Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 10, 2012
Excavations in Jaffa confirm presence of Egyptian settlement on the ancient city site
The Old Testament Studies and Biblical Archaeology division of the Faculty of Protestant Theology at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz and the University of California in Los Angeles this year again conducted excavations on the ancient hill of Jaffa in Israel.

UF researchers name new cusk-eels useful for understanding environment
A study by University of Florida and University of Kansas researchers describing eight new cusk-eel species provides data for better understanding how disasters like the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill impact biodiversity and the environment.

Increase in metal concentrations in Rocky Mountain watershed tied to warming temperatures
Warmer air temperatures since the 1980s may explain significant increases in zinc and other metal concentrations of ecological concern in a Rocky Mountain watershed, reports a new study led by the US Geological Survey and the University of Colorado Boulder.

National herpetology society honors UT Arlington professor for discoveries
The American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists has given the Henry S.

Computer, read my lips
A computer is being taught to interpret human emotions based on lip pattern, according to research published in the International Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing.

Vigorous physical activity associated with reduced cardiometabolic risk factors in youth
A study of Canadian youth suggests that vigorous physical activity was associated with reduced cardiometabolic risk factors, such as body mass index z score, waist circumference, systolic blood pressure and increased cardiorespiratory fitness, according to a report published online first by Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Scientists put a pox on dog cancer
Researchers report that myxoma -- a pox virus that afflicts rabbits but not humans, dogs or any other vertebrates so far studied -- infects several different types of canine cancer cells in cell culture while sparing healthy cells.

Researchers closer to understanding actions of cells involved in atherosclerosis
Researchers at St. Michael's Hospital are one step closer to understanding why plaque bursts in coronary arteries and causes heart attacks.

Rhode Island Hospital study shows wine has more cardiovascular benefits than vodka
The next time you call someone a drunken pig, remember this study.

100 most threatened species
Tarzan's chameleon, the spoon-billed sandpiper and the pygmy three-toed sloth have all topped a new list of the species closest to extinction released today (Tuesday, Sept.

'The Visualisation of Spatial Social Structure'
Published by Wiley, 'The Visualisation of Spatial Social Structure' introduces new ways of visualizing people in places.

Royal Society award for engineering expert
Professor Artur Jaworski receives the Royal Society Industry Fellowship.

2012 International Balzan Prizes announced today
The Balzan Prizewinners 2012 were announced today in Milan by the Chairman of the Balzan General Prize Committee, Salvatore Veca, together with the President of the Balzan

Yale University's Joan Steitz awarded 2012 Vanderbilt Prize
The 2012 Vanderbilt Prize in Biomedical Science has been awarded to Yale University professor Joan Steitz, Ph.D., whose pioneering work has helped reveal and clarify the complexities of RNA and the roles that RNA molecules play in health and disease.

4 ASCB members win 2012 Lasker awards
Four ASCB members have won basic science awards from the Lasker Foundation.

September/October 2012 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This tip sheet features highlights from the September/October 2012 issue of Annals of Family Medicine research journal.

Heavy drinking may lead to stroke earlier in life
A new study shows that people who have three or more alcoholic drinks per day may be at higher risk for experiencing a stroke almost a decade and a half earlier in life than those who do not drink heavily.

Too soon? Too late? Psychological distance matters when it comes to humor
Joking around can land us in hot water. Even the professionals shoot themselves comedically in the foot.

Most prescription drugs manufactured overseas -- are they safe?
Most pharmaceutical drugs in Canada are manufactured overseas in countries such as India, China and others, yet how can we be confident the drug supply is safe, writes a drug policy researcher in an opinion piece in CMAJ.

A smart fabric sets off the alarm
Researchers have developed a new kind of anti-theft system, based on a woven fabric that triggers an alarm when penetrated by intruders.

Researchers iron out the link between serum ferritin and diabetes
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Donald McClain and colleagues at the University of Utah report that serum ferritin levels could predict the presence or absence of metabolic syndrome in humans and were inversely associated with the expression of adiponectin, a blood glucose-regulating protein produced by fat cells.

Cancer-causing gene alone doesn't trigger pancreatic cancer, Mayo-led study finds
More than a cancer-causing gene is needed to trigger pancreatic cancer, a study led by Mayo Clinic has found.

