Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 04, 2012
Researchers find ancient carbon resurfacing in lakes
A new study reveals that a significant amount of carbon released into the atmosphere from lakes and rivers in Southern Québec, Canada, is very old -- approximately 1,000 to 3,000 years old -- challenging the current models of long-term carbon storage in lakes and rivers.

TMT will take discoveries of stars orbiting the Milky Way's monster black hole to the next level
Researchers have discovered a star that whips around the giant black hole at the center of our galaxy in record time, completing an orbit every 11.5 years.

Maths sheds light on what delays in getting pregnant means for prospects of having a baby
A new mathematical method can help to predict a couple's chances of becoming pregnant, according to how long they have been trying.

'Thick Infrastructure' proposes new amenities for Houston
Members of UH's Community Design Resource Center recently explored some of Houston's ditches, easements, Metro transit centers and park and rides.

Artificial cornea gives the gift of vision
Blindness is often caused by corneal diseases. The established treatment is a corneal transplant, but in many cases this is not possible and donor corneas are often hard to come by.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Gaemi's heaviest rainfall around center
Some of the most powerful thunderstorms in a tropical cyclone surround the center of circulation, and NASA's TRMM satellite noticed that rainfall is heaviest in that area of Tropical Storm Gaemi.

Far, far beyond wrist radios
What kinds of gear will be needed by future firefighters, EMTs, and cops?

New function of a protein involved in colon cancer is identified
Researchers from IMIM, Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute, have succeeded in determining the function of a new variant of enzyme IKKalpha (IKKα) to activate some of the genes taking part in the tumor progressions of colorectal cancer.

Researchers a step closer to controlling inflammation in MS
A University of Adelaide researcher has published results that suggest a possible new mechanism to control multiple sclerosis.

Shoulder dislocation in older patients poses different challenges in diagnosis, treatment
Although shoulder dislocation can occur at about the same rates in both younger and older patients, injuries in older patients are more likely to be overlooked or misdiagnosed, resulting in years of persistent pain and disability.

Fox squirrels show long-term investment savvy when hoarding nuts
Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, are gathering evidence this fall that the feisty fox squirrels scampering around campus are not just mindlessly foraging for food, but engaging in a long-term savings strategy.

Nonprescription medication abuse underestimated
Nonprescription medications are just as likely a cause of poisoning as prescription drugs, according to a new study by Timothy Wiegand, M.D. from the University of Rochester Medical Center in the US and colleagues.

Botox as effective as medication for urinary urgency incontinence
Botox (onabotulinum toxin-A) injections to the bladder are as effective as medication for treating urinary urgency incontinence in women, but the injection is twice as likely to completely resolve symptoms.

Researchers reveal how solvent mixtures affect organic solar cell structure

Dating encounters between modern humans and Neandertals
To discover why Neandertals are most closely related to people outside Africa, Harvard and Max Planck Institute scientists have estimated the date when Neandertals and modern Europeans last shared ancestors.

The smell of Mom: Scientists find elusive trigger of first suckling in mice
A team led by biologists at The Scripps Research Institute has solved the long-standing scientific mystery of how mice first know to nurse or suckle.

UCLA astronomers discover star racing around black hole at center of our galaxy
UCLA astronomers report the discovery of a remarkable star that orbits the enormous black hole at the center of our Milky Way galaxy in a blistering 11-and-a-half years, the shortest known orbit of any star near this black hole.

New human neurons from adult cells right there in the brain
Researchers have discovered a way to generate new human neurons from another type of adult cell found in our brains.

BPA's real threat may be after it has metabolized
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a synthetic chemical widely used in the making of plastic products ranging from bottles and food can linings to toys and water supply lines.

In cancer, an embryonic gene-silencing mechanism gone awry
Many types of cancer could originate from a mechanism that cells use to silence genes.

Insects shape the genetic landscape through plant defenses
In a new study involving aphids and the broccoli-like research plant Arabidopsis thaliana, scientists offer the first measurable evidence that plant-eating insects influence the genetic variation of their host plants through the plant's natural defense mechanisms.

Sandia Labs benchmark helps wind industry measure success
Sandia National Laboratories published the second annual 2012 Wind Plant Reliability Benchmark on Monday, and the results should help the nation's growing wind industry benchmark its performance, understand vulnerabilities and enhance productivity.

