Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 19, 2012
Mount Sinai's Department of Rehabilitation Medicine receives $6.65 million in funding
The Brain Injury Research Center of Mount Sinai has received two prestigious grants totaling $6.65 million to fund research on traumatic brain injury over the next five years.

Weight loss does not lower heart disease risk from type 2 diabetes
An intensive diet and exercise program resulting in weight loss does not reduce cardiovascular events such as heart attack and stroke in people with longstanding type 2 diabetes, according to a study supported by the National Institutes of Health.

Disk galaxies formed gradually, astronomers find from images, computer simulations, and spectra
Spectroscopic observations of galaxies taken with 10-meter telescopes at the W.

University of Houston awarded $480,000 grant to provide bilingual social service professionals
The US Department of Health and Human Services awarded a three-year, $480,000 grant to the University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work to place approximately 20 bilingual graduate students in internships with Harris County agencies.

Salk scientists pinpoint key player in Parkinson's disease neuron loss
By reprogramming skin cells from Parkinson's disease patients with a known genetic mutation, researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have identified damage to neural stem cells as a powerful player in the disease.

UK hosting inaugural Makenna Foundation Symposium on Pediatric Pulmonary Disease
The University of Kentucky is hosting the first annual Makenna Foundation Symposium on Pediatric Pulmonary Disease next Friday and Saturday.

Breakthrough offers new route to large-scale quantum computing
In a key step toward creating a working quantum computer, Princeton researchers have developed a method that may allow the quick and reliable transfer of quantum information throughout a computing device.

The sense of 'antisense' RNA
While studying Parkinson's disease, an international research group led by SISSA scientists in Trieste made a discovery which can improve industrial protein synthesis for therapeutic use.

Collective violence and poverty on the Mexican-US border affects child mental health
Collective violence attributed to organized crime and poverty are adversely affecting the mental health of children living near the Texas-Mexico border, according to a poster presented Oct.

Child health disparities are not inevitable
A day before pediatricians gather in New Orleans for the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) National Conference & Exhibition, the AAP will host a day-long seminar on health disparities.

Coronary angioplasty improves cardiac arrest survival
Survival improves for STEMI and NSTEMI patients Survival at 1 year equals myocardial infarction survival without cardiac arrest.

Study outlines common risky behaviors of children struck by motor vehicles
An abstract presented Friday, Oct. 19, at the American Academy of Pediatrics National Conference and Exhibition in New Orleans highlights the risky behavior of child pedestrians who are struck by cars -- including darting into the street, crossing in the middle of the block, and crossing while using an electronic device.

Science reveals the power of a handshake
New neuroscience research is confirming an old adage about the power of a handshake: strangers do form a better impression of those who proffer their hand in greeting.

Geosphere explores the Sierra Nevada, Colorado River system, Laurentia, and the deep sea
Geosphere, the Geological Society of America's peer-reviewed online journal, has added papers to four special issues:

First micro-structure atlas of the human brain completed
A European team of scientists have built the first atlas of white-matter microstructure in the human brain.

Cancer epidemiologist John Potter to receive IARC award
Cancer epidemiologist John Potter, M.D., Ph.D., a senior adviser in the Public Health Sciences Division at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, has been selected to receive a medal of honor from the World Health Organization's International Agency for Research on Cancer for his research contributions in nutrition, diet and cancer.

The art of sustainable development
For Paul Shrivastava, the Director of the David O'Brien Centre for Sustainable Enterprise at Concordia University's John Molson School of Business, combining science with the arts will bring about the passionate implementation of sustainable development.

Young people who go out drinking start earlier and consume more and more alcohol
Teenagers and university students are unaware of the negative consequences of alcohol consumption or the chances of developing an addiction as a result.

Founder of adaptive sports organization speaks about impact of sports on people with disabilities
Ashley Thomas was born with spina bifida and uses a wheelchair.

Moffitt researcher says no survival advantage with peripheral blood stem cells versus bone marrow
Claudio Anasetti, M.D., chair of the Department of Blood & Marrow Transplant at Moffitt Cancer Center, and colleagues from 47 research sites in the Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network conducted a two-year clinical trial comparing two-year survival probabilities for patients transplanted with peripheral blood stem cells or bone marrow stem cells from unrelated donors.

Calling an ambulance improves heart attack survival
Patients with chest pain symptoms who call an ambulance have quicker, more appropriate treatment and better survival according to research presented at the Acute Cardiac Care Congress 2012.

INRS to get new nanotech labs
Professors Tiago Falk and Fiorenzo Vetrone of INRS (Energy, Materials, and Telecommunications Centre) will soon have new facilities available for exploring the world of neurotechnology and nanobiophotonics.

Take control! Exploring how self-discipline works and how we might boost it
Self-control helps us keep our cool, get things done, and resist the things that tempt us.

Stroud water research center honors John Briscoe for achievements in stewardship of fresh water
Stroud Water Research Center presented John Briscoe, Ph.D., with the Stroud Award for Freshwater Excellence at The Water's Edge, the Center's annual gala at Longwood Gardens in the suburbs of Philadelphia on Thursday evening, Oct.

