Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 12, 2012
Scientists uncover diversion of Gulf Stream path in late 2011
The Gulf Stream made an unusual move well north of its normal path in late October and early November 2011, causing warmer-than-usual ocean temperatures along the New England continental shelf, according to physical oceanographers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

New study to combat the most common form of liver cancer
Scientists at the University of Southampton are to investigate the best way to use natural killer cells to target the most common form of liver cancer.

The worst noises in the world: Why we recoil at unpleasant sounds
Heightened activity between the emotional and auditory parts of the brain explains why the sound of chalk on a blackboard or a knife on a bottle is so unpleasant.

UMass Amherst neuroscientist wins Beach Award
Named after a founder of the field, the award will be presented during the society's annual meeting this week in New Orleans.

Scientists identify mammal model of bladder regeneration
A mammal model of true organ regeneration may help scientists better understand this process so that they can prompt the regeneration of human organs.

OU Outreach achieves $20 million in grants to address school reform and improvement
To help address education initiatives and student achievement goals in the region, the University of Oklahoma Outreach is the recipient of two grants totaling almost $20 million from the US Department of Education.

Scientists discover that shape matters in DNA nanoparticle therapy
Researchers from Johns Hopkins and Northwestern universities have discovered how to control the shape of nanoparticles that move DNA through the body and have shown that the shapes of these carriers may make a big difference in how well they work in treating cancer and other diseases.

NIH launches free database of drugs associated with liver injury
A free source of evidence-based information for health care professionals and for researchers studying liver injury associated with prescription and over-the-counter drugs, herbals, and dietary supplements is now available from the National Institutes of Health.

Quiz, already used in elderly, could determine death risk for kidney dialysis patients of all ages
A simple six-question quiz, typically used to assess disabilities in the elderly, could help doctors determine which kidney dialysis patients of any age are at the greatest risk of death, new Johns Hopkins research suggests.

USADA's chief science officer publishes editorial on anti-dope testing in sport: History and science
Lance Armstrong's doping scandal may be considered by U.S. Anti-Doping Agency as

Stem cells from muscle tissue may hold key to cell therapies for neurodegenerative diseases
Scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have taken the first steps to create neural-like stem cells from muscle tissue in animals.

A complex logic circuit made from bacterial genes
Engineer Tae Seok Moon has assembled the most complex logic circuit yet assembled in a single bacterium.

VCU researchers uncover molecular basis of infection of tick-transmitted disease
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine researchers have identified the

Development of 2 tests for rapid diagnosis of resistance to antibiotics
Two new tests capable of rapidly diagnosing resistance to wide-spectrum antibiotics have just been developed by Inserm Unit 914

Prostate cancer: Curcumin curbs metastases
Powdered turmeric has been used for centuries to treat osteoarthritis and other illnesses.

Cells control energy metabolism via hedgehog signalling pathway
Scientists have discovered a novel diabetes and obesity therapy, and a potential cause of major side effects from hedgehog inhibitors used as a cancer treatment.

Folic acid, vitamins B6 and 12 do not affect colorectal adenoma risk
Combined folic acid, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 supplements had no statistically significant effect on the risk of colorectal adenoma among women who were at high risk for cardiovascular disease, according to a study published Oct.

Report -- illegal hunting and trade of wildlife in savanna Africa may cause conservation crisis
A new report published today by Panthera confirms that widespread illegal hunting and the bushmeat trade occur more frequently and with greater impact on wildlife populations in the Southern and Eastern savannas of Africa than previously thought, and if unaddressed could potentially cause a 'conservation crisis.' The report challenges previously held beliefs of the impact of illegal bushmeat hunting and trade in Africa with new data from experts.

Canada's leading public policy think-tank names John Dobra senior fellow
John Dobra, associate professor of economics at the University of Nevada, Reno College of Business, has been named the newest senior fellow of the Fraser Institute, Canada's leading public policy think-tank.

Automated weather stations drive groundbreaking low-cost micro-insurance plan for Rwanda's farmers
On Thursday, Oct. 11 over 20,000 farmers in the southern and western provinces were the first farmers in Rwanda to be covered under a new low-cost agricultural insurance program.

X-ray satellites monitor the clashing winds of a colossal binary
Cygnus OB2 hosts some 3,000 hot stars. NASA's Swift satellite, the European Space Agency's XMM-Newton observatory and several ground-based facilities took part in a campaign to monitor the system as the giant stars raced toward their closest approach.