Flu vaccination rates vary widely by ethnicity in Canada
Influenza vaccination rates vary widely in Canada by ethnicity, with black and white Canadians being the least likely to be vaccinated, found a new study in CMAJ.

High-altitude winds have large potential as a source of clean energy
Airborne wind energy -- an emerging approach to harnessing high-altitude winds -- could scale up fairly quickly if given significant government support for research and development, according to a survey of experts by Near Zero, a nonprofit energy research organization.

Fighting Alzheimer's before its onset
By the time older adults are diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, the brain damage is irreparable.

Wnt signaling pathway plays key role in adult nerve cell generation
Researchers from the University of Utah report that a cell-to-cell communication network known as the Wnt signaling pathway plays an important role in both the production and specialization of nerve cell precursors in the hypothalamus.

Continuing management needed for most threatened and endangered species
The Endangered Species Act can help some species avoid extinction, but most will require continuing management after they have been removed from the Act's protections.

Molecule shows effectiveness against drug-resistant myeloma
A molecule that targets the cell's machinery for breaking down unneeded proteins can kill multiple myeloma cancer cells resistant to the frontline drug Velcade, researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have found.

Case Western Reserve researchers create short-term memories in-vitro
Ben W. Strowbridge, Ph.D., Professor of Neurosciences and Physiology/Biophysics, and Robert A.

Hayfever vaccine study raises hopes for new allergy treatment as clinical trial is launched
Researchers are developing a new vaccine for hayfever which could be more effective, less invasive for patients and less expensive than vaccines already available to patients within the NHS.

$1.5 millon grant brings French mathematician and engineer to the University of Texas at Austin
The $1.5 million grant, which was matched by the university, is designed to encourage novel collaborations between mathematics and other fields in science or engineering.

Study suggests acupuncture may be better than no acupuncture, sham acupuncture for chronic pain
An analysis of patient data from 29 randomized controlled trials suggests that acupuncture may be better than no acupuncture or sham acupuncture for the treatment of some chronic pain, according to a report published online first by Archives of Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Crows react to threats in human-like way
Crows and humans share the ability to recognize faces and associate them with negative and positive feelings.

CWRU nurse researchers find effort takes its toll on unpaid family caregivers
According to AARP, the annual cost of unpaid elder caregiving -- work that falls mainly on the backs of family members -- runs about $450 billion.

Maternity program results in fewer cesarean sections, shorter hospital stays for mothers
A program delivering collaborative maternity care resulted in fewer cesarean deliveries, shorter average hospital stays and higher breast-feeding rates for mothers, according to a study in CMAJ.

Vanderbilt study looks at benefits of progestogens to prevent early childbirth
Pregnant women who have had prior preterm births may avoid a subsequent early birth if given progestogens, which are natural or synthetic forms of progesterone, a female hormone that naturally increases during pregnancy, a Vanderbilt analysis shows.

Pain drug can kill resistant tuberculosis
An off-patent anti-inflammatory drug that costs around two cents for a daily dose in developing countries has been found by researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College to kill both replicating and non-replicating drug resistant tuberculosis in the laboratory -- a feat few currently approved TB drugs can do, and resistance to those is spreading.

Head start for little language learners
Babies have an ability to detect complex rules in language that outshines that of adults.

Psychopathic boldness tied to US presidential success
The fearless dominance associated with psychopathy may be an important predictor of US presidential performance, suggests an analysis published this week in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

MBL and Stanford scientists receive 2012 Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research
Scientists who invented new ways to study how

Researchers reveal a chemo-resistant cancer stem cell as cancer's 'Achilles' heel'
Scientists at Mount Sinai School of Medicine have discovered a sub-population of cells that display cancer stem cell properties and resistance to chemotherapy, and participate in tumor progression.

Penn researchers make first all-optical nanowire switch
Computers may be getting faster every year, but those advances in computer speed could be dwarfed if their 1s and 0s were represented by light, instead of electricity.

More accurate wind energy forecasts
Wind power is one of the most important forms of renewable energy.

