Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 24, 2012
OU receives award from Council of Graduate Schools
The University of Oklahoma Graduate College and the Center for Applied Social Research have received one of five awards nationwide from the Council of Graduate Schools to integrate research ethics education into international collaborations in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics fields.

Managing soil copper in crops irrigated with cattle footbath wastewater
Getting a head start on stopping soil copper buildup will now be a bit easier, thanks to studies by US Department of Agriculture scientists.

World Heart Federation says heart health starts earlier than you think
A new multi-national survey reveals the extent of misconceptions about when is the right time to start taking action to prevent cardiovascular disease.

Two-thirds of the world's new solar panels were installed in Europe in 2011
Europe accounted for two thirds of the world-wide newly installed photovoltaic (PV) capacity in 2011, with 18.5 GW.

New back pain gene identified in largest genetic study of its kind
Researchers at King's College London have for the first time identified a gene linked to age-related degeneration of the intervertebral discs in the spine, a common cause of lower back pain.

Smart research from UK and China to save energy and reduce carbon footprint
Leading energy scientists from the UK and China are joining forces to develop green technology that will revolutionize the way electricity is distributed via national power grids.

Small proteins in the cornea protect against bacterial infection
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, report that epithelial cells in the cornea, which is highly resistant to bacterial infection, express small antimicrobial peptides, portions of human cytokeratin 6A, that defend the eye against infection.

Ohio State and Malaysia Centre join forces to develop possible anticancer drug
The Ohio State University has signed an agreement with the Sarawak Biodiversity Centre in Malaysia to collaborate on the further development and commercialization of a promising anticancer agent derived from a tropical tree that grows on the island of Borneo.

Red king or red queen
In relationships based on mutuality, the number of individuals involved can determine the rate at which species evolve.

Study analyzes variations in antibiotic prescribing among older patients
A study of Medicare data suggests there was wide variation in antibiotic prescribing for older patients based on geography and the season in which the prescriptions for the medication were written.

Most biofuels are not 'green'
First tops, then flops. That is one way of summing up the history of biofuels so far.

Glass half full: Double-strength glass may be within reach
Rice researchers apply their theory that describes the transition of glass from a liquid to a solid to its intrinsic strength, and they find it may be possible to make glass stronger.

New CU-Boulder study clarifies diversity, distribution of cutthroat trout in Colorado
A novel genetic study led by the University of Colorado Boulder has helped to clarify the native diversity and distribution of cutthroat trout in Colorado, including the past and present haunts of the federally endangered greenback cutthroat trout.

Scientific discovery offers 'green' solution in fight against greenhouse gases
A low-cost new material that could lead to innovative technologies to tackle global warming has been discovered by scientists at the University of Nottingham.

MRI helps identify patients with prostate cancer who may benefit from active surveillance
In the quest to prevent prostate cancer overtreatment,

Study finds germ-killing power in the eyes
When it comes to germ-busting power, the eyes have it, according to a UC Berkeley discovery that could lead to new, inexpensive antimicrobial drugs.

Feeling guilty versus feeling angry -- who can tell the difference?
The ability to identify and distinguish between negative emotions helps us address the problem that led to those emotions in the first place.

EARTH: Bakken boom and the new Wild West
Diesel-soaked clothing, 90-hour work weeks, and the constant groaning of a multimillion-dollar oil rig towering overhead: Welcome to life in Williston, N.D., home of the United States' latest oil boom.

Gas outlets off Spitsbergen are no new phenomenon
Marine scientists from Kiel, together with colleagues from Bremen, Great Britain, Switzerland and Norway, spent four and a half weeks examining methane emanation from the sea bed off the coast of Spitsbergen with the German research vessel MARIA S.

Research shows ants share decision-making, lessen vulnerability to 'information overload'
Scientists at Arizona State University have discovered that ants utilize a strategy to handle

Human brains outpace chimp brains in the womb
Humans' superior brain size in comparison to their chimpanzee cousins traces all the way back to the womb.

New research shows bees decrease their food intake when given compound found in red wine
Researchers have found when given resveratrol, a compound found in red wine, bees consume less food.

A windshield wiper for Mars dust is developed
A team of researchers at Universidad Carlos III in Madrid has developed a device that works as a windshield wiper to eliminate Mars dust from the sensors on the NASA spacecrafts that travel to the red planet.

