Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 16, 2012
New studies reveal hidden insights to help inspire vegetable love
Two new studies presented today at the Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior's annual conference may make it easier for moms to get their kids to eat -- and enjoy -- vegetables.

A shortcut to sustainable fisheries
Up to now, methods to estimate the maximum sustainable yield (MSY) of fish stocks are very complex and, as a consequence, expensive.

Toughened silicon sponges may make tenacious batteries
Researchers at Rice University and Lockheed Martin reported this month that they've found a way to make multiple high-performance anodes from a single silicon wafer.

Gene therapy treatment extends lives of mice with fatal disease, MU study finds
A team of University of Missouri researchers has found that introducing a missing gene into the central nervous system could help extend the lives of patients with Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) -- the leading genetic cause of infantile death in the world.

Synthetic Biology Scorecard finds federal agencies responding to bioethics report
The updated Synthetic Biology Scorecard finds increased federal action towards addressing recommendations from the presidential bioethics commission, though more work is needed.

Engineering technology reveals eating habits of giant dinosaurs
High-tech technology, traditionally usually used to design racing cars and airplanes, has helped researchers to understand how plant-eating dinosaurs fed 150 million years ago.

LA BioMed offers unique educational and research opportunity to local high school seniors
As part of its commitment to reach out into the local communities in which it serves, for more than 30 years LA BioMed has offered a unique opportunity for outstanding high school seniors to work in a scientific and medical research environment as part of LA BioMed's Summer Fellowship Program.

Physicians don't adequately monitor patients' medication adherence
Physicians don't do as much as they could to ensure that patients adhere to their medication regimens, highlighting the need to develop better methods for doctors to identify non-adherence and to change that behavior.

Open for business: Open access journals reaching the same scientific impact as subscription journals
BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Medicine is pleased to be able to add scientific rigor to the debate about open access research, by publishing an article which compares the scientific impact of open access with traditional subscription publishing and has found that both of these publishing business models produce high quality peer reviewed articles.

Guam conservation efforts progress
A conservation project to save threatened cycads on the island of Guam forges a very special partnership.

RIH study: Emergency patients prefer technology-based interventions for behavioral issues
A Rhode Island Hospital researcher has found that emergency department patients prefer technology-based interventions for high-risk behaviors such as alcohol use, unsafe sex and violence.

Symposium: Digital Curation Career Opportunities and Educational Requirements -- July 19
Scientists, researchers, and scholars increasingly rely on digital information to do their work, raising the demand for skilled

Global warming harms lakes
Global warming also affects lakes. Based on the example of Lake Zurich, researchers from the University of Zurich demonstrate that there is insufficient water turnover in the lake during the winter and harmful Burgundy blood algae are increasingly thriving.

JCI early table of contents for July 16, 2012
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for newsworthy papers to be published online, July 9, 2012, in the JCI.

Asians reluctant to seek help for domestic violence
Asian-American victims of domestic violence rarely seek help from police or health-care providers --

UK tsunami threat to be assessed in £2.3 million research project
The threat posed to the United Kingdom by tsunamis that are triggered by colossal -- but extremely rare -- underwater landslides will be assessed in a National Oceanography Centre-led research project that has won £2.3 million in funding from the Natural Environment Research Council.

Uncommon BRAF mutation in melanoma sensitive to MEK inhibitor drug therapy
An uncommon mutation of the BRAF gene in melanoma patients has been found to respond to MEK inhibitor drugs, providing a rationale for routine screening and therapy in melanoma patients who harbor the BRAF L597 mutation.

Pioneering self-contained 'smart village' offers world model for rural poverty relief
An innovative, high-tech

To clean up the mine, let fungus reproduce
Harvard-led researchers have discovered that an Ascomycete fungus that is common in polluted water produces environmentally important minerals during asexual reproduction.

