Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 14, 2012
How do they do it? Predictions are in for Arctic sea ice low point
Each year scientists predict the low point of Arctic Sea ice.

Launching a 'social networking war' against cancer
A Tel Aviv University researcher says that cancer scientists should look to cyber-warfare tactics to fight the body's deadly enemy.

Vojtech Rodl and Mathias Schacht honored by SIAM with George Polya Prize
The 2012 George Pólya Prize has been awarded to Vojtěch Rödl of Emory University, USA, and Mathias Schacht of the University of Hamburg, Germany, for their notable contributions to the application of combinatorial theory.

Chiriboga to receive GSA's 2012 Minority Mentorship Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen David Chiriboga of the University of South Florida as the 2012 recipient of the Task Force on Minority Issues in Gerontology Outstanding Mentorship Award.

A model designed to balance the bolting load of wind turbines is developed
Mikel Abasolo, a researcher of the University of the Basque Country, has built a simplified simulation model for wind turbines.

Can specialized HIV community pharmacies improve treatment?
Users of HIV-specialized Walgreens pharmacies across the US had significantly greater adherence to and persistence with their therapeutic drug regimens according to a study published in AIDS Patient Care and STDs.

Beck earns GSA's 2012 M. Powell Lawton Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Cornelia Beck, Ph.D., RN, FAAN, of the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences as the 2012 recipient of the M.

Naylor earns GSA's 2012 Maxwell A. Pollack Award for Productive Aging
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Mary Naylor, Ph.D., RN, FAAN, of the University of Pennsylvania as the 2012 recipient of the Maxwell A.

Potent human toxins prevalent in Canada's freshwaters
A new paper just published in the Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences shows that microcystin, a toxin produced by cyanobacteria, is present in Canadian lakes in every province.

Study proves that 1 extinction leads to another
When a carnivore becomes extinct, other predatory species could soon follow, according to new research.

Reproducibility Initiative to increase the value of biomedical research
Science Exchange, in partnership with the open-access publisher PLoS and open data repository figshare, announced today the launch of the Reproducibility Initiative -- a new program to help scientists, institutions and funding agencies validate their critical research findings.

Plants exhibit a wide range of mechanical properties, engineers find
An MIT researcher has compiled data on the microstructures of a number of different plants and has found that they exhibit an enormous range of mechanical properties, depending on the arrangement of a cell wall's four main building blocks: cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin and pectin.

The 3rd BGI Bioinformatics Software and Data Release Conference
The 3rd BGI Bioinformatics Software and Data Release Conference will be held on Nov.

A recipe for increased colorectal cancer screening rates
Study at University of Colorado Cancer Center consortium partner, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, shows that an introductory phone call followed by mailed kits increases colorectal cancer screening rates -- reducing cost of care and boosting medical outcomes in screened population.

Remaking history: A new take on how evolution has shaped modern Europeans
Investigators reporting in the Cell Press journal Trends in Genetics say that new analytical techniques are changing long-held, simplistic views about the evolutionary history of humans in Europe.

Marine research in the Brazilian rainforest
Until recent decades the Atlantic Rainforest covered a large area of today's Brazil from Amazonas to present-day Argentina.

Deep inside the body, tiny mechanical microscope
Tiny space age probes -- those that can see inside single living cells -- are increasingly being used to diagnose illness in hard-to-reach areas of the body.

If it rolls or flies, UC research is working to keep it quiet
UC researchers will be a strong presence at INTER-NOISE 2012, 41st International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering.

Online obesity treatment programs show promise
Computer and web-based weight management programs may provide a cost effective way of addressing the growing problem of obesity, according to a team of seven researchers who undertook a Cochrane systematic review.

Financial incentives 'can undermine motivation and worsen performance'
Financial incentives (pay for performance) schemes for health professionals

Scientists devise new strategy to destroy multiple myeloma
Researchers at Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center are reporting promising results from laboratory and animal experiments involving a new combination therapy for multiple myeloma, the second most common form of blood cancer.

New study finds the US wind power market riding a wave that is likely to crest in 2012
Facing looming policy uncertainty beyond 2012, the US remained one of the fastest-growing wind power markets in the world in 2011 -- second only to China -- according to a new report released by Berkeley Lab.

