Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 04, 2012
Developing countries have a less than 5 percent chance of meeting UN hunger targets by 2015
New research published online first in the Lancet suggests that developing countries have a less than 5 percent chance of meeting the UN's Millennium Development Goal target for the reduction of child malnutrition by 2015.

Tecnalia cuts energy consumption of machine tools in Europe by 30 percent
The research center Tecnalia Research and Innovation has been recognized in Europe as one of the benchmarks in the

Individuals cooperate according to their emotional state and their prior experiences
A study by researchers at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid and Universidad de Zaragoza has determined that when deciding whether to cooperate with others, people do not act thinking in their own reward, as had been previously believed, but rather individuals are more influenced by their own mood at the time and by the number of individuals with whom they have cooperated before.

Rewiring DNA circuitry could help treat asthma
Reprogramming asthma-promoting immune cells in mice diminishes airway damage and inflammation, and could potentially lead to new treatments for people with asthma, researchers have found.

Urban athletes show that for orangutans, it pays to sway
Swaying trees is the way to go, if you are a primate crossing the jungle.

Groundbreaking discovery of mechanism that controls obesity, atherosclerosis
A*STAR scientists have discovered a new signalling pathway that controls both obesity and atherosclerosis.

Strawberries activate protection protein to prevent cardiovascular disease
Scientists at the University of Warwick have been studying the beneficial effects of strawberries on our cardiovascular health, particularly around how they prevent the development of heart disease and diabetes.

Cystic fibrosis makes airways more acidic, reduces bacterial killing
A University of Iowa study shows that the thin layer of liquid coating the airways is more acidic in newborn pigs with cystic fibrosis (CF) than in healthy newborn pigs, and that the increased acidity reduces the ability of the liquid to kill bacteria.

Nature: Molecule changes magnetism and conductance
One bit of digital information stored on a hard disk currently consists of about three million magnetic atoms.

Simple exercises are an easy and cost-effective treatment for persistent dizziness
A professor from the University of Southampton has called on doctors around the world to give patients with persistent dizziness a booklet of simple exercises, after new research has shown that it is a very cost-effective treatment for common causes of the condition.

Hormones dictate when youngsters fly the nest, says new research
Seabirds feed their young less as they reach an age to fly the nest, but it's hormones that actually control when the chicks leave home, according to new research from the University of Leeds.

Fertility preservation with cryopreservation of ovarian tissue: from experimental to mainstream
Although the first successful preservation of fertility from the freezing, thawing and grafting of ovarian tissue was reported eight years ago, the technique has remained experimental and confined to a few specialist centers.

A new particle has been discovered -- chances are, it is the Higgs boson
The elusive Higgs boson particle may have finally been discovered, as reported by LHC particle accelerator scientists today at the European Laboratory for Particle Physics, CERN, near Geneva.

Scientists discover new clues explaining tendon injury
Scientists at Queen Mary, University of London have identified a component of tendons which could lead to the development of tests and treatments to target tendon disorders.

A new type of data papers designed to publish online interactive keys identifying biodiversity
Data Papers are a new type of scholarly articles, which are rapidly gaining momentum in the scientific community.

Discovery improves understanding of early onset inflammatory disease
Scientists at the University of East Anglia have discovered a

Developing world has less than 5 percent chance of meeting UN child hunger target, study estimates
Insufficient progress has been made in most developing countries to meet the United Nations' target of halving the proportion of children who suffer from hunger by 2015 compared with 1990 levels, according to a systematic analysis of data on children's height and weight, published today in the Lancet.

Postoperative delirium in cardiac surgery patients associated with prolonged cognitive impairment
New research published in the July 5 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, establishes a link between postoperative delirium and prolonged loss of cognitive function in cardiac surgery patients.

Visualizing the complex flows inside chemical reactors
Dr. Markus Schubert from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf was selected by the European Research Council for an ERC Starting Grant.

