Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 22, 2012
High schools with athletic trainers have more diagnosed concussions, fewer overall injuries
High schools with athletic trainers have lower overall injury rates, according to a new study,

CAMH protein discovery may lead to new treatment to prevent smoking relapse
Scientists at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health have identified a potential new approach to preventing smoking relapse, which occurs frequently in smokers who attempt to quit, despite current treatments.

Risks of esophagus cancer studied: Statins may protect against esophageal cancer
Statin use is associated with protection from esophagus cancer according to a new meta-analysis of existing clinical studies exploring the cancer prevention effects of statins presented by a Mayo Clinic researcher, Dr.

SwRI to build miniature solar observatory for manned suborbital flight
Southwest Research Institute has received funding from NASA to build a miniature, portable solar observatory for developing and testing innovative instrumentation in suborbital flight.

American Academy of Pediatrics weighs in for first time on organic foods for children
To offer guidance to parents -- and the pediatricians caring for their children's health -- the American Academy of Pediatrics has conducted an extensive analysis of scientific evidence surrounding organic produce, dairy products and meat.

New antidote for smoke-related cyanide toxicity shows promise
Smoke inhalation is the major cause of death in fire victims due to cyanide poisoning.

New study charts the living habits of Europe's tweens
Greater independence, less parent control, approaching puberty and changing demands in school.

Technology brings new life to the study of diseases in old bones
A study led by The University of Manchester has demonstrated that new technology that can analyze millions of gene sequences in a matter of seconds is an effective way to quickly and accurately identify diseases in skeletons.

Rapid changes in the Earth's core: The magnetic field and gravity from a satellite perspective
A research group has now succeeded to provide the first evidence of a connection of fluctuations in the Earth's gravity and magnetic field.

Pulmonary hypertension combination therapy may lead to greater disease burden
Patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension receiving combination therapy with intravenous PGI2 may suffer from greater disease burden compared with those receiving monotherapy or combination therapy, excluding IV PGI2.

Electrical stimulation of the esophagus promising treatment for unresolved reflux symptoms
Clinical evidence of the safety and effectiveness of electrical stimulation of a muscular valve in the esophagus demonstrates promising results in resolving symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux and is being presented at the 77th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology in Las Vegas, Nev.

Breakthrough technique images breast tumors in 3-D with great clarity, reduced radiation
Scientists are able to use a new technique to produce three-dimensional images of breast tissue that are two-to-three times sharper than current hospital CT scanners, and with a lower dose of X-ray radiation than from a mammogram.

ESF's EMRC calls for the adoption of open access in biomedical sciences
The European Science Foundation's (ESF) membership organization for all medical research councils in Europe, the European Medical Research Councils (EMRC) has today released an ESF-EMRC Science Policy Briefing entitled 'Open Access in Biomedical Research' highlighting the need to accelerate the adoption of open access to research articles in the biomedical sciences across Europe.

Pulmonary hypertension deaths and hospitalizations on the rise
New research indicates an increase in the number of US deaths and hospitalizations related to pulmonary hypertension.

Mortality rates significantly higher if both mother and newborn admitted to ICU
When mothers and newborns are both admitted to intensive care units they are significantly more likely to die than when neither is admitted to an ICU, new research has found.

CU-Boulder discoveries hold promise for treatment of Hepatitis B virus
A University of Colorado Boulder-led team has discovered two prime targets of the Hepatitis B virus in liver cells, findings that could lead to treatment of liver disease in some of the 400 million people worldwide currently infected with the virus.

Statins may help prolong survival in NSCLC resection
Patients who have undergone resection for non-small cell lung cancer may improve their overall survival and reduce the risk of recurrence by taking statins.

New self-healing coating for aluminum developed to replace cancer-causing product
A research team at the University of Nevada, Reno has developed a new environmentally-friendly coating for aluminum to replace the carcinogenic chromate coatings used in aerospace applications.

Lauren Sciences LLC independently recognized as a Leading Drug Delivery Company, and its V-Smart Platform selected as a Significant Advance in BBB Technology, by Datamonitor Healthcare
Lauren Sciences LLC, a privately held biotechnology company furthering development of its new V-Smart nanovesicle platform technology, announced today that it has been independently recognized as a leading drug delivery company, and its V-Smart Platform selected as a significant advance in blood brain barrier technology, by Datamonitor Healthcare.

