Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 15, 2012
Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about an article being published in the Oct.

How does Pakistani media consumption affect opinions on violence?
University of Akron political science professor Karl Kaltenthaler received a $276,000 grant from the US Department of State to study the relationship between media consumption in Pakistan and beliefs about the legitimacy of Islamist violence.

Sick doctors returning to work struggle with feelings of shame and failure
Doctors who have been on long term sick leave find it hard to return to work because they are overwhelmed with feelings of shame and failure, and fear the disapproval of colleagues, finds research published in the online journal BMJ Open.

Actionable alarm or crying wolf? Johns Hopkins safety team honored for reducing clinical alarms
The ECRI Institute has named The Johns Hopkins Hospital winner of the 2012 Health Devices Achievement Award for its efforts to enhance patient safety by reducing non-critical bedside alarms.

Realizing the potential of stem cell therapy
New animal studies provide additional support for investigating stem cell treatments for Parkinson's disease, head trauma, and dangerous heart problems that accompany spinal cord injury, according to research findings released today.

Evolving microbes help Iowa State engineers turn bio-oil into advanced biofuels
A research team led by Iowa State University's Laura Jarboe is working to develop hungry, robust microbes that can ferment biofuels from the bio-oil produced by rapidly heating biomass such as corn stalks and sawdust.

Scratching the surface of psoriasis
In a study published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers led by Manfred Kopf at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich, Switzerland found that mice lacking interleukin-36 were protected from immune-mediated skin inflammation.

UNH scientists provide window on space radiation hazards
Astrophysicists from the University of New Hampshire's Space Science Center have created the first online system for predicting and forecasting the radiation environment in near-Earth, lunar, and Martian space environments.

New research moves York scientists closer to lung cancer blood test
Early signs of lung cancer could be diagnosed using a simple blood test following a new discovery by scientists at the University of York.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Anais headed near La Reunion Island
Tropical Cyclone Anais, the first tropical cyclone of the Southern Indian Ocean's tropical cyclone season, has strengthened over the weekend of Oct.

Einstein establishes the Paul F. Glenn Center for the Biology of Human Aging Research
Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University has received a $3 million grant from the Glenn Foundation for Medical Research to establish the Paul F.

Soccer scores a health hat trick for hypertensive men
Playing soccer (football) could be the best way for people with high blood pressure (hypertension) to improve their fitness and normalise their blood pressure, says research from Universities of Exeter and Copenhagen, and Gentofte University Hospital in Denmark, published in the journal Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.

Tropical cyclones are occurring more frequently than before
Are there more tropical cyclones now than in the past?

Study shows fit elderly patients should be considered for therapy
Until there are more validated biomarkers to direct treatment decisions, many physicians use patient age to decide what therapy to give their patients.

SURA to honor Task Force for American Innovation
The Southeastern Universities Research Association today announced that the Task Force for American Innovation would receive SURA's 2012 Distinguished Friend of Science Award during its Board meeting on Nov.

NCAR-Wyoming Supercomputing Center opens: First science begins
The NCAR-Wyoming Supercomputing Center, which houses one of the world's most powerful supercomputers dedicated to the geosciences, officially opens today.

Can vaccines be delivered via the lungs instead of by injection?
In addition to the obvious benefit of eliminating the need for an injection, new vaccine delivery methods via the lungs offer particular advantages for protecting against infectious agents that enter the body through the respiratory track.

Even your fat cells need sleep, according to new research
Challenging the old notion that the function of sleep is to rest the brain, researchers show that not getting enough sleep can harm fat cells, reducing by 30 percent their ability to respond to insulin, a hormone that regulates energy.

NIH-funded study to test pneumococcal vaccine in older adults
Researchers plan to see if a higher dose of a pneumococcal vaccine will create a stronger immune response in older adults who received an earlier generation vaccine against pneumonia and other pneumococcal diseases.

HPV vaccination not associated with increased sexual activity among girls
The human papillomavirus vaccine known as Gardasil is not associated with an increase in pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, or contraceptive counseling, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published online today in the journal Pediatrics.

