Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 06, 2012
Wild bees: Champions for food security and protecting our biodiversity
Pollinators provide many benefits, including pollinating food crops and wild flowers in the countryside which in turn provide food for a wide range of animals.

Compensation for forced labor under National Socialism: Negotiations to practices
RUB-historians publish four volumes about the foundation

Crews complete first block of North America's most advanced neutrino experiment
Today, technicians in Minnesota will begin to position the first block of the NOvA far detector, which will be part of the largest, most advanced neutrino experiment in North America.

Non-alcoholic red wine may help reduce high blood pressure
Non-alcoholic red wine was more effective at lowering blood pressure than traditional red wine or gin.

Suicide prevention, telemedicine among topics at Mayo Clinic Transform 2012
The Mayo Clinic Center for Innovation is holding Transform 2012, its fifth symposium on redesigning how health care is experienced and delivered.

Engineers improve blood testing technology with smartphone app, hand-held biosensor
A team of engineers and students at the University of Rhode Island has developed an advanced blood-testing technology that incorporates a smartphone application, a hand-held biosensor and a credit card-sized cartridge to provide rapid, accurate biological analysis and wireless communication of test results.

Mining the blogosphere
Can a computer

Advocacy toolkit launched to halt the 'runaway train' of cancer in Africa
In order to try to create a better recognition of the rising burden of cancer in Africa where it is most needed -in Africa- a 'toolkit' for local cancer advocates will be launched Saturday, Sept.

Immune cell death safeguards against autoimmune disease
Researchers at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute have discovered that a pair of molecules work together to kill so-called 'self-reactive' immune cells that are programmed to attack the body's own organs.

Bright life on the ocean bed: Predators may even color code food
Bioluminescence is a common feature of life in the open ocean, but what about on the ocean bed?

Social psychologists espouse tolerance and diversity -- do they walk the walk?
Periodically, someone will make the observation that there is a lack of political diversity among psychological scientists; a discussion about what should be done inevitably ensues.

Crizotinib reduces tumor size in patients with ALK positive lung cancer
Crizotinib is effective in shrinking tumors in patients with anaplastic lymphoma receptor tyrosine kinase positive non-small cell lung cancer, a cancer commonly found in people who never smoked, and should be the standard of care for advanced stages of this disease, according to research presented at the 2012 Chicago Multidisciplinary Symposium in Thoracic Oncology.

Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute awarded $1.3 million to study cardiac stem cells
A team of Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute stem cell researchers today was awarded a $1.3 million grant from the California Institute of Regenerative Medicine to continue study of an experimental stem cell therapy that treats heart attack patients with heart-derived cells.

Storm of 'awakened' transposons may cause brain-cell pathologies in ALS, other illnesses
A team of neuroscientists and informatics experts at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory reports important progress in an effort to understand the relationship between transposons - sequences of DNA that can jump around within the genome, potentially causing great damage - and mechanisms involved in serious neurodegenerative disorders including ALS, FTLD (frontotemporal lobar degeneration) and Alzheimer's disease.

The Lancet series on universal health coverage
The issues surrounding universal health coverage have never been more controversial or politically relevant than now.

CDC traumatic brain injury study to test treatments, examine outcomes
Keith Yeates, Ph.D., director of the Center for Biobehavioral Health in The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, has been designated lead neuropsychologist for a five-year, multisite study of traumatic brain injury among United States children, funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Family literacy project exceeds expectations
A unique approach to early literacy work with families where children develop their language skills and their ability to read and write from an early age has had a huge success.

Survey shows why claws come out over feral cat management
A North Carolina State University study helps explain why the fur flies when it comes to making decisions about how to manage feral cats and protect wildlife.

Improving diagnosis of thyroid nodules
Thyroid nodules are thought to be present in about half of all people, but very few of these are cancerous.

UT Arlington professors to help make Higgs-search technology available
The University of Texas at Arlington and the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven and Argonne national laboratories will develop a universal version of PanDA, a workload management system built to process huge volumes of data from experiments at the Large Hadron Collider.

