Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 02, 2012
GSA welcomes National Hartford Centers of Gerontological Nursing Excellence
Effective July 1, the Gerontological Society of America has become home to the Coordinating Center for the National Hartford Centers of Gerontological Nursing Excellence, also known as the Building Academic Geriatric Nursing Capacity Initiative.

Generating dopamine via cell therapy for Parkinson's disease
In Parkinson's disease, the loss of dopamine-producing cells in the midbrain causes well-characterized motor symptoms.

Women less likely to endorse independence in gender-unequal societies
Women in countries with great gender inequality are more likely than men to support authoritarian values, according to a new study of 54 countries.

Sounding rocket mission to observe magnetic fields on the sun
On July 5, NASA will launch a mission called the Solar Ultraviolet Magnetograph Investigation or SUMI, to study the intricate, constantly changing magnetic fields on the sun in a hard-to-observe area of the sun's low atmosphere called the chromosphere.

The advantages of being first
How people make choices depends on many factors, but a new study finds people consistently prefer the options that come first: first in line, first college to offer acceptance, first salad on the menu -- first is considered best.

Imaging agents predict breast cancer response to endocrine therapy
Research published in the July issue of the Journal of Nuclear Medicine shows imaging progesterone receptor status also may be able to identify responders and nonresponders to endocrine therapy at an early stage.

Hormone discovered that preserves insulin production and beta cell function in diabetes
Researchers at Duke University Medical Center have found protective, anti-diabetic functions for a hormone that, like insulin, is produced by the islet cells of the pancreas.

ACP Immunization Advisor app makes it easier for doctors to identify vaccines for patients
The latest vaccine indications are available for doctors and other clinicians through the ACP Immunization Advisor app currently available for iPhone and iPad.

Notre Dame and Purdue researchers developing a new test for safer milk
A team of researchers from the University of Notre Dame and Purdue University are developing a new technology that can rapidly test milk and other dairy products for harmful pathogens.

Taxman Foundation pledges $2.5 million to boost training of digestive disease experts
The Taxman Family Foundation will donate $2.5 million to support the training of specialists in the study and treatment of digestive disease at the University of Chicago Medicine.

Study: Botulinum toxin a shot in the arm for preventing MS tremor
Botulinum toxin may help prevent shaking or tremor in the arms and hands of people with multiple sclerosis (MS), according to new research published in the July 3, 2012, print issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Mount Sinai finds common factors in autism spectrum disorders, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder
A team of researchers have found that schizophrenia or bipolar disorder seen in parents or siblings was associated with increased risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

Researchers block pathway to cancer cell replication
Research suggests that patients with leukemia sometimes relapse because standard chemotherapy fails to kill the self-renewing leukemia initiating cells, often referred to as cancer stem cells.

Safer radiologic imaging of otolaryngologic disease in children
Advances in diagnostic imaging have benefited children with otolaryngologic disease, allowing shorter hospital stays, fewer invasive procedures, more targeted surgical procedures, and earlier and more precise diagnoses.

Study: Women infected with common parasite have increased risk of attempting suicide
Women infected with the Toxoplasma gondii parasite, which is spread through contact with cat feces or eating undercooked meat or unwashed vegetables, are at increased risk of attempting suicide, according to a new study of more than 45,000 women in Denmark being published online in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

UCLA study looks at why heart attacks cause so much more damage in late pregnancy
While research has shown that the heart typically functions better during pregnancy due to a rise in cardiac pumping capacity to meet increased demands, a new UCLA study in rats and mice demonstrates that heart attacks occurring in the last trimester or late months of pregnancy result in worse heart function and more damaged heart tissue than heart attacks among non-pregnant females.

Moffitt Cancer Center study validates activity of rare genetic variant in glioma
Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center working with colleagues at three other institutions have validated a link between a rare genetic variant and the risk of glioma, the most common and lethal type of brain tumor.

BESC researchers tap into genetic reservoir of heat-loving bacteria
The identification of key proteins in a group of heat-loving bacteria by researchers at the Department of Energy's BioEnergy Science Center could help light a fire under next-generation biofuel production.

Researchers report success in treating autism spectrum disorder
Using a mouse model of autism, researchers at the University of Cincinnati and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center have successfully treated an autism spectrum disorder characterized by severe cognitive impairment.

Fast food intake increases risk of diabetes and heart disease in Singapore
University of Minnesota School of Public Health researchers have examined the eating habits of residents in Singapore and found new evidence that a diet heavy in fast food increases the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease.

