Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 17, 2012
New model reconciles the Moon's Earth-like composition with the giant impact theory of formation
The giant impact believed to have formed the Earth-Moon system has long been accepted as canon.

Might lefties and righties benefit differently from a power nap?
This study supports the benefits of a power nap. At rest, the right hemisphere talks more to itself and to the left hemisphere than the left hemisphere communicates -- whether the subject is right or left handed.

Tiny travelers from deep space could assist in healing Fukushima's nuclear scar
Researchers from Los Alamos National Laboratory have devised a method to use cosmic rays to gather detailed information from inside the damaged cores of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear reactors, which were heavily damaged in March 2011 by a tsunami that followed a great earthquake.

Children with autism can identify misbehavior but have trouble putting it in words
Children with autism have difficulty identifying inappropriate social behavior, and even when successful, they are often unable to justify why the behavior seemed inappropriate.

Decreased gene activity is likely involved in childhood risk for anxiety and depression
Decreased activity of a group of genes may explain why in young children the

Race, socioeconomics had impact on emergency colorectal cancer diagnosis
Emergency presentation occurred in 29 percent of colorectal cancer cases.

As MDR-TB continues to spread, efforts coordinating TB detection and treatment hold promise
A new partnership announced today will increase efforts to coordinate the development of complementary novel tools to fight TB, including drug-resistant TB, and identify emerging drug resistance trends around the globe.

Infertility: How can the ovulation function be restored?
It is well known that breast feeding increases the secretion of the prolactin hormone and inhibits ovulation in women.

Antidepressants linked to increased risk of stroke, but risk is low
Research shows that use of popular antidepressants is linked to an increased risk of some strokes caused by bleeding in the brain, but that the risk is low, according to a multi-study analysis published in the Oct.

Gastric band surgery has big impact on heart disease and stroke risk factors
Bariatric surgery--restrictive gastric banding and other types of gastric bypass--can radically reduce risk factors for heart disease and stroke, and within a short period of time, indicates an analysis of the available evidence, published online in Heart.

Progress in Cell-SELEX compound screening technology reviewed in BioResearch Open Access
SELEX is a rapid, efficient, and iterative high-throughput method for screening large libraries of molecules to identify those with the potential to be developed as drug compounds or research tools.

Advances in neonatal care launches journal and CE opportunities on the iPad®
Advances in Neonatal Care, the leading source of professional information for neonatal nursing professionals, announced today that its content and CE opportunities are available on the iPad.

Men, women have different stress reactions to relationship conflict
Men and women who are expectant parents have different stress reactions to relationship conflict, according to researchers at Penn State, who studied couples expecting their first child.

Pfizer Consumer Healthcare responds to PHS II findings with statement
Pfizer Consumer Healthcare is very pleased that study investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital, a teaching affiliate of Harvard Medical School, chose Centrum Silver for the Physicians' Health Study II.

Developing the next generation of microsensors
Setting the stage for a new class of motional sensors, researchers at Caltech and the University of Rochester have developed a new ultrasensitive, microchip-scale accelerometer that uses laser light to measure displacement.

National Science Foundation dedicates Wyoming Supercomputing Center
The National Science Foundation dedicated the NCAR-Wyoming Supercomputing Center, its first facility in decades in Wyoming and one of the world's most powerful supercomputers, as part of dedication ceremonies held in Cheyenne today.

Religious affiliation and residence in Muslim-majority nations influence sexual behavior
Hindus and Muslims are less likely than Christians and Jews to have premarital sex, and Muslims are the least likely among people of these religious groups to have extramarital sex, according to a new study that analyzed data on premarital and extramarital sexual behaviors in over 30 developing countries around the world.

Fresh out of high school, 2 Chicago students present research at AAPS Annual Meeting
Two Chicago high school students have developed a novel treatment method to reduce the negative effects of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and a new understanding of genetics behind the disease.

U of M scientist contributes to mapping of barley genome
An international team of researchers, including a University of Minnesota scientist, has developed an integrated physical, genetic and functional sequence assembly of the barley genome, one of the world's most important and genetically complex cereal crops.