New blood test detects potentially deadly calcium deposits
For the first time, a new test can measure the propensity for calcification to occur in an individual's blood.

Chikyu sets a new world drilling-depth record of scientific ocean drilling
Scientific deep sea drilling vessel Chikyu sets a world new record by drilling down and obtains rock samples from deeper than 2,111 meters below the seafloor off Shimokita Peninsula of Japan in the northwest Pacific Ocean.

Clemson bioengineering team wins undergraduate design competition
Clemson University's bioengineering senior design team won the annual National Collegiate Inventors and Innovators Alliance BMEStart undergraduate design competition for its project AssureFit, a novel chest tube anchoring device.

Elsevier launches program to educate young researchers about the importance of research integrity
A series of online training materials and interactive tools at www.ethics.elsevier.com provides information on ethical boundaries and how to avoid violations including research fraud, plagiarism, and duplicate submissions.

Deep-sea crabs seek food using ultraviolet vision
Some deep-sea crabs have eyes sensitive to ultraviolet light, which they may use to snatch glowing plankton and stuff it in their mouths, a new Nova Southeastern University study suggests.

Brain radiation after lung cancer treatment reduces risk of cancer spreading
Stage III non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with surgery and/or radiation therapy have a significantly reduced risk of developing brain metastases if they also receive prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI); however, this study did not show an improvement in overall survival with PCI, according to research presented at the 2012 Chicago Multidisciplinary Symposium in Thoracic Oncology.

Standard chemotherapy provides equivalent survival rate to experimental in lung cancer patients
Treatment with pemetrexed, carboplatin and bevacizumab followed by maintenance pemetrexed and bevacizumab (Pem+Cb+B) is no better than standard therapy with paclitaxel, carboplatin and bevacizumab followed by bevacizumab (Pac+Cb+B) in patients with advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer, according to research presented at the 2012 Chicago Multidisciplinary Symposium in Thoracic Oncology.

A brain filter for clear information transmission
Every activity in the brain involves the transfer of signals between neurons.

Stem-cell-protecting drug could prevent the harmful side effects of radiation therapy
Radiation therapy is one of the most widely used cancer treatments, but it often damages normal tissue and can lead to debilitating conditions.

Introducing myIDP: An interactive, online career planning tool for scientists
The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, the Medical College of Wisconsin, the University of California San Francisco, AAAS, and Science Careers have released myIDP, the first and only online tool to help scientists prepare their very own individual development plan.

SF State biologists tag 'zombees' to track their flight
After last year's accidental discovery of

Diagnostic chest radiation before 30 may increase breast cancer risk
Women carrying a mutation in the BRCA1- or BRCA2- genes (which control the suppression of breast and ovarian cancer) who have undergone diagnostic radiation to the chest before the age of 30 are more likely to develop breast cancer than those who carry the gene mutation but who have not been exposed, a study published on bmj.com today reveals.

Transformation of health system needed to improve care and reduce costs
America's health care system has become too complex and costly to continue business as usual, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine.

Nutritional supplement offers promise in treatment of unique form of autism
An international team of researchers, led by scientists at the University of California, San Diego and Yale University schools of medicine, have identified a form of autism with epilepsy that may potentially be treatable with a common nutritional supplement.

Protein critical to gut lining repair
Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a protein essential to repairing the intestine's inner lining.

Joint EACPR and AHA statement empowers health care professional to use Clinical Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing
The European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, a registered branch of the European Society of Cardiology, and the American Heart Association have today issued a joint scientific statement http://eurheartj.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/08/24/eurheartj.ehs221.short?rss=1 that sets out to produce easy-to-follow guidance on Clinical Cardiopulmonary Exercise testing based on current scientific evidence.

CNIO participates in the ENCODE project: A stride forward in biomedical research
The international Encode project, a collaborative study bringing together hundred of scientists from all round the world, including researchers working at the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre, published results yesterday mapping the control and regulation of genome activity.