Supercomputers give unprecedented processing power to business and academics
The UK's most powerful GPU-based supercomputer,

Measuring the uncertainties of pandemic influenza
A major collaboration between US research centers has highlighted three factors that could ultimately determine whether an outbreak of influenza becomes a serious epidemic that threatens national health.

Institute of Physics announces 2012 award winners
The Institute of Physics today, Monday, July 2, 2012, announces this year's award winners with the Isaac Newton Medal, IOP's International Medal, going to professor Martin Rees, Lord Rees of Ludlow, for his outstanding contributions to relativistic astrophysics and cosmology.

Melon genome obtained
It is formed of 27,427 genes and 450 millions of base pairs.

A world free of 1 of the most virulent animal diseases?
The Departments of Homeland Security and Agriculture have developed a novel vaccine for one of the seven strains of foot-and-mouth disease, paving the way for the development of the others.

Mosquitoes -- how we smell is why they bite, research shows
University of Notre Dame mosquito biologist Zain Syed is studying the olfactory behavior of mosquitoes as a means of developing more effective methods of disease control.

Researchers discover rare leukemia-causing protein
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati Hoxworth Blood Center have discovered a new gene target for leukemia therapy.

Tevatron scientists announce their final results on the Higgs particle
After more than 10 years of gathering and analyzing data produced by the US Department of Energy's Tevatron collider, scientists from the CDF and DZero collaborations have found their strongest indication to date for the Higgs particle.

Rheumatoid arthritis takes high toll in unemployment, early death, Mayo Clinic finds
In the realm of deadly and disabling diseases, conditions such as cancer and Alzheimer's seem to attract the most media attention.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for July 3, 2012, issue
This release contains information about articles being published in the July 3 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

Rensselaer scientists unlock some key secrets of photosynthesis
Research on the water oxidation reaction in plants and bacteria helps solve an important piece of the solar energy conversion puzzle; represents a major step toward a new generation of photovoltaics.

Prostate cancer treatment regret is 52 percent higher in men with cardiovascular disease
Prostate cancer patients with cardiovascular disease were 52 percent more likely to regret their treatment choices than men without problems with their heart or veins, according to a Harvard Medical School study of 795 men with recurrent cancer.

Avon helps lift African women out of poverty
Becoming an Avon cosmetics sales representative is helping some poor South African women escape poverty as well as inspiring many with self-confidence and hope.

APA task force recommends treatment guidelines and position statements on transgender persons
A report from the American Psychiatric Association Task Force on Treatment of Gender Identity Disorder recommends the development of clinical practice guidelines for psychiatrists caring for patients who are transgender.

The prevention of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer by PGD is 'feasible'
Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for the breast cancer genes BRCA1/2 is now feasible and established, with good success rates for those treated, according to investigators from the reproduction, oncology and genetics centers of the university hospitals of Maastricht and Brussels.

UN protects 'wild heart' of Central Africa
A Central African protected area that straddles three countries and teems with gorillas, elephants, and chimpanzees has been named a World Heritage Site by the United Nations Education, Science, and Cultural Organization, UNESCO.

Common factors suggested in study of autism spectrum disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder
Schizophrenia or bipolar disorder in first-degree relatives, such as parents or siblings, may be associated with increased risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a report published Online First by Archives of General Psychiatry, a JAMA Network publication.

TRMM sees post-season South Pacific Tropical Cyclone 21P
The South Pacific hurricane Tropical Depression season normally ends in April but Tropical Depression 21P has developed in the South Pacific Ocean between Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands from

NOAA researchers see dramatic decline of endangered white abalone
Scientists from NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service report a significant decline of endangered white abalone off the coast of Southern California in the journal Biological Conservation.

Higher energies for laser-accelerated particles possible
Physicists at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf demonstrated for the first time that laser-accelerated protons follow the direction of the laser light.

BUSM in vitro study identifies potential combination therapy for breast cancer
A study conducted at Boston University School of Medicine demonstrates an effective combination therapy for breast cancer cells in vitro.

Despite hardships, black men in urban communities are resilient, MU researcher says
Black men, especially those living in low-income, urban areas, face many societal stressors, including racial discrimination, incarceration and poverty.

Virtual plant planning, retrofitting and maintenance
Process plants have useful lives of thirty to fifty years, during which time they are routinely retrofitted.

Study suggests antipsychotic drugs during pregnancy linked to increased risk of gestational diabetes
A study that examined maternal use of antipsychotic drugs during pregnancy suggests that these medications may be linked to an increased risk of gestational diabetes, according to a report in the July issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, a JAMA Network publication.