Reining in red meat consumption cuts chronic disease risk and carbon footprint
Reducing red and processed meat consumption would not only prompt a fall in chronic disease incidence of between three and 12 per cent in the UK, but our carbon footprint would shrink by 28 million tons a year, suggests research published in the online only journal BMJ Open.

SDSC awarded NSF grant to facilitate sharing and streaming of scientific visualizations
The San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California, San Diego, has been awarded a three-year, $810,000 grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to develop a resource that lets researchers seamlessly share and stream scientific visualizations on a variety of platforms, including mobile devices.

Researchers craft program to stop cloud computer problems before they start
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new software tool to prevent performance disruptions in cloud computing systems by automatically identifying and responding to potential anomalies before they can develop into problems.

Expanding database enables discoveries in emerging field of metabolomics
Over the last decade, metabolomics has emerged as the newest of the

'Humanized' mice developed at OHSU enable malaria research breakthrough at Seattle BioMed
A novel human liver-chimeric mouse model developed at Oregon Health & Science University and Yecuris Corporation has made possible a research breakthrough at Seattle Biomedical Research Institute that will greatly accelerate studies of the most lethal forms of human malaria.

Turn your dreams into music
Computer scientists in Finland have developed a method that automatically composes music out of sleep measurements.

JCI early table of contents for Sept. 10, 2012
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Sept.

Preclinical data shows 100 percent prevention and treatment of influenza with engineered human antibody
Visterra, Inc. announced the presentation of positive data from a preclinical study evaluating the efficacy of the company's lead product candidate, VIS410, a broadly protective, fully human monoclonal antibody being developed for influenza A infections.

Study demonstrates that placebo response occurs at nonconscious level
With the discovery that the unconscious mind plays a key role in the placebo effect, researchers have identified a novel mechanism that helps explain the power of placebos and nocebos.

Rare brain blood vessel disease carries higher risks in females
Women and girls are at increased risk of adverse outcomes after surgical treatment for moyamoya disease, an uncommon but serious disease of the brain blood vessels, reports a study in the September issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.

Double drug combo could shut down abnormal blood vessel growth that feeds disease
A new study by researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College shows combining two already-FDA approved drugs may offer a new and potent punch against diseases in which blood vessel growth is abnormal -- such as cancer, diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration and rheumatoid arthritis.

Study links hyponatremia with increased risk of death, complications following surgery
An observational study of nearly one million patients who underwent surgery suggests that preoperative hyponatremia (an electrolyte disorder in which sodium levels in the blood are low) was associated with an increased risk of complications and death within 30 days of surgery, according to a report published online first by Archives of Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

University of Maryland study: Neonatal heart stem cells may help mend kids' broken hearts
Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine have conducted the first direct comparison of the regenerative abilities of neonatal and adult-derived human cardiac stem cells.

Wind power's potential
Wind turbines could power half the world's future energy demands with minimal environmental impact, according to new research published by University of Delaware and Stanford University scientists in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

NASA catches Tropical Storm Leslie and Hurricane Michael in the Atlantic
Satellite images from two NASA satellites were combined to create a full picture of Tropical Storm Leslie and Hurricane Michael spinning in the Atlantic Ocean.

GEN reports on ocular therapeutics targeting the retina
Therapies for retinal diseases are expected to overtake those for glaucoma by 2014, reports Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News (GEN).

Improved diagnostic test benefits children with acute myeloid leukemia
Early treatment response is a powerful predictor of long-term outcome for young patients with acute myeloid leukemia.

Einstein faculty receive grant to teach social media professionalism in medicine
Social media is increasingly popular but engaging in its proper use can prove confusing and challenging -- especially in the medical and healthcare arenas.

ORNL roof and attic design proves efficient in summer and winter
A new kind of roof-and-attic system field-tested at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory keeps homes cool in summer and prevents heat loss in winter, a multi-seasonal efficiency uncommon in roof and attic design.

Predicting wave power could double marine-based energy
Prof. George Weiss of Tel Aviv University says that his new computer algorithm improves the functioning of Wave Energy Converters used in producing electrical energy from ocean waves.

Swim training plus healthy diet factor in cancer fight: New study
A new study just published in the journal Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism reaffirms the crucial role exercise along with good nutrition play in maintaining health and fighting disease.

