Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 23, 2012
UNC Lineberger scientists lead cancer genome analysis of breast cancer
A team of scientists with The Cancer Genome Atlas program reports their genetic characterization of 800 breast tumors, including finding some of the genetic causes of the most common forms of breast cancer, providing clues for new therapeutic targets, and identifying a molecular similarity between one sub-type of breast cancer and ovarian cancer.

Stratosphere targets deep sea to shape climate
A University of Utah study suggests something amazing: Periodic changes in winds 15 to 30 miles high in the stratosphere influence the seas by striking a vulnerable

Some deadly breast cancers share genetic features with ovarian tumors
The most comprehensive analysis yet of breast cancer shows that one of the most deadly subtypes is genetically more similar to ovarian tumors than to other breast cancers.

New chemistry technique from the Scripps Research Institute reproduces nature's elusive complexity
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute have shown how to synthesize in the laboratory an important set of natural compounds known as terpenes.

Sonny Ramaswamy to speak at Entomology 2012
The Entomological Society of America (ESA) is honored to announce that Sonny Ramaswamy, Director of the USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture, will be speaking twice at Entomology 2012, ESA's 60th Annual Meeting to be held November 11-14, 2012 in Knoxville, Tennessee.

Urgent need for integrated oncology and palliative care
ESMO has awarded ESMO Designated Center of Integrated Oncology and Palliative Care accreditation to 16 new oncology centers.

MDC researchers solve puzzle of B-cell lymphoma development
In germinal centers immune cells learn to fight pathogens with high specificity.

Large bacterial population colonized land 2.75 billion years ago
New University of Washington research suggests that early microbes might have been widespread on land, producing oxygen and weathering pyrite, an iron sulfide mineral, which released sulfur and molybdenum into the oceans.

Mayo researchers develop editing toolkit for customizing zebrafish genomes
Mayo Clinic researchers and an international team of scientists have developed a highly efficient means of editing zebrafish genomes for research purposes, eliminating a bottleneck that has stymied biomedical scientists from using the fish as a model for human disease.

Cancer research yields unexpected new way to produce nylon
In their quest for a cancer cure, researchers at the Duke Cancer Institute made a serendipitous discovery -- a molecule necessary for cheaper and greener ways to produce nylon.

Constraining world trade is unlikely to help the climate
From rubber dinghies to television sets: the emissions of greenhouse gases in countries like China are to a significant extent caused by the production of goods that are exported to Germany or the United States.

Scientists predict major shifts in Pacific ecosystems by 2100
Scientific models suggest that major Pacific ecosystems will move hundreds of miles by 2100 as a result of climate change.

Discovery may shed light on why some HIV-positive patients have more virus
Biologists at UC San Diego have unraveled the anti-viral mechanism of a human gene that may explain why some people infected with HIV have much higher amounts of virus in their bloodstreams than others.

Study reveals genomic similarities between breast cancer and ovarian cancers
One subtype of breast cancer shares many genetic features with high-grade serous ovarian cancer, a cancer that is very difficult to treat, according to researchers supported by the National Institutes of Health.

Brazil, FIOCRUZ and DNDi Latin America partner to fight neglected diseases
At the opening ceremony of the XVIII International Congress for Tropical Medicines and Malaria and the XLVIII Congress of the Brazilian Society of Tropical Medicine in Rio de Janeiro, the Ministry of Health of Brazil signed a Cooperation and Technical Assistance Agreement with the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation and the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative Latin America, uniting the three actors into a strategic partnership to collaborate on research and development for new therapies and diagnostics for neglected diseases.

UN, other experts warn of 'water bankruptcy' for many regions after reviewing 200 major global projects
A study of almost 200 major international water-related projects funded by the Global Environment Facility over the past 20 years reveals a suite of existing and emerging challenges and how science can offer remedies.

Understanding the brain by controlling behavior
A team of researchers have been able to take control of Caenorhabditis elegans - tiny, transparent worms - by manipulating neurons in the worms'
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