Wayne State researcher's take on brain chemical analysis featured
A Wayne State University researcher's take on the current state of brain chemical analysis is the cover story in a recent professional journal, accompanied by a podcast.

Crusty foods may worsen heart problems associated with diabetes
A University of Illinois study suggests avoiding cooking methods that produce the kind of crusty bits you'd find on a grilled hamburger, especially if you have diabetes and know you're at increased risk for cardiovascular disease because of your diagnosis.

Breast cancer cells enticed to spread by 'tumorous environment' as well as genetic changes
A new study from Johns Hopkins researchers suggests that the lethal spread of breast cancer is as dependent on a tumor's protein-rich environment as on genetic changes inside tumor cells.

Chest band may relieve a chronic cough
A soft, extendible band fitted around the chest may help to relieve cough in patients with persistent dry cough.

Secondhand smoke in cars, bars impairs breathing within 20 minutes
Heavy concentrations of secondhand smoke, such as those found in smoke-filled bars and cars, can lead to airway restriction for bystanders within minutes of exposure.

Greater parental stress linked to children's obesity, fast food use and reduced physical activity
Parents with a higher number of stressors in their lives are more likely to have obese children, according to a new study by pediatric researchers.

Survival of the shyest?
A fish's personality can influence how it responds to, and learns from threats, according to a new study by Professor Grant Brown from Concordia University in Canada and his colleagues.

Duke research team identifies a potent growth factor for blood stem cells
Duke Medicine researchers studying the interaction of blood stem cells and the niche where they reside have identified a protein that may be a long-sought growth factor for blood stem cells.

Mock clinical exams boost pediatric residents' comfort in addressing breastfeeding
A simulated clinical experience guiding future pediatricians through interactions with breastfeeding moms appears to put the doctors at ease with the sensitive and important health topic.

Tonsil and adenoid removal reduces asthma symptoms in children
Children with asthma who have their tonsils and adenoids removed may experience fewer asthma symptoms.

Stem cell bodyguards
Weizmann Institute scientists discover rare immune cells that keep blood stem cells in a youthful state; these may lead to better cancer treatments

Outpatient urological surgery costs significantly less when performed in physician offices & ACCs
More and more outpatient surgical procedures are being done at nonhospital-based facilities such as freestanding ambulatory surgical centers and physician offices, instead of at hospital-based outpatient departments.

Exercise and complete decongestive therapy best ways to manage lymphedema, MU expert says
Many breast cancer survivors suffer from lymphedema, a chronic condition that causes body limbs to swell from fluid buildup, as a result of lymph node removal and radiation therapy.

Beetles use dung balls to stay cool
Dung beetles roll their feasts of dung away to avoid the hoards of other hungry competitors at the dung pile.

Thomas K. McInerny takes office as president of the American Academy of Pediatrics
On Monday, Oct. 22, at the American Academy of Pediatrics National Conference & Exhibition, Thomas K.

Friendship 2.0: Teens' technology use promotes sense of belonging, identity
A new study from the University of Washington shows that digital media helps teens reach developmental milestones, such as fostering a sense of belonging and sharing personal problems.

Parenting and temperament in childhood predict later political ideology
Political mindsets are the product of an individual's upbringing, life experiences, and environment.

Leisure boats threaten the Swedish West Coast archipelago
The number of leisure boats along the Swedish West Coast has risen dramatically over the last 20 years, resulting in a risk that the inner archipelago might be destroyed.

New design could improve condenser performance
MIT researchers find that lubricated, nanotextured surfaces improved performance of condensers in power and desalination plants.

How pediatrics and politics are intertwined
Two of the nation's foremost political commentators, James Carville and Mary Matalin, will present the plenary session,

10-minute 'tension tamer' can help reduce stress and improve sleep
A simple, 10-minute stress reduction technique could help to relieve stress, improve sleep quality, and decrease fatigue.

Researchers launch innovative, hands-on online tool for science education
Computer scientists at the University of California, San Diego and at St.

Risk of death significantly higher if both mother and newborn admitted to ICU following birth
Mothers and newborns who are both admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) after delivery are significantly more likely to die compared with mom-baby pairs not needing ICU admission, found a study in CMAJ.

Study: Standardized child booster seat laws would save lives
State laws that mandate car booster seat use for children at least until age eight are associated with fewer motor vehicle-related fatalities and severe injuries, and should be standardized throughout the US to optimally protect children, according to new research presented Oct.