Study shows women are starting families later in life because they are spending longer in education
A study by the University of Southampton has shown that women are having children later in life mainly because they are spending longer in education.

Rhode Island Hospital awarded $10.8 million grant for skeletal health research
Rhode Island Hospital's Center of Biomedical Research Excellence in Skeletal Health and Repair has been awarded a $10.8 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, one of the largest grants in Rhode Island Hospital history.

Former world leaders call on UN Security Council to recognize water as a top concern
The world today confronts a water crisis with critical implications for peace, political stability and economic development, experts warn in a new report being launched Sept.

Marijuana use may increase risk of testicular cancer
A new study from the University of Southern California has found a link between recreational marijuana use and an increased risk of developing subtypes of testicular cancer that tend to carry a somewhat worse prognosis.

Over fishing tips scales towards a fish population of slow growing, couch potatoes
Fish populations around the world could soon be full of slow growing, unproductive 'couch potatoes' if the current levels of intensive fishing continue, according to Deakin University research.

More pregnant women taking high blood pressure drugs, yet safety unclear
Nearly five percent of pregnant women take high blood pressure drugs -- some that may have harmful effects -- and the number is increasing.

AGI to provide input on critical United Nations Document
On September 11th, the American Geosciences Institute will participate in a focus group to discuss the United Nations' process of defining Article 15 in the International Covenant of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

Iowa State, Ames Lab researcher developing new computing approach to materials science
Krishna Rajan of Iowa State University and the Ames Laboratory is using data mining, information theory and statistical learning concepts to develop a new approach to discovering materials.

Researchers find 2 gene mutations drive adrenal cancer
Two different genetic mutations cooperate to induce adrenal cancer, according to a new study.

Countdown to the EMBO Meeting 2012
More than 100 leading researchers from across the life sciences will speak at the EMBO Meeting 2012, the fourth annual life science conference organized by EMBO, which starts on Sept.

Perfecting email security
On the whole, security is not a primary concern for most day-to-day emails, but some emails do contain person, proprietary and sensitive information, documents, media, photos, videos and sound files and need protection.

Tight blood sugar control for pediatric cardiac surgery patients does not improve outcomes
Research to be published in New England Journal of Medicine shows no benefit over standard care.

RV144 vaccine efficacy increased against certain HIV viruses
Scientists used genetic sequencing to discover new evidence that the first vaccine shown to prevent HIV infection in people also affected the viruses in those who did become infected.

UGA chemistry discovery could have major medical implications
The study of an oxygen-sensing bacterial regulatory protein by chemistry researchers at the University of Georgia has provided molecular insight into the oxygen sensing mechanism, which could ultimately lead to a better understanding of the aging process and new treatments for human diseases such cancer, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's.

Droughts are pushing trees to the limit
Southwestern droughts made more severe by warming temperatures are pushing plants up against extremely stressful growing conditions, a new study has found, identifying an increasingly water-thirsty atmosphere as a key force that sucks moisture from plants, drying out the region as temperatures rise in the wake of climate change.

Aarhus University to inaugurate the ultimate source of light:
When Aarhus University today inaugurates the new particle accelerator, ASTRID2, it marks a quantum leap for the possibilities that international researchers have to obtain fundamental knowledge about the smallest and - quite possibly - the most important building blocks that we and the world around us consist of.

NRL researchers use unmanned aircraft to probe hurricane outflow jets
Observing hurricanes from a unique vantage point, the Global Hawk is an ideal platform to probe storms from the surface to the outflow layer providing an unprecedented opportunity to unravel some of the mysteries underlying hurricane intensity change.

Researchers discover mechanism related to negative emotions of cocaine withdrawal
Washington State University researchers have found a cellular mechanism that contributes to the lack of motivation and negative emotions of a cocaine addict going through withdrawal.

Rockefeller University's Pearl Meister Greengard Prize to be awarded to RNA researcher Joan Steitz
Joan A. Steitz, Ph.D., a pioneer in the field of RNA biology whose discoveries involved patients with a variety of autoimmune diseases, will be awarded the 2012 Pearl Meister Greengard Prize from the Rockefeller University.