SIgN scientists discover dendritic cells key to activating human immune responses
Scientists at A*STAR's Singapore Immunology Network, in collaboration with Newcastle University, UK, the Singapore Institute of Clinical Sciences and clinicians from multiple hospitals in Singapore, have identified a new subset of dendritic cells in human peripheral tissue which have a critical role in activating our immune response against harmful pathogens.

LSUHSC research finds treating stress prevented new MS brain lesions
Research conducted by Jesus Lovera, M.D., assistant professor of neurology at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans, and colleagues has shown that stress management treatment significantly reduced the formation of new brain lesions in people with multiple sclerosis over the course of treatment.

Study finds increases in restrictions on indoor tanning in several countries
Restrictions on indoor tanning, which studies suggest is linked to skin cancer, appear to have increased in several countries since 2003.

Carbon-based transistors ramp up speed and memory for mobile devices
Elad Mentovich of Tel Aviv University's Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology says that, by using carbon molecules called C60 to build a sophisticated new memory transistor, he has found a way to increase both speed and memory on the devices -- and his solution is ready to be produced at existing high-tech fabrication facilities.

First articles now live on F1000 Research
Faculty of 1000 announces the publication of initial articles on F1000 Research, the innovative open-access publishing program in biology and medicine.

Amnestic mild cognitive impairment doubles risk of death
Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and Montefiore Medical Center have found that people with a form of mild cognitive impairment, a risk factor for developing Alzheimer's disease, have twice the risk of dying compared with cognitively normal people.

Israel to set up National Center for Mediterranean Sea Research, headed by U of Haifa
A consortium of universities, headed by strategically located University of Haifa, has won a tender to establish Israel's national Center for Mediterranean Sea Research.

LINDSAY: The future of medical education
Researchers at the University of Calgary have created a new, interactive tool that will change the way medical education is taught.

NASA satellite sees strengthening in Tropical Cyclone Khanun
When NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Tropical Depression Khanun on July 15, infrared data revealed some high, strong thunderstorms that hinted the cyclone would intensify.

Have thieving rodents saved tropical trees?
Big seeds produced by many tropical trees were probably once ingested and then defecated whole by huge mammals called gomphotheres that dispersed the seeds over large distances.

Laser treatment improves appearance in burn scars, study shows
In a collaboration among researchers at the University of Cincinnati, Shriners Hospitals for Children -- Cincinnati and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, burn and skin specialists have conclusively shown that use of a pulsed-dye laser tool improves the appearance, texture and elasticity of burn scars.

Real-life spider men using protein found in venom to develop muscular dystrophy treatment
When a stockbroker from the Buffalo suburbs discovered that his grandson had Duchenne muscular dystrophy, he turned to UB researchers for help in developing a treatment.

A new target in acute myeloid leukemia
Activating mutations in a protein receptor known as FLT3 receptor are among the most prevalent mutations observed in acute myeloid leukemias.

Conference brings global focus to social inequality
Academics from all over the world gather in York this week for one of the most significant conferences of social policy researchers in the UK in recent times.

ESF's Member Organisation Forum calls for development in 'Science in Society' initiatives
At the ESOF 2012 conference the European Science Foundation's dedicated Member Organisation Forum on

New research shows that coastal populations are healthier than those inland
A new study from the European Centre for Environment & Human Health, Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Exeter, has revealed that people living near the coast tend to have better health than those living inland.

You can't always get what you want: Consumers struggle with competing goals
Consumers change their minds often when making choices that involve conflicting goals, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Study examines health-care expenditures after bariatric surgery
A study suggests bariatric surgery to treat obesity was not associated with reduced health care expenditures three years after the procedure in a group of predominantly older men.

Controlling uncertainty: Why do consumers need to believe in certain service providers?
Consumers evaluate services and make decisions based on the level of uncertainty associated with a product -- the greater the uncertainty, the more likely it is they will need to have faith in a company and focus on its unique offerings, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Increase in RDA for vitamin C could help reduce heart disease, stroke, cancer
The recommended dietary allowance, or RDA, of vitamin C is less than half what it should be, scientists argue in a recent report, because medical experts insist on evaluating this natural, but critical nutrient in the same way they do pharmaceutical drugs and reach faulty conclusions as a result.

