Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 07, 2012
Health inequalities in Europe could worsen unless action is taken now
Health inequality in Europe is resulting in huge social and economic costs to the region, and progress towards reducing health inequalities should be one of the main criteria by which the effectiveness of health systems and governments as a whole are assessed, according to a Review published in the Lancet today.

Measuring glucose without needle pricks
Pricking a finger everyday is just part of everyday life for many diabetes patients.

Alzheimer's experts from Penn Summit provide strategic roadmap to tackle the disease
This week, a strategic roadmap to help to the nation's health care system cope with the impending public health crisis caused Alzheimer's disease and related dementia will be published in Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association.

Towards computing with water droplets -- superhydrophobic droplet logic
Researchers in Aalto University have developed a new concept for computing, using water droplets as bits of digital information.

Needle beam could eliminate signal loss in on-chip optics
An international, Harvard-led team of researchers have demonstrated a new type of light beam that propagates without spreading outwards, remaining very narrow and controlled along an unprecedented distance.

Northwestern researchers set world record for highest surface area material
The internal surface area of just one gram of the synthetic material NU-110 could cover one-and-a-half football fields.

Monumental chemistry textbook issued by University of Copenhagen researchers
No matter where you live, chemistry is unavoidable. So writing a textbook on environmental chemistry is an extensive undertaking.

OSA increases cardiovascular mortality in the elderly
Untreated severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality in the elderly, and adequate treatment with continuous positive airway pressure may significantly reduce this risk, according to a new study from researchers in Spain.

Influenza research: Can dynamic mapping reveal clues about seasonality?
Tufts researchers conclude that newly emerging technologies like dynamic mapping can be used in concert with traditional approaches to study seasonality in influenza outbreaks.

Study provides first-time analysis of 3 distinct contributions of forage fish worldwide
A just-published study provides a first-time analysis of the value of forage fish, which are small, schooling species such as sardines, herring, and anchovies.

Istanbul -- The earthquake risk of a megacity
Drilling starts for a seismic monitoring network on the Marmara Sea near Istanbul.

Role of hormones, potential new treatments topic of UH lecture
While estrogen is essential for many of the body's normal processes in both men and women, it also plays a role in diseases such as breast, ovarian and prostate cancer.

University spin-out company shares in £7.9 million marine energy funding boost
An award-winning University of Strathclyde spin-out company has been awarded £1.4 million to help it harness tidal energy.

Ancient, bottom-dwelling critter proves: Newer isn't always better
Tiny sea creatures called rhabdopleurids have lived on the ocean floor for some 500 million years, outlasting more elaborate species that also descended from a common ancestor, according to a new study in the journal Lethaia.

Experts recommend screening adults for hypertriglyceridemia every five years
The Endocrine Society today issued a Clinical Practice Guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of hypertriglyceridemia.

When clinicians and researchers look outside the box
What does the immune system have to do with blood pressure, and what does the hypertension enzyme ACE have to do with the immune system and cancer?

Antibiotic therapy improves moderate exacerbations of mild-to-moderate COPD
Antibiotic treatment with amoxicillin/clavulanate improves moderate exacerbations in patients with mild-to-moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and significantly prolongs the time between exacerbations, according to a new study from researchers in Spain.

NASA's Global Hawk Mission Begins with Flight to Hurricane Leslie
NASA has begun its latest hurricane science field campaign by flying an unmanned Global Hawk aircraft over Hurricane Leslie in the Atlantic Ocean during a day-long flight from California to Virginia.

University of Toronto scientists cast doubt on renowned uncertainty principle
Werner Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, formulated by the theoretical physicist in 1927, is one of the cornerstones of quantum mechanics.

'Narco sub' PLUTO mimics the real thing
With low profiles and low radar reflectivity, stealthy, drug-running semi-submersibles,

US researchers discover surprising new roles for a key regulatory enzyme of blood pressure
Many patients with hypertension are treated with ACE inhibitors. These drugs block the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) that regulates the salt and water balance of the body and raises blood pressure.

Tight glycemic control has no proven benefits for children in the cardiac ICU
Although some studies have portrayed tight blood sugar control as a potential means of lowering infection rates in critically ill adults, a new study -- led by principal investigator Michael Agus, M.D., director of the Medicine Critical Care Program at Boston Children's Hospital -- found no indication that the approach benefits pediatric patients undergoing heart surgery.

