Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 09, 2012
Weekend hospital stays prove more deadly than other times for older people with head trauma
A Johns Hopkins review of more than 38,000 patient records finds that older adults who sustain substantial head trauma over a weekend are significantly more likely to die from their injuries than those similarly hurt and hospitalized Monday through Friday, even if their injuries are less severe and they have fewer other illnesses than their weekday counterparts.

The power to heal at the tips of your fingers
The intricate properties of the fingertips have been mimicked and recreated using semiconductor devices in what researchers hope will lead to the development of advanced surgical gloves.

Solar power day and night
Energy storage systems are one of the key technologies for the energy turnaround.

Penn team and colleagues create a cheaper and cleaner catalyst for burning methane
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, along with collaborators from Italy and Spain, have created a material that catalyzes the burning of methane 30 times better than do currently available catalysts.

New 3-D map of massive galaxies, distant black holes offers clues to dark matter and energy
he Sloan Digital Sky Survey III has released the largest-ever three-dimensional map of massive galaxies and distant black holes.

Why living in the moment is impossible
The sought-after equanimity of

Soft autonomous robot inches along like an earthworm
Researchers at MIT, Harvard University and Seoul National University have engineered a soft autonomous robot that moves via peristalsis, crawling across surfaces by contracting segments of its body, much like an earthworm.

Gecko feet hold clues to creating bandages that stick when wet
A better understanding of geckos' gripping power in wet conditions may lead to improvements in bandages and sutures.

Looking to lose weight?
A new study published in Nutrition Journal shows that people can lose weight while consuming typical amounts of sugar or high fructose corn syrup if their overall caloric intake is reduced.

You snooze, you lose
Less sleep leads to more offspring in male pectoral sandpipers.

'Treating the whole person with autism' sets direction for parent-clinician collaboration
Over 400 US and worldwide participants at the first national conference for families and professionals,

The Johns Hopkins Center for Inherited Disease Research receives $101 million
The Johns Hopkins Center for Inherited Disease Research program contract, which provides up to $101 million in research funding from the National Institutes of Health to study the genetic contribution to human diseases, has been renewed for another five years.

Brain hubs boil when hoarders face pitching their own stuff
In patients with hoarding disorder, parts of a decision-making brain circuit under-activated when dealing with others' possessions, but over-activated when deciding whether to keep or discard their own things, a National Institute of Mental Health-funded study has found.

Source of conflict: Study finds factors that can shape divorced mothers' co-parenting experiences
The type of relationship a woman has with her ex-partner is a factor in how the couple shares custody of children, according to a Kansas State University expert on postdivorce and co-parenting relationships.

Plenty of dark matter near the Sun
Astronomers at the University of Zürich and the ETH Zürich, together with other international researchers, have found large amounts of invisible

Scientists describe antibodies that protect against large variety of flu viruses
A team led by scientists at the Scripps Research Institute and Crucell Vaccine Institute in the Netherlands describes three human antibodies that provide broad protection against Influenza B virus strains.

First antibiotic stewardship probed in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
The articles address: Impact of prospective-audit-with-feedback program and clinician attitudes toward program.

Scripps Research Institute scientists show copper facilitates prion disease
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute report in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences that reducing copper in the body delays the onset of prion disease.

He/she, him/her - a sign of women's place in society?
Language use in books mirrors trends in gender equality over the generations in the US, according to a new study by Jean Twenge, from San Diego State University, and colleagues.

Cardiovascular benefits of taking statins outweigh diabetes risk
The benefits of taking statins to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease outweigh the increased risk of developing diabetes experienced by some patients who take these cholesterol-lowering drugs, according to an article published Online First in the Lancet.

Doctors can now detect hard-to-diagnose prostate cancer
Researchers have successfully developed and tested a new prostate cancer screening method that uses the combined power of a novel drug therapy and changes in PSA levels over time to identify men with a high PSA who are more likely to have aggressive prostate cancer despite negative biopsies.

Carnegie Mellon study shows skin-aging radicals age naturally formed particles in the air
Pine trees are one of the biggest contributors to air pollution.

NASA's new way to track formaldehyde
NASA scientist Tom Hanisco is helping to fill a big gap in scientists' understanding of how much urban pollution -- and more precisely formaldehyde -- ultimately winds up in Earth's upper atmosphere where it can wreak havoc on Earth's protective ozone layer.

Major migration of bird experts flock to Vancouver
North America's leading avian experts will gather in Vancouver next week to share the recent research findings on all aspects of bird biology and conservation.

Researchers combine remote sensing technologies for highly detailed look at coastal change
Shifting sands and tides make it difficult to measure accurately the amount of beach that's available for recreation, development and conservation, but a team of University of Georgia researchers has combined several remote sensing technologies with historical data to create coastal maps with an unsurpassed level of accuracy.