Do the world's smallest flies decapitate tiny ants?
The smallest fly ever discovered is just 0.40 millimeters in length, and is a member of a fly family that is known for

Researchers identify new brain receptor for fantasy
Researchers are closer to understanding the biology behind GHB, a transmitter substance in the brain, best known in its synthetic form as the illegal drug fantasy.

RIKEN and Fujitsu complete operational testing of the K computer
RIKEN and Fujitsu today announced that operational testing of their jointly developed K computer has been completed as of June 29.

Robust financial risk management through high performance computing
The HPCFinance network aims to proactively train young people to respond to the future requirements and provide solutions to manage financial risks by high-performance computing.

VA and BUSM researchers discover dissociative subtype of post-traumatic stress disorder
A recent study by Erika J. Wolf, Ph.D., and principal investigator Mark W.

Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy highlights energy trends in China
The American Institute of Physics' Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy has published a special issue on emerging energy trends in China.

Researchers and communities at risk join forces in volcano study
People living in the shadow of six potentially active volcanoes will take part in a major new study exploring better ways to forecast and cope with future eruptions.

'Trophy molecule' breakthrough for Nottingham scientists
Experts at the University of Nottingham are the first to create a stable version of a

Rest is not idleness: Reflection is critical for development and well-being
As each day passes, the pace of life seems to accelerate -- demands on productivity continue ever upward and there is hardly ever a moment when we aren't, in some way, in touch with our family, friends, or coworkers.

New book explores legal, historical difficulties of unmarried couples who live together
Although 40 percent of children are now born to unmarried couples, law and public policy have failed to adapt to this fundamental change in American family life, said Elizabeth H.

Gene variant reduces cholesterol by 2 mechanisms
A variant in the human gene encoding the protein sortilin is associated with reduced plasma LDL levels and a decreased risk of heart attack.

War-related climate change would reduce substantially reduce crop yields
Though worries about 'nuclear winter' have faded since the end of the Cold War, existing stockpiles of nuclear weapons still hold the potential for devastating global impacts.

Cell biology -- new insights into the life of microtubules
Every second, around 25 million cell divisions take place in our bodies.

New way to grow, isolate cancer cells may add weapon against disease
A new method to isolate and grow the most dangerous cancer cells could enable new research into how cancer spreads and, ultimately, how to fight it.

A better way to test new treatments? Approach could help patients and give useful results
A new approach to testing medical treatment options could ensure that more patients get the most beneficial treatment for them -- but still yield valuable research results that stand up to scientific scrutiny.

Charting autism's neural circuitry
Deleting a single gene in the cerebellum of mice can cause key autistic-like symptoms, researchers have found.

Analysis of KRYSTEXXA phase III data demonstrates improved health-related quality of life and physical function in refractory chronic gout patients
Savient Pharmaceuticals, Inc. today announced a new publication showing that adult patients with refractory chronic gout (RCG) treated bi-weekly with KRYSTEXXA® (pegloticase) experienced statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvements in health-related quality of life (HRQOL), pain and physical function.

Innate immune system protein provides a new target in war against bacterial infections
Research led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists has identified a possible new approach to defeating bacterial infections by targeting an innate immune system component in a bid to invigorate the immune response.

Physical activity needed in order to reap benefits of dietary restriction
Dietary restriction alone does not extend lifespan -- at least in fruit flies.

ASTRO, SAMFund join to promote cancer survivorship
As part of an initiative to give back to the cancer communities in the cities visited during its annual scientific meetings, the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) is partnering with the Surviving And Moving Forward: The SAMFund for Young Adult Survivors of Cancer to raise awareness of cancer survivorship issues.

Why cancer rate increases with age (it's not what you think)
A University of Colorado Cancer Center review published today in the journal Oncogene presents compelling evidence against conventional wisdom's opinion that the accumulation of oncogenic mutations drives higher cancer rates in the elderly.

UCLA School of Dentistry gets $5M from NIH to train future leaders in oral health research
The UCLA School of Dentistry receives a $5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIH), which will allow the school to continue its pioneering efforts by creating a comprehensive research training program to help cultivate the next generation of dentist-scientists and oral health researchers.

Research paves the way for accurate manufacturing of complex parts for aerospace and car industries
Producing strong, lightweight and complex parts for car manufacturing and the aerospace industry is set to become cheaper and more accurate thanks to a new technique developed by engineers from the University of Exeter.

Higher levels of public reimbursement positively influence national birth rates and reduce unmet needs in subfertile populations
The state funding of fertility treatment through public reimbursement policies has a direct influence on national birth rates.

Fish learn to cope in a high CO2 world
Some coral reef fish may be better prepared to cope with rising CO2 in the world's oceans -- thanks to their parents.