Studies suggest possible overlap of IBS symptoms and inflammatory bowel disease
Research unveiled today at the American College of Gastroenterology's 77th Annual Scientific meeting in Las Vegas suggests a possible overlap of symptoms of two prevalent GI disorders: irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease and further suggests a possible link between subtle GI tract inflammation and IBS symptoms -- a link that is also the focus of the first systemic review of the literature on this topic and an editorial both published in this month's American Journal of Gastroenterology.

Type 2 diabetes may increase the risk of Barrett's esophagus
Patients with Type 2 diabetes may face an increased risk for Barrett's Esophagus, regardless of other risk factors including smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity and gastroesophageal reflux disease, according to research unveiled today at the American College of Gastroenterology's 77th Annual Scientific meeting in Las Vegas.

Complete mitochondrial genome sequences of ancient New Zealanders
In a landmark study, University of Otago researchers have achieved the feat of sequencing complete mitochondrial genomes for members of what was likely to be one of the first groups of Polynesians to settle New Zealand and have revealed a surprising degree of genetic variation among these pioneering voyagers.

Chronic constipation linked to increased risk of colorectal cancer
Patients with chronic constipation may be at increased risk of developing colorectal cancer and benign neoplasms, according to study findings unveiled today at the American College of Gastroenterology's 77th Annual Scientific meeting in Las Vegas.

Critical care ultrasound training can improve physician trainee knowledge and skills
A dedicated critical care ultrasound training program could help improve physician trainees' knowledge and skills at the bedside.

Studies explore racial disparities in IBD symptoms and therapy
Three separate studies presented today at the American College of Gastroenterology's 77th Annual Scientific Meeting in Las Vegas help to advance understanding of the differences between African American and Caucasian patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease and provide clinicians with new insight on how racial disparities involving disease characteristics, infliximab use, and fistulizing Crohn's disease may impact their patients -- and their decisions on how best to manage the disease.

COPD readmission may be tied to unmodifiable risk factors
National efforts are underway to reduce 30-day readmission for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); however, new research suggests that COPD readmissions may be related to risk factors that cannot be modified, including advanced disease and psychosocial factors.

How highway bridges sing -- or groan -- in the rain to reveal their health
A team of BYU engineers has found that by listening to how a highway bridge sings in the rain they can determine serious flaws in the structure.

Metabolic factors may increase men's risk of dying from prostate cancer
High blood pressure, blood sugar, blood lipids, and body mass index--characteristics that are often lumped together as the metabolic syndrome--are jointly linked with an increased risk of dying from prostate cancer.

5-question survey may increase COPD diagnoses
A simple, five-question patient-administered survey (COPD-PS) may lead to increased diagnoses of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Fainting after air travel may indicate pulmonary embolism
Fainting after recent air travel could be a sign of pulmonary embolism, a potentially fatal blockage in the lungs.

Climate change threatens marine environment in the Baltic Sea
At the end of the 21st century, the temperature in the Baltic Sea will be higher and the salt content lower than at any time since 1850.

More GI bleeding seen in atrial fibrillation patients on rivaroxaban than warfarin
Patients with atrial fibrillation experienced more major and non-major clinically relevant GI bleeding when taking rivaroxaban than patients taking warfarin.

Children with mental health disorders more often identified as bullies
Children diagnosed with mental health disorders were three times more likely to be identified as bullies, according to new research presented Oct.

The hidden threat posed by inconspicuous stripes
Patterns fascinate. Particularly stripes. Found in nature in zebras, they are also found in the most unlikely places, such as powdered drugs' mixing vessel walls.

Clue to cause of Alzheimer's dementia found in brain samples
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found a key difference in the brains of people with Alzheimer's disease and those who are cognitively normal but still have brain plaques that characterize this type of dementia.

Astronomers study 2 million light year 'extragalactic afterburner'
Blasting over two million lights years from the center of a distant galaxy is a supersonic jet of material that looks strikingly similar to the afterburner flow of a fighter jet, except in this case the jet engine is a supermassive black hole and the jet material is moving at nearly the speed of light.

ACG 2012 features new insights on esophageal cancer, trends in C. difficile, GI bleeding mortality
Many of the world's preeminent gastroenterologists have convened this week for ACG's 2012 Annual Scientific Meeting at The Venetian Resort, Las Vegas, NV to review the latest scientific advances in gastrointestinal research, treatment of digestive diseases and clinical practice management.