Lupus Research Institute awards first $1M private sector grants to uncover lupus causes
The Lupus Research Institute announced the first $1 million privately funded research grants given to lupus investigators.

NIAID tip sheet: IDWeek 2012
NIAID presentations at IDWeek 2012, a joint meeting of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology, the HIV Medicine Association, and the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, featuring the latest science and approaches in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and epidemiology of infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS, across the lifespan.

Epigenetic analysis of stomach cancer finds new disease subtypes
Researchers at the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School in Singapore have identified numerous new subtypes of gastric cancer that are triggered by environmental factors.

In blown-down forests, a story of survival
In newscasts after intense wind and ice storms, damaged trees stand out: snapped limbs, uprooted trunks, entire forests blown nearly flat.

Does true love wait? Age of first sexual experience predicts romantic outcomes in adulthood
It's a common lament among parents: Kids are growing up too fast these days.

Massive planetary collision may have zapped key elements from moon
Fresh examinations of lunar rocks gathered by Apollo astronauts have yielded new insights about the moon's chemical makeup as well as clues about the giant impacts that may have shaped the early beginnings of Earth and the moon.

Multivitamin use among middle-aged, older men results in modest reduction in cancer
In a randomized trial that included nearly 15,000 male physicians, long-term daily multivitamin use resulted in a modest but statistically significant reduction in cancer after more than a decade of treatment and follow-up.

Barley genome could hold key to better beer
An international consortium of scientists has published a high resolution draft of the barley genome.

Leaves of carob tree, source of chocolate substitute, fight food-poisoning bacteria
Leaves of the plant that yields carob -- the substitute for chocolate that some consider healthier than chocolate -- are a rich source of antibacterial substances ideal for fighting the microbe responsible for listeriosis, a serious form of food poisoning, according to a report in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

ONR-supported Nobel Prize-winning scientist speaks in Arlington
A Nobel Prize-winning scientist -- who helped isolate a new ultra-thin material called graphene that could revolutionize everything from circuits to industrial processes -- spoke at the Office of Naval Research on Oct.

Springtail bugs may have travelled on the wings of mayflies
A mayfly trapped in 16-million-year-old-amber reveals a hitchhiking springtail, a wingless arthropod that is amongst the most commonly found bugs all over the world.

Leicester plays pivotal role in European Parliament event on how space science can benefit society
Exciting uses of hi-tech space know-how for business and beyond -- space technologies event at National Space Centre on Thursday, Oct.

Coral reefs and food security: Study shows nations at risk
A new study co-authored by the Wildlife Conservation Society identifies countries most vulnerable to declining coral reef fisheries from a food-security perspective while providing a framework to plan for alternative protein sources needed to replace declining fisheries.

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers study 'ACT TIL' approach to treating metastatic melanoma
Researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center have carried out a clinical trial in which patients with metastatic melanoma were given chemotherapy and an immunotherapy of adoptive cell transfer (ACT) with tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL).

From form to function: 2013 DOE JGI Community Sequencing Program portfolio announced
For genomics researchers, the term

Calcium reveals connections between neurons
A team led by MIT neuroscientists has developed a way to monitor how brain cells coordinate with each other to control specific behaviors, such as initiating movement or detecting an odor.

Weight loss does not improve fertility
Losing weight does not lead to improved fertility in women, but does improve sexual function, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

Mathematics and the ocean: Movement, mixing and climate modeling
Emily Shuckburgh of the British Atlantic Survey described mathematical ideas from dynamical systems along with numerical modeling and experimental observations to analyze mixing in the ocean.

U of M researchers develop new drug to target and destroy tumor cells
Researchers from the University of Minnesota have developed new drug to target tumor cells in pancreatic cancer.

Study finds potential new drug therapy for Crohn's disease
Ustekinumab, an antibody proven to treat the skin condition psoriasis, has now shown positive results in decreasing the debilitating effects of Crohn's Disease, according to researchers at the University of California San Diego, School of Medicine.

