Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 21, 2012
Experts convene to address major cause of childhood illness and death
This week, more than 350 leading scientific, public and private sector experts convened to discuss progress and next steps in reducing the global incidence of rotavirus, the most common cause of diarrheal hospitalizations and deaths among children worldwide.

Remarkable enzyme points the way to reducing nitric acid use in industry
An enzyme in the bacterium that causes potato scab could help create new, environmentally-benign biocatalysts with the potential to cut use of the highly corrosive chemical nitric acid.

'Forest killer' plant study explores rapid environmental change factors
Researchers at Arizona State University are spearheading a four-year research project that will explore what factors cause people and the environment to be vulnerable to rapid environmental change, such as an invasion by Mikania.

Tropical cyclones in the Arabian Sea have intensified due to earlier monsoon onset
Brief Summary: The tropical cyclones during the pre-monsoon season in the Arabian Sea have intensified since 1997 compared to 1979 as a result of decreased vertical wind shear and earlier occurrence of tropical cyclones, according to a study spearheaded by Bin Wang at the International Pacific Research Center, University of Hawaii at Manoa, and published in

Kessler Foundation scientists awarded New Jersey grants for brain injury research
Two neuroscientists at Kessler Foundation received grants from the New Jersey Commission on Brain Injury Research.

Bacteria's key innovation helps understand evolution
Several years ago researchers at Michigan State University reported discovering a novel, evolutionary trait in a long-studied population of Escherichia coli, a rod-shaped bacterium commonly found in the lower intestine of mammals.

Simple ovarian cancer symptom survey that checks for 6 warning signs may improve early detection
A simple three-question paper-and-pencil survey, given to women in the doctor's office in less than two minutes, can effectively identify those who are experiencing symptoms that may indicate ovarian cancer, according to a study by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.

Mount Sinai researchers identify predictors for inpatient pain
Researchers have identified reliable predictors of pain by surveying patients about the severity of their pain and their levels of satisfaction with how their pain was managed by hospital staff.

Historian uncovers rare writings by 18th century political icon
Three political essays by one of the greatest British statesmen of the last 250 years have been discovered by a historian at Queen Mary, University of London.

4,000 analytics experts come to Phoenix for INFORMS Annual Meeting
When 4,000 analytics experts in everything from predicting the winner of the US Presidential election to keeping Arizona's borders secure come to Phoenix on October 14, the city will find itself filled not only with smart people who use math for a living but also problem solvers who tackle some of today's greatest challenges.

Regular consumption of sugary beverages linked to increased genetic risk of obesity
Researchers from Harvard School of Public Health have found that greater consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is linked with a greater genetic susceptibility to high body mass index and increased risk of obesity.

Virtual boundaries: How environmental cues affect motivation and task-oriented behavior
Much of our daily lives are spent completing tasks that involve a degree of waiting, such as remaining on hold while scheduling a doctor's appointment or standing in line at an ATM.

Denosumab reduces burden of giant-cell tumor of the bone
Denosumab decreased tumor presence in the entire cohort. Some patients experienced bone regrowth.

Naked mole-rats may hold clues to pain relief
Naked mole-rats evolved to thrive in an acidic environment that other mammals, including humans, would find intolerable.

Civil engineering research to explore manhole rehabilitation
A UT Arlington civil engineering assistant professor is teaming with a private sector engineer to study different techniques for renewing and designing manholes.

'Kick-starting' male fertility
Adding a missing protein to infertile human sperm can

Obama leads in Michigan; many voters undecided
President Barack Obama holds a substantial lead in Michigan over Republican challenger Mitt Romney, although many of the state's voters remain undecided, according to Michigan State University's latest State of the State Survey.

Nunavut's mysterious ancient life could return by 2100
Global climate change means that recently discovered ancient forests in Canada's extreme north could one day return, according to Alexandre Guertin-Pasquier of the University of Montreal's Department of Geography.

Cell death discovery suggests new ways to protect female fertility
Melbourne researchers have identified a new way of protecting female fertility, offering hope to women whose fertility may be compromised by the side-effects of cancer therapy or by premature menopause.

How do we make moral judgments? Insights from Psychological Science
New research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, provides intriguing insights into some of the factors that influence how we make moral judgments.

UT MD Anderson Cancer Center launches unprecedented Moon Shots Program
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center announces the launch of the Moon Shots Program, an unprecedented effort to dramatically accelerate the pace of converting scientific discoveries into clinical advances that reduce cancer deaths.

Growing corn to treat rare disease
The seeds of greenhouse-grown corn could hold the key to treating a rare, life-threatening childhood genetic disease, according to researchers from Simon Fraser University.

NSF funds commercialization effort for new system to help consumers monitor, save energy costs
A UT Arlington Computer Science & Engineering team is developing a sensor and monitoring system to put consumers in charge of monitoring energy, gas and water use with a goal of saving them money.

Bernd Rendel Prizes 2012: From climate fluctuations to research into meteorites
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) has announced the winners of this year's Bernd Rendel Prize, which honors early career researchers who have made important and original contributions to basic geosciences research before obtaining their doctorates.

Documenting women's experiences with chromosome abnormalities found in new prenatal test
Surveying a small group of women participating in a larger study investigating the use of DNA microarrays to identify the possibility of prenatal chromosomal abnormalities, researchers documented the women's reactions upon learning that their child's genetic material contained chromosomal abnormalities.

Undertreatment of common heart condition persists despite rapid adoption of novel therapies
A novel blood thinner recently approved by the FDA, dabigatran (Pradaxa), has been rapidly adopted into clinical practice, yet thus far has had little impact on improving treatment rates for atrial fibrillation.