Viruses help MU scientists battle pathogenic bacteria and improve water supply
Infectious bacteria received a taste of their own medicine from University of Missouri researchers who used viruses to infect and kill colonies of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, common disease-causing bacteria.

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about articles being published in the September 25 online issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

LIFR protein suppresses breast cancer metastasis
A receptor protein suppresses local invasion and metastasis of breast cancer cells, the most lethal aspect of the disease, according to a research team headed by scientists from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Treatment for alcoholism dramatically reduces the financial burden of addiction on families
The financial effects of alcoholism on the family members of addicts can be massive, but little is known about whether treatment for alcoholism reduces that financial burden.

Pregnancy complications up to twice higher in women born preterm
Women who were born premature are more likely to have pregnancy complications than women who weren't.

Cellular eavesdropping made easy
Scientists at EMBL Heidelberg devised a new approach for studying the proteins cells release to communicate with each other, react to changes, or even to help them move.

Nevada educator 'writes the book' on teaching math
Teruni Lamberg, associate professor of elementary education at the University of Nevada, Reno's College of Education, has a passion for preparing current and future teachers to teach math more effectively.

Pacific Islanders have high obesity, smoking rates
In the first study to detail the health of Pacific Islanders living in the United States, University of Michigan researchers have found alarmingly high rates of obesity and smoking.

NIH launches trial for rare degenerative muscle disease treatment
Researchers have launched a clinical trial to evaluate the drug candidate DEX-M74 as a treatment for patients suffering from Hereditary Inclusion Body Myopathy, a rare degenerative muscle disease.

Encyclopedia of Drug Metabolism and Interactions, 6-Volume Set
Wiley is pleased to announce publication of the state-of-the-art, 6-volume Encyclopedia of Drug Metabolism and Interactions.

Researchers at Harvard's Wyss Institute engineer novel DNA barcode
Researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University have created a new kind of barcode that could come in an almost limitless array of styles -- with the potential to enable scientists to gather vastly more vital information, at one given time, than ever before.

Patty's Toxicology, 6th Edition, 6-Volume Set
The expanded 6th Edition of the cornerstone reference work on occupational health and toxicology is now published by Wiley.

Therapeutic impact of cell transplantation aided by magnetic factor
Two studies demonstrate how magnetic particles are a factor that can provide better cell delivery and retention.

Study links active video gaming with higher energy expenditure in children
Compared with rest and sedentary video game play, active video gaming with dancing and boxing were associated with increased heart rate, oxygen uptake and energy expenditure in a study of 18 school children in England

Preterm birth of mother increases risk of pregnancy complications
Women who were born preterm are at increased risk of complications during pregnancy compared to those born at term, and the risk almost doubles for mothers born before 32 weeks, according to a study in CMAJ.

Education, psychological support key for defibrillator patients
Because depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder are common among people with implanted cardioverter defibrillators, doctors and nurses should provide gender- and age-specific information on the potential psychological impact.

New study shows PTSD symptoms reduced in combat-exposed military via integrative medicine
For combat-exposed active duty Marines, healing touch combined with guided imagery provides significant clinical reductions in post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms, according to a study released in the September issue of Military Medicine.

Breast cancer treatment brings sexual difficulties for postmenopausal women
Women treated for breast cancer after menopause with aromatase inhibitors have very high levels of sexual difficulties, including low interest, insufficient lubrication, and pain with intercourse.

Louisiana Tech University researcher wins Governor's Technology Product of the Year award
Dr. Erez Allouche, associate professor of civil engineering and director of the Trenchless Technology Center at Louisiana Tech University, has been honored by the Louisiana Technology Council with the 2012 Louisiana Technology Product of the Year award for his innovative

NASA's Chandra shows Milky Way is surrounded by halo of hot gas
Astronomers have used NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory to find evidence our Milky Way Galaxy is embedded in an enormous halo of hot gas that extends for hundreds of thousands of light years.

What does the feminization of family medicine mean?
With more women in family medicine in Canada, what does this mean for the specialty and the profession, for patients and for society, asks a Salon opinion piece in CMAJ.

IVAC announces grant recipients for World Pneumonia Day Advocacy Program
The International Vaccine Access Center at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health announced today recipients of the 2012 Small Grants for World Pneumonia Day Advocacy Program.