USDA scientists collaborate with global researchers to advance the mapping of the barley genome
In a major advance that will unlock the benefits of the mapping of the barley genome -- one of the world's most important cereal crops -- work conducted and supported by the US Department of Agriculture in collaboration with researchers around the world has resulted in the most advanced sequencing of the barley genome to date, as reported today in the journal Nature.

2 components of red meat combined with alteration in DNA repair increase risk for bladder cancer
Study establishes link between red meat and bladder cancer risk.

Discovery of two opposite ways humans voluntarily forget unwanted memories
If only there were a way to forget that humiliating faux pas at last night's dinner party.

Referring cancer patients to more experienced and successful hospitals for surgery could save lives
Researchers at Rice University report that referring cancer patients to hospitals with better track records for surgery could save lives and not raise the cost to patients.

CSHL Press releases new book on Wnt signaling
Written and edited by experts in the field and published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press,

The Internet of Things will transform our everyday
The next ICT revolution will have a profound impact on our lives and the economy.

Over three-quarters of people with depression report discrimination
A new study, published Online First in The Lancet, has revealed that over three quarters (79 percent) of people with depression report having experienced some form of discrimination.

New advance could help soldiers, athletes, others rebound from traumatic brain injuries
A potential treatment for traumatic brain injury (TBI), which affects thousands of soldiers, auto accident victims, athletes and others each year, has shown promise in laboratory research, scientists are reporting.

Depression and shortened telomeres increased bladder cancer mortality
Combination caused threefold increase in mortality. Lower depression levels were associated with longer survival.

Online First article posted to www.annals.org
Below is information about an article that was published early online tonight at www.annals.org.

Active surveillance provides a viable alternative to surgery for small kidney masses
Active surveillance of small kidney masses is a safe and effective alternative to immediate surgery, with similar overall and cancer specific survival rates, according to a study of more than 200 patients.

$5.2 million grant to fund U-M research into pelvic injuries to mothers during childbirth
A $5.2 million federal grant awarded to the University of Michigan is the largest for research into birth-related pelvic floor injuries and their relationship to pelvic floor disorders like urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse.

Why are coastal salt marshes falling apart?
Salt marshes have been disintegrating and dying over the past two decades along the US Eastern Seaboard and other highly developed coastlines without anyone fully understanding why.

Choosing the right mango for the right product
With over a thousand different varieties of mangoes to choose from, selecting the right variety for mango products can be a daunting task.

Adhering to lifestyle guidelines reduced mortality in elderly female cancer survivors
Maintaining healthy weight, diet and exercise reduced risk for death.

Georgia State receives $3.9 million grant to Enhance Safety and Well-Being of Children of Drug Court Participants
Georgia State University has received a $3.9 million, five-year grant from the US Department of Health and Human Services for a project that will better the lives of children and families of substance-abusing individuals who receive treatment through the DeKalb County Drug Court.

Extreme 'housework' cuts the life span of female Komodo dragons
An international team of researchers has found that female Komodo dragons live half as long as males on average, seemingly due to their physically demanding

Impact of autism may be different in men and women
Men and women with autism spectrum conditions may show subtle but significant differences in the cognitive functions impacted by the condition, according to new research published Oct.

Living Voters Guide adds fact-checking by Seattle librarians for 2012 election
The Living Voters Guide is a platform that lets voters collaborate online to draw up pros and cons for ballot measures.

A European-wide network for systematic GMO impact assessment
The authors of this paper propose a framework for a European-wide network for systematic GMO impact assessment.

Keck observations bring weather of Uranus into sharp focus
In 1986, when Voyager swept past Uranus, the probe's portraits of the planet were

Crows don't digest prions, may transport them to other locations
Crows fed on prion-infected brains from mice can transmit these infectious agents in their feces and may play a role in the geographic spread of diseases caused by prions, such as chronic wasting disease or scrapie.

BUSM study identifies pathology of Huntington's disease
A study led by researchers at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) provides novel insight into the impact that Huntington's disease has on the brain.

