Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 30, 2012
Higher retail wages correlate with lower levels of employee theft
Clara Xiaoling Chen, a professor of accountancy at Illinois, is the co-author of a study that found that wage premiums can play a role in reducing employee theft and fostering ethical norms within an organization.

NASA sees Typhoon Saola's huge reach over the Philippines
Typhoon Saola looks like a monster tropical cyclone in infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite today, July 30.

Modern culture 44,000 years ago
An international team of researchers, including scientists from Wits University, have substantially increased the age at which we can trace the emergence of modern culture, all thanks to the San people of Africa.

Offshore use of vertical-axis wind turbines gets closer look
Sandia National Laboratories' wind energy researchers are re-evaluating vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs) to help solve some of the problems of generating energy from offshore breezes.

Post-cardiac arrest care system improved survivors' neurologic status
More people survived sudden cardiac arrest without neurological impairment after a regional system improved post-arrest care.

Detecting cancer with lasers has limited use say MU researchers
A technique, known as photoacoustics, can find some forms of melanoma even if only a few cancerous cells exist, but a recent study by MU researchers found that the technique was limited in its ability to identify other types of cancer.

Shared decision-making between doctors and patients can reduce antibiotic use
A training tool that helps physicians involve patients in decision-making can reduce the use of antibiotics for acute respiratory infections, according to a study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Liver cancer cells stop making glucose as they become cancerous
Research has shown that as liver cancer develops, tumor cells lose the ability to produce and release glucose into the bloodstream.

Diagnostic imaging increases among stage IV cancer patients on Medicare
The use of diagnostic imaging in Medicare patients with stage IV cancer has increased faster than among those with early-stage (stages I and II) disease, according to a study published July 30 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Archeologists unearth extraordinary human sculpture in Turkey
A beautiful and colossal human sculpture is one of the latest cultural treasures unearthed by an international team at the Tayinat Archaeological Project excavation site in southeastern Turkey.

Health care savings, naturally
A Harvard researcher has found that, in northwest Madagascar, people annually receive between five and eight dollars in benefits by using natural medicines.

RATS research may teach rodents to detect explosives
The Rugged Automated Training System research sponsored by scientists with the US Army Research Laboratory, in collaboration with engineers at West Point and the Counter Explosives Hazards Center, explores whether small rodents could be used to detect improvised explosives and mines.

Nurse staffing, burnout linked to hospital infections
Nurse burnout leads to higher healthcare-associated infection rates and costs hospitals millions of additional dollars annually, according to a study published in the August issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

Research team discovers eating habits of Jurassic age dinosaur
A team of researchers from the University of Bristol, Natural History Museum of London, the University of Missouri and Ohio University has discovered the eating habits of Diplodocus using a three-dimensional model of the dinosaur's skull.

Northwestern Medicine hosts the National Marfan Foundation's Annual Conference
The National Marfan Foundation is gearing up for its 28th Annual conference, held at Northwestern Memorial Hospital in Chicago, August 2-5.

ACP and SGIM find the PCMH model aligns with principles of medical ethics and professionalism
ACP and SGIM find that the patient-centered medical home model of care aligns with principles of medical ethics and professionalism PCMH presents opportunity to reinvigorate the patient-physician relationship and can provide pathway to enhance the ethical practice of medicine

'... But names could really hurt me'
Psychological abuse may be the most challenging and prevalent form of child abuse and neglect, experts say in an American Academy of Pediatrics position statement on psychological maltreatment in the August issue of the journal Pediatrics.

Brain development is delayed in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
Is attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder due to a delay in brain development or the result of complete deviation from typical development?

Parents find terms 'large' or 'gaining too much weight' less offensive than 'obese'
If doctors want to develop a strong rapport with parents of overweight children, it would be best if physicians used terms like

Researchers identify link between kidney removal and erectile dysfunction
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified a link between patients who undergo total nephrectomy -- complete kidney removal -- and erectile dysfunction.

Press accreditation for 'World Series of Science'
Journalists may still apply for press accreditation and reserve housing for what the news media has described as the

Olympic star power squandered
Study finds female athletes rarely used as ad spokespeople and when they are, advertisers waste their potential.

Children with heart defects need early evaluation for related disorders
Children born with a heart defect should receive early evaluation, prompt treatment and continued follow-up for related developmental disorders affecting brain function.