23andMe compares family history and genetic tests for predicting complex disease risk
A 23andMe mathematical model shows family history and genetic tests offer different strengths, suggesting combined family history and genetics improve disease risk prediction, as published online in PLOS Genetics.

Bacterial protein in house dust spurs asthma according to NIH study
A bacterial protein in common house dust may worsen allergic responses to indoor allergens, according to research conducted by the National Institutes of Health and Duke University.

Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials, 12th edition, 5 volume set
Since its inception in the early 1950's, these volumes have become an essential resource for those who need to evaluate the hazard of substances used in commerce.

Penn State receives $4.2 million for nanotechnology career development
Penn State will receive $4.2 million over the next three years from the National Science Foundation to continue the work of the National Nanotechnology Applications and Career Knowledge Network, founded at the university with a four-year grant from the NSF in 2008.

HHS, APIC, and SHEA honor Partnership in Prevention Award winner
The US Department of Health and Human Services, the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, and the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America today recognized the Saint Raphael Campus of Yale New Haven Hospital with the 2012 Partnership in Prevention Award for achieving the greatest sustainable improvements towards eliminating health-care-associated infections.

Wake Forest Baptist researcher pieces together AML prognosis puzzle
Timothy S. Pardee, M.D., Ph.D., an assistant professor of hematology and oncology at Wake Forest Baptist, said that previous studies of AML have shown that when patients express high levels of the MN1 gene, chemotherapy doesn't help as much and they die sooner from the disease.

Smoking in cars produces harmful pollutants at levels above WHO indoor air quality standards
Smoking during car journeys pumps harmful particulate matter into the indoor air space at levels that far exceed World Health Organization guidance -- even when the windows are open or air conditioning is switched on -- finds the largest study of its kind, in Tobacco Control.

Higher-dose use of certain statins often best for cholesterol issues
A comprehensive new review on how to treat high cholesterol and other blood lipid problems suggests that intensive treatment with high doses of statin drugs is usually the best approach.

University of Tennessee collaborates in study: Dire drought ahead, may lead to massive tree death
For most, to find evidence that recent years' droughts have been record-breaking, they need not look past the withering garden or lawn.

'Biggest Loser' study finds modest diet and exercise can sustain weight loss
Exercise and healthy eating reduce body fat and preserve muscle in adults better than diet alone, according to a study funded and conducted by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health.

Study suggests how expanding waistlines may contribute to cancer
Obesity is associated with increased risk of certain cancers, as well as with poor prognosis of a number of cancers.

Evolution mostly driven by brawn, not brains
The most common measure of intelligence in animals, brain size relative to body size, may not be as dependent on evolutionary selection on the brain as previously thought, according to a new analysis by scientists.

The Romans used Greek myths in their mosaics as symbols of civilization
Research that was coordinated at Carlos III University of Madrid (UC3M) analyzes the mythological images in Roman mosaics and shows that members of the most powerful elite selected Greek gods and heroes as symbols of universal values that reinforced what Rome stood for.

Genetic 'remix' key to evolution of bee behavior: York University research
Worker bees have become a highly skilled work force because the genes that determine their behavior are shuffled frequently, helping natural selection to build a better bee, research from York University suggests.

NASA satellite reveals some strong rainfall in meandering Typhoon Prapiroon
Typhoon Prapiroon has been meandering in the western North Pacific Ocean over the weekend of Oct.

Substandard, non-approved drugs put patients at risk
The recent outbreak of meningitis in the US -- and the subsequent deaths of 15 individuals -- has renewed scrutiny on the contemporary practice of pharmacy compounding.

Wide discrepancy in surveillance and control of infections in ICUs
Screening practices for multidrug-resistant organisms in intensive care units vary widely from hospital to hospital, according to a new study by researchers at Columbia University School of Nursing and published in the October 2012 issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

People with severe psoriasis nearly twice at risk for diabetes
An analysis of 27 studies linking psoriasis in 314,000 individuals with diabetes has found strong correlation between the scaly skin rash and the blood sugar disorder that predisposes patients to heart disease, say UC Davis researchers who led the review.