16 million-year-old amber specimen reveals unknown animal behaviors
Stunning images, including video footage, from a CT scan of amber have revealed the first evidence of any creature using an adult mayfly for transport.

Routine screening for cervical cancer low among lesbian community
Nearly 38 percent of women in the study were not routinely screened.

Searching for a silver bullet: Measuring biodiversity to inform species conservation
Ecologists in the University of Georgia Odum School of Ecology have found that evolutionary diversity can be an effective method for identifying hotspots of mammal biodiversity.

Self-confidence the secret to workplace advancement
The old saying

Using the eye as a 'window into the brain'
An inexpensive, five-minute eye scan can accurately assess the amount of brain damage in people with the debilitating autoimmune disorder multiple sclerosis, and offer clues about how quickly the disease is progressing, according to results of two Johns Hopkins studies.

Why are our salt marshes falling apart?
Salt marshes have been disintegrating and dying over the past two decades along the US Eastern seaboard and other highly developed coastlines, without anyone fully understanding why.

New military apparel repels chemical and biological agents
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists and collaborators are developing a new military uniform material that repels chemical and biological agents using a novel carbon nanotube fabric.

Male politicians have 'bigger heads' in more gender-equal cultures
When it comes to analyzing gender stereotypes in the media, studies have shown that photographs of men focus on male faces while photographs of women are more focused on women's bodies.

Military safety is blowing in the wind
A command doctrine used by the US military and NATO designed to warn personnel of Nuclear, Chemical and Biological hazards could be overly conservative and degrade war fighting effectiveness or, under certain conditions, risk lives because it is susceptible to changes in wind direction and speed.

Study finds vegetable-derived compound effective in treating triple-negative breast cancer
A new compound created from a rich source in vegetables including broccoli and brussel sprouts has been developed to combat triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC).

Dolphins can remain alert for up to 15 days at a time with no sign of fatigue
Dolphins sleep with only one half of their brains at a time, and according to new research published Oct.

An epigenetic difference in twins explains different risk of breast cancer
The research team led by Manel Esteller, director of the Cancer Epigenetics and Biology Program at the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute, Professor of Genetics at the University of Barcelona and ICREA researcher, has identified an epigenetic change in a twin who will develop breast cancer but not in her healthy one.

SURA launches research data management tool
SURA has launched an institutional tool for research data management, developed by a working group formed with the Association of Southeastern Research Libraries.

Bloodstream infections cut by 44 percent in sickest hospital patients, study concludes
A sweeping study on the issue of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in hospitals shows that using antimicrobial soap and ointment on all intensive-care patients significantly decreases bloodstream infection.

Plant-based diets can remedy chronic diseases
Research studies have long indicated that a high consumption of plant foods is associated with lower incidents of chronic disease.

UC Davis researchers clarify process controlling night vision
On the road at night or on a tennis court at dusk, the eye can be deceived.

Daily sedation interruption for critically ill patients does not improve outcomes
For critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation, daily sedation interruption did not reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation or appear to offer any benefit to patients, and may have increased both sedation and analgesic use and nurse workload

Steps in the right direction for conservation
A new study led by scientists at the University of York says that well placed habitat

Leading bone marrow transplant expert recommends significant change to current practice
One of the world's leading bone marrow transplant experts is recommending a significant change to current transplant practice for patients who need marrow or adult stem cells from an unrelated donor to treat hematologic malignancies.

Proof at last: Moon was created in giant smashup
It's a big claim, but Washington University in St. Louis planetary scientist Frédéric Moynier says his group has discovered evidence that the Moon was born in a flaming blaze of glory when a body the size of Mars collided with the early Earth.

Novel chewing gum formulation helps prevent motion sickness
A new prototype for medicated chewing gum has been developed for motion sickness that may offer many advantages over conventional oral solid dosage forms.

Men bearing brunt of worsening mental health in England since start of 2008 recession
Men have borne the brunt of worsening mental health across the population of England since the start of the economic downturn in 2008, reveals research published in the online journal BMJ Open.