Newly discovered dinosaur implies greater prevalence of feathers
A new species of feathered dinosaur discovered in southern Germany is further changing the perception of how predatory dinosaurs looked.

JCI early table of contents for July 2, 2012
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, July 2, 2012, in the JCI: Gene variant reduces cholesterol by two mechanisms, Generating dopamine via cell therapy for Parkinson's disease, Why pain and depression frequently occur together, Cyclocreatine treatment for X-linked metal retardation syndrome, Location, location, location: gene target of translocation linked to multiple myeloma.

Wiley extends open access option to over 80 percent of journals
John Wiley & Sons Inc. announced today that its open access option for individual journal articles, OnlineOpen, will be available to authors in 81 percent of the journals it publishes.

Naked mole rat may hold the secret to long life
Dr. Dorothee Huchon of Tel Aviv University says that the naked mole rat's brain contains unusually high levels of NRG-1, a neuroprotecting protein, which preserves high activity, bone health, and cognitive ability throughout its lifespan.

Multiple proxy datasets can clarify ancient climate regimes
Tree ring and oxygen isotope data from the US Pacific Northwest do not provide the same information on past precipitation, but rather than causing a problem, the differing results are a good thing, according to a team of geologists.

Single protein promotes resistance to widely used anti-estrogen drugs
Researchers at Georgetown have uncovered a single molecule they say is a major determinant of resistance to anti-estrogen therapy used to treat or prevent breast cancer in high-risk women.

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) linked to abnormal stem cells
Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have found that abnormal bone marrow stem cells drive the development of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), serious blood diseases that are common among the elderly and that can progress to acute leukemia.

Autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder may share common underlying factors, study suggests
New research led by a medical geneticist at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine points to an increased risk of autism spectrum disorders among individuals whose parents or siblings have been diagnosed with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.

Individual perspectives improve laparoscopy
Surgeons given their own view of a laparoscopic task, rather than a shared one, can work more efficiently and accurately, a small new study suggests.

Childless women with fertility problems at higher risk of hospitalization for psychiatric disorders
Based on the largest cohort of women with fertility problems compiled to date, Danish investigators have shown that women who remained childless after their first investigation for infertility had more hospitalizations for psychiatric disorders than women who had at least one child following their investigation.

JoVE expands scholarly video publication into physical sciences
As of July 2, 2012, JoVE launches the first and only scientific video publication for physics and engineering.

Iowa State Engineering's Wind Energy Initiative builds research, education programs
The Wind Energy Initiative of Iowa State University's College of Engineering is building research and education programs across disciplines.

Study examines outcomes of patients who refuse transfusion following cardiac surgery
Jehovah's Witness patients who undergo cardiac surgery do not appear to be at increased risk for surgical complications or death when compared to patients who undergo cardiac surgery and receive blood transfusions, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Study examines fingolimod therapy in patients with multiple sclerosis
The medication fingolimod reduced inflammatory lesion activity and reduced brain volume loss in patients with multiple sclerosis who participated in a two-year placebo-controlled clinical trial and were assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Neurology, a JAMA Network publication.

Denmark can triple its biomass production and improve the environment
The industry is interested in establishing a biorefinery sector in Denmark that can replace oil-based products with bio-friendly materials, chemicals, energy and fuel.

Nearly 30 percent of teens send nude pictures despite being 'bothered' by requests
Teens are sexting -- and at higher rates than previously reported.

Electrical brain stimulation can alleviate swallowing disorders after stroke
After stroke, patients often suffer from dysphagia, a swallowing disorder that results in greater health-care costs and higher rates of complications such as dehydration, malnutrition, and pneumonia.

Study examines role of seasonal prescribing changes in antibiotic resistance
A new study published in Clinical Infectious Diseases and available online shows how seasonal changes in outpatient antibiotic use -- retail sales of antibiotics typically get a boost during the winter -- can significantly alter seasonal patterns of drug resistance.

Censoring social media fans flames of social unrest
Is social media censorship a means to quell a modern uprising?

Researchers able to better pinpoint history of droughts through exploration of tree rings
Through an exploration of tree rings and oxygen isotopes, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh are now able to better pinpoint the history of droughts in the arid and semiarid areas of the American West.

Researchers create 'rubber-band electronics'
A team of researchers has developed a new way to make highly stretchable electronics.

Naturally adhesive
Until now most adhesives have been manufactured from petroleum-based materials.

Researchers find abuse during childhood may contribute to obesity in adulthood
Investigators from Boston University School of Medicine and Boston University's Slone Epidemiology Center report research findings that may shed light on influences on obesity during adulthood.