Study says VeriStrat predicts response but not survival benefit from erlotinib
A study, published in the November 2012 issue of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer's Journal of Thoracic Oncology, showed the plasma test VeriStrat can predict response but not survival benefit from erlotinib.

Advancing treatment for head and neck injury
Improving treatment and outcomes for people with life-threatening head and neck injuries is the aim of a comprehensive new book by one of Australia's eminent neurosurgeons.

LA BioMed's Dr. Virender Rehan studies maternal nicotine's effects on unborn children and asthma
Currently, there are approximately 25 million people in the United States who suffer from the lifelong effects of asthma, and the numbers are rising each year.

UW-Madison archaeologists to mount new expedition to Troy
Troy, the palatial city of prehistory, sacked by the Greeks through trickery and a fabled wooden horse, will be excavated anew beginning in 2013 by a cross-disciplinary team of archaeologists and other scientists, it was announced today (Monday, Oct.

Ebola antibody treatment, produced in plants, protects monkeys from lethal disease
A new Ebola virus study resulting from a widespread scientific collaboration has shown promising preliminary results, preventing disease in infected nonhuman primates using monoclonal antibodies.

Penn researchers find new way to prevent cracking in nanoparticle films
Making uniform coatings is a common engineering challenge, and, when working at the nanoscale, even the tiniest cracks or defects can be a big problem.

Plaque build-up in your brain may be more harmful than having Alzheimer's gene
A new study shows that having a high amount of beta amyloid or

Montreal researchers shed new light on cancer risks associated with night work
Night work can increase cancer risk in men, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology by a research team from Centre INRS -- Institut Armand-Frappier and Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal.

U-M, other universities launch Great Lakes protection project
The University of Michigan and 20 other US and Canadian universities will join forces to propose a set of long-term research and policy priorities to help protect and restore the Great Lakes and to train the next generation of scientists, attorneys, planners and policy specialists who will study them.

IU scientists identify compounds that could thwart post-traumatic stress disorder
A brain pathway that is stimulated by traumatic or fearful experiences can be disrupted by two compounds that show promise for preventing post-traumatic stress disorder, Indiana University researchers reported.

The voices in older literature speak differently today
When we read a text, we hear a voice talking to us.

New merciful treatment method for children with brain tumors
Children who undergo brain radiation therapy run a significant risk of suffering from permanent neurocognitive adverse effects.

Protein could be key for drugs that promote bone growth
Georgia Health Sciences University researchers, Dr. Xingming Shi, bone biologist at the GHSU Institute of Molecular Medicine and Genetics and GHSU Graduate Student Guodong Pan, have developed a mouse that errs on the side of making bone rather than fat, which could eventually lead to better drugs to treat inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.

Researchers win $5 million grant for program to keep families together
A $5 million federal grant has been awarded to University of Connecticut researchers working with state and private agencies on new methods of supportive housing aimed at keeping at-risk families together.

Young people driving epidemic of prescription drug abuse
A new study by the University of Colorado Denver reveals that today's adolescents are abusing prescription drugs at a rate 40 percent higher than previous generations.

Fearful flyers willing to pay more and alter flight plans, according to travel study
The researchers found that these flyers were less sensitive to price changes and that they were more willing to pay for a flight with their home carrier, rather than a foreign carrier or a charter so that they could communicate freely with the crew in their own familiar language.

Anticipated new journal, eLife, publishes first articles
The eLife journal website is set for launch by the end of 2012, but the first collection of articles was released today -- listed at the eLife Web site with the full content available at the online archive of the US National Library of Medicine, PubMed Central, and its mirror sites including UKPMC.

Evidence does not support 3-strikes law as crime deterrent
Contrary to what police, politicians and the public believe about the effectiveness of California's three-strikes law, research by a University of California, Riverside criminologist has found that the get-tough-on-criminals policy voters approved in 1994 has done nothing to reduce the crime rate.

BMC to implement training programs to address alcohol and other drug use
Boston Medical Center was awarded a two-year grant from the Massachusetts Department of Public Health's Bureau of Substance Abuse Services to train, mentor and coach Massachusetts health-care providers and others about how to incorporate screening and intervention for unhealthy alcohol and other drug use into their practices.