Secrets in small blood vessels could reveal the risks of heart disease and diabetes
Researchers at the University of Southampton together with colleagues at King's College London have embarked on a unique study that will shed new light on the risk of heart disease and diabetes in later life.

Near-roadway air pollution a major contributor to asthma in Los Angeles County, USC research finds
Research conducted at the University of Southern California indicates that at least 8 percent of the more than 300,000 cases of childhood asthma in Los Angeles County can be attributed to traffic-related pollution at homes within 75 meters (a little less than 250 feet) of a busy roadway.

Heritability of avoidant and dependent personality disorder traits
A new twin study from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health shows that the heritability of avoidant and dependent personality disorder traits might be higher than previously reported.

First-ever treatment for rare childhood aging disease shows improvement in all trial participants
Results of the first-ever clinical drug trial for children with Progeria, a rare, fatal

Columbia awards the 2012 Horwitz Prize for Discovering the Structure of Bacterial Cells
Columbia will award the 2012 Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize to Drs.

Cutting through the genomic thicket in search of disease variants
Scientists and clinicians have turned to computer tools that sift meaningful genomic variants from the glut of mutations they face.

Frigid cloudtop temperatures indicate strength in Super Typhoon Jelawat and Tropical Storm Ewinar
Tropical Storm Jelawat had been moving toward the Philippines since the week of Sept.

A clock that will last forever
Imagine a clock that will keep perfect time forever or a device that opens new dimensions into the study of quantum phenomena such as emergence and entanglement.

Princeton release: Slow-moving rocks better odds that life crashed to Earth from space
Microorganisms that crashed to Earth embedded in the fragments of distant planets might have been the sprouts of life on this one, according to new research from Princeton University, the University of Arizona and the Centro de Astrobiología in Spain.

Are you unable to control your high blood pressure?
U-M selected to participate in SYMPLICITY HTN-3 study to help those whose blood pressure remains high despite treatment with three or more medications.

Scientists shed light on riddle of sun's explosive events
Four decades of active research and debate by the solar physics community have failed to bring consensus on what drives the sun's powerful coronal mass ejections that can have profound

New IVF breakthrough
Researchers at the University of Gothenburg have discovered that a chemical can trigger the maturation of small eggs to healthy, mature eggs, a process that could give more women the chance of successful IVF treatment in the future.

New online, open access journal focuses on microbial genome announcements
The American Society for Microbiology is launching a new online-only, open access journal, Genome Announcements, which will focus on reports of microbial genome sequences.

Daily breather may ease hot flashes
Regular, daily practice of calm or paced breathing may ease hot flashes, shows a new study published online in Menopause, the journal of the North American Menopause Society.

Vitamin D deficiency increases risk of heart disease
New research from the University of Copenhagen and Copenhagen University Hospital shows that low levels of vitamin D are associated with a markedly higher risk of heart attack and early death.

Stemming the tide of biodiversity loss on Earth
Life on Earth is astounding in its diversity. Despite centuries of discovery, however, the vast majority of Earth's biodiversity remains unknown.

Duke policy provides ethical foundation for managing drug shortages
Hospitals and health systems faced with ongoing shortages of key drugs for cancer and other diseases should develop firm rationing policies based on transparency and fairness, researchers at Duke University Medical Center report.

Automatic building mapping could help emergency responders
MIT researchers have built a wearable sensor system that automatically creates a digital map of the environment through which the wearer is moving.

Johns Hopkins ethicists to discuss sickle cell disease impact and treatment
The Lonzie Lee Jones Patient Advocacy Symposium on Thursday, Sept.

Bone marrow holds secrets for treating colitis and Crohn's
Michigan State University researchers have unlocked secrets in bone marrow that could lead to improved treatments for colitis and Crohn's disease.

Little evidence supports medical treatment options for adolescents with autism
Vanderbilt University researchers are reporting today that there is insufficient evidence to support the use of medical interventions in adolescents and young adults with autism.

Newly discovered molecule could deliver drugs to treat diseases
Researchers have discovered a molecule that may be capable of delivering drugs inside the body to treat diseases.

White matter, old dogs, and new tricks at Dartmouth
Dartmouth's Alex Schlegel and Peter Tse have published a study using white matter to show that the brain remains capable of learning complex tasks well into adulthood.

Climate is changing the Great Barrier Reef
Satellite measurement of sea surface temperatures has yielded clear evidence of major changes taking place in the waters of Australia's Great Barrier Reef over the past 25 years, marine scientists have found.

