Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 20, 2012
ECGs administered by paramedics can speed treatment for severe heart attacks
A new program that trains emergency medical service technicians to read electrocardiograms so that they can evaluate patients with chest pain, and expedite treatment for the severe heart condition known as ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, a serious form of heart attack, has excellent results and should become the standard of care, according to two studies published in the current issue of the Canadian Journal of Cardiology.

German anthropologists present oral history materials to National Archives of Burkina Faso
In late June, anthropologists working at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) and Goethe University Frankfurt am Main in Germany handed over a voluminous collection of oral history materials to the National Archives of Burkina Faso based in the capital city of Ouagadougou.

NASA's Aqua Satellite sees Khanun's remnants dissipating over China
NASA's Aqua satellite has been tracking the remnants of Tropical Depression Khanun, and infrared data revealed that it has moved over northeastern China where it is now dissipating.

Government calls on academia to train tomorrow's cyber security experts
Universities are today being invited by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, via a call on its website, to apply for grants to run two new dedicated Centres for Doctoral Training, that will train postgraduates to maintain the UK's security in the face of growing cyber threats.

Firms with political ties may be bad investment
It may pay to invest, but it might be worth more to invest in companies that do not have political ties, says one University of Alberta researcher.

Marshall University scientist awarded NIH grant for lung cancer research
A Marshall University faculty member has been awarded a three-year, $426,000 grant by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to further her research to determine if the nutritional agent capsaicin -- the active ingredient in chili peppers -- can improve the anti-cancer activity of the commonly used chemotherapy drug cisplatin in patients with small cell lung cancer.

Inaugural cross-disciplinary Public Participation in Scientific Research conference
Citizen science, crowd-sourced science, DIY research, volunteer monitoring, community participatory action research -- the variety of banners flying over participatory science projects reflects the diversity of their origins, from astronomy to zoology.

Complications following 2-level axial lumbar interbody fusion
Surgeons from the Instituto de Patologia da Coluna in Sao Paulo, Brazil, have found that an innovative minimally invasive surgical procedure performed to achieve two-level axial lumbar interbody fusion produced immediate successful results, but within two years complications set in, making the procedure far less desirable.

Numbers of blind are falling
The numbers of people in Germany who are blind or visually impaired is going down.

BUSM researchers identify genetic markers for testosterone, estrogen level regulation
A research study led by Boston University School of Medicine and the University of Exeter in the United Kingdom, in collaboration with a global consortium, has identified genetic markers that influence a protein involved in regulating estrogen and testosterone levels in the bloodstream.

Research warns Asia unlikely to achieve climate, poverty goals unless women's rights are recognized
New research shows that despite more understanding, more resources, and policy recommendations, women continue to be largely marginalized and exploited in resource management processes throughout Asia -- to the detriment of global climate and poverty reduction goals.

Stroke caregivers are at risk for depression
Caregivers of stroke survivors are at risk for developing depression and complications from chronic stress, according to a study published by researchers at the Loyola University Chicago Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing iin the latest issue of Biological Research for Nursing.

Racially diverse suburbs growing faster than white suburbs but resegregation threatens prosperity
Racially diverse suburbs are growing faster than white suburbs, but resegregation threatens their prosperity and stability, according to a study titled,

Scientists bring low frequency, 'first light' to the Jansky Very Large Array
Through the combined expertise of NRL and National Radio Astronomy Observatory scientists and engineers, a new, modern, wide-band receiver system has been developed and is being deployed onboard the JVLA.

River networks on Titan point to a puzzling geologic history
MIT findings suggest the surface of Saturn's largest moon may have undergone a recent transformation.

Radiation damage bigger problem in microelectronics than previously thought
The amount of damage that radiation causes in electronic materials may be at least 10 times greater than previously thought.

NASA satellite sees western north Pacific Tropical Cyclone strengthening
NASA satellite data has watched cloud temperatures drop in a low pressure system in the western North Pacific Ocean called System 92W, indicating that there's more uplift and power in the storm.

