Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 27, 2012
Accelerated resolution therapy significantly reduces PTSD symptoms, researchers report
Brief treatments with an innovative behavioral treatment known as Accelerated Resolution Therapy substantially reduced symptoms associated with post-traumatic stress disorder including, depression, anxiety, sleep dysfunction and other physical and psychological symptoms, reports an initial study by the University of South Florida College of Nursing.

Turbulent relationship among massive stars
The most massive stars in the universe have paths that are not as calm as previously thought; They come very close to neighboring stars and suck material from their companions much like a vampire does or they melt together to become even more massive.

Think you're a comic genius? Maybe you're just overconfident
Because social norms make us averse to providing negative feedback, says Joyce Ehrlinger, a Florida State University assistant professor of psychology whose latest laboratory research recreated everyday interactions in which people might feel pressured to withhold negative information.

Study finds novel therapy that may prevent damage to the retina in diabetic eye diseases
Researchers at the University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center have identified a compound that could interrupt the chain of events that cause damage to the retina in diabetic retinopathy.

State stem cell research funding agency awards $20 million to UCI, StemCells Inc.
Efforts to begin human clinical trials using stem cells to treat cervical spinal cord injury in the US received a $20 million boost Thursday, July 26, from the state's stem cell research funding agency, the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine.

Georgia forests, 2011
Georgia contains the largest area of forest cover of any state in the South, with forests making up 67 percent of land cover or 24.8 million acres, according to a Forest Inventory Analysis Factsheet just released by the USDA Forest Service Southern Research Station.

Cedars-Sinai awarded $17.8 million grant to develop ALS treatment
Cedars-Sinai Regenerative Medicine Institute today was awarded a $17.8 million grant from the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine to develop stem cell treatments for patients with ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig's Disease.

NASA sees organizing tropical low pressure area near the Philippines
A low pressure system in the western North Pacific has caught the eye of forecasters and several satellites as it continues to organize.

Expanded analysis of HPTN 052 study results show cost-effectiveness of early treatment of HIV
HPTN 052 data presented today at the XIX International AIDS Conference in Washington, DC show that treatment as prevention is

Martian polygons and deep-sea polygons on Earth: More evidence for ancient Martian oceans?
Debate over the origin of large-scale polygons (hundreds of meters to kilometers in diameter) on Mars remains active even after several decades of detailed observations.

Higgs excitations
Phase transitions between different states of matter can be associated with a specific type of excitation called the

Nano-FTIR - A new era in modern analytical chemistry
Researchers from the nanoscience research center NanoGUNE, the university of Munich and Neaspec GmbH present a new instrumental development that solves a prime question of materials science and nanotechnology: how to chemically identify materials at the nanometer scale.

The manager as matchmaker: Finding the best fit between employee and customer
There are distinct links between employee empathy, customer satisfaction and customer loyalty, researchers report in the latest edition of the Journal of Service Research.

Discovery of new white blood cell reveals target for better vaccine design
Researchers in Newcastle and Singapore have identified a new type of white blood cell which activates a killing immune response to an external source -- providing a new potential target for vaccines for conditions such as cancer or Hepatitis B.

UTMB scientists awarded NIH grant for lab-grown lung tissue project
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston researchers have been awarded a two-year, $1.25 million National Institutes of Health grant to develop a method of custom-growing human lung tissue to make a three-dimensional model for biomedical studies.

Botanical Society of America to launch OA journal: Applications in Plant Sciences
The Botanical Society of America (BSA) will launch an open access, online only journal in January, 2013: Applications in Plant Sciences.

Estimate: A new Amish community is founded every 3 and a half weeks in US
A new census of the Amish population in the United States estimates that a new Amish community is founded, on average, about every 3.5 weeks, and shows that more than 60 percent of all existing Amish settlements have been founded since 1990.

Mayo Clinic, Dartmouth-Hitchcock announce collaboration
Mayo Clinic and Dartmouth-Hitchcock today announced a formal collaboration to bring the strengths of both organizations to the goal of improving health and health care quality while lowering overall costs.

Researchers monitor 'red tides' in Chesapeake Bay
Researchers at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science continue to monitor the algal blooms that have been discoloring Chesapeake Bay waters during the last few weeks.

The seat of meta-consciousness in the brain
Studies of lucid dreamers visualize which centers of the brain become active when we become aware of ourselves.

ASTRO awards 5 research grants
The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) has awarded five physicians with research grants to promote the continued advancement of radiation therapy -- the Junior Faculty Career Research Training Award and the Residents/Fellows in Radiation Oncology Research Seed Grant Award.

Breakthrough treatment reduces post-surgical scarring for glaucoma patients
Scientists at the Singapore Eye Research Institute and Nanyang Technological University have developed an innovative way to combat post-surgical scarring for glaucoma patients.

