Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 28, 2012
Pharmacists provide additional line of defense for detecting knee osteoarthritis
Canadian researchers have determined that community-based pharmacists could provide an added resource in identifying knee osteoarthritis (OA).

Personalized antiplatelet treatment improves outcome after PCI
Personalized antiplatelet treatment leads to better outcomes than standard antiplatelet treatment in patients undergoing coronary stent implantation, according to results from the MADONNA study presented at ESC Congress 2012.

Adverse effects of mining industry provoke hard questions for medical humanitarian organizations
Increasingly humanitarian organizations will find themselves responding to health emergencies provoked by the adverse effects of mining and other extractive industries, setting up a potential clash to do with the core principles and values at the heart of humanitarian medicine, writes Philippe Calain from the humanitarian medical organization, Médecins Sans Frontières, in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Queen's University Belfast wins national environment award
The University won a Green Apple Environment Award for the arsenic-removal water cleansing project, which was carried out by the School of Planning, Architecture and Civil Engineering.

Lao announces dramatic shift in land policy, commits to expand rights of communities, ethnic groups
Dr. Souvanhpheng Bouphanouvong, President of Lao Committee on Economic Planning and Finance, announced nationwide land reform and prioritize the need for increased local land management.

Advanced CT scans accurately assess coronary blockages
An ultra-fast, 320-detector computed tomography scanner can accurately sort out which people with chest pain need -- or don't need -- an invasive procedure such as cardiac angioplasty or bypass surgery to restore blood flow to the heart, according to an international study.

Not all lung cancer patients who could benefit from crizotinib are identified by FDA-approved test
A recent University of Colorado Cancer Center case study published in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology describes the never-before-seen case of a patient who tested negative for EML4-ALK fusion based on the well-defined criteria for FISH assay as approved by FDA, but nevertheless experienced remission after treatment with crizotinib.

Can branding improve school lunches?
This study shows that branding of food, such as putting a sticker on an apple, can improve the attractiveness of healthier food and nudge children to make better food choices.

Chinese scientists successfully crack the genome of diploid cotton
The international research team led by Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences and BGI have completed the genome sequence and analysis of a diploid cotton -- Gossypium raimondii.

Entomological Society of America names 2012 Honorary Members
The Entomological Society of America is pleased to announce the selection of three new entomologists as Honorary Members of the Society: Elizabeth F.

Advances in ataxia research to be featured at USF's Innovative Learning and Simulation Center
Scientists, clinicians and patients will gather at the University of South Florida's Center for Advanced Medical Learning and Simulation in downtown Tampa Sept.

A mechanism providing clues for research into pancreatic diabetes is described
Mice develop pancreatic diabetes when they lack certain genes in the E2F group, and to understand how this happens, Olatz Zenarruzabeitia has focused on the molecular mechanism behind it.

Study of tribe could help find East Asian skin color genes
Genetic investigation of a Malaysian tribe may tell scientists why East Asians have light skin but lower skin cancer rates than Europeans, according to a team of international researchers.

CRT consensus set to standardize and improve care for patients worldwide
This consensus statement is particularly unique because it incorporates expert consensus from Europe and North America.

Tracking shuttle exhaust reveals more information about atmospheric winds
As a shuttle plume spread and floated on air currents high in Earth's atmosphere, it crossed through the observation paths of seven separate sets of instruments.

Trudeau researchers identify unforeseen regulation of the anti-bacterial immune response
New research from the laboratory of Dr. Andrea Cooper at the Trudeau Institute, just published in the European Journal of Immunology, holds promise for the improved prevention and treatment of bacterial infections and the life-threatening complications of chronic inflammation that can result from them.

NASA watching Isaac's approach to US Gulf Coast
NASA satellites have been providing valuable data to forecasters at the National Hurricane Center watching the development and progression of powerful Tropical Storm Isaac as it heads for landfall.

NASA sees Hurricane Isaac affecting the Northern Gulf Coast
NASA and NOAA satellites continue to provide detailed information on Hurricane Isaac as the storm bears down on the US Gulf coast.

Personalized antiplatelet treatment improves outcome after PCI
Personalized antiplatelet treatment leads to better outcomes than standard antiplatelet treatment in patients undergoing coronary stent implantation, according to results from the MADONNA study presented at ESC Congress 2012.