Hearing the telltale sounds of dangerous chemicals
US Army researchers have developed a new chemical sensor that can simultaneously identify multiple nerve agents.

A hands-on approach to treating patients with pulmonary disease
Researchers at Michigan State University are working to show how a noninvasive, drug-free form of hands-on medical care can help patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease improve their breathing.

Computer-based screening program for partner violence does not significantly improve quality of life
In a study that included more than 2,700 women receiving care in primary care clinics, those who were screened for partner violence and received a partner violence resource list did not experience significant differences for several outcomes, including overall quality of life, general health, and recurrence of partner violence, compared to women who just received a partner violence resource list.

Millions suffering from mild cognitive impairment
Three prominent experts from Toronto's Baycrest Institute have published the first book on mild cognitive impairment for the general public.

Apartment therapy: How does 'good taste' become second nature for consumers?
Design blogs such as Apartment Therapy or lifestyle brands such as Martha Stewart help consumers exercise taste in their everyday life as they learn how to generate meaning through objects, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Girls with ADHD more prone to self-injury, suicide as they enter adulthood
Girls with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) -- and their families -- often look forward to the likely decline in visible symptoms such as fidgety or disruptive behavior as they mature into young women.

Old skull bone rediscovered
Although clearly discernible in the embryo, shortly afterwards it fuses with other bones beyond recognition.

Nurses as effective as doctors in treatment of HIV patients
Nurse-centered care of HIV patients can be just as safe and effective as care delivered by doctors and has a number of specific health benefits, according to a new study led by the University of East Anglia and the University of Cape Town.

Kolanowski earns GSA's 2012 Doris Schwartz Gerontological Nursing Research Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Ann Kolanowski, Ph.D., RN, FAAN, of the Pennsylvania State University as the 2012 recipient of the Doris Schwartz Gerontological Nursing Research Award.

Meditation reduces loneliness
Researchers at UCLA now report that a simple meditation program lasting just eight weeks reduced loneliness in older adults.

Antonucci to receive GSA's 2011 Distinguished Career Contribution to Gerontology Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Toni Antonucci, Ph.D., of the University of Michigan as the 2012 recipient of the Distinguished Career Contribution to Gerontology Award.

Wiley moves towards broader open access license
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced revised licensing arrangements for proprietary journals published under the Wiley Open Access program.

UC research promises quiet cars -- even when hitting unexpected bumps in the road
UC research featuring a mathematical model for quick-response, noise-cancellation designed to minimize sudden and unexpected noise caused by road hazards -- bumps or potholes for example -- will be presented in New York City Aug.

New insights into how vascular networks form in fish brains
How the intricate network of blood vessels forms within the brain has long fascinated biologists.

An artificial retina with the capacity to restore normal vision
Two researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College have deciphered a mouse's retina's neural code and coupled this information to a novel prosthetic device to restore sight to blind mice.

Ownership increases the value of products: How does gender matter?
The price a consumer will pay for a product is often significantly less than the price they will accept to sell it.

Scientists decode TREX which could see new treatments for cancer realized
University of Sheffield scientists have decoded the processes which create proteins in all forms of life which - for the first time - opens the door to fixing these problems which can cause fatal health problems like Motor Neuron Disease, myotonic dystrophy and cancer.

'Strawberry' birthmarks grow rapidly when babies just weeks old, Mayo Clinic finds
Strawberry-shaped birthmarks called infantile hemangiomas grow rapidly in infants much earlier than previously thought, Mayo Clinic and University of California, San Francisco, researchers found.

Golant to receive GSA's 2012 Richard Kalish Innovative Publication Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Stephen M.

$16 million NIH grant will fund center to research, treat blood clots
University of Utah Department of Medicine researchers have received $16 million from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to set up a translational research center to study the cellular and molecular causes of blood clots, a serious threat to millions of people who have diabetes, are obese or have other metabolic disorders.

GWU consensus report outlines new approaches for evaluating benefits and risks of obesity drugs
The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services today released a report representing consensus findings from a cross-section of stakeholders that could help transform the process used to evaluate interventions to treat obesity.