Neuroscientists from Louisiana Tech University to present at international conference
Dr. Mark DeCoster, the James E. Wyche III Endowed Professor in Biomedical Engineering at Louisiana Tech University, will lead a team of Louisiana Tech neuroscientists in presenting a lecture at the Society for Neuroscience's annual meeting, Oct.

Exposure to traffic air pollution in infancy impairs lung function in children
Exposure to ambient air pollution from traffic during infancy is associated with lung function deficits in children up to eight years of age, particularly among children sensitized to common allergens, according to a new study.

Study of research manuscript submissions shows initial rejection may lead to higher impact
A large-scale survey of the process for submitting research papers to scientific journals has revealed a surprising pattern: manuscripts that were turned down by one journal and published in another received significantly more citations than those that were published by the first journal to receive them.

Scientists identify trigger for explosive volcanic eruptions
Scientists from the University of Southampton have identified a repeating trigger for the largest explosive volcanic eruptions on Earth.

The body's own recycling system
Times of distress literally eat away at the core of starving cells: They start to digest their own parts and recycle them for metabolic purposes.

'Invisibility' could be a key to better electronics
An MIT team applies technology developed for visual 'cloaking' to enable more efficient transfer of electrons.

Treatment of obstructive sleep apnea improves blood pressure in men
A new study suggests that when prescribed by physicians in routine practice and used appropriately by patients, treatment for obstructive sleep apnea could reduce blood pressure in men with hypertension.

NASA sees some strength in Tropical Storm Patty's brief debut
Tropical Depression 16 formed on Oct. 11 and by 5 p.m.

Blood cells may offer telltale clues in cancer diagnosis
Researchers from Dartmouth's Geisel School of Medicine and colleagues probe the potential use of blood cell variation as a diagnostic, predictive, and research tool in cancer biology.

NASA spots first tropical cyclone of southern indian ocean season
The very first tropical cyclone of the Southern Indian Ocean season has been born, and NASA's TRMM satellite captured an image of its rainfall.

New report shows educated young adults moving to Pittsburgh region in pursuit of job opportunities
Despite Pittsburgh's mass exodus of young people in the 1980s, data released today by the University of Pittsburgh's University Center for Social and Urban Research and PittsburghTODAY show that over the past five years Pittsburgh has seen a seven percent influx of young people ages 20-34.

Smoking may lead to cataracts in aging population
Cigarette smoking is a well-known risk factor for a wide-range of diseases.

Veterans are at higher risk of alcohol abuse relapse due to smoking
In a new study published in Frontiers, Dr. Timothy Durazzo and colleagues from the San Francisco VA Medical Center and University of California, San Francisco, expand upon their decade of research showing that smoking while kicking the alcohol habit impairs memory, learning and other cognitive skills--ultimately making it more difficult to weather the long storm of sobriety.

VCU study: Evidence of fall spawning by Atlantic sturgeon in Virginia river
Scientists studying the Atlantic sturgeon, one of the oldest species of fish in the world, have found evidence that the James River population in Virginia spawns in the fall, according to scientists at the Virginia Commonwealth University Center for Environmental Studies and VCU Rice Center.

GMES for Europe
The potential of GMES for crisis management and environmental monitoring is highlighted in a new publication with users demonstrating the importance of Earth observation data to European regions.

NASA sees heaviest rainfall near Typhoon Prapiroon's center
NASA measured light-to-moderate rainfall occurring throughout Typhoon Prapiroon, with just a small area of heavy rain near the storm's center is it tracks through the western North Pacific Ocean.

Kidney grafts function longer in Europe than in the United States
Kidney transplants performed in Europe are considerably more successful in the long run than those performed in the United States.

Is moderate alcohol intake associated with risk of atrial fibrillation among patients with CVD?
An analysis of the association of alcohol consumption with the development of atrial fibrillation among subjects with coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes, or other manifestations of cardiovascular disease (CVD) was based on subjects in two large antihypertensive drug treatment trials.

New weapons detail reveals true depth of Cuban Missile Crisis
The Cuban Missile Crisis took place 50 years ago this October, when US and Soviet leaders pulled back from the very brink of nuclear war.

$4 million awarded to Case Western Reserve to develop cutting-edge structural biology instrument
Led by a grant from the National Science Foundation, Mark Chance, Ph.D., director of the Center for Proteomics and Bioinformatics at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, has been awarded four million dollars for work with the National Synchrotron Light Source II at Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York.

Surgery or radiation, not monitoring, most often sought for low-risk prostate cancer, Mayo finds
Mayo Clinic urologists will discuss findings on enlarged prostates, bladder cancer and other research and will be available to provide expert comment to journalists on others' studies.
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