Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 05, 2012
Mount Sinai researchers find mechanism of opiate addiction is completely different from other drugs
Chronic morphine exposure has the opposite effect on the brain compared to cocaine in mice, providing new insight into the basis of opiate addiction, according to Mount Sinai School of Medicine researchers.

A white mouse
Mice with black fur that turns white? Specialist cancer researchers from Inserm, CNRS, the Institut Curie and the Université Paris-Sud have taken steps to better understand the development of skin cells responsible for pigmentation (known as melanocytes).

NASA to upgrade vital communications link
Technicians and engineers are completing final system checks and spacecraft inspections on the first of NASA's third-generation Tracking and Data Relay Satellites (TDRS).

Scratching the surface: Stanford engineers examine UV effects on skin mechanics
Using mechanical stress testing methods common in materials science, researchers at Stanford found that UV rays also change the way the outermost skin cells hold together and respond to strain.

Sun spits out a coronal mass ejection
At 11:24 p.m. EDT on Oct. 4, 2012, the sun unleashed a coronal mass ejection (CME).

TGen launches center for rare childhood disorders
The Translational Genomics Research Institute today announced the creation of a new center that could have life changing effects on the lives of potentially thousands of children and their families.

Pacemaker could help more heart failure patients
A new study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden demonstrates that a change in the ECG wave called the QRS prolongation is associated with a higher rate of heart-failure mortality.

Building 3-D structures from a 2-D template
In modern telecommunications, light carries digital information over kilometers within seconds.

Methadone reduces the risk of HIV transmission
Methadone reduces the risk of HIV transmission in people who inject drugs, as reported by an international team of researchers in a paper published today in the online edition of the British Medical Journal.

Non-native plants show a greater response than native wildflowers to climate change
Warming temperatures in Ohio are a key driver behind changes in the state's landscape, and non-native plant species appear to be responding more strongly than native wildflowers to the changing climate, new research suggests.

NASA satellites indicate wind shear taking toll on Oscar
Satellite data is showing that northwesterly wind shear is taking a toll on Tropical Storm Oscar in the central Atlantic and it is expected to dissipate the storm late on Oct.

Southampton professor wins international grant to explore the start of time
A University of Southampton professor is the only UK recipient of a research grant to explore the laws of physics at the beginning of time.

Mosquito genetics may offer clues to malaria control, Virginia Tech researchers say
Closely related African mosquito species originated the ability to transmit human malaria multiple times during their recent evolution.

NASA's HS3 mission thoroughly investigates long-lived Hurricane Nadine
NASA's Hurricane and Severe Storm Sentinel or HS3 scientists had a fascinating tropical cyclone to study in long-lived Hurricane Nadine.

NASA sees very strong wind shear battering Tropical Storm Gaemi
It is easy to see the effect of the strong northeasterly wind shear battering Tropical Storm Gaemi in satellite imagery from NASA.

HIV helps explain rise of anal cancer in US males
The increase in anal cancer incidence in the U.S. between 1980 and 2005 was greatly influenced by HIV infections in males, but not females, according to a study published October 5 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Go west, young lion
A new study from the Wildlife Conservation Society and the University of Nevada in collaboration with the Nevada Department of Wildlife has identified two genetically distinct populations of mountain lions in California and Nevada and discovered -- to the surprise of scientists -- that portions of Nevada's Great Basin Desert are serving as a

University of Houston engineering professor receives $2.1 million grant for cancer research
A University of Houston engineering researcher has received a $2.1 million grant from the NIH to study the best ways to modify human immune cells to fight against cancer.

Benzodiazepine use and dementia in the over 65s
Benzodiazepines are prescribed to treat symptoms of anxiety and sleeping disorders.

NJIT mathematician receives NSF grant to study interaction of skin and surfactants
NJIT Associate Professor Yuan-Nan Young has been awarded a three-year, $212,000 National Science Foundation grant to mathematically model how surfactants interact with the skin's lipid bi-layer.

Weather-making high-pressure systems predicted to intensify
High-pressure systems over oceans, which largely determine the tracks of tropical cyclones and hydrological extremes in much of the northern hemisphere, are likely to intensify this century, according to a Duke University-led study.

How will smart cars affect the future of driving?
California, Nevada, and Florida have already made driverless cars street-legal, and continuing advances in the technology have led many to predict that the commercialization of automated vehicles is a real possibility in the not-so-distant future.

Using less gas and oil to get where you're going
A quick pit-stop at the gas station is enough to put a good dent in your wallet.

Freezing water droplets form sharp ice peaks
Photos reveal how water droplets placed on a cold surface freeze to a sharp point that sprouts a

CU-Boulder hardware to fly on first-ever NASA-contracted resupply mission to space station
A University of Colorado Boulder space center is providing hardware and technical support for scientific experiments aboard the first-ever NASA-contracted resupply flight to the International Space Station, slated for launch Oct.

Genotyping helps identify source of clinic infection outbreak
Researchers from East Carolina University used a new technique of genotyping to identify the source of a hematology clinic outbreak of Mycobacterium mucogenicum, a gram-positive, acid-fast bacteria found in tap water.

University of Houston engineering professor wins NSF CAREER grant
A sixth junior faculty member in the University of Houston's engineering school has received a prestigious NSF CAREER grant.