Study: Optimal treatment duration for MRSA-related pneumonia
The national practice guideline for treating MRSA-related pneumonia is seven to 21 days.

Pediatric studies show the flu's deadly danger, the benefits of school vaccinations
New data being presented at IDWeek 2012TM shows the fatal risk that influenza poses even for children without underlying health conditions and the effectiveness of school-based vaccination programs in protecting student populations.

Pediatricians support the AAP 'Community Cares' project in New Orleans charter schools
Pediatricians gathering in New Orleans this weekend for the annual meeting of the American Academy of Pediatrics will spend a day fixing up charter schools as part of the third annual AAP

UCLA's heart transplant program ranked among nation's best
The heart transplant program at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center has again been recognized as one of highest ranking in the nation by an agency of the US Department of Health and Human Services.

Loyola receives Medal of Honor for Organ Donation and Transplantation
Loyola University Medical Center has received a Medal of Honor for Organ Donation and Transplantation from the US Department of Health and Human Services.

Recession drives down national park visitation, new UGA study finds
A national recession doesn't just affect Americans' wallets. It also impacts their travel to national parks, a new University of Georgia study has found.

RIT professor studies connection between child, mother mortality
A new study co-conducted by a researcher at Rochester Institute of Technology uncovers the strong connection between the death of a child and the mortality of the mother, regardless of cause of death, gender of the child, marital status, family size, income or education level of the mother.

Directing change: How do they do it?
The ability to adapt to changing surroundings is the basis for evolution and is crucial for species to come to terms with new environmental conditions, for example as a consequence of climate change.

Chemistry building at Brookhaven Lab named Historic Chemical Landmark
The New York Section of the American Chemical Society has designated the Chemistry Building at Brookhaven National Laboratory as an Historic Chemical Landmark for the synthesis of 18^FDG, a radiotracer that has had a revolutionary and global impact on cancer diagnosis and management and brain research.

Few teens undergo pregnancy testing in the emergency department
Few adolescent females undergo pregnancy testing in the hospital emergency department, even when they complain of lower abdominal pain, or before they are exposed to radiation for tests or examinations, according to an abstract presented Friday, Oct.

Using human stool to treat C. diff is safe, effective
A novel therapy that uses donated human stool to treat the deadly and contagious C. diff infection is safe and highly effective, according to a Henry Ford Hospital study.

A sharper look into the past for archaeology and climate research
By using a new series of measurements of radiocarbon dates on seasonally laminated sediments from Lake Suigetsu in Japan, a more precise calibration of radiocarbon dating will be possible even ovr longer time distances into the past.

Studies target high rates of HIV medication errors among hospitalized patients
Research presented at IDWeek 2012 concludes that despite advances in electronic medical records, mistakes are still commonly made in the prescription of antiretroviral medications for hospitalized HIV-positive patients.

Women more likely to die from myocardial infarction than men
Women are more likely to die from a myocardial infarction than men, according to research to be presented at the Acute Cardiac Care Congress 2012.

Cholera discovery could revolutionize antibiotic delivery
Three Simon Fraser University scientists are among six researchers who've made a discovery that could help revolutionize antibiotic treatment of deadly bacteria.

Astronomers uncover a surprising trend in galaxy evolution
A comprehensive study of hundreds of galaxies observed by the Keck telescopes in Hawaii and NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has revealed an unexpected pattern of change that extends back eight billion years, or more than half the age of the universe.

Dartmouth researchers explore how the brain perceives direction and location
Neurobiologist Jeffrey Taube studies the activity of special brain cells that make possible spatial navigation -- the process by which you establish where

Ancient DNA sheds light on Arctic whale mysteries
Scientists from the Wildlife Conservation Society, the American Museum of Natural History, City University of New York, and other organizations have published the first range-wide genetic analysis of the bowhead whale using hundreds of samples from both modern populations and archaeological sites used by indigenous Arctic hunters thousands of years ago.

Beneficial mold packaged in bioplastic
Aflatoxins are highly toxic carcinogens produced by several species of Aspergillus fungi.

Daily vibration may combat prediabetes in youth
Daily sessions of whole-body vibration may combat prediabetes in adolescents.

Survivors Day Conference webcast focuses on late effects of childhood cancer therapy
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital will host a webcast about the late effects of childhood cancer and its treatment Saturday, Oct.

Sharp rise in children admitted to hospital with throat infections since 1999
The number of children admitted to hospital in England for acute throat infections increased by 76 percent between 1999 and 2010.

NASA sees extra-large, now extra-tropical storm Prapiroon fading
Prapiroon is both extra-large and now extra-tropical in the western North Pacific Ocean.

Findings could be used to engineer organs
Biologists have teamed up with mechanical engineers from UT Dallas to conduct cell research that provides information that may one day be used to engineer organs.

Manufacturing complex 3-D metallic structures at nanoscale made possible
The fabrication of many objects, machines, and devices around us rely on the controlled deformation of metals by industrial processes such as bending, shearing, and stamping. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to