Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 27, 2012
Darwin discovered to be right: Eastern Pacific barrier is virtually impassable by coral species
Coral from the eastern Pacific rarely crosses a deep-ocean barrier to reach the west coast of the Americas, according to research that will be published in the journal Molecular Ecology.

WMS issues important new practice guidelines for prevention and treatment of lightning injuries
About 24,000 people are killed by lightning every year, with about 10 times as many people injured.

How methane becomes fish food
Methane produced at the bottom of our lakes provides nutrition for microorganisms and eventually becomes an indirect food source for fish.

Renal denervation improves blood pressure and arterial stiffness
Renal denervation improves blood pressure and arterial stiffness in patients with therapy resistant hypertension, according to research presented at ESC Congress 2012 by Mr Klaas Franzen from the University Hospital of Schleswig-Holstein.

Unexpected findings at multi-detector CT scans: Less reason to worry
A new study from Rhode Island Hospital reports that nearly seven percent of urologic multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) scans for hematuria result in incidental findings that may be clinically important for the patient.

The ASTRID study
The German Aortic Valve Registry was started in July 2010 and is the only registry so far to include both transcatheter aortic valve implantation and conventional aortic valve replacements and repair.

HALO: One-of-a-kind research aircraft ready for takeoff
The airborne research platform 'High Altitude and Long Range Research Aircraft' (HALO), co-funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation), is ready for takeoff.

Little evidence supports autism treatment options in adolescents
Vanderbilt University researchers studying interventions for adolescents and young adults with autism are reporting today that there is insufficient evidence to support findings, good or bad, for the therapies currently used.

Leg compressions may enhance stroke recovery
Successive, vigorous bouts of leg compressions following a stroke appear to trigger natural protective mechanisms that reduce damage, researchers report.

Obese and overweight women face increased risk of recurrence of most common type of breast cancer
Extra pounds -- even within the overweight but not obese range -- are linked to a higher risk of recurrence of the most common type of breast cancer despite optimal cancer treatment, according to a new study published early online in Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.

NASA sees Typhoon Bolaven dwarf Typhoon Tembin
NASA satellites are providing imagery and data on Typhoon Tembin southwest of Taiwan, and Typhoon Bolaven is it barrels northwest through the Yellow Sea.

WSU researcher documents links between nutrients, genes and cancer spread
More than 40 plant-based compounds can turn on genes that slow the spread of cancer, according to a first-of-its-kind study by a Washington State University researcher.

Rising cardiovascular incidence after Japanese earthquake 2011
The Japanese earthquake and tsunami of March 11, 2011, which hit the north-east coast of Japan with a magnitude of 9.0 on the Richter scale, was one of the largest ocean-trench earthquakes ever recorded in Japan.

Special international commission on media violence confirms aggression link
A new report by International Society for Research on Aggression's Media Violence Commission concludes that a comprehensive analysis of existing research clearly shows that media violence consumption increases the relative risk of aggression.

The effects of discrimination could last a lifetime
Given the well-documented relationship between low birth weight and the increased risk of health problems throughout one's lifespan, it is vital to reduce any potential contributors to low birth weight.

Limiting TV time -- Effective strategy for preventing weight gain in children
Reducing television viewing may be an effective strategy to prevent excess weight gain among adolescents, according to a new study released in the September/October 2012 issue of the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.

Dual antiplatelet therapy may be important for patients who have drug-eluting stents implanted
Research published in the Lancet examines the long-term effects on patients of medical devices - known as drug-eluting stents - implanted to widen blood vessels.

Lack of sleep found to be a new risk factor for aggressive breast cancers
Lack of sleep is linked to more aggressive breast cancers, according to new findings published in the August issue of Breast Cancer Research and Treatment by physician-scientists from University Hospitals Case Medical Center's Seidman Cancer Center and Case Comprehensive Cancer Center at Case Western Reserve University.

New imaging technique homes in on electrocatalysis of nanoparticles
Nongjian (NJ) Tao -- a researcher at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute -- has found a clever way to measure catalytical reactions of single nanoparticles and multiple particles printed in arrays, which will help characterize and improve existing nanoparticle catalysts, and advance the search for new ones.