Paints and coatings containing bactericidal agent nanoparticles combat marine fouling
Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in Germany have discovered that tiny vanadium pentoxide nanoparticles can inhibit the growth of barnacles, bacteria, and algae on surfaces in contact with water, such as ship hulls, sea buoys, or offshore platforms.

Study: Kids with behavior problems, disabilities bullied more, more likely to bully others
Students receiving special-education services for behavioral disorders and those with more obvious disabilities are more likely to be bullied than their general-education counterparts -- and are also more likely to bully other students, a new study shows.

Moffitt researchers find cutaneous human papillomavirus infection a risk factor for skin cancer
Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center and colleagues at the University of South Florida, the German Cancer Research Center in Heidelberg, and the International Agency for Research on Cancer in Lyon, France, conducted a case control study and found associations between having antibodies to certain types of cutaneous human papillomavirus and a kind of skin cancer called squamous cell carcinoma.

Surprising culprit behind chemo resistance in rare cancer
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown how an aggressive form of multiple myeloma resists chemotherapy.

DNA sequenced for parrot's ability to parrot
Scientists say they have assembled more completely the string of genetic letters that could control how well parrots learn to imitate their owners and other sounds.

Uncontrollable anger prevalent among US youth
Nearly two-thirds of US adolescents have experienced an anger attack in their lives that involved threatening violence or violent behavior.

Electronic medical record improves physician compliance of reviewing portal images, study suggests
The use of an electronic medical record for reviewing portal images dramatically improves compliance with timeliness and record keeping, according to a study in the July issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

Exploring one of climate's 'known unknowns'
Researchers at the University of Bristol with collaborators from ETH-Zurich have shown that the rate of condensation of water on organic aerosol particles in the atmosphere can be very slow, taking many hours for a particle to change in size.

Medicare coverage gap associated with reductions in antidepressant use in study
The Medicare Part D coverage gap was associated with reduced use of antidepressants in a study of beneficiaries 65 years or older with depression, according to a report by Archives of General Psychiatry, a JAMA Network publication.

Study suggests teen sexting prevalent, may be linked to sexual behaviors
A study of students at seven public high schools in Texas suggests that

UC Santa Barbara geographer charts the 'next-generation digital Earth'
The world has gotten smaller and more accessible since applications like Google Earth became mainstream, says UC Santa Barbara Professor of Geography Michael Goodchild.

LWW announces 57% growth in 2011 impact factor rankings
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (LWW), a part of Wolters Kluwer Health, today announced exceptional gains across 193 journals in its portfolio with the latest Impact Factor (IF) scores and specialty rankings, based on the 2011 Journal Citation Reports® (Thomson Reuters).

'Self-distancing' can help people calm aggressive reactions, study finds
A new study reveals a simple strategy that people can use to minimize how angry and aggressive they get when they are provoked by others.

Coffee consumption inversely associated with risk of most common form of skin cancer
Increasing the number of cups of caffeinated coffee you drink could lower your risk of developing the most common form of skin cancer, basal cell carcinoma, according to a study published in Cancer Research.

Genes may play role in educational achievement, study finds
Researchers have identified genetic markers that may influence whether a person finishes high school and goes on to college, according to a national longitudinal study of thousands of young Americans.

8 potential osteoarthritis susceptibility genes discovered
The largest genome-wide association study of osteoarthritis to date, published online first in the Lancet, has uncovered eight new genetic variants or loci that appear to increase susceptibility to the most common form of arthritis, which affects about 40 percent of the world population older than 70 years.

Child abuse and foster care admissions increase when parents use methamphetamines
Methamphetamine abuse leads to an increase in child abuse and neglect, which causes an increase in foster care admissions, according to a study from Baylor University.

National University of Singapore-trained pharmacist honored by Ireland's oldest university
Clinical scientist and National University of Science alumnus, Dr. John Climax, has been conferred with a Doctorate in Science by Ireland's leading university, Trinity College Dublin.

Are brown widows displacing black widow spiders around southern California homes?
Brown widow spiders are relatively new to North America, where they were first documented in Florida in 1935, and even newer to southern California, where they were only recently discovered in 2003.

Wayne State University researcher seeks to understand link between obesity, flu severity
The recent H1N1 flu pandemic was found to be particularly dangerous to obese people, and a Wayne State University researcher is looking for clues as to why.

Years before diagnosis, quality of life declines for Parkinson's disease patients
Growing evidence suggests that Parkinson's disease often starts with non-motor symptoms that precede diagnosis by several years.
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