African research identifies strong candidate for possible single-dose malaria cure
A recently discovered compound from the aminopyridine class not only has the potential to become part of a single-dose cure for all strains of malaria, but might also be able to block transmission of the parasite from person to person, according to a research collaboration involving the Medicines for Malaria Venture, based in Switzerland, and the Drug Discovery and Development Centre at the University of Cape Town, South Africa.

New method: Research team analyzes stress biology in babies
After waking up, the concentration of the stress hormone cortisol in saliva rises considerably; this is true not only for grown-ups but for babies as well.

Kepler discovers planetary system orbiting 2 suns
Astronomers at the International Astronomical Union meeting announced the discovery of the first transiting circumbinary multi-planet system: two planets orbiting around a pair of stars.

Magnetic vortex reveals key to spintronic speed limit
Spintronics use electron spin to write and read information. To mobilize this emerging technology, scientists must understand exactly how to manipulate spin as a carrier of computer code.

Society of Interventional Radiology Foundation: Medical students will make a difference
The Society of Interventional Radiology Foundation announced the second year of collaboration with the Howard Hughes Medical Institute's prestigious Medical Research Fellows Program.

Beliefs drive investors more than preferences, study finds
New research casts doubt on the widely held theory that individual investors' decisions are driven mainly by their feelings toward losses and gains.

Ten year decline in ischemic stroke after AMI
The risk of ischemic stroke one year after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) dropped by 21% over a ten year period, according to research presented at ESC Congress 2012.

Better air quality indicators are needed for the world's cities
In their August editorial, the PLOS Medicine Editors reflect on a recent Policy Forum article by Jason Corburn and Alison Cohen, which describes the need for urban health equity indicators to guide public health policy in cities and urban areas.

By detecting smallest virus, researchers open possibilities for early disease detection
Researchers have created an ultra-sensitive biosensor capable of identifying the smallest single virus particles in solution, an advance that may revolutionize early disease detection in a point-of-care setting and shrink test result wait times from weeks to minutes.

Exploring exercise benefits for breast cancer patients
Alberta researchers team up to study effects of exercise, physical fitness in 1,500 cancer survivors.

30-day mortality after AMI drops with improved treatment
Improved treatment after acute myocardial infarction and less severe patient profile have reduced 30-day mortality over the past 15 years, according to research presented at ESC Congress 2012.

How 'beige' fat makes the pounds melt away
Researchers from the University of Bonn and the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Martinsried have decoded a signal path that could boost the burning of body fat.

Zebrafish study explains why the circadian rhythm affects your health
Disruptions to the circadian rhythm can affect the growth of blood vessels in the body, thus causing illnesses such as diabetes, obesity, and cancer, according to a new study from Linkoping University and Karolinska Institute in Sweden.

Male snails babysit for other dads
Pity the male of the marine whelk, Solenosteira macrospira. He does all the work of raising the young, from egg-laying to hatching -- even though few of the baby snails are his own.

Capturing movements of actors and athletes in real time with conventional video cameras
Within milliseconds, and just with the help of mathematics, computing power and conventional video cameras, computer scientists at the Max-Planck-Institute for Informatics in Saarbrücken can automatically capture the movements of several people.

Space-warping white dwarfs produce gravitational waves
Gravitational waves, much like the recently discovered Higgs boson, are notoriously difficult to observe.

General surgeons identify postoperative complications posing strongest readmission risk
Patient safety plan created to reduce complications and hospital readmissions is described in Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

Stanford researchers discover the 'anternet'
A collaboration between a Stanford ant biologist and a computer scientist has revealed that the behavior of harvester ants as they forage for food mirrors the protocols that control traffic on the Internet.

Chinese credit card usage growing quickly, MU study finds
Researchers at the University of Missouri have found about 30 percent of Chinese urban households now own at least one credit card and the growth rate of credit card adoption has been an average of 40 percent per year between 2004 and 2009.

Catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation: Results from the first European registry
Catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (Afib) is safe and suppresses arrhythmia recurrences in 74 percent of patients after a single procedure, according to results from the one-year follow-up of the Atrial Fibrillation Ablation Pilot Study, the first European registry to evaluate the real-life epidemiology of catheter ablation for AFib.

Small family size increases the wealth of descendants but reduces evolutionary success
New study explores evolutionary theories around family size.

New PLOS collection: Child mortality estimation methods
A sponsored collection of new articles on the methodology for estimation of child mortality was published today in the open-access journal PLOS Medicine, in conjunction with the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) and the Technical Advisory Group (TAG).

