Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 18, 2012
Chronic fatigue syndrome is not linked to suspect viruses
The causes of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) have long eluded scientists.

Northeastern's Barnett Institute announces formation of leading analytics company, BioAnalytix, LLC
The Barnett Institute of Chemical and Biological Analysis, a part of Northeastern University's College of Science has partnered in the formation of BioAnalytix, LLC -- a company specializing in the application of advanced biologic drug characterization methods and technologies to enable better, faster and more effective drug development and commercialization.

CEO incentives should be more strategic
CEOs are sometimes rewarded for taking excessive risks - a practice that helped fuel the recent recession but could be altered if companies are more strategic in how they compensate their chief executives, a Michigan State University scholar argues in a new study.

Theory: Music underlies language acquisition
Contrary to the prevailing theories that music and language are cognitively separate or that music is a byproduct of language, theorists at Rice University's Shepherd School of Music and the University of Maryland, College Park, advocate that music underlies the ability to acquire language.

Infection data may not be comparable across hospitals, study shows
Research highlights differing methods of reporting central line infections in hospitals.

App lets you monitor lung health using only a smartphone
Feeling wheezy? You could call the doctor. Or soon you could use your smartphone to diagnose your lung health, with a new app that uses the frequencies in the breath to determine how much and how fast you can exhale.

One click away: Finding data on Florida's endangered species just got easier
A new online tool will make data on several of Florida's threatened and endangered species--including the Florida panther, American crocodile, and Key deer--more readily accessible to resource managers and planners.

Food supplements have little effect on the weight of malnourished children
Giving energy dense food supplements-- Ready-to-Use Supplementary Food (RUSF), a lipid-based nutrient supplement--to young children in addition to a general food distribution in a country with food shortages (Chad) did not reduce levels of wasting (low weight for height, a sign of acute undernutrition) but slightly increased their height and haemoglobin levels according to a study conducted by the international non-governmental organization Action Against Hunger-France (ACF-France) in collaboration with European researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Tasered youth fare as well as adults, new research says
Adolescents who are tasered by law enforcement officers do not appear to be at higher risk for serious injury than adults, according to new a new study from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center researchers.

Light drinking may relate to increase in risk for certain cancers
The majority of observational studies have shown that alcohol intake, especially heavy drinking, increases a number of upper-aero-digestive tract and other cancers, and even moderate drinking is associated with a slight increase in the risk of breast cancer.

New tool gives structural strength to 3-D printed works
Objects created using 3-D printing have a common flaw: They are fragile and often fall apart or lose their shape.

Precision motion tracking -- thousands of cells at a time
Researchers have developed a new way to observe and track large numbers of rapidly moving objects under a microscope, capturing precise motion paths in three dimensions.

Moffitt Cancer Center researcher receives $2.1 million grant from NCI for answering 'Provocative Question'
Robert A. Gatenby, M.D., senior member of Moffitt Cancer Center's Department of Diagnostic Imaging and Integrated Mathematical Oncology, and his colleagues have received a four-year, $2.1 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to carry out preclinical research focused on cancer cell drug resistance.

Longer exercise provides added benefit to children's health
Twenty minutes of daily, vigorous physical activity over just three months can reduce a child's risk of diabetes as well as his total body fat -- including dangerous, deep abdominal fat -- but 40 minutes works even better, researchers report.

Physiological Genomics journal announces a major restructuring
The journal Physiological Genomics has announced it will dramatically increase the scope of papers it accepts, to include contributions in the areas of genomics, systems biology, biomarkers, and emerging technologies.

Protection for humans on Mars
For six weeks the rover

Study provides roadmap for delirium risks, prevention, treatment, prognosis and research
Delirium, a common acute condition with significant short- and long-term effects on cognition and function, should be identified as an indicator of poor long-term prognosis, prompting immediate and effective management strategies, according to the authors of a new systematic evidence review.

Cardiovascular disease community calls for tougher targets to curb global risk
Leaders in cardiovascular disease prevention and control publish paper calling for urgent action to reduce premature mortality by 25 percent by 2025.

Economic freedom report: US continues slide, drops to 18th
The United States, long considered a champion of economic freedom, plunged to No.

New NIST screening method identifies 1,200 candidate refrigerants to combat global warming
NIST researchers have developed a new computational method for identifying candidate refrigerant fluids with low

Women speak less when they're outnumbered
Scholars examined whether women speak less than men when a group collaborates to solve a problem.