Penn researchers find new way to mimic the color and texture of butterfly wings
The colors of a butterfly's wings are unusually bright and beautiful and are the result of an unusual trait; the way they reflect light is fundamentally different from how color works most of the time.

Cell growth protein Ras forms a 'pair' on the cell membrane
Bochum biophysicists in collaboration with the MPI Dortmund have for the first time measured the orientation of the Ras protein bound to the cell membrane.

Unknown translation of modern Arabic classic discovered and published
A previously unknown Swedish translation of the Egyptian author Taha Husein's famous autobiography al-Ayyam (The Days) has been found by Goran Larsson, professor of religious studies at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, after having spent 60 years in an archive box.

Study identifies characteristics of sunbed users, motivation for tanning
A telephone survey of 4,851 individuals in Germany suggests the overall prevalence of sunbed use was nearly 40 percent for participants who had ever used one and 14.6 percent had used a tanning bed within the last 12 months.

Antibiotic contamination a threat to humans and the environment
Researchers from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, spend August in Sisimiut on the west coast of Greenland studying the prevalence of antibiotic resistance and the effects of antibiotic emissions on communities of bacteria living in marine sediments.

Developing brain is source of stability and instability in adolescence
Scientists presented new research today on how the brain develops during the dynamic and vulnerable transition period from childhood to adulthood.

Companies should use caution when using unpopular puzzle interviews
In today's tough job market, more job-seekers could be facing interview questions like this: Why are manholes round?

Physicists crack another piece of the glass puzzle
When it comes to physics, glass lacks transparency. No one has been able to see what's happening at the molecular level as a super-cooled liquid approaches the glass state -- until now.

NASA eyes Tropical Storm Rafael battering the Leeward Islands
While the Leeward Islands continue to get battered by Tropical Storm Rafael, a Tropical Storm Watch is posted for Bermuda as Rafael continues to move through the eastern Atlantic Ocean.

NASA watching Hurricane Paul, warnings up for Baja California
Tropical cyclones seem to love forming over weekends, Rafael formed over the weekend in the Atlantic, Anais in the Southern Indian Ocean and Hurricane Paul in the eastern Pacific Ocean.

Of mice and men
A known drug, imatinib, can be used to treat a highly aggressive type of lymphoma.

Another advance on the road to spintronics
Using a new technique called HARPES, for Hard x-ray Angle-Resolved PhotoEmission Spectroscopy, Berkeley Lab researchers have unlocked the ferromagnetic secrets of dilute magnetic semiconductors, materials of great interest for spintronic technology.

Urgent need for tuberculosis vaccines; experts report progress, obstacles in growing drug resistance
Drawing on recent findings of a significant rise in cases of drug-resistant tuberculosis in the UK and globally, top TB researchers at a briefing today in London called for greater focus on the quest for new vaccines--a crucial long-term, cost-effective method for addressing the growing threat.

Computer interventions on college drinking don't last
Colleges have increased use of computer-delivered interventions to provide alcohol counseling because they can reach more students while using fewer resources.

IU Kelley School study: CEO and chair roles shouldn't be split unless completely necessary
In a challenge to prevailing wisdom that CEO and board chair positions should be held by two different people as

Innovative research projects aim to prevent preterm birth
Five innovative research projects aiming to prevent premature birth were announced today by the Global Alliance to Prevent Prematurity and Stillbirth, an initiative of Seattle Children's.

'Treasure trove' of film records unlocks history of British Cinema
A film historian at Queen Mary, University of London has been uncovering the secret past of British cinema in a private collection of production records for thousands of films, including such iconic titles as Dr No, The African Queen, and Zulu.

Study suggests men diagnosed with ADHD as children had worse outcomes as adults
Men who were diagnosed as children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) appeared to have significantly worse educational, occupational, economic and social outcomes in a 33-year, follow-up study that compared them with men without childhood ADHD

Chicago-area hospitals collaborate to form first network for adults with congenital heart disease
Seven major academic medical centers and teaching hospitals in the Chicago area have joined together to form the Chicago Adult Congenital Heart Network, which is the first patient-centered, inter-institutional network in Chicago established to ensure all adults with congenital heart disease in the area receive appropriate follow-up care.