Saving time, saving lives
Acute cardiac care experts meeting at ACC 2012 in Istanbul say that patients with severe chest pain should call the emergency number immediately as pre-hospital care is essential to survival

Study demonstrates how fear can skew spatial perception
That snake heading towards you may be further away than it appears.

Helping ex-smokers resist the urge
A new inhibitor helps previously nicotine-addicted rats stay on the wagon, according to a study in the Journal of Experimental Medicine.

Biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid can identify patients with Alzheimer's disease
Analysis of specific biomarkers in a cerebrospinal fluid sample can differentiate patients with Alzheimer's disease from those with other types of dementia.

Breast cancer scans possible with a 25 times reduced radiation dose
Scientists have developed a way to produce 3D diagnostic CT X-ray scans with a spatial resolution 2-3 times higher than present hospital scanners, at a 25-times reduced radiation dose.

Marijuana use may cause severe cyclic nausea, vomiting, a little-known, but costly effect
Marijuana use -- both natural and synthetic -- may cause cannabinoid hyperemesis a little-known but costly effect that researchers suggest is a serious burden to the health care system as it often leads to expensive diagnostic tests and ineffective treatments in an effort to find the cause of a patient's symptoms and provide relief, according to two separate case reports unveiled today at the American College of Gastroenterology's 77th Annual Scientific meeting in Las Vegas.

New test may uncover deadly hypertension disease in pregnancy
Researchers at UC Santa Barbara and Cottage Health System have identified biomarkers that may yield a new diagnostic test for pre-eclampsia, a potentially life-threatening disease affecting five percent of pregnant women worldwide.

Rewards programs: When do consumers compare experience over value?
Consumers are often less satisfied when they buy or receive products that are easily counted because this makes them focus on value instead of experience, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

A new glow for electron microscopy
A protein-labeling technique allows high-resolution visualization of molecules inside cells.

New research highlights changing epidemiology of Clostridium difficile
A stay in the hospital may not be the only way to acquire Clostridium difficile diarrhea -- but the potentially life-threatening infection may be associated with a number of health complications in hospitalized children, according to the findings from two studies unveiled today at the American College of Gastroenterology's 77th Annual Scientific meeting in Las Vegas.

Want the shortest path to the good life? Try cynicism
Research by a University of Cincinnati classics professor sheds new light on the philosophy of the ancient Cynics.

The perpetrator in one-quarter of child sexual abuse cases is a stranger
Child sexual abuse is committed by strangers more than one-quarter of the time.

Antibiotics not effective for cough due to 'common cold' in children
New research suggests that antibiotics are not effective in treating cough due to the common cold in children.

Rejecting arsentate
Weizmann Institute scientists reveal how bacteria living in arsenic-rich environments identify and expel the poison.

One-third of parents concerned about losing jobs, pay when they stay home with sick kids
50 percent say finding back-up child care is difficult, according to U-M's National Poll on Children's Health.

NCI awards 'Provocative Questions' grant to Thomas Jefferson University researcher Scott Waldman
Scott Waldman, M.D., Ph.D., chairman of the Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics at Thomas Jefferson University, has been awarded one of the prestigious

High quality or poor value: When do consumers make different conclusions about the same product?
Depending on which naive theory consumers use, a low price can indicate either good value or low quality, whereas a high price may imply either poor value or high quality, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

'Obesity paradox': Extra weight linked to better outcomes for septic shock, asthma exacerbation
Although obesity is linked to a variety of health risks, new research indicates that obese patients may have an advantage over non-obese patients in certain health situations, including septic shock and acute asthma exacerbation.

'Elbow test' may predict sleep apnea
Have you ever been

Fewer patient deaths after surgery in hospitals known for good nursing care
Patients treated in magnet hospitals (specially designated for their nursing excellence) had 14 percent lower odds of death than those in non-magnet hospitals in a four-state study of 564 hospitals led by the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.

Mold exposure at home could increase risk for sarcoidosis
People who are exposed to mold in their homes could be at an increased risk for sarcoidosis, a chronic inflammatory lung disease.

AAP offers new guidelines to prevent cheerleading injuries
In a new policy statement, the American Academy of Pediatrics urges coaches, parents and school officials to follow injury-prevention guidelines, develop emergency plans and ensure cheerleading programs have access to the same level of qualified coaches, medical care and injury surveillance as other sports.