New genetic mechanism for controlling blood cell development and blood vessel integrity found
The protein GATA2 is known as a

Reversible oxygen-sensing 'switching' mechanism discovered
Bacteria that cause disease in humans have a

Ants have an exceptionally 'hi-def' sense of smell
The first complete map of the ants' olfactory system has discovered that the eusocial insects have four to fives more odorant receptors -- the special proteins that detect different odors -- than other insects.

Salt seeds clouds in the Amazon rainforest
Analysis at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Advanced Light Source was a key contributor to the discovery, by a team led by the Max Planck Institute of Chemistry, that potassium salts emitted into the Amazon rainforest biosphere during the night by plants and fungi are the minuscule particles on which organic compounds condense to form cloud nuclei - the seeds of mist and clouds that each day form anew over the jungle.

'Civilian cyber-warriors' not driven by patriotism
People who commit cyber-attacks against the government also tend to download music illegally and participate in physical protests.

Carnegie's Donald Brown wins Lasker-Koshland Award
Director Emeritus Donald Brown, of Carnegie's Department of Embryology, receives the prestigious 2012 Lasker-Koshland Special Achievement Award in Medical Science

Mushroom-derived compound lengthens survival in dogs with cancer, Penn Vet study finds
Dogs with hemangiosarcoma that were treated with a compound derived from the Coriolus versicolor mushroom had the longest survival times ever reported for dogs with the disease.

Taking painkillers increases death risk, second heart attacks in survivors
Heart attack survivors using common painkillers such as ibuprofen face a higher long-term risk of death or second heart attack.

Computer simulations could lead to better cardiac pump for children with heart defects
Structural and mechanical engineers at the University of California, San Diego, are working together to create blood flow simulations that could lead to improvements in the design of a cardiac pump for children born with heart defects.

Physician's empathy directly associated with positive clinical outcomes, confirms large study
Patients of doctors who are more empathic have better outcomes and fewer complications, concludes a large, empirical study by a team of Thomas Jefferson University and Italian researchers who evaluated relationships between physician empathy and clinical outcomes among 20,961 diabetic patients and 242 physicians in Italy.

No proof that patients lose weight after joint replacement surgery
Hip and knee replacements are now a common surgical procedure with more than 700,000 total joint arthroplasties (TJAs) performed in the US every year.

How breast cancer spreads
The invasion of cancer cells into the lymph vessels that connect the breast to surrounding lymph nodes is the first step leading to the metastasis, or spread, of cancer throughout the body.

Genetics Society of America's Genetics journal highlights for September 2012
These are the selected highlights for the September 2012 issue of the Genetics Society of America's journal, Genetics.

Older overweight children consume fewer calories than their healthy weight peers
Younger children who are overweight or obese consume more calories per day than their healthy weight peers.

Scientists make dengue vaccine breakthrough
Results of the first ever trial to show that a safe and effective dengue vaccine may be possible are published Online First in The Lancet today (Tuesday, September 11).

Mass. Eye and Ear, Joslin Diabetes announce collaboration in eye care
Massachusetts Eye and Ear and the Joslin Diabetes Center announced today that they have reached agreement to form a clinical and research alliance, aimed toward providing coordinated high quality care to eye patients throughout greater Boston, especially those with or at-risk for diabetes-related eye disease.

Study reveals extent of type 2 diabetes problem in black and minority ethnic populations
Half of all people of South Asian, African and African Caribbean descent will develop diabetes by age 80 according to a new study published today.

Measuring mercury levels: Nano-velcro detects water-borne toxic metals
A strip of glass covered in hairy nanoparticles can cheaply and conveniently measure mercury, which attacks the nervous system, and other toxic metals in fluids.

Toothpicks and surgical swabs can wreak havoc in the gut when inadvertently swallowed or left behind after surgery
A woman developed severe blood poisoning (sepsis) and a liver abscess, after inadvertently swallowing a toothpick, which perforated her gullet and lodged in a lobe of her liver, reveals a case published in BMJ Case Reports.

The problem of impatient patients
A problem faced by patients seeking medical attention is often getting a clinic appointment at a time convenient to them.

Archaeological dig inches 'tantalizingly closer' to possible burial place of King Richard III
Search to continue for third week following huge public support and global media interest.