Are consumers aware that they are drawn to the center when choosing products?
Consumers are more likely to select products located in the horizontal center of a display and may not make the best choices as a result, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Researchers almost double light efficiency in LC projectors
Researchers have developed new technology to convert unpolarized light into polarized light, which makes projectors that use liquid crystal technology almost twice as energy efficient.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for July 17, 2012 issue
Below is information about articles being published in the July 17 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

NIH tools facilitate matching cancer drugs with gene targets
A new study details how a suite of web-based tools provides the research community with greatly improved capacity to compare data derived from large collections of genomic information against thousands of drugs.

Mayo Clinic begins to unravel rare heart condition that strikes young, healthy women
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection, a tear of the layers of the artery wall that can block normal blood flow into and around the heart, is a relatively rare and poorly understood condition.

Mayo Clinic creates tool to track real-time chemical changes in brain
Mayo Clinic researchers have found a novel way to monitor real-time chemical changes in the brains of patients undergoing deep brain stimulation.

Nurses need to counteract negative stereotypes of the profession in top YouTube hits
The nursing profession needs to harness the power of the video-sharing website YouTube to promote a positive image of nurses, after research found that many of the top hits portray them in a derogatory way.

Human cells, plants, worms and frogs share mechanism for organ placement
Biologists at Tufts University have produced the first evidence that a class of proteins that make up a cell's skeleton -- tubulin proteins -- drives asymmetrical patterning of internal organs across a broad spectrum of species, including plants, nematode worms, frogs, and human cells, at their earliest stages of development.

Poor people value marriage as much as the middle class and rich, study shows
Poor people hold more traditional values toward marriage and divorce than people with moderate and higher incomes, UCLA psychologists report in the Journal of Marriage and Family.

Low-cal diet's effects seen in fly brain, mouthpart
Neurotransmission is increased in fruit fly disease models that eat less, a new study shows.

Sharing isn't always caring: Why don't consumers take care of their Zipcars?
Consumers who access products in the short-term instead of owning them show greater indifference toward these products and identify less with the brand and other consumers, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Artificial football manager hoping to top the fantasy football league
A team of academics from the University of Southampton is set to take on the rest of the English Fantasy Football League when the new Barclays Premier League season kicks off next month.

Human eye inspires clog-free ink jet printer invented by MU researcher
University of Missouri engineers recently invented a clog-preventing nozzle cover by mimicking the human eye.

Study shows that blood poisoning drug withdrawn by manufacturer may be effective after all
A controversial drug used to treat patients with severe sepsis (a whole-body inflammatory response often bought on by blood poisoning) withdrawn by manufacturer Eli Lilly in October 2011 due to concerns over its efficacy may offer some benefit to patients after all, according to a new systematic review of the evidence published in the Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Geosphere: How geology, technology, modeling, and mapping see into Earth's past and present
New Geosphere articles posted online July 16, 2012, include additions to three themes:

Study examines patient experience at safety-net hospitals
A study suggests that safety-net hospitals, which typically care for poor patients, performed more poorly than other hospitals on nearly every measure of patient experience and that could have financial consequences as hospital payments are connected to performance.

Updated AHA/ACCF guidelines for unstable angina include newest blood-thinning drug
The blood-thinning drug ticagrelor is now considered equal to blood thinners clopidogrel and prasugrel for treating some patients who have a heart attack or chest pain.

U of S researchers discover cannabis 'pharma factory'
Researchers have discovered the pathway that Cannabis sativa uses to create bioactive compounds, paving the way for the development of marijuana varieties to produce pharmaceuticals or cannabinoid-free industrial hemp.

Nursing researcher uses Nintendo Wii to fight cancer-related fatigue
With the support of a $379,741 grant from the National Cancer Institute and the Nintendo Wii game system, nursing researcher Amy Hoffman aims to help lung cancer patients reduce fatigue and get more exercise as they transition from the hospital to the home after surgery.

