

Digital revolution bypassing UK education
Teaching and learning in the 21st century needs to be 'turbo-charged' by educational technology rather than using technologies designed for other purposes, according to a new report developed by the Technology-Enhanced Learning Research Programme - a five-year research program funded jointly by the Economic and Social Research Council and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.

University of Utah chemists use nanopores to detect DNA damage
Scientists worldwide are racing to sequence DNA -- decipher genetic blueprints -- faster and cheaper than ever by passing strands of the genetic material through molecule-sized pores.

Highways of the brain: High-cost and high-capacity
A new study proposes a communication routing strategy for the brain that mimics the American highway system, with the bulk of the traffic leaving the local and feeder neural pathways to spend as much time as possible on the longer, higher-capacity passages through a network of hubs, the so-called rich club.

Arizona State University secures defense contract
Arizona State University has been awarded a four-year contract from the Defense Threat Reduction Agency of the US Department of Defense to develop a novel diagnostic technology called immunosignaturing for rapid detection of exposure to infectious disease agents before symptoms occur.

Understanding faults and volcanics, plus life inside a rock
This posting: Orange-like rocks in Utah with iron-oxide rinds and fossilized bacteria inside that are believed to have eaten the interior rock material, plus noted similarities to

New method generates cardiac muscle patches from stem cells
A cutting-edge method developed at the University of Michigan Center for Arrhythmia Research uses stems cells to create heart cells that display activity similar to most people's resting heart rate.

Robots get a feel for the world at USC Viterbi
What does a robot feel when it touches something? Little or nothing until now.

Buying life experiences to impress others removes happiness boost
Spending money on activities and events, such as concert tickets or exotic vacations, won't make you happier if you're doing it to impress others, according to new findings published in the Journal of Happiness Studies.

Study suggests laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery appears to be safer than open procedure
A study that examined national outcome differences between laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass suggests that the minimally invasive laparoscopic procedure was associated with greater safety and used fewer resources because of shorter hospital stays and less cost, according to a report in the June issue of Archives of Surgery, a JAMA Network publication.

Grants add to Northwestern-Qatar partnership
Northwestern University has received its first research grants from the Qatar National Research Fund, opening the door to increased collaborations between Northwestern faculty and researchers in Qatar.

Weight-loss surgery increases alcohol use disorders over time
Adults who had a common bariatric surgery to lose weight had a significantly higher risk of alcohol use disorders (AUD) two years after surgery, according to a study by a National Institutes of Health research consortium.

More hospitalizations, higher charges, for kids with high blood pressure
During 10 years ending in 2006, hospitalizations for children with high blood pressure increased dramatically.

Study shows no evidence medical marijuana increases teen drug use
While marijuana use by teens has been increasing since 2005, an analysis of data from 1993 through 2009 by economists at three universities has found no evidence linking the legalization of medical marijuana to increased use by high school students.

Ethical trade: 'Good intentions go to waste'
Swedish consumers are increasingly buying fair trade, vegetarian and ecological products, but is it really making the world a better place?

Psychological distress increases risk of death from stroke
Psychological distress was associated with a higher risk of death from stroke, according to a study published in CMAJ.

BGI and the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia launch the 1,000 Rare Diseases Project
BGI, the world's largest genomics organization, and the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia today announced that they have jointly initiated the 1,000 Rare Diseases Project with the aim of accelerating the discovery of genetic variants underlying rare diseases.

Clues to nervous system evolution found in nerve-less sponge
UC Santa Barbara scientists turned to the simple sponge to find clues about the evolution of the complex nervous system and found that, but for a mechanism that coordinates the expression of genes that lead to the formation of neural synapses, sponges and the rest of the animal world may not be so distant after all.

Presidential candidates should address childhood obesity and bullying, poll says
Adults agree on top children's health issues regardless of political party affiliation, according to U-M's National Poll on Children's Health.

NASA sees powerful Typhoon Guchol affecting Kadena Air Base
All hatches should be battened down at Kadena Air Base, Japan as NASA satellite imagery today, June 18, revealed the northern quadrant of Typhoon Guchol as already affecting the island.

MARC travel awards announced for the AAI 2012 Introductory Course in Immunology
FASEB MARC Program has announced the travel award recipients for the American Association of Immunologists Introductory Course in Immunology.

Outcomes for children after brain injury difficult to predict and highly variable
Outcomes for children with brain injury acquired during childhood are difficult to predict and vary significantly, states an analysis of evidence on the topic published in CMAJ.

Researchers reveal crucial immune fighter role of the STING protein
Researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College have unlocked the structure of a key protein that, when sensing certain viruses and bacteria, triggers the body's immediate immune response.

Study examines chronic inflammation in oral cavity and HPV status of head and neck cancers
Among patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinomas, a history of chronic inflammation in the mouth (periodontitis, i.e. gum disease) may be associated with an increased risk of tumors positive for human papillomavirus, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, a JAMA Network publication.