Eat Your Heart Out 2012: Queen Mary to host anatomy-themed baking festival
Talented bakers and medical experts are joining forces for a disease and anatomy-themed cake festival this autumn at Queen Mary, University of London's Pathology Museum.

CU mathematicians show how shallow water may help explain tsunami power
While wave watching is a favorite pastime of beach-goers, few notice what is happening in the shallowest water.

Venturing over to British shores
Now the work can begin. Fraunhofer UK Research Limited, the latest foreign subsidiary of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, was founded only a few short weeks ago.

Nanoparticles detect biochemistry of inflammation
Adah Almutairi, Ph.D., associate professor at the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, the Department of NanoEngineering, and the Materials Science and Engineering Program at the University of California, San Diego, and colleagues have developed the first degradable polymer that is extremely sensitive to low but biologically relevant concentrations of hydrogen peroxide.

NASA sees Hurricane Lane punched in the eye
Powerful thunderstorms wrapped tightly around Hurricane Lane's center as it continued moving through the eastern Pacific Ocean.

New findings on protein misfolding
Misfolded proteins can cause various neurodegenerative diseases such as spinocerebellar ataxias or Huntington's disease, which are characterized by a progressive loss of neurons in the brain.

Science stars head to Dartmouth for the E.E. Just Symposium
A roster of high-profile scientists will speak to the public at the inaugural E.E.

Prejudice can cause depression at the societal, interpersonal, and intrapersonal levels
Although depression and prejudice traditionally fall into different areas of study and treatment, a new article suggests that many cases of depression may be caused by prejudice from the self or from another person.

Illy Trieste Science Prize: Yuk Ming Dennis Lo awarded for non-invasive prenatal diagnosis
The winner of the eighth edition of the Ernesto Illy Trieste Science Prize was announced today (18 September 2012).

Learning from each other -- growing together
Kiel University and Dalhousie University in Halifax, Canada want to work more closely together in the future.

The cost of glaucoma care: Small group of patients accounts for large part of costs, study finds
A small subset of patients with open-angle glaucoma account for a large proportion of all glaucoma-related charges in the United States, according to new data.

1 in 3 victims of teen dating violence has had more than one abuser
More than one-third of young adults who reported being victims of dating violence as teenagers had two or more abusive partners, a new study suggests.

Lack of sleep affects bone health and bone marrow activity
Scientists at the Medical College of Wisconsin, in a team led by Carol Everson, Ph.D., professor of neurology, cell biology, neurobiology and anatomy, have discovered abnormalities in bone and bone marrow in rats undergoing chronic lack of sleep.

The George Washington University Researcher received $1.7 million to study solar cement
Stuart Licht, professor of chemistry at the George Washington University's Virginia Science and Technology Campus, has been awarded $1.7 million to continue studying methods of producing cement and other fuels that reduce the amount of carbon dioxide emissions into the environment.

New tools help nursing homes track and prevent deadly infections
The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have each released new tools and information to help track deadly healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) in nursing homes and other long-term care settings.

Discovery of reprogramming signature may help further stem cell-based regenerative medicine research
Salk scientists have identified a unique molecular signature in induced pluripotent stem cells,

Over long-term, gastric bypass surgery associated with higher rate of diabetes remission
Severely obese patients who had Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery had significant weight loss that was sustained for an average of six years after the surgery and also experienced frequent remission and lower incidence of diabetes, hypertension, and abnormal cholesterol levels, compared to participants who did not have the surgery.

JoVE establishes Librarian Advisory Board
JoVE announces its Librarian Advisory Board.

Media Advisory: Invitation to ESO's 50th Anniversary Gala Event, Oct. 11, 2012
Media representatives are invited to participate as working journalists at the gala event celebrating 50 years since the signing of the ESO convention in 1962, which established the European Southern Observatory (ESO).

Tackling 'frequent flyers' won't solve the rising emergency hospital admissions problem
Patients who are regularly admitted to hospital as emergencies (known as

Assessment of HPV DNA alone insufficient to identify HPV-driven head and neck cancers
Viral load and cancer-specific gene expression identified as potential markers.

Brain neurons and diet influence onset of obesity and diabetes in mice
The absence of a specific type of neuron in the brain can lead to obesity and diabetes in mice report researchers in the EMBO Journal.