New research suggests bacteria are social microorganisms
New research from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology reveals that some unlikely subjects -- bacteria -- can have social structures similar to plants and animals.

College biology faculty named Leadership Fellows
The Partnership for Undergraduate Life Sciences Education program announced today that it has selected 40 Vision and Change Leadership Fellows.

Blood sugar control does not help infants and children undergoing heart surgery
Tight blood sugar control in infants and children undergoing heart surgery does not lower the risk of infection or improve recovery, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health.

Symposium on sustainability to feature three new NJIT faculty
Sustainability is an issue that cuts across disciplines and requires a spectrum of scientific approaches.

Astex, CRT and the Institute of Cancer Research announce epigenetic drug discovery collaboration
Astex Pharmaceuticals, Cancer Research Technology Limited and the Institute of Cancer Research, London, have initiated a collaboration to discover and develop drug candidates targeting an undisclosed epigenetic target in a blood cancer with high unmet medical need.

Notre Dame astrophysicists publish new approach to cosmic lithium in the early universe
J. Christopher Howk, Nicolas Lehner and Grant Mathews of the Center for Astrophysics at the University of Notre Dame published a paper this week in the journal Nature titled

Stress prompts some to retain as much salt as eating fries
When stressed, about 30 percent of blacks hold onto too much sodium, the equivalent of eating a small order of fast food French fries or a small bag of potato chips, according to research being done by Dr.

Turf study to monitor runoff, establish fertilizer management practices
Improperly applied fertilizer to newly placed sod may result in nutrient runoff into the water supply, but just when is the best time to apply fertilizer and what kind is the best for new turf?

Analysis finds benefits to racial quotas in Brazilian higher education
A racial quota system at one of the leading universities in Brazil raised the proportion of black students from low-income families, without decreasing their efforts to succeed in school, finds a major new study of the university's affirmative action policies.

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease increases maternal stress, depression, and anxiety
Infants who were prenatally diagnosed with congenital heart disease (CHD) are more stable and have better outcomes than infants who were diagnosed after birth.

The nose knows: Gene therapy restores sense of smell in mice
A team of scientists from Johns Hopkins and other institutions report that restoring tiny, hair-like structures to defective cells in the olfactory system of mice is enough to restore a lost sense of smell.

NASA keeping an 'eye' on Hurricane Michael
Hurricane Michael's eye was so clear on new satellite imagery from NASA that the surface of the Atlantic Ocean could be seen through it.

Environmental activist David Suzuki is fifth recipient of CWRU's Inamori Ethics Prize
Case Western Reserve University President Barbara R. Snyder yesterday announced that the Inamori Foundation has committed an additional $1 million to advance the work of the university's Inamori International Center for Ethics and Excellence.

Next generation of advanced climate models needed, says new report
The nation's collection of climate models should advance substantially to deliver more detailed, smaller scale climate projections.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign awarded 5-year grant from NASA
The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has been selected as one of five new research teams joining the NASA Astrobiology Institute to study the origin and evolution of life, on a five-year grant totaling approximately $8 million.

Clearer look at how iron reacts in the environment
Scientists have developed a the first way to watch electrons hop in semiconductors.

Study finds how BPA affects gene expression, anxiety; Soy mitigates effects
New research led by researchers at North Carolina State University shows that exposure to the chemical bisphenol A early in life results in high levels of anxiety by causing significant gene expression changes in a specific region of the brain called the amygdala.

Tension on gut muscles induces cell invasion in zebrafish intestine, mimicking cancer metastasis
Towards a better understanding of how tissue stiffness drives cancer, researchers show that epithelial cells lining the intestine of zebrafish with a mutation of the smooth muscle myosin gene form protrusions called invadopodia that allow the cells to invade surrounding tissue.

Coping skills, marital satisfaction help pregnant moms manage stress when fetus has heart defect
Expectant mothers who learn from prenatal diagnosis that they are carrying a fetus with a congenital heart defect commonly suffer post-traumatic stress, depression and anxiety.

New collaboration to develop treatments for liver disease
A new collaboration based at the University of Cambridge will aim to discover and develop new medicines to treat liver disease.

Who's the most influential in a social graph?
Georgia Tech has developed a new algorithm that quickly determines betweenness centrality for streaming graphs.