What makes self-directed learning effective?
In recent years, educators have placed more emphasis on the importance of hands-on participation and student-led inquiry.

NYU researchers find electricity in biological clock
Biologists from NYU have uncovered new ways our biological clock's neurons use electrical activity to help keep behavioral rhythms in order.

SLU professor receives $1.4 million grant to study Alpha-1 liver disease in adults
SLU Professor of Pediatrics Jeffrey Teckman, M.D., has received a $1.4 million grant from the Alpha-1 Foundation to study the Alpha-1 disease in adult patients.

Toward an artificial pancreas: Math modeling and diabetes control
In a paper published today in the SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, authors Mingzhan Huang, Jiaxu Li, Xinyu Song, and Hongjian Guo propose novel mathematical models for injection of insulin in type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

NASA gets 2 infrared views of tropical storms Nadine, Oscar
NASA's Aqua satellite provided two different infrared views of the two tropical storms swirling in the Atlantic Ocean.

Are inhaled medications effective and safe in critically ill patients on mechanical ventilation?
Essential medications can be delivered as inhaled drugs to critically ill patients in the ICU who require mechanical ventilation to breathe.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October 2012
These are story ideas from recent research from the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

UOG graduate student receives National Geographic Society Young Explorers Grant
Once thought to be extinct, Philippine bat may receive needed attention through University of Guam graduate student's research.

Tonight NJIT researcher receives NJIT overseers award
Tonight NJIT Research Professor Reginald C. Farrow, Ph.D., who with his research team have discovered how to make nanoscale arrays of the world's smallest probe for investigating the electrical properties of individual living cells will receive the NJIT Board of Overseers Excellence in Research Prize and Medal.

Medication use higher among overweight, obese kids
Overweight children are far more likely to take prescription medications than children of a normal weight, according to new research from the University of Alberta.

New gene test detects early mouth cancer risk
Researchers from Queen Mary, University of London have developed a new gene test that can detect pre-cancerous cells in patients with benign-looking mouth lesions.

Marlene R. Cohen wins Eppendorf/Science Prize
Marlene Cohen is the 2012 Grand Prize winner in the annual international competition for The Eppendorf & Science Prize for Neurobiology.

Strathclyde take the lead in space research
Academics at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow are set to investigate the removal of space debris and deflection of asteroids -- leading the first research-based training network of its kind in the world.

Compassion meditation may boost neural basis of empathy, Emory study finds
A compassion-based meditation program can significantly improve a person's ability to read the facial expressions of others, finds an Emory University study..

Progress reported in tackling initial, recurrent bouts of health care-associated infection
Reporting on two separate novel studies presented at the 2012 Annual American College of Surgeons Clinical Congress in Chicago, researchers described the progress being made toward preventing initial and recurrent bouts of clostridium difficile colitis (C. difficile or C. diff), a vicious bacterial infection.

Everyday evolution
Take a good look around on your next nature hike.

NYU dental researcher awarded $1.9 million NIH grant to test new glass-zirconia composite crown
Dr. Yu Zhang, an associate professor of biomaterials and biomimetics at NYU College of Dentistry, has been awarded a five-year, $1.9 million grant from the NIDCR/NIH, to develop and test a prototype glass-zirconia composite dental crown.

GW professor awarded grant to study new methods of early breast cancer detection
Sidney Fu, M.D., professor of medicine at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, received a two-year, $362,060 grant from the National Cancer Institute to research a way to use novel biomarkers to determine whether or not a patient carries cells that will eventually turn into breast cancer.

Better battlefield triage, transport may raise severely wounded soldiers' survival rates
Wounded soldiers who sustained chest injuries in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom had higher mortality rates than soldiers in Korea and Vietnam, but improved battlefield triage and transport may have meant that severely wounded soldiers whom would have been considered killed in action in previous conflicts are more likely to get sent to trauma centers in the United States sooner in their course of care.

C3E award winners announced at Women in Clean Energy Symposium
An MIT and DOE symposium highlighted women's increasing leadership in energy research, industry and government.

Plants adapt their defenses to the local pest community
Populations of the same plant species produce specific defenses that are effective against the predominant local pest community.

America's top age beat reporters chosen for journalism fellowship
The Gerontological Society of America and New America Media have selected 18 reporters for the MetLife Foundation Journalists in Aging Fellows Program, now in its third year.