Native plant fares well in pilot green roof research study
In a UC pilot study of plants best suited for the region's green roofs, the North American native, nodding wild onion, and a sedum commonly known as goldmoss sedum were the most likely to survive both heat and little rainfall, conditions common to Southwest Ohio's summer months.

Weight loss surgery may be associated with increased substance use following surgery
Patients who undergo bariatric weight loss surgery may be at increased risk for substance use (drug use, alcohol use and cigarette smoking) following surgery, particularly among patients who undergo laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery who appear to be at increased risk for alcohol use following surgery.

The tomboy in manga for teens: Kaleidoscopic bodily styles
Manga -- a style of comics from Japan -- questions stereotypical depictions of masculine and feminine bodily styles.

Study shows revisions in MPM staging system might be needed in future
A study, published in the November 2012 issue of the IASLC'S Journal of Thoracic Oncology, reports the current staging system by and large appropriately distinguishes among T and N categories and overall stages but also highlights areas for potential revision.

Aggregation of proteins in cells may result in diseases
Changes in the structure of proteins can lead to various diseases, such as Alzheimer's, type 2 diabetes and corneal dystrophy.

Research project to chronicle life of oil magnate 'Mr. 5 Percent'
The Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation has awarded the University of Southampton £300, 000 to research and write the biography of its founder.

Replicating risk genes in bipolar disorder
Scientists at King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry have now performed one of the largest ever genetic replication studies of bipolar affective disorder, with 28,000 subjects recruited from 36 different research centers.

Traditional courtyards: an example of eco-efficiency for architects
Researchers from the University of Seville (Spain) have used mathematical tools to assess what has been known for centuries: the temperature inside the typical Mediterranean courtyard is cooler than that of the street.

Prebiotic may help patients with intestinal failure grow new and better gut
Adding the right prebiotic to the diets of pediatric patients with intestinal failure could replace intravenous feeding, says a new University of Illinois study.

Gold nanoparticle prostate cancer treatment found safe in dogs, MU study shows
Scientists at the University of Missouri have proven that a new form of prostate cancer treatment that uses radioactive gold nanoparticles, and was developed at MU, is safe to use in dogs.

UCLA researchers reveal how 'cleaving' protein drives tumor growth in prostate, other cancers
Researchers led by Tanya Stoyanova and Dr. Owen Witte of UCLA's Eli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research have determined how a protein known as Trop2 drives the growth of tumor cells in prostate and other epithelial cancers.

NASA sees mostly moderate rainfall in Tropical Storm Maria
Tropical Storm Maria was born in the western North Pacific Ocean and has a large area of moderate rainfall, as NASA's TRMM satellite revealed today, Oct.

No fear: Why teens are likelier to take gambles
A new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers and their colleagues finds that adolescents commonly take more risks than younger children and adults because they are more willing to accept risks when consequences are unknown, rather than because they are attracted to danger, as often assumed.

NYU study finds that fathers matter when it comes to their teenager's sexual behavior
A new study by New York University professor Vincent Guilamo-Ramos and colleagues from the CDC suggests that fathers' parenting behavior influences the sexual behavior of their adolescent children, but most parent-based research has neglected to examine the specific role of fathers.

PNAS study: Language structure arises from balance of clear and effective communication
In this study, researchers demonstrate that when learning a new language, we automatically organize words into sentences that will be both clearly understood and efficient (quick) to communicate.

New research reveals more about how the brain processes facial expressions and emotions
Research released today helps reveal how human and primate brains process and interpret facial expressions, and the role of facial mimicry in everything from deciphering an unclear smile to establishing relationships of power and status.

Study sheds light on role of exercise and androgens such as testosterone on nerve damage repair
A study by researchers from Emory University and Indiana University found that the beneficial effects daily exercise can have on the regeneration of nerves also require androgens such as testosterone in both males and females.