Behind closed doors: Researchers show how probiotics boost plant immunity
Pathogens can slip through leaf pores and begin infecting a plant.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Aug. 28, 2012
This press release contains information about articles being published in the Aug.

Speaking 2 languages also benefits low-income children
Living in poverty is often accompanied by conditions that can negatively influence cognitive development.

Berkeley-Haas professor David Vogel wins Academy of Management book award
Professor David Vogel has won the Academy of Management Organization and the Natural Environment Division Book Award for his book The Politics of Precaution: Regulating Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks in Europe and the United States.

Cancer vaccine Special Focus series published in Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
One of the most comprehensive peer-reviewed discussions on cancer vaccines, a Special Focus in the journal Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics provides a critical view on cancer vaccines and a discussion on best approaches for the future.

Water research thrives as new report highlights spiralling growth year on year
Research into water is growing faster than the average 4% annual growth rate for all research disciplines, claims a new report presented by Elsevier and Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) during the 2012 World Water Week in Stockholm.

2012 Reed Elsevier Environmental Challenge winners announced
Reed Elsevier, a world leading provider of professional information solutions, today announced the winners of the Reed Elsevier Environmental Challenge which awards innovative solutions to improve sustainable access to safe water and sanitation.

Vitamin B12 deficiency: Tracing the causes
Vitamin B12 is vital. In collaboration with colleagues from Canada, Germany and the United States, researchers from Zurich's University Children's Hospital and the University of Zurich have succeeded in decoding a novel cause of hereditary vitamin B12 deficiency.

Tests show that adhesive could improve safety of LASIK eye surgery
An undergraduate uncovers a sticky solution to injuries following laser vision correction surgery.

The laser beam as a '3-D painter'
With laser beams, molecules can be fixed at exactly the right position in a three dimensional material.

Renal denervation treats resistant hypertension in real world patient populations
Renal denervation successfully treats patients with resistant hypertension in real world patient populations, according to a study presented at ESC Congress 2012.

JCI early table of contents for Aug. 27, 2012
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online Aug.

A sub-study of the Outcome Reduction with an Initial Glargine Intervention (ORIGIN) trial, designed to investigate the effect of insulin glargine and omega-3 fatty acids on atherosclerosis progression, has found that, compared to standard care, only insulin glargine (a long-acting insulin) had a 'modest' statistically non-significant reducing effect on the primary outcome of rate of change in maximum carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) at 12 carotid sites.

A new look at proteins in living cells
Nongjian (NJ) Tao, Professor of Electrical Engineering, and director of the Center for Bioelectronics and Biosensors at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute has devised a new technique for examining the binding kinetics of membrane proteins.

Team of researchers finds a link between cold European winters and solar activity
Scientists have long suspected that the Sun's 11-year cycle influences climate of certain regions on Earth.

Accuracy of narrow band imaging with colonoscopy allows for distal non-cancerous polyps to be left in place
According to a new study, the use of narrow band imaging during colonoscopy is sufficiently accurate to allow distal hyperplastic (non-cancerous) polyps to be left in place without removal and small, distal adenomas (pre-cancerous polyps) to be removed and discarded without pathologic assessment.

Renal sympathetic denervation improves physical and mental health in resistant hypertension
Renal sympathetic denervation improves anxiety, depression, quality of life and stress in patients with resistant hypertension, according to research presented at ESC Congress 2012 by Dr Denise Fischer from Saarland University Hospital.

Renal denervation achieves significant and sustained blood pressure reduction
Renal denervation leads to significant and sustained blood pressure reduction for up to 18 months in patients with treatment resistant hypertension, according to research presented at ESC Congress 2012.

Frankenstein programmers at UT Dallas test a cybersecurity monster
To catch a thief, you have to think like one.

Normal weight individuals with belly fat at highest CVD risk
Normal weight individuals who carry weight concentrated in their belly have a higher death risk than obese individuals, according to research presented at ESC Congress 2012.

New maps may reduce tourism impacts on Hawaiian dolphins
Over-eager eco-tourists intent on seeing spinner dolphins up close may inadvertently be disturbing the charismatic animals' daytime rest periods and driving them out of safe habitats in bays along Hawaii's coast.

Johns Hopkins team finds ICU misdiagnoses may account for as many annual deaths as breast cancer
Johns Hopkins patient safety experts quantify the incidence of fatal and non-fatal diagnostic errors in the intensive care unit.