Study finds that yo-yo dieting does not thwart weight loss efforts or alter metabolism long term
A new study by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, published online in the journal Metabolism, for the first time has shown that a history of yo-yo dieting does not negatively affect metabolism or the ability to lose weight long term.

Gill to receive GSA's 2012 Joseph T. Freeman Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Thomas M.

UK recession may be to blame for over 1,000 suicides in England
A paper published on today suggests that over 1,000 people have committed suicide due to the 2008-2010 economic recession in the UK (846 men and 155 women).

New super-resolution microscope to be built at UH with $1 million grant
A new microscope to be built at the University of Houston will give scientists a better way to study the chemical properties of an array of surfaces, from plastics and metals to cells and water.

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers discover how cancer cells 'hijack' a mechanism to grow
Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center and colleagues at the University of South Florida have discovered a mechanism that explains how some cancer cells

NASA's TRMM Satellite sees a small area of heavy rain left in Tropical Storm Hector
Tropical Storm Hector is battling wind shear over the open waters of the Eastern Pacific Ocean, and NASA satellite data shows that has been affecting its organization and rainfall rates.

Nearly 1,000 earthquakes recorded in Arizona over 3 years
Arizona State University researchers use EarthScope data to build the first comprehensive earthquake catalog for Arizona.

Overweight and obese women more likely to have large babies
Women who are overweight or obese are more likely to deliver infants who are large for their gestational age at delivery, regardless of whether they develop gestational diabetes during their pregnancy, according to a study by Kaiser Permanente published today in Diabetes Care.

Scientists uncover strategy able to dramatically reduce chemotherapy's side effects
Researchers in Leuven have confirmed their hypothesis that normalizing blood vessels by blocking oxygen sensor PHD2 would make chemotherapy more effective.

Certain medical students more likely to work as doctors in their own countries
Certain medical students may be more likely to stay in their own countries or work in rural areas of their own countries when they qualify as doctors, suggests a study published on today.

Hope for patients with HIV-associated cognitive impairment
Current drug therapy for patients with HIV is unable to control the complete replication of the virus in the brain.

NIH backs Rice University study of delay in gene transcription networks
The National Institutes of Health support a Rice study to see how delays in gene transcription affect cellular processes.

Cocoa compounds may reduce blood pressure
Compounds in cocoa may help to reduce blood pressure, according to a new systematic review in The Cochrane Library.

Ship-borne measurements show EU policies have improved air quality in harbors
Sulfur dioxide emissions from shipping have sharply decreased in EU ports thanks to an EU policy which limits sulfur content in fuels for ships at berth or at anchor in ports.

Asian Journal of Psychiatry accepted for indexing in MEDLINE
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, is pleased to announce that the Asian Journal of Psychiatry, the official scientific journal of the Asian Federation of Psychiatric Associations, has been accepted for indexing in Medline and will soon be accessible via PubMed.

Macabre finds in the bog at Alken Enge
For almost two months now, Dr. Holst and a team of 15 archaeologists and geologists have been working to excavate the remains of a large army that was sacrificed at the site around the time of the birth of Christ.

Scientists can now block heroin, morphine addiction
In a major breakthrough, an international team of scientists has proven that addiction to morphine and heroin can be blocked, while at the same time increasing pain relief.

Success of engineered tissue depends on where it's grown
MIT researchers led by Elazer Edelman, the Thomas D. and Virginia W.

Closing in on the border between primordial plasma and ordinary matter
Scientists taking advantage of the versatility and new capabilities of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, an atom smasher at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, have observed first glimpses of a possible boundary separating ordinary nuclear matter, composed of protons and neutrons, from the seething soup of their constituent quarks and gluons that permeated the early universe.

Hinode scientists' stellar effort keeps sun mission 'burning bright'
Whilst the most powerful earthquake since records began hit Japan in 2011, triggering a massive tsunami which devastated much of the country, space scientists involved in one of the

Impulsive micromanagers help plants to adapt, survive
Soil microbes are impulsive. So much so that they help plants face the challenges of a rapidly changing climate.