Cell research opens new avenues in combating neurodegenerative diseases
Scientists at the University of Manchester have uncovered how the internal mechanisms in nerve cells wire the brain.

Genetic markers for testosterone and estrogen level regulation identified
A research study led by the Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Exeter, and Boston University School of Medicine, in collaboration with a global consortium, has identified genetic markers that influence a protein involved in regulating estrogen and testosterone levels in the bloodstream.

Stone Age tools help to streamline modern manufacturing
Innovative research published by the National Physical Laboratory and the University of Bradford uses laser microscopes to explore how stone tools were used in prehistory, and the process has helped streamline surface measurement techniques for modern manufacturers.

DNDi and Cipla to develop 4-in-1 pediatric antiretroviral drug combination
On the eve of the XIX International AIDS Conference in Washington, DC, the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi), a not-for-profit research and development organization, announces a new collaboration with Indian drug manufacturer Cipla to develop and produce an improved first-line antiretroviral combination therapy specifically adapted to meet the treatment needs of the youngest children living with HIV/AIDS.

Modifying surfaces by means of nanostructured reliefs to prevent the spread of bacteria
Researchers at the Agrobiotechnology Institute of Navarre are designing nanostructured reliefs on surfaces.

Mass. Eye and Ear and HMS department of ophthalmology receives RPB Grant
Research to Prevent Blindness (RPB) has awarded a grant of $110,000 to the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary to support research into the causes, treatment and prevention of blinding diseases.

Vitamin D may protect against lung function impairment and decline in smokers
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with worse lung function and more rapid decline in lung function over time in smokers, suggesting that vitamin D may have a protective effect against the effects of smoking on lung function, according to a new study from researchers in Boston.

Severe flu increases risk of Parkinson's: UBC research
Severe influenza doubles the odds that a person will develop Parkinson's disease later in life, according to University of British Columbia researchers.

Mass. Eye and Ear Researcher receives RPB Award
The Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and Harvard Medical school has been granted a $250,000 Research to Prevent Blindness (RPB) Career Development Award to support the work of Mass.

Solar corona revealed in super-high-definition
Today, astronomers are releasing the highest-resolution images ever taken of the Sun's corona, or million-degree outer atmosphere, in an extreme-ultraviolet wavelength of light.

International congress on behavior, animal husbandry and animal well-being in Vienna
The 46th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology will take place at the Vetmeduni Vienna from July 31-Aug.

UCLA researchers create highly transparent solar cells for windows that generate electricity
UCLA researchers have developed a new transparent solar cell that is an advance toward giving windows in homes and other buildings the ability to generate electricity while still allowing people to see outside.

NaCl to give way to RockSalt
When it comes to computer security, who checks the checker?

CPAP treatment effective in patients with milder OSA and daytime sleepiness
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), well established as an effective treatment for severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), is also effective in patients with mild and moderately severe OSA and daytime sleepiness, according to a new study.

Dominant deer hinds choose the best food
When food is abundant, it seems that animals do not have to compete but dominant deer hinds still uphold rivalry and select the most nutritious food to maintain their status.

Hot nuclear matter
Scientists from the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and the Large Hadron Collider in Europe will present their latest findings on the hot nuclear matter that permeated the early universe at Quark Matter 2012, Aug.

Rutgers study: Anxiety disorders in poor moms likely to result from poverty, not mental illness
Poor mothers are more likely to be classified as having the mental illness known as generalized anxiety disorder because they live in poverty -- not because they are suffering from a psychiatric disorder, according to Rutgers researchers.

Nature as a source of new medicines subject of ICNPR in NYC
The potential for finding new pharmaceuticals in plants, microbes and marine organisms will be the focus of the International Congress on Natural Products Research, to be held July 28 to Aug.

Children in foster care develop resilience through compassion
A new study shows that a therapeutic intervention called Cognitively-Based Compassion Training (CBCT) appears to improve the mental and physical health of adolescents in foster care.
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