Nutrition tied to improved sperm DNA quality in older men
A new study led by Berkeley Lab scientists found that a healthy intake of micronutrients is strongly associated with improved sperm DNA quality in older men.

A greener way to fertilize nursery crops
A US Department of Agriculture scientist has found a

Arctic sea ice shrinks to new low in satellite era
The extent of the sea ice covering the Arctic Ocean has shrunk.

New model of muscular dystrophy provides insight into disease development
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers at the University of Iowa report the development of a mouse model of Fukuyama's muscular dystrophy that copies the pathology seen in the human form of the disease.

Working moms spend less time daily on kids' diet, exercise, study finds
When it comes to cooking, grocery shopping and playing with children, American moms with full-time jobs spend roughly three-and-half fewer hours per day on these and other chores related to their children's diet and exercise compared to stay-at-home and unemployed mothers, reports a new paper by a Cornell University health economist.

Oak Ridge partnership merges strengths of lab, private sector
An Oak Ridge engineering services firm with an international footprint has teamed with scientists to form a subsidiary and market an award-winning text analysis system.

Fitting Kv potassium channels in the PIP2 puzzle
A recent study in the Journal of General Physiology brings new insights to an area of ion channel regulation: whether voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels can be regulated by physiological changes to PIP2.

Plants unpack winter coats when days get shorter
Mechanisms that protect plants from freezing are placed in storage during the summer and wisely unpacked when days get shorter.

James George, MD: 2012 ASH Wallace H. Coulter Award for Lifetime Achievement in Hematology
The American Society of Hematology will present the 2012 Wallace H.

ASH honors Bruce R. Blazar, M.D., and Carl H. June, M.D., with 2012 Ernest Beutler Lecture and Prize
The American Society of Hematology will honor Bruce R. Blazar, M.D., of the University of Minnesota, and Carl H.

EARTH: Crowdsourcing for quake-monitoring
Technology is creating a new breed of scientist. I'm talking about citizen scientists -- ordinary people and volunteers from all walks of life coming together to help monitor, and possibly mitigate, the next big earthquake through an innovative program called NetQuakes.

Precise and persistent cell sabotage
Small interfering RNA (siRNA), can be packaged then unleashed as a precise and persistent technology to guide cell behavior, researchers at Case Western Reserve University report in the current issue of the journal, Acta Biomaterialia.

To cap or not to cap: Scientists find new RNA phenomenon that challenges dogma
Some RNA molecules spend time in a restful state akin to hibernation rather than automatically carrying out their established job of delivering protein-building instructions in cells.

University of Tennessee Team receives NSF support to study toxic water in China
More than 12 million Chinese rely on Lake Taihu for drinking water but about 20 years ago the once pristine lake turned pea green.

Panda preferences influence trees used for scent marking
As solitary animals, giant pandas have developed a number of ways to communicate those times when they are ready to come into close contact.

Study questions validity of quality measure for stroke care
One of the key indicators of the quality of care provided by hospitals to acute stroke victims is the percentage of patients who die within a 30-day period.

American Meteorological Society releases revised climate change statement
The American Meteorological Society has released an updated Statement on Climate Change, replacing its 2007 version.

The FAST-MI program study
Data from four French nationwide registries of STEMI (ST-elevation myocardial infarction) patients initiated five years apart and covering more than 15 years show that mortality rate decreased by 68% over this period, from 13.7% to 4.4%.

Anthropologist's research refutes long-held theory on human gestation
New research by a University of Rhode Island anthropologist suggests that the length of human pregnancy is limited primarily by a mother's metabolism, not the size of the birth canal.

In war with 'superbugs,' Cedars-Sinai researchers see new weapon: Immune-boosting vitamin
Cedars-Sinai researchers have found that a common vitamin may have the potential to provide a powerful weapon to fight certain

Energy drinks improve heart function
Consuming energy drinks can exert acute positive benefits on myocardial performance, according to research presented today at the ESC Congress by Dr.

The ACCESS-EU study
The percutaneous catheter-based treatment of mitral regurgitation with the MitraClip system improves symptoms and cardiac function at one-year, according to results of a prospective observational study presented here today at ESC Congress 2012.