Breakthrough study identifies trauma switch
Researchers from the University of Exeter Medical School have for the first time identified the mechanism that protects us from developing uncontrollable fear.

Whether we like someone affects how our brain processes movement
Whether you like someone can affect how your brain processes their movement, according to new research from the Brain and Creativity Institute at USC.

NASA notes Nadine now no more
Twenty-three days after Nadine was born, the tropical cyclone's life came to an end in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean.

Inventor of world's smallest probe on nano scale receives NJIT top honor
NJIT research professor Reginald C. Farrow, Ph.D., who with his research team have discovered how to make nanoscale arrays of the world's smallest probe for investigating the electrical properties of individual living cells was awarded yesterday, Oct.

BUSM study investigates genetic variants' role in increasing Parkinson's disease risk
Boston University School of Medicine investigators have led the first genome-wide evaluation of genetic variants associated with Parkinson's disease (PD).

NASA's Swift satellite discovers a new black hole in our galaxy
NASA's Swift satellite recently detected a rising tide of high-energy X-rays from a source toward the center of our Milky Way galaxy.

MBL Woods Hole signs cooperative agreement with Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology
Through an Agreement on Scientific Cooperation, announced today, Okinawa Institute of Science & Technology Graduate University and the Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, will seek to establish mutually beneficial collaborations to benefit their students and scientists, including staff exchanges, exchange of scientific/technological information and research materials, and joint research activities.

Wayne State receives NSF funding to improve patient-centered medical home models
Kai Yang, Ph.D., professor of industrial and systems engineering in the College of Engineering at Wayne State University, has received a collaborative research grant from the National Science Foundation for the project,

Low incidence of needlestick injuries among staff at national pharmacy chain
Vaccinations for flu, tetanus and other common vaccines are increasingly taking place in non-medical settings such as supermarkets and drug stores.

Essential oils as antigerminants for the storage of potatoes
One of the critical moments in the final quality of the potato occurs during its storage, as there exists the risk of sprouting or rotting due to pathogenic agents such as bacteria and fungi.

NASA satellites indicate wind shear taking toll on Oscar
Satellite data is showing that northwesterly wind shear is taking a toll on Tropical Storm Oscar in the central Atlantic and it is expected to dissipate the storm late on Oct.

Testing can be useful for students and teachers, promoting long-term learning
While testing can be useful as an assessment tool, research from psychological science suggests that the actual process of taking a test can also help us to learn and retain new information over the long term and apply it across different contexts.

'Disgusted' rats teaching scientists about nausea, work may lead to new cancer treatments
Nausea is a common and distressing side effect of many drugs and treatments.

Tree nut research may unexpectedly lead to medical advances
Prescription drugs that today help patients fight severe fungal infections might tomorrow be even more effective, thanks to unexpected findings from agriculture-based, food-safety-focused studies by US Department of Agriculture scientists and their colleagues.

Get with the computer program
From email to Twitter, blogs to word processors, computer programs provide countless communications opportunities.

Mechanism of aerosol aging identified
Atmospheric aerosol particles have a significant effect on climate. An international team of researchers has now discovered that a chemical process in the atmosphere called aging determines to a major extent the concentration and the characteristics of aerosol particles.

Superheroes needed to tackle timebomb of public health challenges
Public health

MIT research: What number is halfway between 1 and 9? Is it 5 -- or 3?
A new information-theoretical model of human sensory perception and memory sheds light on some peculiarities of the nervous system.

Getting NASA's SDO into focus
From Sept. 6-29, 2012, NASA's Solar Dynamic Observatory (SDO) moved into its semi-annual eclipse season, a time when Earth blocks the telescope's view of the sun for a period of time each day.

HHS recognizes Boston Children's kidney transplant program as a top transplant program
The Department of Health and Human Services has recognized Boston Children's Hospital's Kidney Transplant Program as a national leader in its field.

Latest brain research findings streamed live, online
There will be live press conference video from Neuroscience 2012, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news on brain science and health.

Urban coyotes could be setting the stage for larger carnivores to move into cities
Coyotes are the largest of the mammalian carnivores to have made their way to, and thrived in, urban settings.

HIV drug shows efficacy in treating mouse models of HER2+ breast cancer
The HIV protease inhibitor, Nelfinavir, can be used to treat HER2-positive breast cancer in the same capacity and dosage regimen that it is used to treat HIV, according to a study published October 5 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Uppsala researchers looking for life outside our solar system
Astronomers at Uppsala University in Sweden will receive a grant of more than SEK 23 million from the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation to search and analyze atmospheres surrounding earth-like exoplanets.

Origin of ultra-fast manipulation of domain walls discovered
An international team of researchers has found at the free electron laser FLASH a surprising effect that leads in ferromagnetic materials to a spatially varying magnetization manipulation on an ultrafast timescale.

NASA notes Nadine now no more
Twenty-three days after Nadine was born, the tropical cyclone's life came to an end in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean.

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health awards Dean's Medal to William Foege
Michael J. Klag, M.D., M.P.H., dean of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, has awarded the Dean's Medal -- the School's highest honor -- to William Foege, M.D., M.P.H.
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