New genetic target found for diuretic therapy
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati have identified a new genetic target for diuretic therapy in patients with fluid overload -- like those with congestive heart failure, liver cirrhosis or kidney failure.

Infection warning system in cells contains targets for antiviral and vaccine strategies
Scientists seeking to help the body better defend itself against hepatitis C, West Nile, and other serious virus infections are studying pattern recognition molecules inside living cells, called RIG-I-like receptors.

Tiny airborne pollutants lead double life: UBC, Harvard research
University of British Columbia and Harvard researchers provide visual evidence that atmospheric particles separate into distinct chemical compositions during their life cycle.

Gene mutations linked to most cases of rare disorder -- Alternating Hemoplegia of Childhood
Researchers at the University of Utah Departments of Neurology and Human Genetics, in collaboration with researchers at Duke University Medical Center, have discovered that mutations in the ATP1A3 gene cause the disease in the majority of patients with a diagnosis of Alternating Hemoplegia of Childhood.

Archaeologists from Bonn discover in Mexico the tomb of a Maya prince
Archaeologists from the University of Bonn have discovered a lavishly adorned tomb of a young prince while excavating in a Maya palace.

1 in 5 streams damaged by mine pollution in southern West Virginia
Water pollution from surface coal mining has degraded more than 22 percent of streams and rivers in southern West Virginia to the point they may now qualify as impaired under state criteria, according to a new study by scientists at Duke and Baylor.

Public can explore time-lapse videos of Earth with new tool from Carnegie Mellon and Google
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Institute, working with colleagues at Google and the US Geological Survey, have adapted their technology for interactively exploring time-lapse imagery to create a tool that enables anyone to easily access 13 years of NASA Landsat images of the Earth's surface.

Fruit flies light the way for A*STAR scientists to pinpoint genetic changes that spell cancer
By studying fruit flies, scientists at A*STAR have successfully devised a fast and cost-saving way to uncover genetic changes that have a higher potential to cause cancer.

Brains are different in people with highly superior autobiographical memory
UC Irvine scientists have discovered intriguing differences in the brains and mental processes of an extraordinary group of people who can effortlessly recall every moment of their lives since about age 10.

Scientists probe link between magnetic polarity reversal and mantle processes
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have discovered that variations in the long-term reversal rate of the Earth's magnetic field may be caused by changes in heat flow from the Earth's core into the base of the overlying mantle.

A giant step in a miniature world: UZH researcher measures the electrical charge of nano particles
Nano particles are a millionth of a millimeter in size, making them invisible to the human eye.

Pollution can make citizens - both rich and poor - go green
Nothing inspires environmentalism quite like a smog-filled sky or a contaminated river, according to a new study that also indicates that environmentalism isn't just for the prosperous.

Later Stone Age got earlier start in South Africa than thought
The Later Stone Age emerged in South Africa more than 20,000 years earlier than previously believed -- about the same time humans were migrating from Africa to the European continent, says a new international study led by the University of Colorado Boulder.

Mechanism of lung cancer-associated mutations suggests new therapeutic approaches
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center researchers have identified how one of the genes most commonly mutated in lung cancer may promote such tumors.

Emotion detectives uncover new ways to fight-off youth anxiety and depression
The study, titled

A closer look at the consuming gaze
But how does where a product is placed on the storeroom shelf influence which option a consumer will ultimately choose?

Surgical patient safety program lowers SSIs by one-third following colorectal operations
Journal of the American College of Surgeons study reports that accurate outcome monitoring combined with an interdisciplinary team approach reduces surgical site infection rates

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for July 31, 2012 online issue
Below is information about articles being published in the July 31 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

Berkeley-Haas study identifies success factors of extraordinary CIOs
A just completed multi-year research project by the Fisher CIO Leadership Program at UC Berkeley's Haas School of Business has uncovered the

What would happen without PSA testing?
A new analysis has found that doing away with PSA (prostate specific antigen) testing for prostate cancer would likely cause three times as many men to develop advanced disease that has spread to other parts of the body before being diagnosed.

MIT News Release: 10-year-old problem in theoretical computer science falls
Research by Thomas Vidick, a postdoc at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, and Tsuyoshi Ito, a researcher at NEC Labs in Princeton, NJ, shows there are multiprover interactive proofs that hold up against entangled respondents.