Wolters Kluwer Health launches Cardiovascular Endocrinology journal
Wolters Kluwer Health is pleased to announce the publication of Cardiovascular Endocrinology, a new online, peer-reviewed journal committed to fostering effective collaboration between cardiologists and endocrinologists in addressing diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and related diseases and conditions.

Exposing cancer's lethal couriers
New nanotechnology developed at Case Western Reserve University detects metastases in mouse models of breast cancer before they've grown into new tissues.

Primate study adds to evidence of BPA harming human reproduction
A Washington State University researcher has found new evidence that the plastic additive BPA can disrupt women's reproductive systems, causing chromosome damage, miscarriages and birth defects.

Professor's book reveals the 'Silent Epidemic' of health hazards caused by coal
Coal kills. That's the message of

The Cancer Genome Atlas study supports power of subtyping breast cancer by PAM50
NanoString Technologies, Inc., a privately held provider of life science tools for translational research and developer of molecular diagnostics, is developing a PAM50-based in vitro diagnostic test for breast cancer.

UC San Diego bioengineers take on key role in new NIH common funds metabolomics
With a $6 million grant over five years, bioengineers from the University of California, San Diego will play a central role in a new program from the National Institutes of Health to accelerate

NASA's Global Hawk and satellites see tropical storm Nadine turning around
Tropical Storm Nadine is turning around in two ways. When NASA's Global Hawk flew over the storm it learned that the storm was not transitioning into an extra-tropical storm.

Melting Arctic ice cap at record
With Arctic ice cap at record low this summer, University of Calgary geography professor John Yackel predicts serious consequences for the planet.

Florida State University chemist may hold key to building a better toxin mousetrap
A Florida State University chemist's work could lead to big improvements in our ability to detect and eliminate specific toxins in our environment.

Hundreds of biochemical analyses on a single chip
Thanks to an innovative microfluidic device developed at EPFL and University of Geneva, 768 biochemical interactions (e.g., between DNA and Transcription Factors) can be monitored at the same time.

Researchers demonstrate cheaper way to produce NFO thin films
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the Georgia Institute of Technology have demonstrated a less-expensive way to create textured nickel ferrite (NFO) ceramic thin films, which can easily be scaled up to address manufacturing needs.

Eunuchs outlive other men
Castrated men living in Korea centuries ago outlived other men by a significant margin.

Yale researchers call for specialty metals recycling
An international policy is needed for recycling scarce specialty metals that are critical in the production of consumer goods, according to Yale researchers in Science.

In birds' development, researchers find diversity by the peck
The genetic/molecular signals that produce a variety of beak shapes in finches show even more variation than is apparent on the surface.

Study examines delayed, misdiagnosis of sporadic Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease
A medical record review study of 97 patients with the fatal, degenerative brain disorder sporadic Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease (sCJD) suggests that a correct diagnosis of the disease was often delayed by a variety of misdiagnoses

Life in the extreme
Life in extreme environments -- hot acids and heavy metals, for example -- can apparently make very similar organisms deal with stress in very different ways, according to new research from North Carolina State University.

AIT awarded research grant on sustainable decentralized wastewater management systems
A team of scientists at the Asian Institute of Technology in Thailand are set to reinvent the toilet in three developing countries in Asia.

Media coverage influences value of presidential debates for viewers, study finds
The presidential debates offer viewers a lot of substance about the issues of the campaign -- but postdebate media coverage can undermine the value they have for voters, a new study suggests.

UH Case Medical Center offers novel scarless procedure for rare condition
University Hospitals Case Medical Center is one of five institutions nationwide performing a novel scarless procedure that restores swallowing function in patients with achalasia, a condition where the esophagus is unable to move food into the stomach.

Prostate cancer diagnosis and surgery can lead to anxiety, depression and reduced quality of life
Men who undergo surgical removal of prostate cancer can experience significant levels of anxiety one year after surgery, and higher levels of anxiety appear to be linked to poor sexual satisfaction and depression, say researchers at Mayo Clinic's campus in Florida.

Model confirms active surveillance as viable option for men with low-risk prostate cancer
Model predicts immediate treatment confers only modest extension of life.