From 'law' to 'religion'
In the prestigious international journal Religion, the Islamicist Stefan Reichmuth and the Latinist Reinhold Glei have published a joint paper on the concept of religion in the Koran.

Cancer scientists link 'oncometabolite' to onset of acute myeloid leukemia
A team of international scientists led by principal investigator Dr.

Statement by US Secretary of Energy on the Higgs Particle
Congratulatory Statement by US Secretary of Energy Steven Chu on the latest results of the search for the Higgs particle.

Single embryo transfer reduces the risk of perinatal mortality in IVF
A policy of single embryo transfer (SET) reduces the risk of perinatal mortality in infants born as a result of IVF and ICSI.

Seabirds study shows plastic pollution reaching surprising levels off coast of Pacific Northwest
Plastic pollution off the northwest coast of North America is reaching the level of the notoriously polluted North Sea, according to a new study led by a researcher at the University of British Columbia.

Extreme weather conditions cost EU's transport system at least €15 billion annually
A study carried out by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland indicates that extreme weather conditions cost EU transport system at least €15 billion a year.

Platelet drug shows clinical benefits for severe, unresponsive aplastic anemia
Eltrombopag, a drug that was designed to stimulate production of platelets from the bone marrow and thereby improve blood clotting, can raise blood cell levels in some people with severe aplastic anemia who have failed all standard therapies.

Patient-derived stem cells could improve drug research for Parkinson's
Researchers have taken a step toward personalized medicine for Parkinson's disease by investigating signs of the disease in patient-derived cells and testing how the cells respond to drug treatments.

Researchers will employ microscopic clay minerals to design more efficient and less toxic drugs
This is a pilot research project where researchers at the University of Granada Department of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Technology and the Instituto Andaluz de Ciencias de la Tierra -- among others -- will participate.

Freezing all embryos in IVF with transfer in a later non-stimulated cycle may improve outcome
There is growing interest in a

New Stanford method enables sequencing of fetal genomes using only maternal blood sample
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have for the first time sequenced the genome of an unborn baby using only a blood sample from the mother.

New study maps hotspots of human-animal infectious diseases and emerging disease outbreaks
A new global study mapping human-animal diseases like tuberculosis and Rift Valley fever finds that an

Tumor microenvironment helps skin cancer cells resist drug treatment
A burning question in the field of cancer research has been and remains: how does cancer evade drug treatment?

Wholly water -- students and scientists gather at NTU to discuss water problem
Students from different countries propose solutions for the global water problem while top scientists and experts gather to chart future directions in water R&D.

Tax evaders prefer institutional punishment
Establishing a central, costly authority can help to facilitate a stable coexistence.

Yak genome provides new insights into high altitude adaptation
An international team, led by Lanzhou University, comprising BGI, the world's largest genomics organization, Institute of Kunming Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences as well as the other 12 institutes, has completed the genomic sequence and analyses of a female domestic yak, which provides important insights into understanding mammalian divergence and adaptation at high altitude.

NUS launches new book on Singapore's rainforests and new free digital nature archive
Singapore's Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research at NUS launched a new book that reveals the precious biodiversity of Singapore's rainforests and efforts made to conserve them.

Just a question of time?
Function and significance of the biological clocks in polar planktonic organisms are the focus of the virtual Helmholtz Institute titled PolarTime starting July 1, 2012.

Humidity increases odor perception in terrestrial hermit crabs
Max Planck scientists have found that the olfactory system in hermit crabs is underdeveloped in comparison to vinegar flies.

Study in Nature sheds new light on planet formation
A study published in the July 5 edition of the journal Nature is challenging scientists' understanding of planet formation, suggesting that planets might form much faster than previously thought or, alternatively, that stars harboring planets could be far more numerous.

Surgical residents perform better in OR if they receive structured training in simulated environment
New research has shown that surgical residents who received structured training in a simulated environment perform significantly better when they start operating on patients.
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