Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 17, 2012
Constructive conflict in the superconductor
Charge density waves improve our understanding of the zero-resistance transport of electricity and could explain an unusual interplay of superconducting and magnetic materials.

Students set to end the stigma of wearing glasses
Five students from Aarhus University, Business and Social Sciences, have qualified for the final in the annual Financial Times MBA Challenge.

ChemCam laser sets its sights on first Martian target
Members of the Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity rover ChemCam team have received the first photos from the instrument's remote micro imager.

Longer time to find new job, less pay for moms laid off during recession
In a 2010 survey of laid-off workers across the United States, married moms spent more time between jobs and were overall less likely to find new jobs compared with married dads.

Regions vary in paying prisoners to participate in research
A new analysis shows that there is inconsistency in how and when incentives are used for research participants under criminal justice supervision.

A urine based 'potion' can act as a CO2 absorbent
The ocean, the ground, rocks and trees act as carbon drains but are far from places where greenhouses gases are concentrated, especially CO2.

MIT-developed 'microthrusters' could propel small satellites
A penny-sized rocket thruster, designed by MIT professor Paulo Lozano, may soon power the smallest satellites in space.

Satellite imagery hints that Tropical Depression 7 may be reborn
Satellite imagery on Aug. 17 is showing signs of re-organization in the remnants of Tropical Depression 7 (TD7).

New book tells story of 10-year-old malaria project
This year marks the tenth anniversary of the announcement of the genome sequence of the deadly human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum and its mosquito vector.

5 engineers join 'Etter Elite' for electromagnetic railgun advancements
Five members of the Office of Naval Research's Electromagnetic Railgun technology team received one of the Navy's most prestigious achievement awards during a Pentagon ceremony Aug.

ASU awarded $3 million to research solar energy technologies, launch energy Ph.D. program
Arizona State University is awarded $3 million by the National Science Foundation to develop an energy Ph.D. program and conduct research in renewable energy including biological conversion, photovoltaics, solar thermal and sustainable policy.

UA engineering professor uses aerospace materials to build endless pipeline
Carbon fiber fabric and lightweight honeycomb materials, plus a mobile manufacturing platform, make infinite pipeline technology cheaper and greener while boosting local economies.

War is not necessarily the cause of post-traumatic stress disorder
Recent research carried out at Business and Social Sciences, Aarhus University, shows that surprisingly, the majority of soldiers exhibiting symptoms of post-traumatic stress syndrome were suffering from poor mental health before they were posted to a war zone.

NASA sees wind shear affecting Tropical Storm Gordon
NASA's Terra satellite passed over Tropical Storm Gordon as it continues to spin up in the North central Atlantic Ocean, and revealed the storm has become less symmetric, indicating it is being battered by wind shear.

Trained NHS therapists can help insomniacs
Insomnia sufferers in England could have greater access to successful treatment, thanks to a training program developed as part of trials of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Insomnia, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council.

Writing the book in DNA
Using next-generation sequencing technology and a novel strategy to encode 1,000 times the largest data size previously achieved in DNA, a Harvard geneticist encodes his book in life's language.

Study reveals new molecular target for melanoma treatment
A laboratory study led by UNC medical oncologist Stergios Moschos, M.D., demonstrates how a new targeted drug, Elesclomol, blocks oxidative phosphorylation, which appears to play essential role in melanoma that has not been well understood.

SIAM awards undergraduates for exemplary mathematical modeling
The SIAM Award in the Mathematical Contest in Modeling for the years 2011 and 2012 were given at the 2012 SIAM Annual Meeting.

It must be important but what does it do? The strange case of UCP2
When uncoupling proteins are active, mitochondria produce heat instead of ATP.

Magnetic turbulence trumps collisions to heat solar wind
New research, led by University of Warwick physicist Dr. Kareem Osman, has provided significant insight into how the solar wind heats up when it should not.

Foreclosure crisis and metropolitan crime rates
The housing foreclosure crisis has been blamed for widespread economic and social problems in the United States, including reduced property values, depressed consumer spending and a decline in government services.