Couple's therapy appears to decrease PTSD symptoms, improve relationship
Among couples in which one partner was diagnosed as having post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), participation in disorder-specific couple therapy resulted in decreased PTSD symptom severity and increased patient relationship satisfaction, compared with couples who were placed on a wait list for the therapy

New forensic institute at the University of Leicester will help police forces solve 'unusual crimes'
The University of Leicester is establishing a new forensic science Institute which aims to help UK police forces solve unconventional crimes.

CSHL-led team introduces new method to closely model diseases caused by splicing defects
Researchers have developed a new way of making animal models for a broad class of human genetic diseases -- those with pathology caused by errors in the splicing of RNA messages copied from genes.

Scientists discover new type of virus responsible for a devastating disease in snakes
A mysterious condition called inclusion body disease strikes captive boa constrictors and pythons, causing bizarre behavioral changes and eventually death.

Finding new research frontiers in a single cell
Pioneering mass spectrometry methods developed at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory are helping plant biologists get their first glimpses of never-before-seen plant tissue structures.

Don't burn out: Enjoy your favorite products more by consuming them less frequently
Consumers enjoy products more in the long run if they don't overuse them when first purchased, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Giving to charity: Why do we donate more money to individuals when they are members of a group?
When charity recipients seem to belong to a cohesive group, donors will make stronger judgments about the victims, which leads to greater concern and increased donations if these judgments are positive, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

New book explores Noah's Flood; says Bible and science can get along
David Montgomery, a University of Washington geologist and MacArthur award winner, is the author of a new book that explores the long history of religious thinking on matters of geological discovery, particularly flood stories such as the biblical account of Noah's ark.

A vaccine for heart disease? La Jolla Institute discovery points up this possibility
Researchers at the La Jolla Institute for Allergy & Immunology have identified the specific type of immune cells that orchestrate the inflammatory attack on the artery wall, which is a major contributor to plaque buildup in heart disease.

Kessler Foundation tests upgraded Ekso to advance study of mobility in spinal cord injury
Kessler Foundation has begun testing the upgraded Ekso in individuals unable to walk due to spinal cord injury.

Studies seek better understanding and treatment of depression
Connecting the dots between two molecules whose levels are decreased in depression and increased by current antidepressants could yield new therapies, researchers say.

Exercise may improve quality of life during and after cancer
Exercise may improve quality of life for people with cancer, according to Cochrane researchers.

Feedback can have a negative impact on performance
When people receive feedback during complex decision-making tasks, their performance gets worse according to a study led by Queen Mary, University of London.

Csiszar to receive GSA's 2012 Nathan Shock New Investigator Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Anna Csiszar, MD, PhD, of the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center as the 2012 recipient of the Nathan Shock New Investigator Award.

Widespread local extinctions in tropical forest 'remnants'
The small fragments of tropical forests left behind after deforestation are suffering extensive species extinction, according to new research led by the University of East Anglia.

Roberto to receive GSA's 2012 Distinguished Mentorship in Gerontology Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Karen A.

Novel nano-structures to realize hydrogen's energy potential
Using a unique nanostructure, researchers have demonstrated for the first time that a promising hydrogen storage material can release and reabsorb energy.

Girls with ADHD at risk for self-injury, suicide attempts as young adults, says new research
Girls with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are significantly more likely to attempt suicide or injure themselves as young adults than girls who do not have ADHD, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.

Blood type may influence heart disease risk
Having blood type A, B, or AB was associated with a higher risk for coronary heart disease when compared to those who had blood type O.

Denosumab superior to zoledronic acid for breast cancer patients with bone metastases
Denosumab reduced bone-related complications and need for radiation therapy. Treatment improved health-related quality of life.

Penn Orthopaedics at PPMC receives Gold Seal of Approval from the Joint Commission
Penn Presbyterian Medical Center (PPMC) has earned the Gold Seal of Approval™ from The Joint Commission for its hip and knee joint replacement services.

Team discovers reason that male moths can keep finding females
A female moth sitting on a goal post could attract a male moth on the other end of a football field.

OpenStax College's free textbooks will save students $1 million this fall
College students and instructors are rushing to adopt the first free textbooks from upstart publisher OpenStax College.