Children, brain development and the criminal law
The legal system needs to take greater account of new discoveries in neuroscience that show how a difficult childhood can affect the development of a young person's brain which can increase the risk adolescent crimes, according to researchers.

Univ. of Miami to lead team on grant for drought, flood prediction
A multi-model seasonal climate prediction system can improve NOAA's operational forecasts in predicting severe floods or droughts, especially in south Florida.

Yankee fans keep enemy Red Sox closer, NYU study shows
Fans of the New York Yankees incorrectly perceive Fenway Park, home of the arch-rival Boston Red Sox, to be closer to New York City than is Camden Yards, home of the Baltimore Orioles, a study by New York University psychologists has found.

Living alone puts people with heart problems at risk for death
A new study at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) in Boston shows that living alone may be a risk factor for death, especially death due to cardiovascular problems, such as heart attack and stroke.

Study: Seeping Arctic methane has serious implications for Florida coastline
All of the methane escaping into the atmosphere causes more melting ice, oceanographer Jeff Chanton says, which causes sea levels to rise and could affect coastal real estate values -- sooner rather than later.

Device implanted in brain has therapeutic potential for Huntington's disease
Studies suggest that neurotrophic factors have significant therapeutic and restorative potential for neurologic diseases such as Huntington's disease.

Minimally invasive approach to weight-loss surgery reduces complications, Stanford study shows
A study by researchers at Stanford University Medical Center has found that a popular weight-loss operation is safer and reduces hospital bills when done with minimally invasive techniques rather than open surgery, which requires a large abdominal incision.

Alzheimer's patients experience adverse outcomes, delirium
The state of acute confusion and disorientation known as delirium can stem from a serious illness, surgery or infection, and often develops while patients are in the hospital.

Risk of alcohol abuse may increase after bariatric surgery
Among patients who underwent bariatric surgery, there was a higher prevalence of alcohol use disorders in the second year after surgery, and specifically after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, compared with the years immediately before and following surgery, according to a study in the June 20 issue of JAMA.

Preventing cellular aging and aging-related degenerative diseases
Age-associated degeneration is caused, at least in part, by accumulated cellular damage, including DNA damage, but how these types of damage drive aging remains unclear.

NASA reveals heaviest rainfall in Tropical Storm Talim's southwestern side
Tropical Storm Talim was born today in the South China Sea, and NASA's TRMM satellite noticed the heaviest rainfall in the storm is occurring in the south and western quadrants of the storm.

Brothers in arms: Commensal bacteria help fight viruses
In a new study published online in the journal Immunity researchers show that commensal bacteria are essential to fight off viral infections.

She won a gold medal because she's pretty
Studies show Olympic Games' commentary differs based on gender, race and nationality.

Researchers search for viruses to save honeybees
In an effort to save the dwindling honeybee population researchers at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas are looking to viruses to help treat one of the most destructive and widespread bee brood diseases in the United States.

Belief in hell, according to international data, is associated with reduced crime
Religions are thought to serve as bulwarks against unethical behaviors.

Cheaper drug could lead to serious eye issues
A Queen's University study of two eye drugs used to treat wet Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) has determined the cheaper of the two could lead to eye inflammation, a potentially blinding adverse effect.

Psoriasis increases risk of diabetes, Penn study shows
Psoriasis is an independent risk for Type 2 Diabetes, according to a new study by researchers with the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, with the greatest risk seen in patients with severe psoriasis.

New cerebellar ataxia gene identified in dogs
Researchers at the University of Helsinki and the Folkhälsan Research Center, Finland, have identified the genetic cause of early-onset progressive cerebellar degeneration the Finnish Hound dog breed.

Scientists reconstruct pre-Columbian human effects on the Amazon Basin
Small, shifting human populations existed in the Amazon before the arrival of Europeans, with little long-term effect on the forest.

Study links loneliness in older individuals to functional decline, death
Loneliness in individuals over 60 years of age appears associated with increased risk of functional decline and death, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Mason environmentalist awarded Blue Planet Prize for lifetime achievement in conservation
Thomas Lovejoy, University Professor of Environmental Science and Policy at George Mason University, was awarded the 21st annual Blue Planet Prize, the international environmental award sponsored by the Asahi Glass Foundation in Japan.

Scientific meeting at Virginia Tech will make more than $2 million economic impact
More than 1,500 scientists will descend on Virginia Tech beginning June 24 bringing with them not just cutting edge research information but also an economic boost to the Blacksburg area in excess of $2 million.

UC Santa Cruz researchers find increase in Lyme disease mirrors drop in red fox numbers
A continued increase of Lyme disease in the United States, once linked to a recovering deer population, may instead be explained by a decline of the red fox, UC Santa Cruz researchers suggest in a new study.

New 'OPEC' offers sustainable smell of sweet success
In research described today at the 16th annual Green Chemistry & Engineering Conference, scientists from the United Kingdom said they have developed a sustainable way to extract and find uses for virtually every bit of the 15.6 million tons of orange and other citrus peel discarded worldwide every year.