When they do not all look alike: Using identity to reduce own-race bias
People often remark that people of a different race

JCI early table of contents for September 24, 2012
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, September 24, 2012, in the JCI: Small proteins in the cornea protect against bacterial infection; New insight into hyperporlactinemia-associated infertility; GATA transcription factors regulate pancreas development; MicroRNA links oncogenic signaling pathways in glioblastoma.

Study uncovers mechanism by which tumor suppressor MIG6 triggers cell suicide
Dr. Ingvar Ferby, a Ludwig researcher based at Uppsala University in Sweden, led a team of researchers who have determined the outsize role a small protein named Mig6 plays in the tightly orchestrated suicide of cells--a phenomenon essential to everything from shaping an embryo to keeping it free of cancer later in life.

'Can Journalism Survive?'
It's no secret that, with the advent of the Internet and related technologies, American newspapers and other media outlets are struggling.

MIT Energy Initiative and US Department of Energy Host C3E Women in Clean Energy Symposium
Leaders work to advance the careers of women in clean energy and build a cross-disciplinary professional network.

Fueling the fleet, Navy looks to the seas
Scientists at the US Naval Research Laboratory are developing a process to extract carbon dioxide and produce hydrogen gas from seawater, subsequently converting the gases into jet fuel by a gas-to-liquids process.

Treating ovarian cancer: New pathways through genetics
A new discovery that sheds light on the genetic make up of ovarian cancer cells could explain why some women survive longer than others with this deadly disease.

AZTI-Tecnalia to collaborate with China Academy of Environmental Sciences
AZTI-Tecnalia, the Basque technological centre specialising in marine and food research, has signed a joint working agreement with the China Academy of Environmental Sciences to develop R+D projects for environmental prevention and recovery at sea and on the coast.

Like prostate cancer, bladder cancer patients may benefit from anti-androgen therapy
Bladder cancer patients whose tumors express high levels of the protein CD24 have worse prognoses than patients with lower CD24.

3-year, 676-child trial shows effectiveness of low-cost intervention to improve sun protection
Bouble-blind randomized clinical trial of mailed sun protection packets led to higher frequency of sun protective behaviors including the use of long clothing, hats, shade, sunscreen, and midday sun avoidance.

First 2 Webb Telescope flight mirrors delivered to NASA
The first two of the 18 primary mirrors to fly aboard NASA's James Webb Space Telescope arrived at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md.

UH Rainbow sports physician advises against recreational trampoline use in new AAP report
Susannah Briskin, M.D., a pediatric sports medicine specialist with University Hospitals Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital, is the co-author of an updated report from the American Academy of Pediatrics strongly cautioning against home trampolines.

NASA's satellite saw 'power-trigger' around Hurricane Miriam's center
NASA's Aqua satellite revealed a large area of powerful thunderstorms around the center of Tropical Storm Miriam on Sept.

Immune system molecule affects our weight
Researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have identified a molecule in the immune system that could affect hunger and satiety.

Scientists reverse Alzheimer's-like memory loss in animal models by blocking EGFR signaling
Neuroscientists today publish research suggesting that EGFR inhibitors, a class of currently used anti-cancer drugs, as well as several previously untested synthetic compounds, show effectiveness in reversing memory loss in two animal models of Alzheimer's' disease.

AIDS patients face risk for esophageal, stomach cancers
People with AIDS are at increased risk for developing esophageal and stomach carcinoma as well as non-Hodgkin lymphomas.

Tissues tell the tale: Non-invasive optical technique detects cancer by looking under the skin
An international team of researchers has developed an advanced optics system to noninvasively map out the network of tiny blood vessels beneath the outer layer of patients' skin, potentially revealing telltale signs of disease.

Glacial youth therapy for the Scandinavian landscape
The high elevation flat surfaces characteristic of the Norwegian landscape are in geologically terms young, according to a paper in Nature Geoscience.

Video: 3-D time-lapse imaging captures twisted root mechanics for first time
Using an advanced 3-D time-lapse imaging system, a group of physicists and plant biologists from Cornell University have discovered how certain plant roots exhibit powerful mechanical abilities while navigating their environment.

Young cancer survivors often forgo medical care due to costs
Many survivors of adolescent and young adult cancers avoid routine medical care because it's too expensive, despite the fact that most have health insurance.

Obesity promotes prostate cancer by altering gene regulation
Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men and early treatment is usually very successful.

UCLA scientists fine-tune probe for early Alzheimer's detection
How the imaging agents work that scan the Alzheimer's brain is unknown.
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