Social contact can ease pain related to nerve damage, animal study suggests
Companionship has the potential to reduce pain linked to nerve damage, according to a new study.

Does motherhood dampen cocaine's effects?
Mother rats respond much differently to cocaine than female rats that have never given birth, according to new research that looks at both behavior and brain chemistry.

'Mother's kiss' safe and effective for removing foreign objects from children's noses
A technique called the

WSU finds missing link between mental health disorders and chronic diseases in Iraq war refugees
Wayne State University School of Medicine researchers may have discovered why people exposed to war are at increased risk to develop chronic problems like heart disease years later.

One foot from the grave!
You won't believe it! Archaeologists who led Search for King Richard III reveal Victorian builders came within inches of destroying human remains.

University of Maryland School of Medicine scientists develop stem cell model for hereditary disease
Scientists at the University of Maryland School of Medicine reprogrammed stem cells to develop into cells that are genetically similar to and react to drugs in a similar way as cells from patients with Gaucher disease.

University of Tennessee study confirms solar wind as source for moon water
Three years ago University of Tennessee, Knoxville, researchers helped to discover water on the surface of the moon.

New findings could help speed recovery, alleviate pain associated with spinal cord injury
Research released today demonstrates how new scientific knowledge is driving innovative treatments for spinal cord injuries.

New approaches in the treatment of alcohol dependence
Based on expanding neurobiological knowledge, intriguing research is under way to use brain findings to develop innovative treatments including not only novel pharmacological interventions but also non-pharmacological treatment strategies such as motor rehabilitation, environmental enrichment, and Deep Brain Stimulation.

GW School of Public Health and Health Services faculty members elected to Institute of Medicine
For the first time in The George Washington University History two faculty members from the Department of Health Policy at the School of Public Health and Health Services are elected simultaneously to the Institute of Medicine.

Bicycle helmets prevent fatal head injuries
Cyclists who died of a head injury were three times as likely to not be wearing a helmet compared with those who died of other injuries, according to a study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

Workshop on How America Invents Act will affect best business practices
George Mason University will host a workshop Friday designed for inventors, engineering and intellectual property managers, and attorneys advising inventors and business leaders to mitigate their risks, protect their inventions and adapt their R&D and business practices to the new law.

A better way to prevent deadly blood clots?
A computerized checklist system designed to help physicians identify and use the best methods of preventing potentially deadly blood clots in hospitalized trauma patients dramatically reduced the number of these dangerous venous thromboembolisms, new Johns Hopkins research suggests.

Mystery of nematode pest-resistant soybeans cracked by MU scientists
The secrets of nematode resistant soybean plants are finally coming to light.

School-wide interventions improve student behavior
New report finds that certain types of school-wide behavior programs significantly reduced children's aggressive behaviors and improved problems with concentration and emotional regulation.

Neuroscientists find the molecular 'when' and 'where' of memory formation
Neuroscientists from NYU and the University of California, Irvine have isolated the

Study suggests intermittent binge drinking could cause significant brain impairment within months
A study of binge-drinking rodents suggests that knocking back a few drinks every few days may swiftly reduce one's capacity to control alcohol intake.

Nearly 170 million years of healthy life lost due to cancer in 2008
The first detailed study to estimate the global impact of cancer on the number of healthy years of life lost by patients has revealed that nearly 170 million years of healthy life were lost because of cancer in 2008, according to an article published Online First in the Lancet.

DNA method can provide more effective treatment of childhood cancer
After leukaemia and brain tumours, neuroblastoma is the most common form of cancer to affect children.

Additive effect of small gene variations can increase risk of autism spectrum disorders
An increased risk of autism spectrum disorders could result from an accumulation of many small, common gene genetic variations rather than large-effect, rare changes in the genetic code, according to a multi-center team led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

ONR-sponsored scientist receives Nobel Prize in physics
A scientist whose work has been funded by the Office of Naval Research for more than 30 years received the Nobel Prize in physics Oct.