UCLA researchers discover that fluoxetine -- a.k.a., Prozac -- is effective as an anti-viral
Using molecular screening of small molecule libraries, a team of researchers at UCLA from the departments of Pediatrics, the California NanoSystems Institute, and Molecular and Medical Pharmacology has been able to identify fluoxetine (commonly known as Prozac), a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, as a potent inhibitor of coxsackievirus replication.

'Diving board' sensors key to DNA detection
Researchers from Drexel University are in the process of refining cantilever sensor technology that they developed to measure samples at the cellular level into an accurate method for quickly detecting traces of DNA in liquid samples.

Boys' impulsiveness may result in better math ability, say MU researchers
In a University of Missouri study, girls and boys started grade school with different approaches to solving arithmetic problems, with girls favoring a slow and accurate approach and boys a faster but more error prone approach.

The longer you're awake, the slower you get
A team of researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital have discovered that regardless of how tired you perceive yourself to be, that a team of researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital have discovered that regardless of how tired you perceive yourself to be, that lack of sleep can influence the way you perform certain tasks.

UK welfare reform 'uninspiring' and adding to economic woes and inequality
The terms of welfare reform and Labor market activation in the UK need to be re-set, according to a senior university policy expert Andrew Jones, director of the Local Economy Policy Unit at London South Bank University, and editor of Local Economy, published by SAGE.

Study: Group yoga improves motor function and balance long after stroke
Group yoga can improve motor function and balance in stroke survivors, even if they don't begin yoga until six months or more after the stroke, according to

Even Usain Bolt can't beat greyhounds, cheetahs...or pronghorn antelope
Even Usain Bolt, currently the fastest man in the world, couldn't outpace greyhounds, cheetahs, or the pronghorn antelope, finds a light-hearted comparison of the extraordinary athleticism of humans and animals in the Veterinary Record.

Computers can predict effects of HIV policies
Policymakers in the fight against HIV/AIDS may have to wait years, even decades, to know whether strategic choices among possible interventions are effective.

Turbulences at a standstill
For theoretical physicist Dima Shepelyansky from the CNRS-University of Toulouse, France, devising models of chaos and turbulence is his bread and butter.

Swaziland HIV incidence results announced at AIDS 2012
The results from a nationally representative HIV incidence study in Swaziland indicate that the national rate of new HIV infections is 2.38 percent among adults ages 18-49.

UK medical school teaching on physical activity virtually 'non-existent'
UK medical school teaching on physical activity is

Networcsim hoping to broaden wireless revolution
A Tennessee company has licensed award-winning software from Oak Ridge National Laboratory that will help industries install wireless networks more cost-effectively in challenging environments such as mines, offshore drilling platforms and factory floors.

The Olympics and bare feet: What have we learned?
A researcher finds that after Ethiopian Olympic runner Abebe Bikila introduced barefoot running to American in 1960, researchers still don't know if it promotes or prevents injuries.

Tumor cells' inner workings predict cancer progression
Using a new assay method to study tumor cells, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center have found evidence of clonal evolution in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).

BELLA laser achieves world record power at 1 pulse per second
At Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory the laser system for BELLA, the Berkeley Lab Laser Accelerator, has delivered a petawatt of power - a quadrillion watts - in a pulse just 40 femtoseconds long - a quadrillionth of a second - at one pulse per second.

Future of California high-speed rail looks green
A comprehensive life-cycle assessment by transportation researchers gives the green seal of approval for California's high-speed rail project.

UCLA research makes possible rapid assessment of plant drought tolerance
UCLA life scientists discovered a new method to quickly assess plants' drought tolerance that works for many diverse species growing around the world.

BUSM researchers find link between childhood abuse and age at menarche
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine have found an association between childhood physical and sexual abuse and age at menarche.

Landmark HIV treatment-as-prevention study shows additional health benefits, cost-effectiveness
Further analyses of the landmark NIH-funded treatment-as-prevention study (HPTN 052) have found that providing antiretroviral treatment to HIV-infected individuals earlier, when their immune systems are healthier, delays AIDS-related health events, such as chronic herpes simplex virus and tuberculosis, as well as death.

In-utero exposure to magnetic fields associated with increased risk of obesity in childhood
In-utero exposure to relatively high magnetic field levels was associated with a 69 percent increased risk of being obese or overweight during childhood compared to lower in-utero magnetic field levels, according to a Kaiser Permanente study that appears in the current online version of Nature's Scientific Reports.

Obama's Bioethics Commission to meet in D.C.
The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues will hold its tenth public meeting on Aug.

Study finds gaps in services for heterosexual men with HIV
Study finds heterosexual men feel existing HIV-related programs and services don't meet their needs and are geared primarily or exclusively toward gay men and heterosexual women who are living with the virus
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