Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 19, 2012
Middle-class children: Squeaky wheels in training
A study by Indiana University sociologist Jessica McCrory Calarco found that working-class and middle-class parents often take very deliberate but different approaches to helping their children with their school experiences.

Red wine compound could help seniors walk away from mobility problems
In a stride toward better health in later life, scientists reported today that resveratrol, the so-called

Simple new test to combat counterfeit drug problem in developing countries
In a thrust against the major problem of counterfeit medicines sold in developing countries, which causes thousands of illnesses and deaths annually, scientists today described development of a simple, paper-strip test that people could use to identify counterfeit versions of one of the most-frequently faked medicines in the world.

Marital separations an alternative to divorce for poor couples
Married couples who undergo long-term separations generally appear to be those who can't afford to divorce, a new nationwide study suggests.

Middle-income students at higher risk for student loan debt than their poorer peers
Young adults from middle income families are more likely to rack up student loan debt -- and in greater amounts -- than students from both lower and higher income backgrounds, finds new research to be presented at the 107th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association.

Regulatory science for public health: From functional food to modified-risk tobacco products
Scientists call for collaboration in addressing the challenges of ensuring product claims are backed by the best available scientific evidence.

God as a drug: The rise of American megachurches
American megachurches use stagecraft, sensory pageantry, charismatic leadership and an upbeat, unchallenging vision of Christianity to provide their congregants with a powerful emotional religious experience, according to research from the University of Washington.

Meddling with male malaria mosquito 'mating plug' to control an epidemic
Using information about the unique mating practices of the male malaria mosquito -- which, unlike any other insect, inserts a plug to seal its sperm inside the female -- scientists are zeroing in on a birth-control drug for Anopheles mosquitoes, deadly carriers of the disease that threatens three billion people, has infected more than 215 million and kills 655,000 annually.

Inspired by genetics, chemistry finally takes hold of its own code
Nature proves every day that it is both complex and efficient.

A new route to dissipationless electronics
A team of researchers at RIKEN and the University of Tokyo has demonstrated a new material that promises to eliminate loss in electrical power transmission.

'Heroes of Chemistry': Developed new drugs and technology to cut heating and cooling bills
The scientists behind three inventions that touch the lives of millions of people around the world will be inducted into a coveted scientific

UCSB researchers demonstrate that 15=3x5 about half of the time
Computing prime factors may sound like an elementary math problem, but try it with a large number, say one that contains more than 600 digits, and the task becomes enormously challenging and impossibly time-consuming.

Refugees often face greater challenges in adapting to US than other immigrants
Many refugees to the US travel thousands of miles to a safe harbor, but once here find that adjusting to linguistic and cultural differences is an equally daunting task, according to new research.

Massachusetts butterflies move north as climate warms
A new Harvard study shows that, over the past 19 years, a warming climate has been reshaping Massachusetts butterfly communities.

Improving water quality can help save coral reefs
Research from the University of Southampton and the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton has found that an imbalance of nutrients in reef waters can increase the bleaching susceptibility of reef corals.

The wasp that never cries wolf
European paper wasps advertise the size of their poison glands to potential predators, finds a new study published in BioMed Central's open-access journal Frontiers in Zoology.

Work has more benefits than just a paycheck for moms
Work has perks for moms, says University of Akron sociologist.

Good mood foods: Some flavors in some foods resemble a prescription mood stabilizer
New evidence reveals the possibility of mood-enhancing effects associated with some flavors, stemming at least in part from natural ingredients bearing a striking chemical similarity to valproic acid, a widely used prescription mood-stabilizing drug, scientists reported here today at the 244th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society.

Artificial intelligence helps detect subtle differences in mutant worms
Scientists have demonstrated an automated system that uses artificial intelligence and cutting-edge image processing to rapidly examine large numbers of individual nematodes -- a species widely used in biological research.

'DNA wires' could help physicians diagnose disease
Scientists have found that Mother Nature uses DNA as a wire to detect the constantly occurring genetic damage and mistakes that can result in diseases like cancer.

Marital separation an alternative to divorce for poor people
Married couples who undergo long-term separations appear to be those who can't afford to divorce, a new nationwide study suggests.

Public health efforts need to focus on high rates of infectious diseases among homeless populations
Rates of the infectious diseases HIV, hepatitis C and tuberculosis among the world's homeless people are many times higher than in the general population, according to a new systematic review of existing data published online first in the Lancet Infectious Diseases.

New space-age insulating material for homes, clothing and other everyday uses
A major improvement in the world's lightest solid material and best solid insulating material, described here today, may put more of this space-age wonder into insulated clothing, refrigerators with thinner walls that hold more food, building insulation and other products.

New technology combats global pandemic of drug counterfeiting
Drug counterfeiting is so common in some developing countries that patients with serious diseases in Southeast Asia and elsewhere have been more likely to get a fake drug than one with ingredients that really treat their illness, a scientist involved in combating the problem said here today at the 244th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to