Mice at risk of asthma, allergies can fight off skin cancer
A molecule involved in asthma and allergies has now been shown to make mice resistant to skin cancer, according to scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Climate negotiations relying on 'dangerous' thresholds to avoid catastrophe will not succeed
The identified critical threshold for dangerous climate change saying that the increase in global temperature should be below two degrees Celsius seems not to have helped the climate negotiations so far.

New rapid and point of care hepatitis C tests could be global game changers
Timely screening and diagnosis is critical to the success of new treatments and ultimately to the survival of hepatitis C patients.

Medication beliefs strongly affect individuals' management of chronic diseases, MU expert says
Aging adults' poor adherence to prescribed medication regimens is connected to their beliefs about the necessity of prescriptions and concerns about long-term effects and dependency, an MU researcher finds.

Suicide attempts by poisoning found to be less likely around major holidays
A joint study by University of Cincinnati Department of Emergency Medicine and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center researchers has found that major holidays are associated with a lower number of suicide attempts by poisoning.

Calling Miss Congeniality -- do attractive people have attractive traits and values?
It's difficult to resist the temptation of assuming that a person's outward appearance reflects something meaningful about his or her inner personality.

Programs for treating addiction in doctors pose ethical issues
State physician health programs (PHPs) play a key role in helping doctors with substance abuse problems.

Language is shaped by brain's desire for clarity and ease
Cognitive scientists have good news for linguistic purists terrified about the corruption of their mother tongue.

Space station and space flight gravity influence immune system development
New research findings recently published in The FASEB Journal, show that immune system development is affected by gravity changes, as reported by researchers from the University of Lorraine and University of Luxembourg.

USDA grants help fight food insecurity and hunger in low-income communities
The US Department of Agriculture announced today 23 grants to community-based organizations throughout the country to develop local solutions to food access and hunger issues.

Genetics Society of America announces 2013 award recipients
The Genetics Society of America recognizes five outstanding geneticists with the selection of their annual awards for 2013.

Strengthening a billion-dollar gene in soybeans
Soybean cyst nematode does hundreds of millions of dollars' worth of damage each year.

NIH Common Fund announces awards for Single Cell Analysis Program
The National Institutes of Health plans to invest more than $90 million over five years, contingent upon the availability of funds, to accelerate the development and application of single cell analysis across a variety of fields.

Exposure to 'Prestige' fuel causes short-term damage to rat DNA
An experiment carried out on rodents exposed to fuel similar to that of the Prestige tanker oil spill -- which took place nearly a decade ago -- shows that inhalation of the fuel causes damage to genetic material.

JCI early table of contents for Oct. 15, 2012
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Monday, Oct.

FAPESP promotes symposium in Canada to discuss scientific cooperation with Brazil
The most recent scientific advances and the new technological developments obtained by researchers in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil, working in cooperation with research institutions and companies in Canada over the last years will be the topics of debates for scientists from the two countries during FAPESP Week 2012.

Gene suppression can reduce cold-induced sweetening in potatoes
Preventing activity of a key enzyme in potatoes could help boost potato quality by putting an end to cold-induced sweetening, according to US Department of Agriculture scientists.

Dr. Don Cleveland of Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research elected to Institute of Medicine
Don W. Cleveland, Ph.D., Member of the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research and chair of the UC San Diego Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine has been elected to the Institute of Medicine (IOM).

New tools for Alzheimer's may aid early diagnosis and treatment
Curtailing the imminent rise in Alzheimer's disease will require early, accurate diagnostic tests and treatments, and researchers are closer to achieving these two goals.

Science: Quantum oscillator responds to pressure
In the far future, superconducting quantum bits might serve as components of high-performance computers.

Personalized genomic medicine: How much can it really empower patients?
Personalized genomic medicine is hailed as a revolution that will empower patients to take control of their own health care, but it could end up taking control away from patients and limiting their treatment choices, concludes an article in the Hastings Center Report.

New techniques stretch carbon nanotubes, make stronger composites
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed new techniques for stretching carbon nanotubes and using them to create carbon composites that can be used as stronger, lighter materials in everything from airplanes to bicycles.
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