Statins are unlikely to prevent blood clots
Despite previous studies suggesting the contrary, statins (cholesterol-lowering drugs) may not prevent blood clots (venous thrombo-embolism) in adults, according to a large analysis by international researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Higher levels of BPA in children and teens associated with obesity
In a nationally representative sample of nearly 3,000 children and adolescents, those who had higher concentrations of urinary bisphenol A, a manufactured chemical found in consumer products, had significantly increased odds of being obese.

Major changes needed to protect Australia's species and ecosystems
Climate change is likely to have a major impact on Australia's plants, animals and ecosystems that will present significant challenges to the conservation of Australia's biodiversity.

Sandia shows monitoring brain activity during study can help predict test performance
Research at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, N.M., has shown it's possible to predict how well people will remember information by monitoring their brain activity while they study.

Maintaining Earth's sustainability: Scientists, engineers, educators take coordinated approach
Coordinating phosphorus research to create a sustainable food system; studying urban heat islands; and advancing social and environmental understanding of mountain landscapes are all topics of new grants totaling $5 million recently made through the National Science Foundation's Science, Engineering and Education for Sustainability portfolio.

Oral bacteria may signal pancreatic cancer risk
Pancreatic cancer is highly lethal and difficult to detect early.

Extreme temperatures may raise risk of premature cardiovascular death
Extreme temperatures may increase the risk of premature cardiovascular death.

Dictionary completed on language used everyday in ancient Egypt
A dictionary of thousands of words chronicling the everyday lives of people in ancient Egypt -- including what taxes they paid, what they expected in a marriage and how much work they had to do for the government -- has been completed by scholars at the University of Chicago.

Do you want to know another role of ribonucleotide reductase M2?
Ribonucleotide reductase (RR) is a target metabolic enzymes for cancer therapy.

Surprising demographic shifts in endangered monkey population challenge conservation expectations
At first glance, the northern muriqui monkey is a prime conservation success story.

2 books by Loyola neurologist 'Highly Commended' by British Medical Association
Two textbooks co-authored by Loyola University Medical Center neurologist Dr.

Hopes that new substance will induce cancer cell suicide
The p53 gene plays a key role in the prevention of cancer, by blocking cell growth and triggering programmed cell death or apoptosis.

Substance-use disorders linked to increased risk of death for veterans with PTSD
Veterans suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder who are also battling drug or alcohol problems face a higher risk of death, according to new research from the University of Michigan Health System and the VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System.

Disability caused by traumatic brain injury in children may persist and stop improving after 2 years
A child who suffers a moderate or severe traumatic brain injury may still have substantial functional disabilities and reduced quality of life 2 years after the injury.

UCSB psychologist studies the effects of diagram orientation on comprehension
The orientation of a diagram on the page of a textbook may seem inconsequential, but it can have a significant impact on a reader's ability to comprehend the information as presented, according to a team of researchers at UC Santa Barbara, Vanderbilt University, and West Carolina University.

Rating HPV biomarkers in head, neck cancers
A new study of head and neck cancers finds that combinations of biomarkers are better than DNA alone in determining whether the human papillomavirus is involved.

New study confirms erroneous link between XMRV and prostate cancer-contamination was the cause
A once-promising discovery linking prostate cancer to an obscure retrovirus derived from mice was the result of an inadvertent laboratory contamination, a forensic analysis of tissue samples and lab experiments -- some dating back nearly a decade -- has confirmed.

Press invitation
Hosting this event of global significance in Frankfurt, the financial capital of Germany, is quite symbolic for where photovoltaic (PV) technology stands at the present time: unprecedented market growth and cost reductions, fierce competition and consolidation within the industry, sustainability issues and economic crisis -- just a few keywords which will characterise the PV environment, interactions and stakeholder debate in Frankfurt later this month

Sea surface temperatures reach record highs on Northeast continental shelf
During the first six months of 2012, sea surface temperatures in the Northeast Shelf Large Marine Ecosystem were the highest ever recorded, according to the latest Ecosystem Advisory issued by NOAA's Northeast Fisheries Science Center.

NASA eyes Tropical Storm Nadine as watches go up for Azores
Tropical Storm Nadine is nearing the Azores and watches have gone up for the northwestern group of the islands.

Purple corn compound may aid in developing future treatments for Type 2 diabetes, kidney disease
A compound found in purple corn, a relative of the widely known blue corn, may help in developing therapies aimed at Type 2 diabetes and kidney disease.

Seeing fewer older people in the street may lead low-income adults to fast-track their lives
The new study by Daniel Nettle and colleagues from Newcastle University in the UK suggests that because fewer older people are seen out in the street in deprived neighborhoods, younger generations assume that people die young.