New data on pPCI rates to be launched at ESC Congress 2012
Data from a new survey on primary percutaneous coronary intervention rates in 33 European Society of Cardiology countries will be presented at the ESC Congress 2012 in Munich, Germany.

New public-private partnership aims to help revitalize manufacturing
Penn State will be part of a new public-private partnership aimed at revitalizing American manufacturing and encouraging companies to invest in the United States.

Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of wheeze and asthma in preschool children
Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with wheeze and asthma in preschool children, even among children who were not exposed to maternal smoking late in pregnancy or after birth, according to a new study.

Cleveland Clinic Florida receives approval for transplant programs at Weston Facilities
Cleveland Clinic Florida is pleased to announce that the Agency for Health Care Administration in Florida has approved its applications for heart, liver and kidney transplant services.

2 new owls discovered in the Philippines
Two new species of owls have been discovered in the Philippines, and a Michigan State University researcher played a key role in confirming their existence.

Longer time to find new job, less pay for moms laid off during recession
In a 2010 survey of laid-off workers across the United States, married moms spent more time between jobs and were overall less likely to find new jobs compared with married dads.

Wild pollinators support farm productivity and stabilize yield
Eighty-four percent of European crops are dependent on insect pollination.

Spider version of Bigfoot emerges from caves in the Pacific Northwest
A team of scientists and cave conservationists discovered a relatively huge, unique spider in caves and forests of the Pacific Northwest.

Studies shed light on why species stay or go in response to climate change
Two new studies by UC Berkeley scientists provide a clearer picture of why some species move -- and where they go -- in response to climate change.

Trust in management key to avoiding correctional staff burnout Wayne State research finds
Correctional facility employees who trust supervisors and management are less likely to experience job burnout, a Wayne State University researcher has found.

Study explores the impact of corruption and military organization on civilians
New research out of the University of Cincinnati is believed to be the first to examine the relative impact of militarization and corruption on civilian populations.

Princeton study reveals the brain's mysterious switchboard operator
Princeton University researchers report that a mysterious region deep in the human brain could be where we sort through the onslaught of stimuli from the outside world and focus on the information most important to our behavior and survival.

'Organic' study of live pancreatic tissue yields new opportunities for diabetes research
An 'all-natural' method for studying pancreatic islets, the small tissues responsible for insulin production and regulation in the body, has recently been developed by researchers at the University of Toronto's Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering to try to track metabolic changes in living tissues in 'real time' and without additional chemicals or drugs.

6 outstanding students receive SIAM prizes for math and computing research
The 2011 and 2012 SIAM Student Paper Prizes were awarded at the SIAM Annual Meeting held in July.

HASTAC wins NSF grant to study its own social network
Six years after building a first-of-its-kind academic network for virtual collaborations, HASTAC has received a $294,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to perform a large-scale analysis of the interplay of cyberinfrastructure and scholarly communication.

Study: Homeless people find equality, acceptance on social networking sites
Many have argued the Marxist theories of a classless society died with the collapse of the Soviet Union and a faltering Cuba, but a University of Dayton study has found a place where such approaches may have a shot of survival -- Facebook, and other social networking sites.

Iconic Darwin finch genome sequenced in Genome 10K international collaboration
Scientists have sequenced the genome of one of the iconic Galapagos finches first described by Charles Darwin.

Study: College students lose respect for peers who hook up too much
Almost half of college students judge men and women with similar sexual histories by the same standard and hold equally negative attitudes towards both their male and female peers who they believe hook up

Photographic cholesterol test
Researchers in India have developed a total cholesterol test that uses a digital camera to take a snapshot of the back of the patient's hand rather than a blood sample.

Stanford mathematician Thomas Goldstein receives SIAM's Richard C. DiPrima Prize
Thomas A. Goldstein of Stanford University is the recipient of the 2012 Richard C.

Oxford University's Sergey Nadtochiy is the 2012 SIAG/FME Junior Scientist Prize recipient
Sergey Nadtochiy of Oxford University has been awarded the 2012 SIAG/FME Junior Scientist Prize.
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