Daily multivitamins reduce risk of cancer in men
A daily multivitamin can help a man reduce his risk of cancer, according to new research from Brigham and Women's Hospital.

Doctors who go digital provide higher quality healthcare
The use of electronic health records is linked to significantly higher quality care, according to a new study¹ by Lisa Kern and her team, from the Health Information Technology Evaluation Collaborative in the US.

Bus service for qubits
Superconducting circuit technology meets semiconductor qubit technology to afford a means of moving quantum information from one place to another in future quantum computers.

GE partners with University of Connecticut on $7.5 million advanced technology initiative
With a five-year, multimillion dollar investment, GE is expanding its longstanding relationship with the University of Connecticut to transform Connecticut's technology sector and spark breakthrough innovations in electrical distribution products.

Professor receives national association's highest honor in medical education
A University of Missouri professor will receive the American Academy of Family Physicians' highest honor in education today at a ceremony in Philadelphia.

The evolutionary origins of our pretty smile
It takes both teeth and jaws to make a pretty smile, but the evolutionary origins of these parts of our anatomy have only just been discovered, thanks to a particle accelerator and a long dead fish.

Study shows overeating impairs brain insulin function, can lead to diabetes and obesity
New research from Mount Sinai School of Medicine sheds light on how overeating can cause a malfunction in brain insulin signaling, and lead to obesity and diabetes.

Hard evidence grows for including meditation in government-sponsored health programs
Cardiovascular disease remains the number one killer in America. In addition to standard treatment, modern medicine continues to research and incorporate complementary, alternative approaches.

Use of anti-psychotic drugs by people with dementia 'under reported'
The scale of the challenge to reduce the use of anti-psychotic drugs by people with dementia may be under-estimated, according to researchers from Aston University and the University of East Anglia, working with NHS Kent and Medway.

New technique for sorting live cells may expedite biomedical research
Researchers from North Carolina State University and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have developed a new technique that uses sound waves to rapidly separate selected collections of cells for use in biomedical research.

Gluten and lactose-free ingredient substitute found for low-fat white sauces
Consumers are increasingly demanding the development of ready-to-eat gluten and lactose-free food products that meet their needs and help improve their health.

New malaria drug requires just one dose and appears twice as effective as existing regimen
Scientists are reporting development of a new malaria drug that, in laboratory tests, has been twice as effective as the best current medicine against this global scourge and may fight off the disease with one dose, instead of the multiple doses that people often fail to take.

Too late to stop global warming by cutting emissions
Governments and institutions should focus on developing adaption policies to address and mitigate against the negative impact of global warming, rather than putting the emphasis on carbon trading and capping greenhouse-gas emissions, argue Johannesburg-based Wits University geoscientist Dr.

Kaiser Permanente study finds efforts to establish exercise as a vital sign prove valid
Kaiser Permanente has created a new electronic Exercise Vital Sign initiative to systematically record patients' physical activity in their electronic health records.

Women whose first pregnancy was ectopic have fewer children
Women whose first pregnancy is ectopic are likely to have fewer children in the following 20-30 years than women whose first pregnancy ends in a delivery, miscarriage or abortion, according to results from a study of nearly 3,000 women in Denmark.

Planet found in nearest star system to Earth
European astronomers have discovered a planet with about the mass of the Earth orbiting a star in the Alpha Centauri system -- the nearest to Earth.

Prolonged formula feeding, delay in solid foods associated with increased risk for pediatric ALL
Each additional month of feeding formula raised cancer risk by 16 percent.

ONR to stream live from Naval S&T Partnership Conference and ASNE Expo
Registration may have closed for the Office of Naval Research 2012 Science and Technology Partnership Conference and ASNE Expo, but interested parties can still tune in to a live webcast Oct.

Kaiser Permanente Research collaboration wins national designation as evidence-based practice center
A new research collaboration led by Kaiser Permanente has received a prestigious designation from the federal Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to serve of as one of the nation's 11 Evidence-based Practice Centers.