Bacteria on marine sponges can develop capacity to move and inhibit biofilm formation
A new study shows that when enough bacteria get together in one place, they can make a collective decision to grow an appendage and swim away.

Popular kids in US and Mexico more likely to smoke, USC studies show
New research from the University of Southern California (USC) and University of Texas finds that popular students in seven Southern California high schools are more likely to smoke cigarettes than their less popular counterparts.

Studying sex differences in autism focus of $15 million NIH award to Yale center
The reasons why autism spectrum disorders are almost five times more common among boys than among girls may soon be revealed, thanks to a five-year, $15 million National Institutes of Health grant awarded to Yale School of Medicine for the Autism Centers of Excellence research program.

Turning ideas into products faster
Together with the specialty chemicals company LANXESS, Fraunhofer researchers have engineered and built a system in record time, which produces reverse osmosis mem- brane elements for water treatment.

Lifestyle of a killer
Parasitic dinoflagellates of the genus Hematodinium are a big problem for crab, prawn and shrimp fisheries across the world.

Deep-sea crabs grab grub using UV vision
Crabs living half-a-mile down in the ocean, beyond the reach of sunlight, have a sort of color vision combining sensitivity to blue and ultraviolet light.

Longest fiber-optic sensor network developed
In her Ph.D. thesis, Montserrat Fernández-Vallejo, a telecommunications engineer and graduate of the UPNA-Public University of Navarre, has experimentally developed various fiber-optic sensor networks for the remote monitoring of large infrastructures.

NASA satellite captured Hurricane Leslie's picture perfect moment
NASA's Aqua satellite flew over Tropical Storm Leslie on Sept.

People who get kidney stones more likely to develop kidney failure: U of A medical research
People who have had kidney stones are twice as likely to need dialysis or a kidney transplant later in life, demonstrates recently published findings by medical researchers at the University of Alberta.

UF Guantanamo Bay Lepidoptera study sets baseline for future research
University of Florida scientists publishing the first study on butterflies and moths of Guantanamo Bay Naval Station have discovered vast biodiversity in an area previously unknown to researchers.

Mars's dramatic climate variations are driven by the Sun
On Mars's poles there are ice caps of ice and dust with layers that reflect to past climate variations on Mars.

Modeling sepsis in newborns
Sepsis, or bacterial infection of the bloodstream, is a grave, hard-to-diagnose threat in premature newborns in the NICU.

Scientists create germ cell-supporting embryonic Sertoli-like cells from skin cells
Using a stepwise trans-differentiation process, Whitehead Institute researchers have turned skin cells into embryonic Sertoli-like cells.

NASA analyzes Isaac's rainfall: Drought relief and flooding
As it passed through the northern Caribbean, around south Florida, and into Louisiana and the Middle Mississippi Valley, Hurricane Isaac brought lots of rain, some of it beneficial, and some of it not.

Simple blood tests detect autoimmune kidney disease, help predict prognosis
Blood tests of particular autoantibodies can accurately diagnose the autoimmune kidney disease called idiopathic membranous nephropathy.

Predicting how patients respond to therapy
A new study led by MIT neuroscientists has found that brain scans of patients with social anxiety disorder can help predict whether they will benefit from cognitive behavioral therapy.

Rice University researchers optimize photoluminescent probes to study DNA and more
Rice University researchers fine-tune time-resolved spectroscopy for the study of molecular-scale fluorescent targets.

Biopsies may overlook esophagus disease
University of Utah engineers mapped white blood cells called eonsinophils and showed an existing diagnostic method may overlook an elusive digestive disorder that causes swelling in the esophagus and painful swallowing.

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers find acidic pH microenvironments in tumors aid tumor cell survival
Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center and colleagues at the University of South Florida and Wayne State University have discovered that tumor cell survival relies on adaptation to acidic conditions in the tumor microenvironment.

Breast cancer screening saves lives, new study shows
Women who undergo screening halve their risk of dying from breast cancer, a new study from the University of Melbourne has found.

