Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 03, 2012
Anchoring proteins influence glucose metabolism and insulin release
Scientists from the United States and Sweden have discovered a new control point that could be important as a drug target for the treatment of diabetes and other metabolic diseases.

Study finds increase in number of non-smokers being diagnosed with lung cancer
There has been an increase in the number of non-smokers being diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer, according to new findings.

Improved diagnosis of lung disease: New global benchmarks
New research has established the first global benchmarks for assessing lung function across the entire life span.

There's an app for that: Apple iPod Touch helps adults with autism function in the workplace
Only 15% of adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the US have some form of paid work.

Reciprocity an important component of prosocial behavior
While exchanging favors with others, humans tend to think in terms of tit-for-tat, an assumption easily extended to other animals.

New neural pathway controlling skeletal development discovered
Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have discovered that a neuronal pathway -- part of the autonomic nervous system -- reaches the bones and participates in the control of bone development.

Targeting inflammation to treat depression
Researchers at Emory University have found that a biologic drug that inhibits inflammation may offer new hope for people with difficult-to-treat depression.

Scientists measure storm impact on river pollution
A team of scientists have won over £1 million to monitor the effect of storms on pollution in a river-estuary in Hampshire.

Tigers take the night shift to coexist with people
Tigers don't have a reputation for being accommodating, but a new study indicates that the feared and revered carnivores in and around a park in Nepal are taking the night shift to better coexist with their human neighbors.

Study details bullying involvement for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder
A study based on information collected from 920 parents suggests an estimated 46.3 percent of adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder were the victims of bullying

High levels of DDT in breast milk
The highest levels ever of DDT in breast milk have been measured in mothers living in malaria-stricken villages in South Africa, where DDT has been sprayed indoors for many years to fight malaria.

Singapore scientists find genes associated with glaucoma, a major cause of eye blindness
Singapore scientists have identified three new genes associated with Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma (PACG), a leading cause of blindness in Chinese people.

Broader approach provides new insight into diabetes genes
Using a new method, diabetes researchers at Lund University, Sweden, have been able to reveal more of the genetic complexity behind type 2 diabetes.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Sept. 4, 2012
Below is information about articles being published in the Sept.

New long-term antimicrobial catheter developed
A novel antimicrobial catheter that remains infection-free for up to twelve weeks could dramatically improve the lives of long-term catheter users.

Mathematics or memory? Stanford study charts collision course in brain
You already know it's hard to balance your checkbook while simultaneously reflecting on your past.

'Triple-threat' approach reduces life-threatening central line infections in children with cancer
Hospitals can dramatically reduce the number of life-threatening central line infections in pediatric cancer patients by following a set of basic precautions, by encouraging families to speak up when they observe noncompliance with the protocol and by honest analysis of the root cause behind every single infection, according to a new Johns Hopkins Children's Center study.

The eyes have it: Men do see things differently to women
The way that the visual centers of men and women's brains works is different, finds new research published in BioMed Central's open access journal Biology of Sex Differences.

Little evidence of health benefits from organic foods, Stanford study finds
A team led by Dena Bravata, a senior affiliate with Stanford's Center for Health Policy, and Crystal Smith-Spangler, M.D., M.S., a Veterans Affairs physician fellow at the center, did the most comprehensive meta-analysis to date of existing studies comparing organic and conventional foods.

Australian shipping emissions identified
Ship engine exhaust emissions make up more than a quarter of nitrogen oxide emissions generated in the Australian region according to a recently-published study by CSIRO and the Australian Maritime College in Launceston.

'Magic carpet' could help prevent falls
A 'magic carpet' which can immediately detect when someone has fallen and can help to predict mobility problems has been demonstrated by University of Manchester scientists.

Research reveals contrasting consequences of a warmer Earth
A new study, by scientists from the Universities of York, Glasgow and Leeds, involving analysis of fossil and geological records going back 540 million years, suggests that biodiversity on Earth generally increases as the planet warms.