Targeting confident consumers? Focus on high-level product features
Confident consumers pay more attention to advertisements and product information that focus on high-level features of a product, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Studies examine health consequences of meltdown, damage to Fukushima nuclear power plants in Japan
The results of two studies in the Aug. 15 issue of JAMA report on the psychological status of workers at the Fukushima nuclear power plants in Japan several months after the earthquake and tsunami in March 2011, and the amount of internal radiation exposure among residents of a city north of the power plant that experienced a meltdown.

Crimmins earns GSA's 2012 Robert W. Kleemeier Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Eileen Crimmins, Ph.D., of the University of Southern California as the 2012 recipient of the Robert W.

First GWAS studies of obsessive-compulsive disorder and Tourette syndrome published
Two papers that will appear in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, both receiving advance online release, may help identify gene variants that contribute to the risks of developing obsessive-compulsive disorder or Tourette syndrome.

Researchers aim to grow salivary glands using patient's own cells
Biologists, oncologists and tissue engineers from Rice University, the University of Delaware and the Christiana Care Health System in Wilmington, Del., have received a four-year, $2.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop methods for growing whole salivary glands that can be transplanted to replace those destroyed by cancer radiation therapy.

Color-coded markers may help doctors diagnose neural diseases through the eyes
Scientists have devised several new fluorescent probes that change color depending on what type of amyloid they encounter.

17th International Conference on Cold Fusion Held in KAIST, South Korea
The 17th International Conference on Cold Fusion (ICCF-17) is being held in the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) in Daejeon this week Aug.12-17.

Stahl earns GSA's 2012 Donald P. Kent Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Sidney M.

NASA seeing sprites
High above the clouds during thunderstorms, some 50 miles above Earth a different kind of lightning dances.

Performance pay for physicians may backfire: BMJ editorial
In a cautionary editorial in today's issue of the British medical journal BMJ, leading experts in health policy and behavioral economics argue that pay-for-performance (P4P) schemes -- which financially reward doctors and hospitals for hitting specific, numerical targets in such matters as preventing hospital readmissions or prescribing certain drugs -- are likely to do more harm than good.

BP Biofuels, Texas AgriLife Research sign agreement to advance biofuel feedstock development
BP Biofuels and Texas AgriLife Research, part of The Texas A&M University System, have signed a three-year agreement to develop and commercialize cellulosic feedstocks for the production of advanced biofuels.

NASA sees more rain for the Philippines from Tropical Storm Kai-Tak
An intensifying Tropical storm called Kai-Tak (locally known as Helen) is causing more rain in the Philippines as it passes over northern Luzon.

Hoppmann earns GSA's 2012 Baltes Foundation Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Christiane A.

Mysterious snake disease decoded
A novel virus has been identified as the possible cause of a common but mysterious disease that kills a significant number of pet snakes all over the world, thanks to research led by scientists at the University of California, San Francisco -- and three snakes named Juliet, Balthazar and Larry.

UC discoveries could help quiet the world's cities
University of Cincinnati innovations on reducing the noise of the nation's most sophisticated military aircraft will be presented at an international conference in New York.

When do German children gain weight?
Scientists working with professor Dr. Perikles Simon, head of the Sports Medicine division of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in Germany, suggest in the light of recent analyses that German children gain weight soon after entering elementary school.

New process doubles production of alternative fuel while slashing costs
A new discovery should make the alternative fuel butanol more attractive to the biofuel industry.

Miller to receive 2012 Gene D. Cohen Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) and the National Center for Creative Aging (NCCA) have chosen Bruce L.

Long-distance runners: How can differences unite a diverse community of consumers?
Growing communities can overcome conflict and fragmentation, and increase diversity, without losing their sense of collective belonging, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Need an expert? Try the crowd
Can a crowd be an expert? Apparently, yes. Scientists at the University of Vermont have created the first-ever crowdsourced predictive model.

Magaziner to receive GSA's 2012 Excellence in Rehabilitation of Aging Persons Award
The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Jay Magaziner, PhD, MSHyg, of the University of Maryland School of Medicine as the 2012 recipient of the Excellence in Rehabilitation of Aging Persons Award. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to