In Rochester, a tale of tainted tattoos
A recent study documents 19 cases of tattoos infected with a type of bacteria often found in tap water.

Adding bavituximab to second-line chemotherapy doubles response rate
Adding the monoclonal antibody bavituximab to docetaxel chemotherapy doubles overall response rate and improves progression-free survival and overall survival in late-stage non-squamous, non-small cell lung cancer patients who have already received one prior chemotherapy regimen, according to research presented at the 2012 Chicago Multidisciplinary Symposium in Thoracic Oncology.

Rust never sleeps
A multi-institutional team led by scientists at Berkeley Lab have directly observed electron hopping in iron oxide particles, a phenomonon that holds huge significance for a broad range of environment- and energy-related applications.

National deficit outlook unchanged under Obama: UMD policy analysis
The national debt accumulation since President Obama took office is largely a result of policies put in place prior to his inauguration, says a new analysis by University of Maryland expert Philip Joyce.

New research: Soluble corn fiber plays important role in gut health and calcium absorption
Two new research studies supported by Tate & Lyle, the global provider of specialty food ingredients and solutions, provide further evidence that certain higher-fiber diets can be well-tolerated, and that fiber may play an important role in supporting a healthy gut as well as promoting calcium absorption.

The history of 3D film starring Newark and New York
The history of 3D film starring Newark and New York will be the first 2012 featured lecture this fall of the NJIT Technology and Society Forum presentations.

2 pioneering plant genomics efforts given a funding boost by National Science Foundation
With research in plant biology

The quantum world only partially melts
At the Vienna University of Technology, the transition of quantum systems towards thermal equilibrium has been investigated.

AZTI-Tecnalia leads 2 research projects on bluefin tuna with 1.5 million euros investment
The International Commission for the Conservation of the Atlantic Tuna is to invest 1.5 million euros in two research projects on the bluefin tuna, which will be coordinated in 2012 by AZTI-Tecnalia, the technological center specialized in marine and food research, in two different international consortia.

NASA saw Michael become an Atlantic hurricane, wind speed more than doubled
The Atlantic Ocean hurricane season spawned two hurricanes this week and NASA satellites have been monitoring them and providing valuable data to forecasters.

Marital status, race increase survival rate significantly for Stage III non-small cell lung cancer patients
A study of survival data for Stage III, non-small cell lung cancer patients at the University of Maryland's Greenebaum Cancer Center in Baltimore indicates that marital status and race can significantly impact patient survival rates, according to research presented at the 2012 Chicago Multidisciplinary Symposium in Thoracic Oncology.

Well-known protein reveals new tricks
A protein called

Study: Married lung cancer patients survive longer than single patients after treatment
Married patients with locally advanced lung cancer are likely to survive longer after treatment than patients who are single, according to a study by researchers at the University of Maryland Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Cancer Center in Baltimore.

Some patients with common kidney disease can skip standard treatments
Many patients with a common kidney disease called IgA nephropathy who had normal kidney function and only minor urinary abnormalities at the time of diagnosis experienced remission without special treatments.

Childhood virus RSV shows promise against adult cancer
RSV, a common respiratory virus in infants and young children, is being studied as a safe, effective way to treat cancer.

Even the very elderly and frail can benefit from exercise
A study carried out by Dr. Louis Bherer, Ph.D., laboratory director and researcher at the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montreal, an institution affiliated with University of Montreal, has shown that all seniors, even those considered frail, can enjoy the benefits of exercise in terms of their physical and cognitive faculties and quality of life and that these benefits appear after only three months.

NTU and Toshiba on to a cool idea
Nanyang Technological University and Toshiba have developed an advanced cooling technology that will enable data centers located in tropical countries to be more energy efficient, cutting energy bills by one-third.