Guideline implementation may impact VTE quality of care
The quality of care of patients hospitalized with venous thromboembolism (VTE) significantly improved between 2005 and 2009, and researchers suggest these improvements may be due to the implementation of VTE treatment guidelines.

Exercise may trump mental activity in protecting against brain shrinkage
Exercising regularly in old age may better protect against brain shrinkage than engaging in mental or social activities, according to a new study published in the Oct.

Thousands greet American Chemical Society journal editors in India
Editors of a dozen prestigious scientific journals have returned from a highly successful two-week visit to India, where they met with more than 3,000 scientists and students interested in chemistry and the allied subjects.

Chinese herbs show promise for lung cancer, flu, and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Chinese herbs, including JHQG, BFXL, and BFHX, may show significant benefits for patients with non-small cell lung cancer, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and influenza.

2012 INFORMS Impact Prize honors originators of algebraic modeling languages
The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences announced today that it has awarded the 2012 Impact Prize to Johannes Bisschop, Kevin Cunningham, Robert Fourer, David Gay, Brian Kernighan, Bjarni Kristjansson, Alexander Meeraus, and Linus Schrage.

Using big data to save lives
Computer scientists at the University of California, Riverside are working with a doctor at Children's Hospital Los Angeles to mine data collected from pediatric intensive care units in hopes of helping doctors treat children and cutting health care costs.

Climate variability and conflict risk in East Africa measured by Boulder team
While a new study led by the University of Colorado Boulder shows the risk of human conflict in East Africa increases somewhat with hotter temperatures and drops a bit with higher precipitation, it concludes that socioeconomic, political and geographic factors play a much more substantial role than climate change.

Would you buy a product endorsed by Lance Armstrong?
It's much easier for consumers to justify continued support of a celebrity or politician disgraced by scandal when they separate moral judgments about a public figure from assessments of their professional performance, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

200 years of American Indian persistence turned US into 'Indian Country'
Frederick Hoxie's new American Indian history tells a story far different from the one most Americans know.

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology
This release includes information about these articles: Specific Bacterial Species May Initiate, Maintain Crohn's; Bacteria Involved in Sewer Pipe Corrosion Identified; Antibodies to Immune Cells Protect Eyes In Pseudomonas Infection; Dangerous Form of MRSA, Endemic In Many US Hospitals, Increasing in UK.

Antiviral therapy may halve risk of liver cancer after chronic hepatitis C infection
Treating chronic hepatitis C infection with antiviral drugs could halve the risk of developing the most common form of liver cancer, in some cases, indicates an analysis of the published research in the Oncology edition of the online journal BMJ Open.

Not all juvenile arthritis is the same
Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SJIA) is currently classified as a subtype of juvenile idiopathic arthritis but with the addition of systemic inflammation often resulting in fever, rash and serositis.

Injuries, manufacturer warnings do not deter ATV use by children under age 16
All-terrain vehicle (ATV) manufacturer warning labels aimed at children under age 16 are largely ineffective, and formal dealer-sponsored training is infrequently offered and deemed unnecessary by most young ATV users, according to new research presented at the Oct.

New technologies and endoscopic techniques emerge to address gastrointestinal disorders
Advances in endoscopic technologies and techniques will be highlighted in clinical research presented at the 77th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology in Las Vegas, Nev.

Changes in sleep architecture increase hunger, eating
New study offers possible explanation for the association between sleep problems and obesity.

Chronic electrical stimulation at acupressure points may relieve stomach woes for diabetics
Diabetic patients who suffer from a common complication of diabetes called gastroparesis may find that chronic electrical stimulation at specific acupuncture points could relieve gastroparesis symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, early satiety, abdominal fullness, upper abdominal pain and bloating, according to study results unveiled today at the American College of Gastroenterology's 77th Annual Scientific meeting in Las Vegas.

Exercise the body to keep the brain healthy, study suggests
People who exercise later in life may better protect their brain from age-related changes than those who do not, a study suggests.

Selenium deficiency may cause cardiomyopathy post-gastric bypass
Non-compliance with vitamin and mineral supplementation protocols after bariatric surgery could lead to nutritional deficiencies and related health complications, such as heart damage, according to two separate case reports unveiled today at the American College of Gastroenterology's 77th Annual Scientific meeting in Las Vegas.

Sweden's only coral reef at risk of dying
Sweden's only remaining cold-water coral reef, the Säcken reef in the Koster Fjord, is under threat of extinction.