US-Russian collaboration develops new method for sequencing dark matter of life from a single cell
An international team of researchers led by computer scientist Pavel Pevzner, from the University of California, San Diego, have developed a new algorithm to sequence organisms' genomes from a single cell faster and more accurately.

Retirement expert: Medicare woes mostly rooted in myth
Various misconceptions surrounding the continued viability of Medicare can be debunked or discredited, according to a paper published by law professor Richard L.

BioMed Central presents Challenges in Malaria Research: Progress Towards Elimination
In conjunction with its journals Malaria Journal and Parasites and Vectors, the open access publisher BioMed Central is proud to present its second malaria conference,

The cold power of Hurricane Gilma revealed by NASA satellite
High, cold cloud tops with bitter cold temperatures are indicators that there's a lot of strength in the uplift of air within a tropical cyclone.

Global water sustainability flows through natural and human challenges
Water's fate in China mirrors problems across the world: fouled, pushed far from its natural origins, squandered and exploited.

UH students spent summer making a difference with hands-on research
Students from a variety of majors devoted time to serious research at the University of Houston this summer, delving into a number of complex projects during an intensive 10-week program.

1.5 million years of climate history revealed after scientists solve mystery of the deep
Scientists have announced a major breakthrough in understanding the Earth's climate machine by reconstructing highly accurate records of changes in ice volume and deep-ocean temperatures over the last 1.5 million years.

Freezing magnetic monopoles
Stephen Powell, a scientist at the Joint Quantum Institute has sharpened the theoretical framework under which monopoles can be studied.

Clemson, Coastal Carolina universities to set hundreds of sensors in Savannah River
Clemson University researchers are teaming up with Coastal Carolina University colleagues to deploy and monitor hundreds of sensors along the Savannah River to gather data for the four million dollar Intelligent River project.

Height, weight and BMI changes seen in children treated with peginterferon alpha for hepatitis C
Follow-up research from the Pediatric Study of Hepatitis C trial reveals that children treated with peginterferon alpha for hepatitis C display significant changes in height, weight, body mass index, and body composition.

Evidence further suggests extra-terrestrial origin of quasicrystals
Results from an expedition to far eastern Russia that set out to find the origin of naturally occurring quasicrystals have provided convincing evidence that they arrived on Earth from outer space.

Eating grapes may help protect heart health in men with metabolic syndrome, new study suggests
Consuming grapes may help protect heart health in people with metabolic syndrome, according to new research published in the Journal of Nutrition.

UCLA scientist discovers plate tectonics on Mars
A UCLA scientist has discovered plate tectonics on Mars. Many scientists had thought plate tectonics exist nowhere else in our solar system than the Earth.

BUSM/VA researchers uncover gender differences in the effects of long-term alcoholism
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine and Veterans Affairs Boston Healthcare System have demonstrated that the effects on white matter brain volume from long-term alcohol abuse are different for men and women.

'Selfish' DNA in animal mitochondria offers possible tool to study aging
Researchers have discovered, for the first time in any animal species, a type of

The making and unmaking of stem-like, aggressive breast cancer cells
Progestins regulate miRNA-29, returning hormone-dependent breast cancer cells to chemoresistant, aggressive, stem-cell-like state.

Potential drug molecule shows enhanced anti-HIV activity
Researchers from Munich and Naples have shown that minimal modification of a synthetic peptide with anti-HIV activity results in a new compound with more than two orders of magnitude higher binding affinity to the chemokine receptor CXCR4 and greatly improved anti-HIV activity.

New Genetics educational resource promotes active learning
The Genetics Society of America's Genetics journal offers a new educational resource, articles called

Are there gender differences in anti-HIV drug efficacy?
The US Food and Drug Administration has created a database from 40 clinical studies to assess gender differences in the efficacy of antiretroviral treatments.

How geckos cope with wet feet
Geckos have remarkably sticky feet and attach strongly to dry surfaces, but how well do they cope in the wet?

Chief of Naval Research moderates panel at Unmanned Systems Conference
Leading a panel discussion, the Department of the Navy's chief of naval research highlighted technology challenges and a vision for future maritime robotic systems Aug.

Blood test for Alzheimer's gaining ground
The possibility of an inexpensive, convenient test for Alzheimer's disease has been on the horizon for several years, but previous research leads have been hard to duplicate.

Excellence Initiative winner TU München invests in the future: Young researchers
Just weeks after the funding decision in the German Excellence Initiative, the Technische Universität München is rolling out a German innovation: 100 tenure-track professorships for young researchers.

89 million people medically uninsured during 2004 to 2007
89 million Americans were without health insurance for at least one month during the period from 2004 to 2007, and 23 million lost coverage more than once during that time, according to researchers at Penn State and Harvard University.

'Theranostic' imaging offers means of killing prostate cancer cells
Experimenting with human prostate cancer cells and mice, cancer imaging experts at Johns Hopkins say they have developed a method for finding and killing malignant cells while sparing healthy ones.