Relation of poor sleep quality to resistant hypertension
For people who already have high blood pressure, insomnia can have serious consequences, according to a new study presented at the American Heart Association's High Blood Pressure Research 2012 Scientific Sessions.

Key immune cell may play role in lung cancer susceptibility
New research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

New ways to protect female fertility
New research offers hope to women whose fertility has been compromised by the side-effects of cancer therapy or by premature menopause.

Money key factor in driving med students from primary care careers
Primary care physicians are at the heart of health care in the United States, and are often the first to diagnose patients and ensure those patients receive the care they need.

Diet high in total antioxidants associated with lower risk of myocardial infarction in women
Coronary heart disease is a major cause of death in women.

New study shows providing non-caloric beverages to teens can help them avoid excessive weight gain
A new study on sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) and teens from pediatric obesity expert David Ludwig, MD, PhD, director of New Balance Foundation Obesity Prevention Center Boston Children's Hospital, published 9/21 in New England Journal of Medicine.

Unusual symbiosis discovered in marine microorganisms
Scientists have discovered an unusual symbiosis between tiny single-celled algae and highly specialized bacteria in the ocean.

Nursing and social work students learning to work together at UT Arlington
The University of Texas at Arlington will put nursing and social work students together to find the best ways to achieve interprofessional education.

Light squeezed on a quantum scale
An international team of physicists has pushed the boundaries on ultra-precise measurement by harnessing quantum light waves in a new way.

Research identifies protein that regulates key 'fate' decision in cortical progenitor cells
Researchers at CSHL have solved an important piece of one of neuroscience's outstanding puzzles: how progenitor cells in the developing mammalian brain reproduce themselves while also giving birth to neurons that will populate the emerging cerebral cortex, the seat of cognition and executive function in the mature brain.

23 nuclear power plants are in tsunami risk areas
The tsunami in Japan in March 2011 unleashed a series of negligence related with the resulting nuclear disaster.

Horticultural hijacking
It's a battleground down there -- in the soil where plants and bacteria dwell.

ESMO 2012 Congress: Press conference schedule
Please find a quick overview of the latest research results that will be featured in the official ESMO Press Events during the ESMO 2012 Congress, Vienna, Austria, 28 September - 2 October: http://www.esmo.org/fileadmin/media/pdf/2012/press/ESMO-2012-Press-Conference-Schedule.pdf.

Swedish journalists to the left of the public and elected politicians
On the political scale, Swedish journalists can be placed to the left of the Swedish public and their elected politicians.

The effect of body mass index on blood pressure varies by race among children
Obesity in black children more severely impacts blood pressure than in white children who are equally overweight, according to a new study presented at the American Heart Association's High Blood Pressure Research 2012 Scientific Sessions.

Sage to publish Forum Italicum from May 2013
SAGE and the Center for Italian Studies at Stony Brook University today announced a new agreement to publish Forum Italicum from May 2013.

Researchers examine how characteristics of automated voice systems affect users' experience
Human factors/ergonomics researchers have studied how the gender and tone selected for an interactive voice response system, or IVR, affects its user-friendliness.

NASA satellite sees Tropical Storm Jelawat form in northwestern Pacific
As another tropical storm was forming in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, NASA's Terra satellite was providing forecasters at the Joint Typhoon Warning Center with visible and other data on the storm.

Research blog: An expedition to the Earth's fiery heart
On Sept. 22, a French-German team sets out from La Reunion to map the upwelling of hot magma that powers one of the oldest and most active regions of volcanic activity in the world.

Debt and income concerns deter medical students from primary care careers
A team of researchers, led by Martha Grayson, M.D., at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, have found that debt and income expectations deter med school students from entering into primary care.

Nudge or think: What works best for our society?
If approached in the right way, citizens are willing to change their behaviour and do more to help themselves and others, according to research funded by the Economic and Social Research Council.

Satellite spots Tropical Storm Nadine and 2 developing lows
NOAA's GOES satellite captured Tropical Storm Nadine in the eastern Atlantic, another low pressure area forming in the central Atlantic, and a developing low in the eastern Pacific.

Addictive properties of drug abuse may hold key to an HIV cure
A Florida State University researcher is on a mission to explore the gene-controlling effects of addictive drugs in pursuit of new HIV treatments.

Professor publishes on first-ever imaging of cells growing on spherical surfaces
The potential biomedical applications of the researchers' technique include new strategies and devices for the early detection and isolation of cancer cells, facilitating new methods of treating cancer tissues.

Columbia researchers report novel approach for single molecule electronic DNA sequencing
A team of researchers at Columbia University, headed by Dr.

Study shows anaesthetic-related deaths reduced dramatically
A team of researchers led by London's Dr. Daniel Bainbridge have compiled data from 87 studies worldwide that shows post-anaesthetic deaths have declined as much as 90 percent since before the 1970s.

Giving lithium to those who need it
New research published in BioMed Central's open access journal Biology of Mood & Anxiety Disorders which finds that not everyone treated for bipolar disorder responds to lithium, 'gold standard' drug in the same way at the level of gene activation.

Einstein hosts its first stem cell institute symposium
The promise of stem cells seems limitless. If they can be coaxed into rebuilding organs, repairing damaged spinal cords and restoring ravaged immune systems, these malleable cells would revolutionize medical treatment.

New challenges for ex-Olympians
When elite-level athletes retire, they often struggle to adapt to their new lives.
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