Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 31, 2012
Has osteoporosis treatment failed when a fracture occurs?
The International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) has published practical guidelines to assist clinicians in assessing treatment efficacy in patients who experience a fracture while on medication for osteoporosis.

Study looks at efforts to improve local food systems through policy
A team of Johns Hopkins researchers recently conducted a nationwide survey of food policy councils to try to fill some of this research gap.

BUSM researchers study use of MRI in osteoarthritis
A study conducted by researchers at Boston University School of Medicine shows that magnetic resonance imaging detected a high prevalence of abnormalities associated with knee osteoarthritis in middle-aged and elderly patients that had no evidence of knee osteoarthritis in X-ray images.

Genetic link to prostate cancer risk in African Americans found
Prostate cancer in African-American men is associated with specific changes in the IL-16 gene, and by establishing the link in men of African as well as European descent, researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine may have found a useful new biomarker for prostate cancer.

Origami design methods project receives $2 million NSF grant
A two million dollar grant from the National Science Foundation has been awarded to Mary Frecker, professor of mechanical engineering at Penn State, to develop methods to design active origami structures to be used for applications in minimally invasive surgery, adaptive aircraft structures, reconfigurable robots and deployable space structures.

MU celebrates $5 million partnership for advancing biomedical discoveries
From a tool for treating burn victims to a technique for detecting neurodevelopmental disorders, new products and services for patients are now being developed with support from the University of Missouri's Coulter Translational Partnership Program.

An open platform revolutionizes biomedical-image processing
Ignacio Arganda, a young researcher from San Sebastian de los Reyes (Madrid) working for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is one of the driving forces behind Fiji, an open source platform that allows for application sharing as a way of improving biomedical-image processing.

Wayne State researchers say adolescent smoking prevention programs still critical
While many might see the case for programs to prevent adolescent cigarette smoking as already made, a pair of Wayne State University researchers believes that due to increasingly challenging economic times, policymakers need to be reminded to continue allocating funding for such programs.

Glass shape influences how quickly we drink alcohol
The speed at which we drink alcohol may be influenced by the shape of the glass we drink from, according to new research from the University of Bristol, published in PLOS ONE.

Immune system protein could explain pancreatitis
There is now a clear target for the treatment of acute pancreatitis, according to researchers at Lund University in Sweden, who have discovered that a well-known protein plays a central role in the development of the disease.

Chilling methods could change meat tenderness
Contrary to previous studies, new research published in the Journal of Animal Science shows that a method called blast chilling can affect pork tenderness.

Cleveland Clinic researchers investigating potential drug for treatment of Alzheimer's disease
A compound developed to treat neuropathic pain has shown potential as an innovative treatment for Alzheimer's disease, according to a study by researchers at Cleveland Clinic's Lerner Research Institute and Anesthesiology Institute.

Customer service is an emotional experience
You can probably recall a customer service experience that left you feeling good.

Lanzerotti's launch makes it: Wee hour party at NJIT sees Atlas V take-off
Rivaling the kind of devotion reserved for rock stars, a band of space weather groupies surrounding NJIT Distinguished Research Professor Lou Lanzerotti stayed up all night into the next day to witness the long-awaited launch of Atlas V.

FDA approval
On August 30, 2012 LINZESS™ (linaclotide) [pronounced lin-ZESS] was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat adults suffering from IBS with constipation (IBS-C) or chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC).

International collaboration key to science and engineering globalization
International collaboration is a key aspect of the globalization of science and engineering.

Exposure to common toxic substances could increase asthma symptoms
Children who are exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), which were commonly used in a range of industrial products, could be at risk of an increase in asthma symptoms, according to new research.

Research yields two 'firsts' regarding protein crucial to human cardiac function
Florida State University researchers led by physics doctoral student Campion Loong have achieved significant benchmarks in a study of the human cardiac protein alpha-tropomyosin, which is an essential, molecular-level component that controls the heart's contraction on every beat.

Danish scientists solve old blood mystery
New intriguing knowledge on blood haemoglobin has just been published in Nature.

Mobile apps for diabetes present usability issues for older adults
HF/E researchers evaluated the usability issues that older adults may experience with blood-glucose-tracking applications for mobile devices.

Therapies for spinal cord injury: On the cutting edge of clinical translation
The Journal of Neurosurgery Publishing Group is proud to announce publication of the NACTN/AOSNA Focus Issue on Spinal Cord Injury, a supplement to the Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine sponsored by AOSpine North America.

BUSM researchers find potential key to halt progression, reverse damage from emphysema
A study led by researchers at Boston University School of Medicine has shown that a compound used in some skin creams may halt the progression of emphysema and reverse some of the damage caused by the disease.

Researchers develop new, less expensive nanolithography technique
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new nanolithography technique that is less expensive than other approaches and can be used to create technologies with biomedical applications.

Fear and driving opportunity motivated changes in driving behavior after 9/11
A catastrophic event -- such as a terrorist attack or a natural disaster -- often strikes twice.

AGU journal highlights -- 31 August 2012
Featured in this release are research papers on the following topics: 'Trade-offs between water for food and for curbing climate change,' 'Low calcification in corals in the Great Barrier Reef,' 'The Everglades still threatened by excess nutrients,' 'Wetlands the primary source of Amazon Basin methane,' 'Old fractures caused rare 8.6 magnitude earthquake,' and 'Solar storms can destabilize power grids at midlatitudes.'

Breathable treatment to help prevent asthma attacks
Details of a treatment that could help asthmatics fight infections that trigger 80% of asthma attacks, developed by University of Southampton spin-out company Synairgen, will be presented to European respiratory experts on Sunday 2 September.

NRL supports 8th annual CanSat competition
NRL supported the 8th annual CanSat competition where 26 college rocket teams came together from all over the world to compete.

Legislated to health?
Obesity rates in North America are a growing concern for legislators.

New physio guidelines for the elderly at risk of falls
Taking a fall in older life can not only result in injury, but also a potentially debilitating loss of confidence.

Intervention helps children with sickle cell disease complete MRI tests without sedation
Findings from St. Jude Children's Research Hospital showed that a brief, targeted intervention dramatically increases the likelihood that children as young as 5 years old will be able to undergo testing without sedation.

A millimeter-scale, wirelessly powered cardiac device
Stanford electrical engineers overturn existing models to demonstrate the feasibility of a millimeter-sized, wirelessly powered cardiac device.

Too much protein HUWE1 causes intellectual disability
2 to 3 % of the children are born with an intellectual disability.

Traumatic childhood may increase the risk of drug addiction
Previous research has shown that personality traits such as impulsivity or compulsiveness are indicators of an increased risk of addiction.

Making Web applications more efficient
A new system that automatically streamlines database access patterns can make large Web applications up to three times as fast

Earthquake hazards map study finds deadly flaws, MU researcher suggests improvements
Three of the largest and deadliest earthquakes in recent history occurred where earthquake hazard maps didn't predict massive quakes.
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