Study of patients ages 90 and older links poor physical performance, increased odds of dementia
Poor physical performance on activities including walking was associated with increased odds of dementia in a study of individuals 90 years and older.

Will new methods that increase blood flow to bone implants improve viability of engineered bone tissue?
New, advanced techniques are needed that can mimic the normal blood supply that feeds natural bone to improve the viability and success of restorative procedures to replace damaged or diseased bone tissue using engineered constructs.

For African beetles, dung balls double as 'air conditioning units'
Some African dung beetles roll their feasts of dung away to avoid the hordes of other hungry bugs at the pile.

New study suggests using sedentary behavior counseling in primary care
Although primary care physicians take care of many aspects of health and disease, little is known about how they can change sedentary behavior through counseling, according to researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.

Many high school football players not concerned about concussions
Despite an increase in media attention, as well as national and local efforts to educate athletes on the potential dangers of traumatic brain injuries, a new study found that many high school football players are not concerned about the long-term effects of concussions and don't report their own concussion symptoms because they fear exclusion from play.

Excessive ICU noise may harm patients
New research shows that overnight noise levels in the medical ICU often exceed recommended levels, which could potentially lead to worse outcomes.

Older breast cancer patients see more complications with brachytherapy
The breast cancer treatment brachytherapy -- heralded for its low complication rates -- actually results in more complications than whole-breast radiation one year after treatment, Yale School of Medicine researchers report in the October issue of the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Split-personality elliptical galaxy holds a hidden spiral
Most big galaxies fit into one of two camps: pinwheel-shaped spiral galaxies and blobby elliptical galaxies.

Industry now using smartphone apps, which kids can easily download, to promote tobacco
The tobacco industry is now using smarphone apps -- a medium that has global reach, including to children -- to promote its products, warn researchers in Tobacco Control.

Georgia State neuroscientist gets $1.3 million to study the human body's internal clock
Georgia State University's H. Elliott Albers, the Regents' Professor of Neuroscience and director of the Center for Behavioral Neuroscience, has received a four-year, $1.3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to study how the body's internal clock is

Most liver transplant candidates receive donation offers
Most liver transplant candidates who died or were removed from the transplant list actually received one or more liver donation offers, according to a recent UCSF study.

UT Arlington, Shimadzu Scientific Instruments forge $25.2 million research partnership
The University of Texas at Arlington will purchase $18.5 million in equipment from Shimadzu Scientific Instruments to establish the Institute for Research Technologies.

Latin for Gardeners--A useful, surprising, and beautiful resource
An essential addition to the library of botanists and gardeners, this colorful, fully illustrated book details the history of naming plants, provides an overview of Latin naming conventions, and offers guidelines for pronunciation.

Evolution of new genes captured
Like job-seekers searching for a new position, living things sometimes have to pick up a new skill if they are going to succeed.

Las Cumbres Observatory gains first light for entire 1-meter node at CTIO
Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope installed three one-meter telescopes at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory and achieved first light on all three in a span of less than 30 hours last week.

TV, devices in kids' bedrooms linked to poor sleep, obesity
Electronic devices in kids' bedrooms at night can lead to sleeplessness and can raise their risk of obesity, according to University of Alberta research.

Increased colorectal cancer risk for extended family members, younger endometrial cancer patients
Women under age 50 who have been diagnosed with endometrial cancer, and first, second and third degree relatives of patients with colorectal cancer may have an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer, according to two separate studies unveiled today at the American College of Gastroenterology's 77th Annual Scientific meeting in Las Vegas.

Kessler Foundation's Botticello wins grant to study community effects on rehabilitation outcomes
Amanda Botticello, Ph.D., M.P.H., research scientist in Outcomes & Assessment Research at Kessler Foundation, received a National Institutes of Health grant to study the role of environmental factors in rehabilitation outcomes in spinal cord injury.

Immune cells of the blood might replace dysfunctional brain cells
Blood-circulating immune cells can take over the essential immune surveillance of the brain, this is shown by scientists of the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases and the Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research in Tübingen.

Scattered X-rays reveal diseased tissue
Severe lung diseases are among the leading causes of death worldwide.

Healthy behaviors in midlife significantly increase odds of successful aging
Engaging in a combination of healthy behaviors, such as not smoking, moderate alcohol consumption, exercise, and eating fruits and vegetables daily makes it significantly more likely people will stay healthy as they age, according to a study published in CMAJ.