University of Tennessee professor releases weight management product
NuSirt Sciences Inc., founded by Professor Emeritus of nutrition Michael Zemel, has released a weight management product called NuShape, and a product for healthy blood sugar called NuControl.

Rhode Island Hospital study: Bariatric patients with obstructive sleep apnea fail to show symptoms
A Rhode Island Hospital researcher has found that the majority of bariatric surgery patients being treated for obesity have clinically significant obstructive sleep apnea, but report fewer symptoms than other sleep disorders patients.

Hormone in fruit flies sheds light on diabetes cure, weight-loss drug for humans
In a paper published in the October issue of Genetics and available online now, neurobiologists at Wake Forest University examine how fruit flies react when confronted with a decreased diet.

Wastewater key to quenching global thirst, UCI-led review finds
Parched cities and regions across the globe are using sewage effluent and other wastewater in creative ways to augment drinking water, but 4 billion people still do not have adequate supplies, and that number will rise in coming decades.

Hepatitis A vaccination in children under 2 remains effective for 10 years
Vaccination against the hepatitis A virus (HAV) in children two years of age and younger remains effective for at least ten years, according to new research available in the August issue of Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.

Potential Nipah vaccine passes primate test
Researchers have successfully tested a vaccine for the deadly Nipah virus in monkeys, raising hopes that it could provide similar protection for humans.

Hormone acting drugs + uterine artery embolization offers nonsurgical treatment for uterine fibroids
Women with uterine fibroids larger than 10 cm have a new nonsurgical treatment choice -hormone acting drugs followed by uterine artery embolization, a new study shows.

Poorly-performing hand implants unacceptable says leading medical journal
Poorly-performing medical implants have hit the headlines recently, and the trend looks set to continue: the September issue of the Journal of Hand Surgery (JHS) homes in on the unacceptable performance of hand implants for osteoarthritis patients.

Thinking abstractly may help to boost self-control
Many of the long term goals people strive for -- like losing weight -- require us to use self-control and forgo immediate gratification.

Banks' cash stash: No shield against bankruptcy
According to theoretical physicists João da Cruz and Pedro Lind from Lisbon University, Portugal, imposing minimum capital levels for banks may not prevent the insolvency of a minority of banks from triggering a widespread banking system collapse.

Genetics Society of America's GENETICS journal highlights for August 2012
These are the selected highlights for the August 2012 issue of the Genetics Society of America's journal, GENETICS.

Roof of the world
The Geological Society of America (GSA) is pleased to announce a joint scientific meeting hosted in partnership with the Geological Society of China, to be held 17-19 June 2013 in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China.

Treating drug resistant cancer through targeted inhibition of sphingosine kinase
Scientists at Tulane University School of Medicine, led by Dr.

Urban poor plagued by 'burdens of place'
Most of America's urban cores were designed for walking but offer little in the way of supermarkets, healthy restaurants and other amenities for residents to walk to, according to a study led by a Michigan State University scholar.

Neuroscientists find brain stem cells that may be responsible for higher functions, bigger brains
Scientists from the Scripps Research Institute have identified a new stem cell population that may be responsible for giving birth to the neurons responsible for higher thinking.

Scientists discover how iron levels and a faulty gene cause bowel cancer
High levels of iron could raise the risk of bowel cancer by switching on a key pathway in people with faults in a critical anti-cancer gene.

Wireless power for the price of a penny
The newspaper-style printing of electronic equipment has led to a cost-effective device that could change the way we interact with everyday objects.

Neolithic man: The first lumberjack?
Dr. Ran Barkai of Tel Aviv University has unearthed evidence that sophisticated carpentry tools first appeared at the same time as increased agriculture and the establishment of permanent settlements during the Neolithic Age.

UIC study examines exercise and weight loss for older adults with osteoarthritis
UIC researchers have been awarded a $3 million grant from the National Institute on Aging to study the effectiveness of two community-based health promotion programs for older adults with osteoarthritis.

Scientists use worms to unearth cancer drug targets
Through novel experiments involving small nematode worms, scientists at the University of Wyoming in Laramie have discovered several genes that may be potential targets for drug development in the ongoing war against cancer.

NASA sees very heavy rainfall within Tropical Storm Ernesto
NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite, known as TRMM can measure the rate rain is falling with a tropical cyclone from its orbit in space, and data from Aug.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Kirogi headed for cooler waters
Sea surface temperatures cooler than 80 degrees Fahrenheit can sap the strength from a tropical cyclone and Tropical Storm Kirogi is headed toward waters below that threshold on its track through the northwestern Pacific Ocean, according to data from NASA's Aqua satellite.

NSBRI renews space life sciences graduate programs at MIT, Texas A&M
As part of an ongoing effort to train and inspire the next generation of human spaceflight researchers, the National Space Biomedical Research Institute has renewed its successful graduate education programs at MIT and Texas A&M University.
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