Dying of cold: Hypothermia in trauma victims
Hypothermia in trauma victims is a serious complication and is associated with an increased risk of dying.

Telling the tale of the wealth tail
A mathematical physicist and her colleague, both from the Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Italy, are about to publish a study in EPJ B on a family of taxation and wealth redistribution models.

Long-distance distress signal from periphery of injured nerve cells begins with locally made protein
New research recently published in Neuron is one of the strongest indicators yet of molecular signaling from end to end in peripheral nerve cells.

Obesity in type 2 diabetes: Recommendations from guidelines are largely consistent
Current guidelines give largely consistent recommendations for the treatment of people with type 2 diabetes who are grossly overweight as well.

When rules change, brain falters
For the human brain, learning a new task when rules change can be a surprisingly difficult process marred by repeated mistakes, according to a new study by Michigan State University psychology researchers.

Humpback whales staying in Antarctic bays later into autumn
Large numbers of humpback whales are remaining in bays along the Western Antarctic Peninsula to feast on krill late into the austral autumn, long after scientists thought their annual migrations to distant breeding grounds would begin, according to a new Duke University study.

Would sliding back to pre-PSA era cancel progress in prostate cancer?
Eliminating the PSA test to screen for prostate cancer would be taking a big step backwards and would likely result in rising numbers of men with metastatic cancer at the time of diagnosis, predicted a University of Rochester Medical Center analysis published in the journal, Cancer.

Parents can increase children's activity by increasing their own
New research at National Jewish Health shows that, when parents increase their daily activity, their children increase theirs as well.

NASA sees compact Tropical Storm Damrey approaching southern Japan
Tropical Storm Damrey appears to be a compact tropical storm on NASA satellite imagery as it heads west.

MARC travel awards announced for the 2012 Society for the Study of Reproduction 45th Annual Meeting
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for The Society for the Study of Reproduction (SSR) Annual Meeting in State College, PA from August 12-15, 2012.

Elsevier launches new open access journal: Applied and Translational Genomics
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, announces the launch of Applied and Translational Genomics, an open access journal.

New coating evicts biofilms for good
A team of Harvard scientists has developed a slick way to prevent biofilms from ever forming on a surface.

Stem cell therapy could offer new hope for defects and injuries to head, mouth
In the first human study of its kind, researchers found that using stem cells to re-grow craniofacial tissues -- mainly bone -- proved quicker, more effective and less invasive than traditional bone regeneration treatments.

Ben-Gurion University researchers awarded 70 grants from the Israel Science Foundation
Two major Israel Science Foundation grants for institutional facilities were also awarded to BGU researchers for a state-of-the-art Scanning Probe Microscopy Laboratory in the Department of Materials Engineering and an Environmental Isotopes Laboratory at BGU's Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research to study the fate of organic compounds in aquatic systems.

Health coaches could be key to successful weight loss, study suggests
A new pilot study from the Miriam Hospital in Providence R.I. suggests health coaches could play a critical role in the obesity epidemic - and peer coaches, in particular, could be a cost-effective treatment approach.

Blocking the effects of amyloid b in Alzheimer's disease
During Alzheimer's disease, 'plaques' of amyloid beta (Ab) and tau protein 'tangles' develop in the brain, leading to the death of brain cells and disruption of chemical signaling between neurons.

Grin and bear it -- smiling facilitates stress recovery
Just grin and bear it! At some point, we have all probably heard or thought something like this when facing a tough situation.

In Massachusetts, 'individual mandate' led to decreased hospital productivity
As the 'individual mandate' of the Affordable Care Act moves forward, debate and speculation continue as to whether universal health insurance coverage will lead to significant cost savings for hospitals.

Mayo Clinic Health System receives grant to improve rural health care
Mayo Clinic Health System Practice-Based Research Network is sharing in an $11 million government grant to lead the creation of a national learning collaborative among rural health care providers.

Tel Aviv University researcher says plants can see, smell, feel, and taste
A new book from a Tel Aviv University scientist says research is discovering remarkable, hitherto unknown similarities between plants and humans -- and that these discoveries may lead to breakthroughs in fields as diverse as cancer research and food security. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to