Springer extends free access for digital library project in Haiti
As Haiti continues to rebuild in the aftermath of the 2010 earthquake, Springer Science+Business Media announced that it will extend the period of free access to its online platform, Springerlink, through 2015 to 15,000 students and researchers in the devastated country.

Obesity may affect response to breast cancer treatment
Women who are obese continue to have higher levels of estrogen than women of normal weight even after treatment with hormone-suppressing drugs, raising the possibility that they might benefit from changes to their treatment.

New York Stem Cell Foundation scientists featured for new model of Alzheimer's disease
A team of scientists at the New York Stem Cell Foundation (NYSCF) Laboratory led by Scott Noggle, PhD, NYSCF-Charles Evans Senior Research Fellow for Alzheimer's Disease, has developed the first cell-based model of Alzheimer's disease (AD) by reprogramming skin cells of Alzheimer's patients to become brain cells that are affected in Alzheimer's.

Why does the week before your vacation seem longer when you're going far away?
Consumer decision-making is affected by the relationship between time and spatial distance, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Getting your message across
Far from processing every word we read or hear, our brains often do not even notice key words that can change the whole meaning of a sentence, according to new research from the Economic and Social Research Council.

Neurons derived from cord blood cells may represent new therapeutic option
For more than 20 years, doctors have been using cells from blood that remains in the placenta and umbilical cord after childbirth to treat a variety of illnesses, from cancer and immune disorders to blood and metabolic diseases.

Frail, older adults with high blood pressure may have lower risk of mortality
A new study suggests that high blood pressure is actually associated with lower mortality in extremely frail, elderly adults.

Deadly liver cancer may be triggered by cells changing identity, UCSF study shows
A rare type of cancer thought to derive from cells in the bile ducts of the liver may actually develop when one type of liver cell morphs into a totally different type, a process scientists used to consider all but impossible.

UC research reveals largest ancient dam built by Maya in Central America
UC research to be published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences reveals new details about sustainable water and land management among the ancient Maya, including identifying the largest ancient dam built by the Maya in Central America.

US Army: Pre-injury cartilage biomarkers associated with subsequent ACL injuries
U.S. Army researchers made a surprising discovery while examining the impact of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear (a common knee injury), on four serum biomarkers associated with cartilage health.

Antibodies for new rotavirus vaccines
CSIRO has been contracted by PATH (Program for Appropriate Technology in Health) to produce antibodies on a large scale that will aid the development of new, safe, affordable and effective vaccines against rotavirus, a major cause of severe and fatal diarrhea in young children worldwide.

Glacier break creates ice island 2 times the size of Manhattan
An ice island twice the size of Manhattan has broken off from Greenland's Petermann Glacier, according to researchers at the University of Delaware and the Canadian Ice Service.

Selling on eBay? Get higher bids with a red background
The color red influences consumers to become more aggressive in online auctions and affects how much they are willing to pay for products as varied as video game consoles and Florida vacation packages, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Summer training institute promotes agenda to improve social science research
Physical and social sciences share students and classroom space, but part ways in the approach to research.

AAAS joins more than 3000 organizations in urging Congress to avoid 'devastating' budget cuts
The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) has joined more than 3000 national, state, and local organizations in warning the US Congress and President Barack Obama that automatic budget cuts set for January could have

Satellite sees Hurricane Fabio still chasing Emilia's remnants in Pacific Ocean
Hurricane Fabio continues to be the big tropical news maker in the Eastern Pacific, while the Central Pacific Hurricane Center is tracking the remnants of Hurricane Emilia.

Study reveals optimal interval for stomach cancer screening
A new study has determined how often people should get screened for gastric or stomach cancer in high-risk regions of the world.

Duke selected to receive multi-million dollar grant for HIV vaccine
A large federal grant awarded to Duke University will fund a highly focused program to discover how to induce the precise immune factors needed for effective vaccines against HIV.