Athletic field paint steals spotlight from the grass it covers
Three researchers from NC State University have investigated the effects athletic field paints have on turfgrass, finding the potential for serious disruptions to the amounts of photosynthetically active radiation available to the grass.

Zebra fish point the way towards new therapies for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Leuven scientists (VIB/KU Leuven) are using zebrafish as a model in their search for genes that play a role in the mechanism of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

ASGE initiative examines real-time imaging of Barrett's esophagus
The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy's Preservation and Incorporation of Valuable Endoscopic Innovations initiative examines real-time imaging of Barrett's esophagus in an article appearing in the August issue of GIE: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, ASGE's monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal.

ASH honors Margaret A. Goodell, Ph.D., with 2012 William Dameshek Prize
The American Society of Hematology will present the 2012 William Dameshek Prize to Margaret A.

The role of genes in political behavior
Politics and genetics have traditionally been considered non-overlapping fields, but over the past decade it has become clear that genes can influence political behavior, according to a review published online Aug.

Arctic sea ice reaches lowest extent ever recorded, says CU-Boulder research team
The blanket of sea ice floating on the Arctic Ocean melted to its lowest extent ever recorded since satellites began measuring it in 1979, according to the University of Colorado Boulder's National Snow and Ice Data Center.

One third less life on planet Earth
Previous estimates about the total mass of all life on our planet have to be reduced by about one third.

Breast milk promotes a different gut flora growth than infant formulas
The benefits of breast milk have long been appreciated, but now scientists at Duke University Medical Center have described a unique property that makes mother's milk better than infant formula in protecting infants from infections and illnesses.

Scientists find oldest occurrence of arthropods preserved in amber
An international team of scientists has discovered the oldest record of arthropods -- invertebrate animals that include insects, arachnids, and crustaceans -- preserved in amber.

How a virus might make you diabetic later in life
Cytomegalovirus is one of the viruses that most infected people carry without ill effects.

Study examines factors associated with improvement in survival from heart attack in France
The overall rate of death in patients hospitalized with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI; a certain pattern on an electrocardiogram following a heart attack) decreased from 1995 to 2010 in France, with possible factors associated with this decline including an increase in the proportion of STEMI patients who were women younger than age 60, and an increase in the use of reperfusion therapy and recommended therapeutic measures following a heart attack.

Fossil skeleton of strange, ancient digging mammal clears up 30-year evolutionary debate
Shortly after dinosaurs like Tyrannosaurus and Triceratops went extinct, the Earth became filled with mammals only distantly related to those alive today.

ASH awards Timothy J. Ley, M.D., with 2012 E. Donnall Thomas Lecture and Prize
The American Society of Hematology will honor Timothy J. Ley, M.D., of Washington University School of Medicine with the 2012 E.

Adolescent pot use leaves lasting mental deficits
The persistent, dependent use of marijuana before age 18 has been shown to cause lasting harm to a person's intelligence, attention and memory, according to an international research team.

Review of new evidence to treat colonic diverticulitis may help doctors
Recent evidence and new treatments for colonic diverticulitis that may help clinicians manage and treat the disease are summarized in a review in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Divorced parents in hostile relationships use technology to sabotage communication, MU study finds
Separated and divorced couples are increasingly using emails, texting and social media to communicate with their ex-partners about their children.

Midlife fitness staves off chronic disease at end of life, UT Southwestern researchers report
Being physically fit during your 30s, 40s, and 50s not only helps extend lifespan, but it also increases the chances of aging healthily, free from chronic illness, investigators at UT Southwestern Medical Center and the Cooper Institute have found.

Psoriasis patients at high risk of diabetes
Patients with psoriasis are at high risk of new-onset diabetes mellitus, according to research presented at ESC Congress 2012.

Renal denervation gives better outcomes than drugs in advanced heart failure
Renal denervation leads to better outcomes than standard drug treatment in patients with advanced heart failure, according to research presented at ESC Congress 2012.

Controlling superconductors with light
Proffesor Yoram Dagan of Tel Aviv University says that by shining a light on a thin layer of molecules coating a material, he is able to control the critical temperature at which the material can act as a superconductor.

Healthy lifestyle reduces the risk of hypertension by two thirds
Healthy behaviors regarding alcohol, physical activity, vegetable intake and body weight reduce the risk of hypertension by two thirds, according to research presented at the ESC Congress today.