FASEB opposes the Government Spending Accountability Act
The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology wrote to all members of the House of Representatives expressing its opposition to the Government Spending Accountability Act (HR 4631).

Prototype represents a step toward enhanced soft-tissue tomography
A promising approach for producing medical images with enhanced soft tissue visibility -- grating-based x-ray phase contrast -- has now advanced from bench-top studies to implementation in an in vivo preclinical computed tomography scanner.

Dr. Tom Maniatis honored with 2012 Lasker-Koshland Special Achievement Award in Medical Science
Tom Maniatis, Ph.D., the Isidore S. Edelman Professor of Biochemistry and chair of the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics at Columbia University Medical Center, is to receive the 2012 Lasker-Koshland Special Achievement Award in Medical Science.

Study ties forest 'greenness' in western US to snowpack extent
University of Colorado-Boulder scientist Noah Molotch and colleagues used satellite images and ground measurements to identify the threshold at which mid-level forests sustained by moisture change to higher-elevation forests sustained by sunlight.

Her vision is 20/20, but she can't make sense of what she sees
Loyola article describes Balint's syndrome, a rare and baffling neurological disorder.

Penn team finds key molecules involved in forming long-term memories
A team led by University of Pennsylvania scientists has identified key molecules that help convert short-term memories into long-term ones.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Sept. 11, 2012
Below is information about articles being published in the September 11 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

Mayo Clinic suicide prevention expert outlines new steps to tackle military suicide
The suicide rate in the US Army now exceeds the rate in the general population, and psychiatric admission is now the most common reason for hospitalization in the Army.

UCSF professor receives 2012 Lasker Award
Ronald Vale, Ph.D., of the University of California, San Francisco, was one of three scientists today awarded the 2012 Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award.

Bad strep throat? It's probably not strep, most likely viral
Although people often say they have

Wind could meet many times world's total power demand by 2030, researchers say
In a new study, researchers at Stanford University's School of Engineering and the University of Delaware developed the most sophisticated weather model available to show that not only is there plenty of wind over land and near to shore to provide half the world's power, but there is enough to exceed total demand by several times if need be, even after accounting for reductions in wind speed caused by turbines.

LifeSkills training helps teens manage anger, lower blood pressure
A 10-week program that fits easily into the high school curriculum could give students a lifetime of less anger and lower blood pressure, according to research by Dr.

Researchers use 'banker plants' to help battle whitefly pests
A US Department of Agriculture scientist is showing growers how to combat whiteflies and other crop pests by using plants as storehouses for predatory insects that can migrate to cash crops and feed on the pests attacking those crops.

Semiconductors grown on graphene
Researchers at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology have patented and are commercializing GaAs nanowires grown on graphene, a hybrid material with competitive properties.

Annals of Internal Medicine commentary urges public to take precautions against West Nile Virus
West Nile virus (WNV) has become endemic in North America with cases in 2012 exceeding that of any other year.

Landmark papers on the Higgs Boson published and freely available in Elsevier's Physics Letters B
Physics Letters B, Elsevier's flagship journal in high energy physics, announced today that the observations of the long-sought Higgs particle, hailed as one of the greatest scientific discoveries of all time, have been published.

Lawrence Livermore researchers find wind power not enough to affect global climate
Though there is enough power in the earth's winds to be a primary source of near-zero emission electric power for the world, large-scale high altitude wind power generation is unlikely to substantially affect climate.

India's patent laws under pressure: The Lancet special report
In a special report published in the Lancet today, researchers from Queen Mary, University of London argue that pending cases against India's patent laws threaten public health and misinterpret international intellectual property agreements.

Metabolic engineer synthesizes key breast milk ingredient, makes research possible
A University of Illinois microbial engineer has synthesized a sugar in human milk that is thought to protect babies from pathogens.

Funding for neglected global diseases research at UBC exceeds $20 million
Researchers with the Neglected Global Diseases Initiative at the University of British Columbia have attracted more than $20 million in funding to find ways to eliminate diseases and conditions that kill millions of people in developing countries worldwide.

Public maps out an A to Z of galaxies
Members of the public have constructed an A to Z of galaxies in the night sky. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to