Even small weight gains raise blood pressure in college students
As a college student, you may be happy simply not to have gained the

Favorite TV reruns may have restorative powers, says UB researcher
A new paper that describes two studies by Jaye Derrick, Ph.D., research scientist at the University at Buffalo's Research Institute on Addictions, found that watching a rerun of a favorite TV show may help restore the drive to get things done in people who have used up their reserves of willpower or self-control.

Multi-functional anti-inflammatory/anti-allergic developed by Hebrew University researcher
A synthetic, anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic family of drugs to combat a variety of illnesses while avoiding detrimental side effects has been developed by a Hebrew University of Jerusalem researcher.

BERA/SAGE 2012 recognize excellence in the application of research in practice
The winners of the 2012 BERA/SAGE Practitioner Research Awards were announced at the annual British Educational Research Association (BERA) conference in London on the 6th September.

Raised antibody levels linked to greater long term risk of rheumatoid arthritis
Men and women with raised levels of an antibody known as rheumatoid factor in their blood have up to a 26-fold greater long term risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis, finds a study published on bmj.com today.

Researchers sequence genome of malaria-causing parasite
Scientists at Case Western Reserve University and the Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute have discovered that the parasite that causes the most common form of malaria share the same genetic variations -- even when the organisms are separated across continents.

Survival 'excellent' following living donor liver transplantation for acute liver failure
Patients in Japan who underwent living donor liver transplantation for acute liver failure were classified as having excellent outcomes, with ten-year survival at 73 percent.

Childhood sexual abuse linked to later heart attacks in men
Men who experienced childhood sexual abuse are three times more likely to have a heart attack than men who were not sexually abused as children, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Toronto.

Weapon-wielding marine microbes may protect populations from foes
Researchers at MIT have recently found evidence that some ocean microbes wield chemical weapons that are harmless to close relatives within their own population, but deadly to outsiders.

Moderate voices muted in political news
While commentators and scholars argue that political groups have become more polarized in the US, a new study finds that moderate political groups are not as well covered in newspaper articles as more radical right and left-wing groups.

Parents' skin cancer concern doesn't keep kids inside
Does parents' increasing skin cancer awareness make indoor, obese kids?

Minimally invasive surgery works well for abdominal aortic aneurysms, Mayo finds
A minimally invasive procedure known as endovascular repair used for abdominal aortic aneurysms has a low rate of complications, even in high-risk patients such as those with kidney, heart or lung problems, a Mayo Clinic study shows.

Advanced maternal age not harmful for adult children
Previously existing ideas on how advanced maternal age affects adult health of children have to be reconsidered.

Manufacturing crack-resistant lightweight components
Cold cracking in high-strength steel presents major quality assurance challenges for the automotive and machine-building industries, since cracks are difficult to predict - until now.

Alcoholics Anonymous participation promotes long-term recovery
A new study published in a special issue of Substance Abuse finds that recovering alcoholics who help others in 12-step programs furthers their time sober, consideration for others, step-work, and long-term meeting attendance.

Hispanic lung cancer patients have higher survival than non-Hispanic white patients
Analysis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patient records in the California Cancer Registry database during the 20-year period of 1988-2008 indicates that Hispanics/Latinos with NSCLC have a higher overall survival compared to non-Hispanic white patients, according to research presented at the 2012 Chicago Multidisciplinary Symposium in Thoracic Oncology.

'I knew it all along...didn't I?' - Understanding hindsight bias
The situation may be different each time, but we hear ourselves say it over and over again:

Stage I NSCLC patients who receive radiation therapy are surviving longer
Stage I, non-small cell lung cancer patients who received radiation therapy have an increased median survival of 21 months compared to 16 months, and the percentage of patients who receive no treatment declined from 20 percent to 16 percent, respectively, when comparing the two eras evaluated, 1999-2003 and 2004-2008, according to detailed analysis of the SEER-17 national database presented at the 2012 Chicago Multidisciplinary Symposium in Thoracic Oncology.

CIRM funds 6 UC San Diego stem cell researchers
The governing board of the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine (CIRM) has announced that six investigators from the University of California, San Diego Stem Cell Research program have received a total of more than $7 million in the latest round of CIRM funding.