Online self-diagnosis: Am I having a heart attack or is it just the hiccups?
Consumers who self-diagnose are more likely to believe they have a serious illness because they focus on their symptoms rather than the likelihood of a particular disease, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Force of nature: Defining the mechanical mechanisms in living cells
A multidisciplinary team of researchers at Stanford measured mechanical tension at the nanoscale to explore how living cells produce and detect force.

UW study plays pivotal role in today's FDA approval of HIV prevention drug
The US Food and Drug Administration decided today, July 16, to approve the use of an HIV treatment drug for reducing the risk of acquiring HIV.

Hospitals in recession-hit areas see uptick in serious cases of child physical abuse
In the largest study to examine the impact of the recession on child abuse, researchers at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia's PolicyLab detected a significant increase in children admitted to the nation's largest children's hospitals due to serious physical abuse over the last decade.

New study reveals racial disparities in voice box-preserving cancer treatment
A new epidemiological study led by UC Davis researchers reveals significant racial disparities in the use of non-surgical larynx-preservation therapy for locally advanced laryngeal cancer.

3-D motion of cold virus offers hope for improved drugs using Australia's fastest supercomputer
Melbourne researchers are now simulating in 3-D, the motion of the complete human rhinovirus, the most frequent cause of the common cold, on Australia's fastest supercomputer, paving the way for new drug development.

Rodent robbers good for tropical trees
A groundbreaking yearlong study in Panama suggests that squirrel-like agoutis have taken on the seed-spreading role of extinct mastodons and other elephant-like creatures, helping the black palm tree survive in the rainforest.

Genetically engineered bacteria prevent mosquitoes from transmitting malaria
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute have genetically modified a bacterium commonly found in the mosquito's midgut and found that the parasite that causes malaria in people does not survive in mosquitoes carrying the modified bacterium.

Study examines autism law, financial burdens
Families who have children with autism spectrum disorders often struggle with expensive health care needs.

Victory stance may be a universal gesture of triumph -- not pride -- study suggests
When Olympic athletes throw up their arms, clench their fists and grimace after a win, they are displaying triumph through a gesture that is the same across cultures, a new study suggests.

Helper T cells, not killer T cells, might be responsible for clearing hepatitis A infection
Helper cells traditionally thought to only assist killer white blood cells may be the frontline warriors when battling hepatitis A infection.

Researchers to use novel metabolomics technology for COPD
Researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College were awarded a $6.5 million grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute for a five-year investigation into metabolic changes occurring within airway epithelial cells in the lungs of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients caused by cigarette smoking.

Women professorships low in some Scandinavian universities due to sexism
Despite a global reputation for gender equality, certain Scandinavian countries disadvantage female scholars with sexist attitudes towards

Weight loss today keeps the doctor away
James McIntosh, a professor in the Department of Economics at Concordia University, is the first to look at the impact of obesity on the number of doctor visits nation-wide.

Brain power shortage
Can you teach an old dog (or human) new tricks?

Study suggests racial disparities may exist in larynx preservation therapy for cancer
A study of laryngeal (voice box) cancers suggests that racial disparities may exist with black patients less likely to undergo larynx preservation than white patients.

Recipients of UM Rosenstiel School's 2012-2013 Alumni Awards announced
The University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science today announced the recipients of the 2012-2013 Alumni Awards.

Gold nanoparticles could treat prostate cancer with fewer side effects than chemotherapy
University of Missouri scientists have found a more efficient way of targeting prostate tumors by using gold nanoparticles and a compound found in tea leaves.

Lab-engineered muscle implants restore function in animals
New research shows that exercise is a key step in building a muscle-like implant in the lab with the potential to repair muscle damage from injury or disease.

Open-access Geoscience Data Journal launched by Wiley
John Wiley & Sons Inc. has partnered with the Royal Meteorological Society to launch the Geoscience Data Journal as part of the Wiley Open Access publishing program.
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