Reducing the side effects of treatment for prostate cancer
New research published in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Medicine reassessing clinical data from trials, which investigate ways of treating side effects of therapy for prostate cancer, finds that tamoxifen, an anti-estrogen used to treat breast cancer, is also able to suppress gynecomastia and breast pain in men.

The Quarterly Review of Biology: Why some fats are worse than others
All dietary fats are not created equal. Some types of fats have been linked to ailments like heart disease and diabetes, while others, like those often found in plants and fish, have well documented health benefits.

The PROTECT study
Rates of stent thrombosis at three years were low and comparable between zotarolimus-eluting and sirolimus-eluting stents, according to findings from the PROTECT study described here today at ESC Congress 2012.

Parents and readers beware of stereotypes in young adult literature
A newly defined genre of literature,

Cooled coal emissions would clean air and lower health and climate-change costs
Refrigerating coal-plant emissions would reduce levels of dangerous chemicals that pour into the air -- including carbon dioxide by more than 90 percent -- at a cost of 25 percent efficiency, according to a simple math-driven formula designed by a team of University of Oregon physicists.

pH-sensitive liposomal cisplatin improves peritoneal carcinomatosis treatment without side-effects
Scientists at the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation and Federal University of Minas Gerais, led by Dr.

People of normal weight with belly fat at highest death risk, Mayo Clinic study
People who are of normal weight but have fat concentrated in their bellies have a higher death risk than those who are obese, according to Mayo Clinic research presented today at the European Society of Cardiology Congress in Munich.

Vitamin B3 may offer new tool in fight against 'superbugs'
A new study suggests that nicotinamide, more commonly known as vitamin B3, may be able to combat some of the antibiotic-resistance staph infections that are increasingly common around the world, have killed thousands and can pose a significant threat to public health.

NASA infrared time series of Tropical Storm Isaac shows consolidation
NASA's Atmospheric Infrared Sounder or AIRS instrument is an infrared

ASH honors David Ginsburg, M.D., and Richard Aster, M.D., with 2012 Henry M. Stratton Medal
The American Society of Hematology today announced that it will recognize David Ginsburg, M.D., of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and Richard H.

MBL scientists discover nerves control iridescence in squid's remarkable 'electric skin'
In a new study, MBL (Marine Biological Laboratory) researchers Paloma Gonzalez Bellido and Trevor Wardill and their colleagues report that nerves in squid skin control the animal's spectrum of shimmering hues--from red to blue--as well as their speed of change.

A balloon pump inserted in the aorta is currently the most widely used support device in the treatment of cardiogenic shock and, since its introduction in 1968, has been used in several million people.

Drug trial offers hope to patients with advanced colorectal cancer
A new drug treatment could offer hope to patients with advanced colorectal cancer who were intolerant of or did not respond to standard treatments, according to an article published in the Lancet Oncology.

Study questions technique to repair ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms
A new study raises a cautionary note about the increasing use of a minimally invasive procedure to repair ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms.

BioOne announces 2013 Collections
We are proud to welcome five new titles and their respective not-for-profit publishers to the 2013 BioOne Collections: Marine Resource Economics, published by the Marine Resource Foundation; Cryptogamie, Algologie, Cryptogamie, Bryologie, and Cryptogamie, Mycologie, three journals from France's Association des Amis des Cryptogames; and Applications in Plant Sciences, a new, open access, online only publication from the Botanical Society of America.

Selective imprinting: How the wallaby controls growth of its young
Marsupial mothers regulate the composition of their milk so that it is optimal for the development stage of their young.

Study explores injury risk in military Humvee crashes
A new report the risk factors for injuries to US military personnel from crashes involving highly mobile multipurpose wheeled vehicles, more commonly known as Humvees.

George Washington University Computational Biology Director solves 200-year-old oceanic mystery
The origin of Cerataspis monstrosa has been a mystery as deep as the ocean waters it hails from for more than 180 years.

Widely used drug could offer substantial relief to people with chronic cough
New research published Online First in the Lancet is the first to show that gabapentin, a drug widely used to treat pain and seizures, substantially reduces the frequency and severity of coughing and other symptoms associated with the extremely common and difficult-to-treat problem of long-term chronic cough. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to