Why we need insects -- even 'pesky' ones
At first blush, many people would probably love to get rid of insects, such as pesky mosquitoes, ants and roaches.

BPA linked to thyroid hormone changes in pregnant women, newborns
A new UC Berkeley study adds to growing concerns about the health effects of Bisphenol A (BPA), a compound commonly found in the lining of tin cans, hard plastics and certain store receipts.

Researchers develop a scale to measure parent-teacher communication at the K-12 level
The Parental Academic Support Scale was developed to assess the supportive interactions between parents and teachers, including the frequency of specific behaviors associated with parental academic support, parents' perceptions of the importance of those supportive behaviors, and the modes (e-mail, face-to-face interactions, phone, etc.) of communication that parents commonly use to communicate with teachers.

Survey reveals that Britons are least likely to adopt protective behaviors against flu
A new international survey published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases has revealed that during the H1N1 influenza pandemic in 2009, people in Britain lagged far behind other countries in adopting protective behaviors, such as increasing their practice of covering their mouth with a tissue when sneezing or coughing.

U of M-led project could mean improved grass options for homeowners, public spaces
A new research project led by University of Minnesota scientists could lead to sustainable, drought-and wear-resistant turf grasses that could be used in both home lawns and public green spaces.

 The 5-year project is funded by a $2.1 million grant from the US Department of Agriculture and is part of a national research effort to improve specialty crops.

No evidence for 30-nm chromatin fibers in the mouse genome
Scientists in Canada and the United States have used three-dimensional imaging techniques to settle a long-standing debate about how DNA and structural proteins are packaged into chromatin fibers.

Penn researchers create a universal map of vision in the human brain
Nearly 100 years after a British neurologist first mapped the blind spots caused by missile wounds to the brains of soldiers, Perelman School of Medicine researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have perfected his map using modern-day technology.

MU researcher identifies factors to help parents and professionals recognize teens in distress
Suicide is the third-leading cause of death for teens, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

New patent on virtual guided-bronchoscopy system to help diagnose lung cancer
A team of researchers from the Institute of Industrial and Control Engineering of the Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, BarcelonaTech and the Pulmonology Research Group of the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute has patented an improved virtual bronchoscopy system designed to enhance endoscopic examination of peripheral lung lesions, that is, small nodules located in more distal branches of the bronchi.

Science fiction is not put to good use in teaching
A study at the University of Valencia ensures that science fiction, especially the cinema, is very popular amongst secondary school students and teachers see it as a good way of motivating interest in the sciences.

Lakes react differently to warmer climate
A future warmer climate will produce different effects in different lakes.

Newborn mice depend on mom's signature scent
For newborn mice to suckle for the very first time and survive, they depend on a signature blend of scents that is unique to their mothers.

Asteroid fragments could hint at the origin of the solar system
University of Manchester scientists are among the few in the world selected to analyze minute asteroid fragments which could shed light on the origin and evolution of the solar system.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Maliksi put final touches on Japan
Tropical Storm Maliksi is putting the final touches on Japan, that is, the edge of the storm was seen brushing the country's northern coast as it pulled away on NASA satellite imagery.

Abortion rates plummet with free birth control
Providing birth control to women at no cost substantially reduced unplanned pregnancies and cut abortion rates by 62 percent to 78 percent over the national rate, a new study shows.

Hi-fi single photons
Many quantum technologies hinge on the use of single photons.

TGen's Dr. Daniel Von Hoff delivers first Lori Groetken Memorial Lecture
Dr. Daniel Von Hoff, Physician-In-Chief of the Translational Genomics Research Institute is the first recipient of the Lori Groetken Memorial Lecture and Award.

Artist Chuck Close to deliver public lecture at world's largest brain science meeting
Artist Chuck Close will deliver the annual

Materials scientists prevent wear in production facilities in the electronics industry
Printed circuit boards (PCBs) are core components in every mobile phone, television and computer.

Lawrence livermore experiments illuminate how order arises in the cosmos
One of the unsolved mysteries of contemporary science is how highly organized structures can emerge from the random motion of particles.

Study reveals how bicultural consumers respond to marketing cues
This study reveals how bicultural consumers respond to marketing cues.

Babies learn the smell of mum
Baby mice need to learn their mum's smell to survive.