More grandparents fill caregiver role
Grandparents, an increasingly important source of child care in the United States, vary greatly in the kind of care they provide, depending on their age, resources, and the needs of their children.

September 2012 story tips
Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Oklahoma's ClimateMaster Inc. have collaborated to develop a ground source heat pump that can reduce a homeowner's electric bill by up to 60 percent.

A family portrait of galaxies
Two very different galaxies feature in this family portrait taken by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, together forming a peculiar galaxy pair called Arp 116.

2013 Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Awards announced
Two early career female genetics researchers, Mary Gehring, Ph.D., of the Whitehead Institute and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Valerie Horsley, Ph.D., of Yale University, are recipients of the 2013 Rosalind Franklin Young Investigator Awards.

Landmark survey finds adaptation to climate change on smallholder farms taking root
Smallholder farmers across East Africa have started to embrace climate-resilient farming approaches and technologies, according to new research recently published by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security.

Human genome far more active than thought
The GENCODE Consortium has found 50 percent more genes than previously thought.

Genetic discovery in Montreal for a rare disease in Newfoundland
Researchers from the Guy Rouleau Laboratory affiliated with the CHUM Research Centre and the CHU-Sainte-Justine Research Centre have discovered the genetic cause of a rare disease reported only in patients originating from Newfoundland: Hereditary spastic ataxia.

Novel therapeutic targets identified for small cell lung cancer
Newly discovered molecular differences between small cell lung cancer and nonsmall cell lung cancer have revealed PARP1 and EZH2 as potential therapeutic targets for patients with small cell lung cancer, according to the results of a study published in Cancer Discovery, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Changes in water chemistry leave lake critters defenseless
Changes in Canadian lake water chemistry have left small water organisms vulnerable to ambush by predators, according to a study published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Report: Strategies to prevent noise-induced hearing loss, tinnitus in soldiers
Antioxidants, dietary supplements and high-tech brain imaging are among some of the novel strategies that may help detect, treat and even prevent noise-induced hearing loss and tinnitus among American troops, according to researchers at Henry Ford Hospital.

Master gene affects neurons that govern breathing at birth and in adulthood
When mice are born lacking the master gene Atoh1, none breathe well and all die in the newborn period.

Destroyed coastal habitats produce significant greenhouse gas
Destruction of coastal habitats may release as much as one billion tons of carbon emissions into the atmosphere each year, 10 times higher than previously reported, according to a new Duke led study.

Earlier treatment for young patients with chronic hepatitis B more effective in clearing virus
Scientists from A*STAR's Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, together with clinical collaborators from London , discovered for the first time that children and young patients with chronic Hepatitis B Virus infection (HBV carriers) do have a protective immune response, contrary to current belief, and hence can be more suitable treatment candidates than previously considered.

NSF interdisciplinary program takes on critical national research priorities
The National Science Foundation's Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship program announces 18 new awards to develop transformative interdisciplinary research and training programs for Ph.D. students at institutions across the country.

George Washington University receives record $24.5 million for health, medical research
The George Washington University today announced that it has received two grants totaling nearly $24.5 million dollars, the largest grant allocation the university has received in recent history.

State stem cell research funding agency awards $37.3 million to aid UC Irvine efforts
Efforts to begin human clinical trials using stem cells to treat Alzheimer's disease and retinitis pigmentosa received a $37.3 million boost from the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine during its most recent round of funding on Sept.

ORNL's newly licensed neutron detector will advance human disease research
A neutron detector developed for studies focused on life science, drug discovery and materials technology has been licensed by PartTec Ltd.

Almost 1 in 5 young children with cancer suffers from a trauma disorder
The diagnosis and treatment of cancer does not only trigger posttraumatic stress disorder in adults and older children; infants and toddlers with cancer also suffer from trauma disorders, as researchers from the University of Zurich and the University Children's Hospital Zurich show for the first time.
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