Plain packaging reduces the appeal of smoking
While Australia has recently passed legislation to ban logos from cigarette packages and to make plain packaging mandatory, other countries are still considering whether or not to take similar measures.

High doses of Vitamin D help tuberculosis patients recover more quickly
For decades before antibiotics became generally available, sunshine was used to treat tuberculosis, with patients often being sent to Swiss clinics to soak up the sun's healing rays.

Even in normal range, high blood sugar linked to brain shrinkage
People whose blood sugar is on the high end of the normal range may be at greater risk of brain shrinkage that occurs with aging and diseases such as dementia, according to new research published in the Sept.

Children taking steroids for asthma are slightly shorter than peers
Children who use inhaled steroid drugs for asthma end up slightly shorter at their full adult height than children who don't use the drugs, new results from a comprehensive asthma study show.

Mass spec makes the clinical grade
A new mass spectrometry-based test identifies proteins from blood with as much accuracy and sensitivity as the antibody-based tests used clinically, researchers report this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Early Edition online.

Study suggests possible association between cardiovascular disease, chemical exposure
Exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid, a manmade chemical used in the manufacture of some common household products, appears to be associated with cardiovascular disease and peripheral arterial disease in a study of 1,216 individuals.

2012 von Kaven Award to Eva Viehmann
Munich mathematician Eva Viehmann will receive the 2012 von Kaven Award in mathematics in recognition of her outstanding research in the field of arithmetic algebraic geometry.

Prenatal maternal smoking associated with increased risk of adolescent obesity
Prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking appears associated with an increased risk for adolescent obesity, and is possibly related to subtle structural variations in the brain that create a preference for eating fatty foods.

TB outbreaks could be 'solved' by DNA tracking
Reconstructing the spread of killer diseases such as tuberculosis from person to person using DNA sequencing quickly identifies the origin and movement of pathogens.

Bees, fruits and money
Globally we are witnessing a decline in pollinators, such as wild bees, honeybees and hover flies, caused by the destruction and fragmentation of habitats, agricultural intensification and use of pesticides, introduction of novel diseases and competing alien species, and climate change.

Study examines association between Parkinson disease, cancer
A study that used a Utah genealogic database and a statewide cancer registry to examine the relationship between Parkinson disease and cancer suggests an increased risk of prostate cancer and melanoma in patients with PD and their relatives.

New infrared spectroscopy technique
RUB-Researchers from the Chair for Biophysics have developed a new method for the detailed study of the interaction between pharmaceuticals and their target proteins.

HIV treatment use increases in the US
Between 2000 and 2008, the proportion of HIV-infected patients in the US receiving effective treatment known as highly active antiretroviral therapy increased, and HIV-infected patients appeared to be less infectious and have healthier immune systems at death.

Tracking fish through a coral reef seascape
Ocean scientists have long known that juvenile coral reef fishes use coastal seagrass and mangrove habitats as nurseries, later moving as adults onto coral reefs.

Obesity and metabolic syndrome associated with impaired brain function in adolescents
A new study by researchers at NYU School of Medicine reveals for the first time that metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with cognitive and brain impairments in adolescents and calls for pediatricians to take this into account when considering the early treatment of childhood obesity.

Parental problems prevent children taking much-needed asthma medication
Parental problems and a chaotic home environment could be preventing children from taking their prescribed asthma medication.

Major world interests at stake in Canada's vast Mackenzie River Basin
The governance of Canada's massive Mackenzie River Basin holds enormous national but also global importance due to the watershed's impact on the Arctic Ocean, international migratory birds and climate stability, say experts convening a special forum on the topic.

New ESF-cofunded feasibility study calls for a single European researcher development framework
The European Science Foundation has released a new report detailing its feasibility study on a pan-European professional development framework.

Smoking history can predict survival time in COPD
Identifying an individual's the smoking history could help doctors to predict survival time in people with COPD.
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