MSU is helping India manage forests, reduce greenhouse gases
Researchers at Michigan State University will use a $1.5 million grant to help India manage its forests and reduce the developing nation's greenhouse gas emissions.

Climate sceptics more prominent in UK and US media
Climate sceptics are being given a more prominent, and sometimes uncontested, voice in UK and US newspapers in contrast to other countries around the world, new research suggests.

Top executives' team spirit affects whole business
Effective teamwork among an organization's top management makes employees happier and more productive, with positive benefits to the organization.

How ketamine defeats chronic depression
Many chronically depressed and treatment-resistant patients experience immediate relief from symptoms after taking small amounts of the drug ketamine.

A molecular scissor related to Alzheimer's disease
The enzyme is related to inflammation, cancer and Alzheimer's disease and involved in cellular proliferation and differentiation.

Study shows benefits, drawbacks, for women's incontinence treatments
Oral medication for treating a type of incontinence in women is roughly as effective as Botox injections to the bladder, reported researchers who conducted a National Institutes of Health clinical trials network study, with each form of treatment having benefits and limitations.

Olympic legacy: Tackling the 'East London Diabetes Belt' is a major challenge
A study by Queen Mary, University of London researchers has shown the scale of the challenge facing those in charge of delivering the Olympic legacy.

Chewing ability linked to reduced dementia risk
Can you bite into an apple? If so, you are more likely to maintain mental abilities, according to new research from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden.

DRI scientist to co-lead field work, sampling on NASA Astrobiology Institute search for life
Dr. Duane Moser, a research scientist at Nevada's Desert Research Institute, will join an interdisciplinary team of 20 researchers and scientists from around the globe on a unique mission funded last month by the prestigious NASA Astrobiology Institute.

More certainty on uncertainty's quantum mechanical role
Researchers from the University of Toronto have gathered the most direct experimental evidence that Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle is wrong.

Clot-busting enzymes are working 2 jobs
The body's blood clot-busting enzymes are much busier than previously imagined, with new research showing that they also dispose of every cell that dies prematurely from disease or trauma.

14 new biomarkers identified for type 2 diabetes
Researchers of the German Institute of Human Nutrition and the Max Delbrueck Center have identified 14 novel biomarkers for type 2 diabetes.

Northern conifers youngest of the species
Dramatic shifts in the planet's climate and geography over millions of years changed the course of evolutionary history for conifer trees, according to a Yale paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

VIMS researchers unravel life cycle of blue-crab parasite
Professor Jeff Shields and colleagues at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science have succeeded in their 15-year effort to unravel the life history of Hematodinium, a single-celled parasite that afflicts blue crabs and is of growing concern to aquaculture operations and wild fisheries around the world.

Argentina heart attack death rate nearly halved over 15 years
Mortality caused by myocardial infarction has decreased by 44% over the last 15 years in Argentina, according to new research which will be presented during the 38th Argentine Congress of Cardiology.

$108 million awarded to strengthen health communication capacity in developing countries
USAID awarded the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health's Center for Communication Programs a five-year, $108 million global health communication project to assist developing countries as they lead their own projects to promote healthier behaviors.

There's no place like home -- For dialysis
Home hemodialysis could allow patients to enjoy increased freedom, quality of life, greater ability to travel, and tangible health improvements.

Improving confidence keeps breast cancer survivors exercising
More than 40 percent of older breast cancer survivors are insufficiently active after leaving a supervised program.

2012 Popular Mechanics Breakthrough awardees announced
Popular Mechanics has announced its 2012 Breakthrough Awards. Awardees include three teams whose work received critical support from the National Science Foundation.

BWH researchers discover genetic risk for uterine fibroids
Researchers detected genetic variants that are significantly associated with uterine fibroid status in a span of three genes including FASN which encodes a protein called FAS.

Smithsonian takes a unique look at how the 'age of man' has created an age of change
The world is changing at a rapid pace. Scientists have documented significant changes during the last century in climate, land-use and biodiversity that are unprecedented over the last thousand years.

AGU 2012 Fall Meeting media advisory 2
This media advisory contains pertinent information for journalists covering the 2012 AGU Fall Meeting.

2nd annual UC Riverside Climate Change Fair to take place on Oct. 13
Last year, more than 600 people came to the University of California, Riverside for the first-ever Refresh Riverside! is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to