More research needed on the best treatment options for multidrug-resistant TB
The use of newer drugs, a greater number of effective drugs, and a longer treatment regimen may be associated with improved survival of patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, according to a large study by a team of international researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Antibiotic residues in sausage meat may promote pathogen survival
Antibiotic residues in uncured pepperoni or salami meat are potent enough to weaken helpful bacteria that processors add to acidify the sausage to make it safe for consumption, according to a study to be published in mBio, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology, on Aug.

ESC Acute Cardiovascular Care Association launched
The Acute Cardiovascular Care Association of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) was created today after a vote at the ESC Congress General Assembly.

Women 40% less likely to die after TAVI than men
Women with severe aortic stenosis are 40% less likely to die after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) than men, reveals the latest data from the largest study to date of gender differences in outcomes after TAVI.

Early use of stents better than medical therapy alone for certain patients
For patients with stable coronary artery disease who have at least one narrowed blood vessel that compromises flow to the heart, medical therapy alone leads to a significantly higher risk of hospitalization and the urgent need for a coronary stent when compared with therapy that also includes initial placement of artery-opening stents.

Oxford University Press acquires American Journal of Hypertension
Oxford University Press today announced that the esteemed American Journal of Hypertension will be joining the publisher's journal collection.

Germany launches a €16 million epigenome program
The German Ministry for Research and Education will support the German epigenome program initiative

30-day mortality after AMI drops with improved treatment
Improved treatment after acute myocardial infarction and less severe patient profile have reduced 30-day mortality over the past 15 years, according to research presented at ESC Congress 2012.

Having to make quick decisions helps witnesses identify the bad guy in a lineup
Eyewitness identification evidence is often persuasive in the courtroom and yet current eyewitness identification tests often fail to pick the culprit.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Bolaven making landfall in North Korea
Tropical Storm Bolaven weakened as it moved north through the cooler waters of the Yellow Sea in the last day, which is good news for North Korea and southeastern China where it is making landfall today, Aug.

Lifestyle changes could prevent 400 cardiac events and 200 deaths in Swedish PCI patients
Up to 400 cardiac events and 200 deaths in Swedish PCI patients could be avoided by following a heart healthy lifestyle, according to research from the SPICI study presented at ESC Congress 2012.

URMC researchers connect new genetic signature to leukemia
University of Rochester Medical Center scientists believe they are the first to identify genes that underlie the growth of primitive leukemia stem cells, and then to use the new genetic signature to identify currently available drugs that selectively target the rogue cells.

Metabolism in the brain fluctuates with circadian rhythm
The rhythm of life is driven by the cycles of day and night, and most organisms carry in their cells a common, (roughly) 24-hour beat.

TAVI improves quality of life in patients with severe aortic stenosis for at least 1 year
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation leads to meaningful improvements in health-related quality of life in patients with severe aortic stenosis that are maintained for at least 1 year, according to a study presented at ESC Congress 2012.

Why are there so many species of beetles and so few crocodiles?
Why are there so many species of beetles and so few crocodiles?

ICU study awarded grant from Moore Foundation
A multi-center study of intensive care units (ICU) led by UCSF faculty has received a Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation grant of $2.1 million.

Kindergarten readiness: Are shy kids at an academic disadvantage?
University of Miami researchers identify specific attributes among young children that affect school performance.

Evaluate children's stress after natural disasters
Some children, depending on other stressors, may have a harder time recovering from natural disasters.

Why retire later?
What if every US worker got an automatic 10 percent pay raise at age 55?

Global platelet reactivity identifies high risk ACS patients
Global platelet reactivity is more effective than responsiveness to clopidogrel in identifying acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients at high risk of ischemic events, according to research presented at the ESC Congress today.

Study finds gene that predicts happiness in women
Sorry guys, this happiness gene is for women. A new study has found a gene that appears to make women happy, but it doesn't work for men.

Mayo study: Exercise can help cancer patients, but few oncologists suggest it
For patients who have gone through breast or colon cancer treatment, regular exercise has been found to reduce recurrence of the disease by up to 50 percent.

CT angiography and perfusion to assess coronary artery disease: The CORE320 study
A non-invasive imaging strategy which integrates non-invasive CT angiography and CT myocardial perfusion imaging has robust diagnostic accuracy for identifying patients with flow-limiting coronary artery disease in need of myocardial revascularisation, according to results of the CORE320 study presented here today by Dr.

Is long-term weight loss possible after menopause?
Studies have found that it is difficult to keep weight off in the long term.