Study suggests that psoriasis may be associated with development of type 2 diabetes
A population-based study from the United Kingdom suggests that the common skin condition psoriasis may be a risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Dermatology, a JAMA Network publication.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for June 19, 2012, online issue
This release contains information about articles being published in the June 19 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

Key part of plants' rapid response system revealed
A cross-Atlantic collaboration between scientists at Washington University in St.

SLU designs new NIH-funded program to help institutions address research wrongdoing
A $500,000 grant to Saint Louis University's Gnaegi Center for Health Care Ethics will fund the first ever remediation program to aid institutions when they discover researchers who have engaged in wrongdoing or unprofessional behavior.

UCLA scientists discover how key enzyme involved in aging, cancer assembles
UCLA biochemists have mapped the structure of a key protein-RNA complex that is required for the assembly of telomerase, an enzyme important for both cancer and aging.

New studies hint at possible approaches to protect those at risk for Huntington's disease
Two new studies published in the inaugural issue of the Journal of Huntington's Disease hint at possible approaches to protect those at risk for HD.

JCI early table of contents for June 18, 2012
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, June 18, 2012, in the JCI:

Advancing Global Green Chemistry -- The role of government, business and academia
The American Chemical's Society Green Chemistry & Engineering Conference will feature a session

MARC travel awards announced for the AAI 2012 Advanced Course in Immunology
FASEB MARC Program has announced the travel award recipients for the American Association of Immunologists Advanced Course in Immunology at the Seaport World Trade Center, Boston, MA from July 29 - August 3, 2012.

Link between vitamin C and twins can increase seed production in crops
UC Riverside biochemists have found that increasing the level of dehydroascorbate reductase, a naturally occurring enzyme that recycles vitamin C in plants and animals, increases the vitamin's level and results in the production of twin and triplet seedlings in a single seed.

Living alone associated with higher risk of mortality, cardiovascular death
Living alone was associated with an increased risk of death and cardiovascular death in an international study of stable outpatients at risk of or with arterial vascular disease (such as coronary disease or peripheral vascular disease), according to a report published Online First by Archives of Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Peaches, plums, nectarines give obesity, diabetes slim chance
Peaches, plums and nectarines have bioactive compounds that can potentially fight-off obesity-related diabetes and cardiovascular disease, according to new studies by Texas AgriLife Research.

On the origin of music by means of natural selection
Do away with the DJ and scrap the composer. A computer program powered by Darwinian natural selection and the musical tastes of 7,000 website users may be on the way to creating a perfect pop tune, according to new research published today in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Anti-cocaine vaccine described in Human Gene Therapy Journal
A single-dose vaccine capable of providing immunity against the effects of cocaine offers a novel and groundbreaking strategy for treating cocaine addiction is described in an article published Instant Online in Human Gene Therapy, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Landsat sets the standard for maps of world's forests
Countries like Brazil are using data from NASA satellites to track and measure their forests in advance of a United Nations effort to reduce climate change by providing

Carnegie Mellon spinoff receives funding to commercialize transit app
Tiramisu Transit LLC, a Carnegie Mellon University spinoff, has received Small Business Innovation Research Phase I funding from the US Department of Transportation to commercialize Tiramisu, the smartphone application that enables transit riders to create real-time information about bus schedules and seating.

Carbon is key for getting algae to pump out more oil
Overturning two long-held misconceptions about oil production in algae, scientists show that ramping up the microbes' overall metabolism by feeding them more carbon increases oil production as the organisms continue to grow.

BaBar data hint at cracks in the Standard Model
Recently analyzed data from the BaBar experiment may suggest possible flaws in the Standard Model of particle physics, the reigning description of how the universe works on subatomic scales.

Family first - caring within UK Bangladeshi and Pakistani communities
Over the next 20 years the proportion of older people living within the Bangladeshi and Pakistani communities in the UK will increase significantly.

Black holes as particle detectors
Black holes could serve as particle detectors, say scientists from the Vienna University of Technology.

Doctors cite concern for patients, colleagues top motives for working sick
A poll of 150 resident physicians found more than half had worked with flu-like symptoms at least once in the last year.

Study suggests link between smoking, increased risk of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma
Smoking appears to be associated with an increased risk of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma skin cancer, according to a report of a meta-analysis and review of available medical literature published Online First by Archives of Dermatology, a JAMA Network publication.

Microbiome analysis helps understand cause of chronic sinus condition, suggests cure
A study of the microbiome of the human nose provides clues to the cause of a chronic sinus condition and potential strategy for a cure.

Helping superconductors turn up the heat
Researchers from the University of Miami are unveiling a novel theory for high-temperature superconductivity.

Canadian teen moms run higher risk of abuse, depression than older mothers
Teenage mothers are more likely to suffer abuse and postpartum depression than older moms, according to a University of Alberta researcher.
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