Most dealers willing to discuss selling an adult-sized ATV for child use
Despite a new federal law that prohibits the sale of adult-sized all-terrain vehicles for use by children under age 16, most ATV sellers are willing to discuss doing so, according to new research.

Roflumilast improves lung function after 6 months compared with placebo
Roflumilast was associated with significant improvements in lung function in patients with moderate and severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease after six months of treatment compared with placebo.

A whale with a distinctly human-like voice
For the first time, researchers have been able to show by acoustic analysis that whales--or at least one very special white whale--can imitate the voices of humans.

Eating more legumes may improve glycemic control, lower estimated heart disease risk
Eating more legumes (such as beans, chickpeas or lentils) as part of a low-glycemic index diet appears to improve glycemic control and reduce estimated coronary heart disease risk in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Kinesin 'chauffeur' helps HIV escape destruction
A study in The Journal of Cell Biology identifies a motor protein that ferries HIV to the plasma membrane, helping the virus escape from macrophages.

Gordon E. Brown, Jr. to receive AGI's 2012 Ian Campbell Medal
The American Geosciences Institute is proud to announce Dr. Gordon E.

New Stanford analysis provides fuller picture of human expansion from Africa
A comprehensive analysis of the anthropological and genetic history of humans' expansion out of Africa could lead to medical advances.

Penn team to explore use of brain training to help people change behaviors that increase cancer risk
Most people know that smoking, a bad diet, and physical inactivity can lead to catastrophic personal health consequences, including cancer.

Preventive law becomes preventive medicine
In a commentary to appear in the Oct. 22 issue of the journal Pediatrics, Barry Zuckerman, M.D., the Joel and Barbara Alpert Professor of Pediatrics at Boston University School of Medicine, discusses how by working together, lawyers and physicians potentially can close the gap in health disparities that persist even in universal health care coverage.

ONR to dial up faster data for the Marines
Office of Naval Research officials announced a new program Oct.

Aspirin may slow the decline in mental capacity among elderly patients
A daily dose of acetylsalicylic acid equivalent to a fourth of an aspirin may slow the decline in intellectual capacity among elderly individuals with high cardiovascular risk.

Can your body sense future events without any external clue?
Wouldn't it be amazing if our bodies prepared us for future events that could be very important to us, even if there's no clue about what those events will be?

Additive restores antibiotic effectiveness against MRSA
Researchers from North Carolina State University have increased the potency of a compound that reactivates antibiotics against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, an antibiotic-resistant form of Staphylococcus that is notoriously difficult to treat.

Scientists seek national wildlife conservation network
Wildlife conservation efforts in the United States are facing habitat loss, climate change and major reductions in funding.

Alarming increase in malignant melanoma on the west coast of Sweden
Malignant melanoma is as much as 35 percent more common among people who live in Gothenburg and the region's coastal municipalities than those who live inland.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Oct. 23, 2012
Below is information about two articles being published in the Oct.

Difficulty breathing, chest pain, and cough key symptoms for embolism
Difficulty breathing, chest pain, and cough may sound like symptoms of a heart attack; however, new research shows that these are the key symptoms for pulmonary embolism, a potentially fatal blockage in the lung.

Excessive daytime sleepiness common in high school students
New research shows that high school students experience excessive daytime sleepiness, with most students sleeping fewer than seven hours per night.

NASA sees 18th Atlantic depression form
Tropical Depression 18 formed over the southwestern Caribbean Sea at 11 a.m.

Wits part of study that discovers a unique feature of HIV that helps to create antibodies
Wits researchers have played a pivotal role in an AIDS study published today in the journal, Nature Medicine, which describes how a unique change in the outer covering of the virus found in two HIV infected South African women enabled them to make potent antibodies which are able to kill up to 88% of HIV types from around the world.

Increased risk of suicidal thoughts among adolescents appears related to recent victimization
An increased risk of suicidal ideation (thoughts of harming or killing oneself) in adolescents appears to be associated with recent victimization, such as by peers, sexual assault, and maltreatment.

Trainee presence during endobronchial ultrasound increases complications
The presence of a trainee during endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) may have negative implications, including increased procedure time and complications.

The future of Mongolian nomadic lifestyle under debate
Geographers from University of Leicester in research project looking at lives of herders.

Gender discrimination a reason why females choose careers outside the hard sciences
Both male and female scientists view gender discrimination as a major reason women choose to pursue careers in biology rather than physics, according to new research from Rice University.