PRAGUE-12 trial: Randomized open multicenter study
The PRAGUE-12 trial is a randomized open multicenter study comparing cardiac surgery with MAZE versus cardiac surgery without MAZE in patients with coronary and/or valvular heart disease and with atrial fibrillation.

Diagnosis often missed for Hispanic children with developmental delay, autism
Hispanic children often have undiagnosed developmental delays and large numbers of both Hispanic and non-Hispanic children who first were thought to have developmental delay actually had autism, researchers affiliated with the UC Davis MIND Institute have found.

Global platelet reactivity and high risk ACS patients
Global platelet reactivity identifies high risk ACS patients more effectively than responsiveness to clopidogrel.

Less is more for reef-building corals
Researchers at the University of Hawaii made a discovery that challenges a major theory in the field of coral reef ecology.

Patient and family engagement key to improved health care
The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation launched a new national Patient Care Program today that seeks to eliminate all preventable harms to patients.

Pretend play may not be as crucial to child development as believed, new study shows
Pretend play that involves uses of the imagination to create a fantasy world or situation can be fun for preschool children, but a new University of Virginia study finds that it is not as crucial to a child's development as currently believed.

Better vaccines for tuberculosis could save millions of lives
Cases of one of the world's deadliest diseases -- tuberculosis -- are rising at an alarming rate, despite widespread vaccination.

The beat goes in the brain
Researchers used periodic visual stimuli and electroencephalogram recordings and found, one, that they could precisely time the brain's natural oscillations to future repetitions of the event, and, two, that the effect occurred even after the prompting stimuli was discontinued.

Ten year decline in ischemic stroke after AMI
The risk of ischemic stroke one year after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) dropped by 21% over a ten year period, according to research presented at ESC Congress 2012.

1.25 million euro for thermoacoustic imaging project
The German Research Foundation (DFG) has singled out TUM's Prof.

NASA, Texas astronomers find first multi-planet system around a binary star
NASA's Kepler mission has found the first multi-planet solar system orbiting a binary star, characterized in large part by University of Texas at Austin astronomers using two telescopes at the university's McDonald Observatory in West Texas.

The raccoon spreads dangerous diseases as it invades Europe
Furry, agile, intelligent and voracious: the raccoon is far from being a cuddly toy, which is what many people believe when they get one as a pet.

Botany student proves 'New England Banksia' a distinct species
Research by Margaret Stimpson, a postgraduate student of botany at the University of New England, has given the New England region of Australia its very own species of Banksia.

Johns Hopkins' Armstrong Institute receives $8.9 million patient safety grant
Johns Hopkins' Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality has received an $8.9 million grant from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the first award given as part of an ambitious new $500 million, 10-year program designed to eliminate all preventable harms that patients experience in the hospital.

Kepler discovers planetary system orbiting two suns
Astronomers have found the first transiting circumbinary multi-planet system: two planets orbiting around a pair of stars.

Smoking after stroke increases death risk by 3-fold
Patients who resume smoking after a stroke increase their risk of death by three-fold, according to research presented at ESC Congress 2012 by Professor Furio Colivicchi from San Filippo Neri Hospital.

Protein found to regulate red blood cell size and number
By examining the results of genome-wide association studies in conjunction with experiments on mouse and human red blood cells (RBCs), researchers in the lab of Whitehead Institute Founding Member Harvey Lodish have identified the protein cyclin D3 as regulating the number of cell divisions RBC progenitors undergo, which ultimately affects the resulting size and quantity of RBCs.

6 NARSAD Young Investigator Grants awarded to CAMH
Six researchers from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health have received prestigious NARSAD Young Investigator Grants from the US-based Brain & Behavior Research Foundation.

NRL researchers observe bright arctic clouds formed by exhaust from final space shuttle launch
Naval Research Laboratory scientist Dr. Michael Stevens is leading an international consortium of scientists in tracking the rapid transport of the exhaust plume from the final launch of the space shuttle in July 2011.

Las Cumbres Observatory spectrographs acquire target robotically
Two identical FLOYDS spectrographs, installed in recent weeks at telescopes 6,000 miles apart, robotically acquired a supernovae target this week.

Omission of aspirin from antiplatelet regimen: The WOEST study
Omission of aspirin from antiplatelet regimen reduces incidence of bleeding without compromising safety in patients taking oral anticoagulants and having coronary stent placement.

The FAME 2 trial
Patients with stable coronary artery disease had a lower need for urgent revascularisation when receiving fractional flow reserve-guided PCI plus the best available medical therapy (MT) than when receiving MT alone. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to