Precautions for tick-borne disease extend 'beyond Lyme'
This year's mild winter and early spring were a bonanza for tick populations in the eastern United States.

Subsidies change incentives for adoption of foster children: Study
The structure of a federal program that provides monthly subsidies to promote the adoptions of special needs children in foster care may actually be delaying some adoptions, according to a new study by University of Notre Dame economist Kasey Buckles.

Researchers emphasize evaluation of tradeoffs in battling urban heat island
A team of researchers from Arizona State University have found that warming resulting from megapolitan expansion is seasonally dependent, with greatest warming occurring during summer and least during winter.

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers study childhood melanoma characteristics
The physicians and staff at Moffitt Cancer Center have a special interest in melanoma and related conditions occurring in childhood, and recently published results of their experience with cases of pathologically confirmed childhood melanoma.

The birdy smell of a compatible partner
New evidence shows that birds may choose their mate with the help of smell.

Archaeologists uncover 'lost garden' in quest for Richard III
Archaeologists from the University of Leicester who are leading the search for the lost grave of King Richard III announced today that they have made a new advance in their quest.

Lack of support for 'ring-fencing' cancer drugs fund revealed
When asked if the NHS should pay more for cancer drugs compared to medicines for an equally serious condition, the majority of 4,118 people surveyed across Britain said it shouldn't.

Skin and immune system influence salt storage and regulate blood pressure
High blood pressure is responsible for many cardiovascular diseases. High salt intake has long been considered a risk factor, but not every type of high blood pressure is associated with high salt intake.

ILCAC awards McCartor Fund Fellowships
The International Light-Cone Advisory Committee continued its recently established McCartor Fund Fellowship program by awarding travel grants to two young scientists at its annual meeting in Cracow, Poland, July 8-13, and another to be given at a forthcoming meeting in Delhi, India, December 10-15.

Employees at 'green' companies are significantly more productive, study finds
Bucking the idea that environmentalism hurts economic performance, a new UCLA-led study has found that companies that voluntarily adopt international

The latest science and treatments in emergency cardiac care
The latest science and treatments in emergency cardiac care will be presented and discussed at the Acute Cardiac Care Congress 2012.

Strategy developed to improve delivery of medicines to the brain
New research offers a possible strategy for treating central nervous system diseases, such as brain and spinal cord injury, brain cancer, epilepsy, and neurological complications of HIV.

Racial and ethnic diversity spreads across the country
Increasing racial and ethnic diversity has long been apparent at the national level and in our nation's largest metropolitan gateways.

NASA sees Hurricane Leslie's eye close
Hurricane Leslie appeared to

Unemployment causes more mental health problems among Somalis in London than in Minneapolis
Somali immigrants to the UK and USA appear to integrate better and have fewer mental health problems if they are allowed to work and they receive practical support during the first few years of their time in the new country, according to a study led by researchers at Queen Mary, University of London (UK) and published in BioMed Central Public Health today.

British team set to embark on ambitious Antarctic mission to penetrate and sample ancient buried lake
After 16 years of planning the countdown is on for one of the most ambitious scientific missions to Antarctica.

University of Alberta medical scientists first in the world to look at structure of vital molecule
Molybdenum is an essential metal required in all living beings but as vital as this metal is, no one understood the importance of its structure until now.

Premier global health journal, The Lancet, releases series on universal health coverage
With support from the Rockefeller Foundation, Results for Development Institute has partnered with The Lancet, on a collection of papers exploring the social, political, and economic issues around the global movement towards universal health coverage (UHC).

UC Santa Cruz study shows how sea otters can reduce CO2 in the atmosphere
A new study by two UC Santa Cruz researchers suggest that a thriving sea otter population that keeps sea urchins in check will in turn allow kelp forests to prosper and help reverse a principal cause of global warming.

Novel surgery removes rare tumor, rebuilds face and jaw
Using a novel surgical approach, it's possible to rebuild a functional lower jaw and mouth, and preserve a patient's ability to eat and speak after removing an invasive facial tumor, according to a new report from Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

Tailgaters contribute to team victory and even university brand, Notre Dame study shows
As tailgaters everywhere ramp up for another weekend of college football, University of Notre Dame marketing professor and cultural anthropologist John Sherry has just concluded first-of-its-kind research that shows those huge pre-game parking lot parties build community, nurture tradition, and actually contribute to a school's brand -- at least for the fans.
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