Wayne State receives $2.8 million grant from US Administration for Children and Families
Michigan residents with disabilities, along with their families, can look forward to five more years of service from the Developmental Disabilities Institute at Wayne State University.

Wiley signs collaboration agreement with the Asian Federation of Biotechnology
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., has announced the signing of a new collaboration agreement between Biotechnology Journal and the Asian Federation of Biotechnology (AFOB).

BGI Tech develops whole exome sequencing analysis of FFPE DNA samples to boost biomedicine
BGI Tech Solutions Co., Ltd., a subsidiary company of BGI, announced today that they have achieved whole exome sequencing analysis of total degraded DNA as low as 200 ng from formalin fixed paraffin embedded samples.

Pacifiers may have emotional consequences for boys
Pacifiers may stunt the emotional development of baby boys by robbing them of the opportunity to try on facial expressions during infancy.

The 2013 HFSP Nakasone Award goes to Stephen Quake of Stanford University
The Human Frontier Science Program Organization (HFSPO) is pleased to announce that the 2013 HFSP Nakasone Award has been conferred upon Stephen Quake of Stanford University for his pioneering inventions and discoveries that made innovative physical techniques available for biology and that are revolutionizing biophysics, biological automation, genome analysis, and personalized medicine.

Is magnetic therapy effective for tinnitus?
Loyola University Medical Center is studying whether a new form of noninvasive magnetic therapy can help people who suffer debilitating tinnitus (ringing in the ears).

Where body fat is stored may determine the likelihood of obese persons developing Type 2 diabetes
Obese individuals with excess visceral fat (abdominal fat that surrounds the body's internal organs) have an increased risk for the development of Type 2 diabetes, according to a new study by researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center.

Scientists conclude high fructose corn syrup should not be blamed for obesity
A new article published today in International Journal of Obesity found there is no evidence to suggest the current obesity epidemic in the United States can be specifically blamed on consumption of high fructose corn syrup.

Faculty from UCLA Center for Autism Research and Treatment receive multiple NIH awards
The National Institutes of Health, recognizing UCLA's preeminence in both research and clinical care of children with autism, has announced multiple awards to the university as part of its Autism Centers of Excellence (ACE) research program.

Research study on the location of the Island of Stability of Super-Heavy Elements
The University of Granada is developing a quantum sensor, a unique device for measuring the mass of nuclei with precision and accuracy.

French Alzheimer's Foundation honors Manuela Neumann from DZNE and University of Tubingen
The French Foundation for Research into Alzheimer's is honouring Prof.

Viruses not to blame for chronic fatigue syndrome after all
Contrary to previous findings, new research finds no link between chronic fatigue syndrome and the viruses XMRV (xenotropic murine leukemia virus-related virus) and pMLV (polytropic murine leukemia virus).

The future of diagnosing disease: New American Chemical Society Prized Science video
Providing patients with faster diagnoses for influenza and other respiratory infections and new tests that improve care for heart disease is among the topics in the latest episode of the 2012 edition of a popular video series from the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.

Printed intelligence industrialisation unit expanding in Finland
Now that the VTT printed intelligence pilot-manufacturing environment has expanded to include roll-to-roll assembly, a wide variety of electronics products can be manufactured.

Aldo Leopold's field notes score a lost 'soundscape'
Using Aldo Leopold's notes, professor Stan Temple and Christopher Bocast, a UW-Madison Nelson Institute graduate student and acoustic ecologist, have recreated a

Engineering a better hip implant
A research team at the University of Iowa has engineered a better design for hip implants for obese patients.

Higher levels of BPA in children and teens significantly associated with obesity
Researchers at NYU School of Medicine have revealed a significant association between obesity and children and adolescents with higher concentrations of urinary bisphenol A (BPA), a synthetic chemical recently banned by the U.S.

Study finds least aggressive form of breast cancer still poses risk for death years later
Women with the most common and least aggressive subtype of breast cancer were still at risk of death from the disease more than 10 years after diagnosis, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

First Pathfinder Awards announced tackling rare and orphan diseases
The first two projects to be funded under the Wellcome Trust's new Pathfinder Awards are announced today, tackling rare and orphan diseases for which there are currently no or very limited treatment options.

RUB researchers clarify catalysis mechanism of cell growth protein Ras
Proteins accelerate certain chemical reactions in cells by several orders of magnitude.