Study questions feasibility of entire genome sequencing in minutes
The claim that nanopore technology is on the verge of making DNA analysis so fast and cheap that a person's entire genome could be sequenced in just minutes and at a fraction of the cost of available commercial methods, has resulted in overwhelming academic, industrial, and global interest.

World science academies release report to promote research integrity
To encourage researchers around the world to adhere to universal science values and ethical behavior, a new report on responsible science has been issued by the InterAcademy Council and the IAP.

Community leaders honored for creating healthier places to live
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation is proud to announce today the recipients of its 2012 Community Health Leaders Award, honoring 10 individuals who have surmounted significant challenges to help improve health and health care in their communities.

LSU research team shows negative impact of nutrients on coastal ecosystems
LSU's John Fleeger, professor emeritus in LSU's Department of Biological Sciences, is part of a multidisciplinary national research group that recently discovered the impact of nutrient enrichment on salt marsh ecosystems is marsh loss and that such loss is seen much faster than previously thought.

Beyond Bieber: Twitter improves student learning
Twitter, best known as the 140-character social-networking site where Justin Bieber and Lady Gaga chit-chat with fans, has become a new literary format that is improving student learning, a new study argues.

New fruit fly model of epilepsy reveals mechanisms behind fever-induced seizures
UC Irvine and Brown University researchers have created a new fruit fly model of inherited epilepsy that's providing insights into the mechanisms underlying temperature-dependent seizures while establishing a platform from which to develop therapies for these disorders.

RU study: For collegians with disabilities, success linked to mentoring, self-advocacy
A Rutgers study of recent New Jersey college and university graduates with disabilities has found that students attributed their academic success to a combination of possessing such strong personality traits as self-advocacy and perseverance, and their relationship with a faculty or staff mentor.

Elevated indoor carbon dioxide impairs decision-making performance
Overturning decades of conventional wisdom, researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have found that moderately high indoor concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) can significantly impair people's decision-making performance.

ORNL study confirms magnetic properties of silicon nano-ribbons
Nano-ribbons of silicon configured so the atoms resemble chicken wire could hold the key to ultrahigh density data storage and information processing systems of the future.

New cobalt-graphene catalyst could challenge platinum for use in fuel cells
There's a new contender in the race to find an inexpensive alternative to platinum catalysts for use in hydrogen fuel cells.

Physical activity shown to help young and elderly alike with lower-leg coordination
An Indiana University study that examined the effect of age and physical activity on lower leg muscle reflexes and coordination concluded that participation in physical activity was beneficial for lower leg muscle coordination across both sides of the body in both young and older study participants.

Breech births cause more problems for moms and babies when water breaks early
Breech births increase the risk of complications for the mother and baby when the amniotic sac ruptures early.

Among Nobel laureates, many have benefited from NSF support
The 10 Nobel Prize winners announced over the past week include five Nobel laureates whose work has been supported by the National Science Foundation over the years, attesting to the value of basic research in fostering major contributions to science and society.

Giant impact scenario may explain the unusual moons of Saturn
Among the oddities of the outer solar system are the middle-sized moons of Saturn, a half-dozen icy bodies dwarfed by Saturn's massive moon Titan.

Study: Nearly 4 out of 10 lesbians not routinely screened for cervical cancer
Nearly 38% of lesbians polled in a national survey were not routinely screened for cervical cancer, putting them at risk of developing a highly preventable cancer, according to a University of Maryland School of Medicine study being presented at the 11th Annual AACR International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research.

Are young people who join social media protests more likely to protest offline too?
A case study published in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking of the controversial Budget Repair Bill in Wisconsin explores whether young adults who use social media are more likely to engage in offline protests.

Cleaner fracking
Technology that opened a wealth of new natural gas resources in the US is producing millions of gallons of dirty water -- enough from one typical gas well to cover a football field to a depth of 9-15 feet.

Association between rare neuromuscular disorder and loss of smell, Penn Study finds
Changes in the ability to smell and taste can be caused by a simple cold or upper respiratory tract infection, but they may also be among the first signs of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease.
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