Death from GI bleeding decreased in United States in past 2 decades
The number of patients dying from upper gastrointestinal bleeding has decreased over the past two decades, a result researchers attribute to the advances in medical and endoscopic therapies introduced over the past 20 years, according to a report unveiled today at the American College of Gastroenterology's 77th Annual Scientific meeting in Las Vegas.

It's all in the details: Why are some consumers willing to pay more for less information?
Some consumers will pay more for a product if they are given detailed information on how it works while others are inclined to pay less when given too much detail, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

College education and moderate alcohol intake linked to lower COPD risk
College education and alcohol consumption may be linked to risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Milky Way's black hole getting ready for snack
Get ready for a fascinating eating experience in the center of our galaxy.

3D structure of an unmodified G protein-coupled receptor in its natural habitat
Scientists have determined the three-dimensional structure of a complete, unmodified G-protein-coupled receptor in its native environment: embedded in a membrane in physiological conditions.

Lymphoma Research Foundation and John Theurer Cancer Center host Ask the Doctor program
The Lymphoma Research Foundation, the nation's largest non-profit organization devoted to lymphoma research, is partnering with John Theurer Cancer Center, one of the nation's 50 best hospitals for cancer, to bring the lymphoma community information about the rapidly changing world of lymphoma treatment.

Immune cells make flexible choices
Weizmann Institute scientists reveal how, out of quadrillions of possible T lymphocyte receptors, the genetic balance is tilted toward those for common pathogens.

Los Angeles residents vote Cedars-Sinai No. 1 for quality medical care
For the 17th year in a row, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center has been honored with a national consumer award for having the best overall healthcare quality, doctors and nurses in the Los Angeles area based on an independent survey of households.

2.5 hours of patient/therapist contact time increases CPAP use
Although continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is often used as therapy for obstructive sleep apnea, patient compliance with CPAP remains an issue.

Gastric bypass surgery just as effective in teenagers as in adults
Teenagers with severe obesity can benefit from gastric bypass surgery just as much as adults.

UFZ is breaking new grounds in water management
Following an initiative proposed by Jordan's Ministry of Water and Irrigation, the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research and the Jordanian Ministry of Water and Irrigation are currently developing an extensive program designed to improve water management in Jordan.

Kittens: Their microbiomes are what they eat
For animals as well as people, diet affects what grows in the gut.

In the blink of an eye: Distracted consumers are most likely to remember ads with subtle variations
Consumers are more likely to remember an ad they've seen repeatedly if one element in the ad changes location from one exposure to the next, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Troubled teens could benefit from online access to health records, say Stanford researchers
Online health records could be surprisingly useful for at-risk teenagers who cycle through the juvenile justice system.

Improving the safety of angioplasty in patients with coronary bypass graft disease
Researchers at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital have shown that combining distal protection devices with the prophylactic use of the drug nicardipine is more effective at preventing life-threatening complications following a percutaneous coronary intervention (angioplasty, stenting) on patients who have undergone previous bypass surgery than distal protection devices alone.

Poverty, rural living linked to increased COPD mortality in the US
New research from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention underscores the widespread disparities associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mortality by state, poverty level, and urban vs rural location.

Nearly half of US adults with high blood pressure have it under control
Nearly half of US adults with high blood pressure reported theirs was under control by 2010.

USDA awards 14 grants supporting research and marketing of organic agriculture
The US Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture has awarded $19 million to research and extension programs to help organic producers and processors grow and market high quality organic agricultural products.

SUNY Downstate joins NIH initiative to develop better care for neurological emergencies
SUNY Downstate Medical Center has been selected by the National Institutes of Health to join the Neurological Emergencies Treatment Trials network, which is dedicated to improving emergency care for neurological injuries that require immediate care, such as stroke, seizures, and traumatic brain injury, as well as other illnesses affecting the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nervous system.

24-hour ICU in-house staff intensivist improves mortality and decreases length of stay
The implementation of a 24-h ICU in-house staff intensivist coverage was associated with improved mortality rates and reduced length of stay, along with quicker decision-making and a positive trend in quality of end-of-life care.

Aggressive brain tumors can originate from a range of nervous system cells
Scientists have long believed that glioblastoma multiforme, the most aggressive type of primary brain tumor, begins in glial cells that make up supportive tissue in the brain or in neural stem cells. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to