Crews uncover massive Roman mosaic in southern Turkey
The 1,600-square-foot mosaic is believed to be the largest mosaic of its type and demonstrates the empire's surprising reach and cultural influence in the far-flung area during the third and fourth centuries AD.

NASA's TRMM satellite measures drenching rains from Typhoon Sanba in Japan, South Korea
Heavy rainfall from Typhoon Sanba caused flooding, landslides and at least one death when it hit South Korea on Monday, Sept.

How Swedes feel about health, culture and recycling of clothes
Our values change as we age. This is the main conclusion of the 2011 SOM survey, from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, where Swedes were asked to rate the importance of different values.

Quasars: Mileposts marking the universe's expansion
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University and two partnering institutions have found a possible way to map the spread and structure of the universe, guided by the light of quasars.

NRL demonstrates high durability of nanotube transistors to the harsh space environment
Investigating the effects of prolonged exposure to ionizing radiation, NRL researchers demonstrate the ability of single walled carbon nanotube transistors to survive the harsh space environment.

Funding for medical research and science programs faces draconian cuts
A new report from the Office of Management and Budget is a stark reminder of the perilous situation facing the medical research and scientific communities unless Congress and the President take action to prevent the pending sequestration.

Notre Dame research could provide new insights into tuberculosis and other diseases
Researchers Patricia A. Champion and Matthew Champion from the University of Notre Dame's Eck Institute for Global Health have developed a method to directly detect bacterial protein secretion, which could provide new insights into a variety of diseases including tuberculosis.

Early menopause associated with increased risk of heart disease, stroke
Women who go into early menopause are twice as likely to suffer from coronary heart disease and stroke, new Johns Hopkins-led research suggests.

Who is entitled to social welfare?
New research from Business and Social Sciences, Aarhus University compares the views of Danes and Americans on who is entitled to social welfare.

Bariatric surgery substantially reduces the risk of diabetes
Bariatric surgery reduces the long-term risk of developing diabetes by over 80% among people with obesity.

Consumers differ in desire for explanation, says new CU-Brown University study
The depth of explanation about novel products influences consumer preferences and willingness to pay, according to a study led by the University of Colorado Boulder and Brown University.

New gene offers hope for preventive medicine against fractures
A big international study has identified a special gene that regulates bone density and bone strength.

How much product information do consumers want?
In a new study, psychologists at Brown University and the University of Colorado found that while some people require a detailed explanation of how a product works before they'll be willing to pay more, others became less willing to pay when confronted with that additional detail.

Obese adults with excess abdominal fat, insulin resistance may have higher risk of type 2 diabetes
Obese adults with excess visceral fat (fat located inside the abdominal cavity, around the body's internal organs) and biomarkers of insulin resistance had an associated increased risk for the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, while obese individuals with higher amounts of total body fat and subcutaneous fat (underneath the skin) did not have this increased risk

Government can play important role in obesity epidemic
Addressing the obesity epidemic by preventing excess calorie consumption with government regulation of portion sizes is justifiable and could be an effective measure to help prevent obesity-related health problems and deaths.

Scholarship program to train students in cybersecurity
$2.3 million awarded to project for developing next-generation of cybersecurity and information assurance professionals.

Obesity is major contributor to heart disease, impediment to diagnosis and treatment
Obesity is a major contributor to heart disease that substantially hinders the disease's proper diagnosis and treatment, says a cardiologist researching the impact of obesity and weight loss on the heart.

AIUM accredits first urological practice
The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) recently granted ultrasound practice accreditation in urology to Smith Institute for Urology in New Hyde Park, New York.

Reynolds Foundation awards ASU $8.21 million for business journalism
The Donald W. Reynolds Foundation, the nation's leader in philanthropic support of professional development and education in business journalism, has awarded two grants totaling $8.21 million to Arizona State University to improve coverage of complex business and economic issues.

Average 25% pay gap between men and women doctors largely 'inexplicable'
According to the latest survey of UK hourly pay by the Office of National Statistics female doctors' pay lags behind their male colleagues by 28.6%.

Penn Translational Medicine Institute to hold 7th Annual Symposium
The Institute for Translational Medicine and Therapeutics' 7th Annual International Symposium will be held October 16 and 17 at the Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania.

ONR lines up speakers and technologies for 2012 Naval Conference
Dr. John P. Holdren, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy director, will join a powerful roster of military and government leaders at the Office of Naval Research Naval S&T Partnership Conference and ASNE Expo, officials announced Sept.
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